Unit 16 单元测试题
第一部分：语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Credit cards are ________ useful when travelling and there are often insuranc
e benefits if you pay for your travel with them. A. specifically B. particularly C. deliberately D. gradually
2. Susan was ________ about the timing of the recovery so he looked very depressed. A. uncertain B. unashamed C. unconcerned D. undecided
3. With luck, you might cover your costs, but don’t _______ it. A. come across C. count on B. put up with D. block out
4. I was very _______ at the time, but I still hoped we could find a solution. A. encouraging B. encouraged C. discouraging D. discouraged
5. The water _______ cool when I took a morning shower. A. was feeling B. felt C. was felt D. feels
6. Finishing their shopping at the mall, the couple discovered that their new car _______. A. had stolen C. was stolen B. had been stolen D. is stolen
7. The camp bed is too weak to ________ Paul. A. catch up with C. put up with B. hold up D. wake up
8. At the end of the program, the students ________ their papers on their research. A. presented B. upgraded C. witnessed D. preserved
9. Why did she do a thing like that? It doesn’t seem to _______. A. make an effort C. make sense B. make a living D. make believe
10. When I was training in the gym, I had my leg ______.
A. to hurt
D. being hurt
11. _______ we know each other a little better, we get along fine. A. Though B. Even if C. Now that D. Unless
12. Rising food prices caused great ________ for most of the population. A. hardship C. relationship B. friendship D. professorship
13. His handling of the situation was ________, which was spoken highly of later by everyone present. A. respectable B. admirable C. believable D. responsible
14. He told me with ________ that his mother was very ill and, even worse, he could not be with her. A. warmth B. joy C. sorrow D. sympathy
15. The website just offered a brief introduction _______ the whole book for us to read. A. rather than B. more than C. other than D. less than
第二节： 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文， 掌握其大意， 然后从 16-35 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳选项。 Well, all she had was a flat tire, but for an old lady, that was bad enough. Joe passed by and stopped his car. He crawled (爬) under the old lady’s car. Soon he was able to 16 the tire. He got 17 and his hands hurt. Later Joe got 18 all right. Just then the old lady 19 down her window and began to talk to him. She told him that she was from St. Louis. She couldn’t thank him enough for coming to her 20. She asked him how much she owed him but Joe 21 thought about money. He waited until she 22 her car and drove off. He felt good as he 23 for home. A few miles down the road the lady saw a small cafe. She went in. A 24 came over and brought her a clean towel to wipe her wet hair. After the lady finished her 25 , the waitress went to get change from the hundred dollar bill the lady had given to her. The lady 26 right out of the door. She was 27 by the time the waitress came back. The waitress wondered 28 the lady could be, then she noticed something written on a
napkin. It said, “You don’t 29 me a thing. Someone once helped me out the 30 I’m helping you. 31 you really want to pay me back, here’s what you do. Don’t let the chain of love 32 with you.” That night when the waitress got home late from work and climbed into 33, she knew how 34 her husband was, and as he lay sleeping next to her, she gave him a soft kiss and 35 soft and low, “I’m all right and everything’s gonna be all right. I love you, Joe.” 16. A. receive 17. A. dirty 18. A. something 19. A. rolled 20. A. tire 21. A. never 22. A. checked 23. A. looked 24. A. servant 25. A. work 26. A. stood 27. A. gone 28. A. who 29. A. lend 30. A. moment 31. A. Because 32. A. start 33. A. the building 34. A. worried 35. A. cried B. change B. sad B. nothing B. pushed B. aid B. always B. entered B. searched B. manager B. meal B. rushed B. ready B. how B. borrow B. way B. Though B. go B. the car B. satisfied B. ordered C. notice C. angry C. anything C. pulled C. home C. ever C. started C. headed C. waiter C. duty C. stayed C. silent C. what C. owe C. place C. When C. end C. bed C. surprised C. shouted D. reach D. hungry D. everything D. broke D. luck D. sometimes D. left D. walked D. waitress D. task D. turned D. hidden D. where D. give D. time D. If D. fly D. stairs D. disappointed D. whispered
第二部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。
A A pair of Oldham brothers are celebrating after they both graduated from their higher education courses on the same day from the same college. Masiur and Mahbubur successfully completed their courses at Rochdale’s Hopwood Hall College a year after their younger brother Mohammed Abu Yusuf graduated from there. To mark the occasion, their parents flew over from Bangladesh to join in the celebration at the brothers’ Plato Street home. Masiur, 24, said, “My parents were excited and proud. It was really great to have three sons all graduate from the same college. We’d like to thank the international office at Hopwood Hall, and all our teachers and friends for all their help and support. My mum is quite ill and isn’t fit for traveling, but my aunt came with her and thankfully she was able to attend the ceremony. It was a really great moment for the whole family.” The brothers have been living in Oldham for more than three years, having moved here to complete their studies. Masiur was awarded a BTEC (英国商业与技术 教育委员会) HND (英国国家高等教育文凭) in business information technology and 35-year-old Mahbubur was awarded a BTEC HND in management studies. Both will go on to study at Huddersfield University. Abu Yusuf, 22, graduated with a BTEC HND in business and marketing and is working towards a Masters in business and finance at Manchester Metropolitan University. Principal (校长) Derek O’Toole said， “We at the college were glad to welcome the Rahman family to see our successful graduates receive their qualifications (学位) at Rochdale Town Hall. The fact that Mr. and Mrs. Rahman went to such lengths to share the evening with us and celebrate the success of their sons made it an extra-special occasion indeed.” 36. The Oldham brothers are having a get-together to _____. A. welcome their parents to live with them B. celebrate their graduation from college C. meet all their teachers and close friends
D. choose their courses at college 37. Mr. and Mrs. Rahman were very proud and happy because _____. A. they could see their three sons at the same time B. they would have the chance to join in the celebration C. their three sons graduated from the same college D. they were sure that their sons would have a good future 38. Which of the following is TRUE according to this passage? A. Masiur and Mahbubur will study in different universities. B. Mrs. Rahman is not in good physical condition. C. Mahbubur graduated from college earlier than his brothers. D. The three brothers will go back to their own country to work. 39. According to Principal Derek O’Toole, the celebration was special because of _____. A. the Rahman family C. the three brothers B. the successful graduates D. the parents’ presence B What is a flood and where does it happen? A flood occurs when water pours over dry land. Floods can cause big damage when they happen unexpectedly. Heavy rain can cause floods. If a lot of rain falls quickly, the earth is unable to soak (吸入) it up, and the water builds up on the ground. When it runs off into the rivers, the rivers overflow their banks. The worst floods happen on land that is flat and low- -lying. These areas of land are known as flood plains (漫滩). Mud, earth, and large objects, like cars, can be carried long distances by flood waters. Then, disease spreads quickly because the flood water is polluted. What should I know if I live on a flood plain? ● Stay away from flood water. It may be polluted. ● Do not walk through moving water. It can knock you off your feet. If you must walk through water, walk where the water is not moving. Use a stick to test the
ground in front of you. ● Stay away from power lines that are on the ground. You could be electrocuted (电死). ● If you are scared, share your fears with an adult. Floods can be terrible, but remember — the water ALWAYS goes away! What dangers does a flood lead to? ● Electrocution from power lines ● Dangerous animals coming out ● Drowning What should I do if a flood happens? ● Get to the meeting place of your family. ● Try to get to higher ground. ● Listen to your family and follow all instructions carefully. 40. Which of the following are related to a flood according to the passage? a. heavy rain b. global warming c. low-lying land d. the change of river course e. flat land A. a, b, e B. c, d, e C. a, c, e D. b, d, e
41. You are advised not to walk in the moving water because _____. A. it may make you fall over B. you may step on fish and kill them C. you may drink polluted water D. you may lose your shoes 42. By saying “the water ALWAYS goes away”, the author means _____. A. water can’t be stopped from flowing B. you needn’t be afraid of floods C. you should pay close attention to floods D. it is common for floods to happen
43. We can infer from the passage that during a flood _____. A. people are more likely to be attacked by animals B. running away is a good way to save yourself C. gas should be cut off D. adults should try to persuade children to keep silent C The German shepherd runs off and noses around in the grass of Kenya’s Laikipia Plateau. “OK, Oakley,” the dog’s handler orders. “Find it!” Oakley sniffs (嗅) until he comes to a bush, then stops, sits, and looks up at his handler. She bends to see what he has found: the waste of an endangered African wild dog. “Good dog!” she praises. The handler pulls a tennis ball from her pocket. Oakley jumps for his reward. “He doesn’ t actually want the waste,” says Aimee Hurt, a founding member of the U.S.-based group Working Dogs for Conservation. Hurt is in Kenya to train both Oakley and his handler. “He finds it so he can play with his ball. We’ re the ones who want the waste.” Detection dogs are sometimes taught to locate actual animals. Black-footed ferrets (雪貂) have been studied with their help. But more often the dogs learn to locate the waste of creatures such as bears, wolves and mountain lions. What the dogs find provides scientists with data about a species. Scientists can use the DNA collected from animal waste to identify individuals, sex, and population sizes — all without ever seeing the animal itself. “It can take years to gather this kind of information if you have to trap animals,” Hurt explains. Waste analysis might make a huge difference when wild species are accused of attacking domestic livestock (家畜), Hurt says. “A good detection dog will find the waste so we can see what the animal is actually eating.” This may help reduce problems between people and wildlife. 44. The underlined word “She” in Paragraph 2 refers to “_____”. A. the German shepherd B. the handler
C. Aimee Hurt D. an African wild dog 45. Oakley is interested in finding the waste because _____. A. he wants to eat it B. he wants to play with it C. he wants to study endangered animals D. he can get a tennis ball to play with 46. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Trapping animals is not difficult. B. Collecting animal waste is a good way to gather information. C. People are making efforts to protect the environment. D. Detection dogs attack domestic livestock frequently. 47. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Detection dogs can help the police catch the criminals. B. Detection dogs can defend wildlife. C. Detection dogs can help scientists study wildlife. D. Detection dogs can help local people defend domestic livestock. D What’s your idea of a good time? What about dancing in a rainy field with one hundred and fifty thousand other people while a famous rock band plays on a stage so far away that the performers look like ants? It may sound strange but that is what many hundreds of thousands of young people in the UK do every summer. Why? Because summer is the time for outdoor music festivals. Held on a farm, the Glastonbury Festival is the most well-known and popular festival in the UK. It began in 1970 and the first festival was attended by one thousand five hundred people each paying an admission price of ￡1 — the ticket included free milk from the farm. Since then the Glastonbury Festival has gone from strength to strength — in
2004 one hundred and fifty thousand fans attended, paying ￡112 each for a ticket to the three-day event. Tickets for the event sold out within three hours. Performers included superstars, such as Paul McCartney and James Brown, as well as new talent, like Franz Ferdinand and Joss Stone. Although many summer festivals are run on a profit- -making basis, Glastonbury is a charity event, donating millions of pounds to local and international charities. Glastonbury is not unique in using live music to raise money to fight global poverty (贫穷). In July of this year, the Live 8 concerts were held simultaneously (同 时) in London, Paris, Rome and Berlin. Superstars such as Madonna, Sir Elton John and Stevie Wonder performed in order to highlight (强调) international poverty and debt. 48. What does the author mean by saying “the Glastonbury Festival has gone from strength to strength”? A. The festival has achieved growing success. B. Great efforts have been made to hold the festival. C. The festival has brought in a large amount of money. D. There have been thousands of fans attending the festival. 49. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The Glastonbury Festival is run on a profit-making basis. B. Tickets for the 2004 Glastonbury Festival were in great demand despite the high price. C. Both James Brown and Joss Stone were born in poor families. D. In the 1970 Glastonbury Festival, one could have lunch on the farm for free. 50. We can learn from the last paragraph that _____. A. the Glastonbury Festival is not so popular as the Live 8 concerts B. the Live 8 concerts are held every year in London C. London, Paris, Rome and Berlin are famous for outdoor music festivals D. some superstars are concerned about global poverty 51. What is the best title for the passage? A. How to have a good time
B. Charity events around the world C. The Glastonbury Festival D. Superstars’ performances in charity events E Research on the human brain has been attracting the attention of more and more scientists in recent years. One of the latest research topics is how to change the human brain or combine the computer and the human brain, i.e., to transplant (移植) a chip into human brain. This innovation (创新) may make everyone’s dream come true. If we compare a human brain to a hard disc, what the scientists do is to enlarge the capacity (容量 ) of the hard disc. There are some difficulties in such transplant experiments, but scientists never give up. Experiments were started on animals. In 1996, a transplant experiment performed at the Defense and Military Physiology Research Institute in the U.S. turned a bear into a dolphin. The dolphin was named Ted, and the bear was named Tallin. Using the most advanced technology, deep and detailed studies were made of the swimming action memory area in Ted’s brain by the scientists. They got a lot of useful information. The information was saved into a button-sized chip, which was then transplanted into the action memory area in Tallin’s brain. The information saved on the chip was released by means of electric power. Recently, another memory transplant was performed at the Motor Nerve Research Institute of the University of California. The transplant was performed from a dog named “Genius” to a dog named “Idiot”. “Genius” could understand and follow up to 100 gestures and ord ers made by its master. It was a real genius. “Idiot” was the younger brother of “Genius”. It had no contact with people at all since its birth. It became an animal with nothing in its brain, without any memory. The operation was a complete success. When the two dogs woke up, “Idiot” had all the abilities “Genius” possessed. It could follow every gesture and order given by its master. But “Genius” gave no response to its master, and in fact did not recognize
him at all. 52. We can learn from the passage that _____. A. the two experiments are about memory transplants B. the scientists exchanged the dolphin’s and the bear’s brains C. there is no possibility of changing the human brain D. “Idiot” got only some abilities “Genius” possessed after the experiment 53. The scientists did the two experiments to _____. A. see if animals can be taught some special skills B. see if animals can share some common knowledge C. learn if it’s safe to do such transplant experiments D. make preparative research on changing the human brain 54. The underlined sentence “The operation was a complete success” in the last paragraph means that _____. A. the dogs exchanged their memories B. the dogs could live as before C. the dogs were as clever as human beings D. the dogs were safe 55. It could be inferred from the passage that in the future _____. A. human beings will be healthier B. animals will be more tender C. human beings may get knowledge more quickly D. animals will cause more damage to the environment 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） March 11 is a day that I will never forget. After class I rushed out of the classroom quick because I hoped that I could get home in time watch my favorite TV program. When I got to the bus stop, to my surprised, I noticed people was standing in line. People used to pushed their way into the bus. When my bus came, without 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
a second thought, I jumped queue. Just then I heard someone shouting, “Please queue up.” I turned around and see a smiling old man signing to me to stand in line. Then
61. 62. 63.
she explained that day was “Queue Day”. I will never do the 64. same thing again but I hope every day will be “Queue Day”. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 你的好友李华在一次车祸中受到重伤导致下肢瘫痪，但他并没有被病魔吓 倒， 而是以积极乐观的态度与病魔抗争。请你根据李华的经历写一篇 100 词左右 的英语短文。 姓名 基本情况 李华 今年 17 岁，出身在中国南部的一个省份，小时候遭遇车 祸导致下肢瘫痪。 主要事迹 尽管他身有残疾，但他却以乐观的态度笑对人生，在学校 里乐于助人，学习成绩突出；在网络上发表文章，激励那 些和自己一样身患残疾的人。 你的看法 参考词汇：瘫痪的 paralyzed 65.
参考答案: 1-5 BACDB 21-25 ACCDB 41-45 ABABD 6-10 BBACB 26-30 BADCB 46-50 BCABD 11-15 CABCA 31-35 DCCAD 51-55 CADAC 57. time 后加 to 59. was → were 61. queue 前加 the 63. see → saw 65. but → and 16-20 BADAB 36-40 BCBDC
56. quick → quickly 58. surprised → surprise 60. pushed → push 62. √ 64. she → he One possible version:
My friend Li Hua was born in a province in the south of China. He was paralyzed
in both legs in a car accident when he was young. Although he suffers a great deal, he doesn’t lose heart. Instead, he takes an optimistic attitude towards life. He works very hard in school and does an excellent job. Besides, he is ready to help others who are in trouble. He is writing articles on the Internet to encourage other disabled people. He wins the respect of his classmates and teachers. In my opinion, Li Hua is a very brave boy and he sets a good example to us all. In the face of difficulty, we shouldn’t give up. We should value our life and try our b est to make some contributions to our society.