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钻井英语术语缩写


ASAP
P/N part number 零件型号
S/N serial number 系列号
N/W net weight 净重
G/W gross weight 毛重
P/U pick up 吊起
M/U make up 接上
L/D lay down 甩开
N/U nipple

up 接上
N/D nipple down 卸开
R/U rig up 安装
WOC wait on cement 侯凝
RIH run in hole 下钻
WOO wait on order 等指令
POOH pull out of hole 起钻
DR drilling 钻进
RM reaming 扩眼(划眼)
WOW wait on water 等水
TOF top of fish 鱼顶
SX sacks
MW mud weight 泥浆密度
CBU circulate bottoms up 循环一周
TOH trip out of hole 起钻
MWD measurement while drilling 随钻测量
KSW key seat wiper 键槽清洁器
mH   Milli Henries  毫亨
 NEC   National Eiectrical Code  国家电业标准
 NEMA  National E1ctrical Manufactirers Assoc  电气制造业协会
 NTL   Neutral  中性
 N/P  Namcplate  铭牌
 n    Nano( )
 纳
 nF   Nano Farad(10F)  纳法
 OD   OutSide Diameter  外径
 OL   OverlOad Relay  过载继电器
 P    P01e  电极
 PB   PUSh Button  按钮
 PBSS  Push Button Start/Stop  启动/停止按钮
 PC   Printed Circuit  印刷电路
 PCB  Printed Circuit Board  印刷电路板
 PF    PiCO Faral  微法( F)

 PFC   Power Factcr Correctcr  功率因数补偿器
 PL    Lamp cr Pilot Light  灯或指示灯
 PLC   Programmable Logic Contro11er  可编程逻辑控制器
 PM   Prime Mover  原动机
    Degrees Fahrenheit
 华氏温度
 FL     Field 1oss  失磁
 FS     Fuse Swith  熔断器开关
 FSD    Full scale deflection  满刻度偏转
 FVR   FUll V1toage Reversing  满电压倒向
 FVNR  FUll Vo1tage Nonreversing  满电压不可倒向
 GEN   Generator  发电机
 GND   Ground  接地
 H     Henris  亨利
 HED   Hall EffeCct Device  霍尔效应元件
 HOA   Hand-Off—Auto  手动一关断一自动
 HP    Horsepower  马力
 HS    Heat sink  散热器
 HSE   House  房子
 HTR   Heater  加热器
 HVR   High Voltage Resistor  高压电阻
 HZ    Hertz(Cycles per second)  赫兹(周期/秒)
 IC    Integrated Circuit  集成电路
 ID    InSide Diameter  内径
 IEEE  Institute Of Electrical &E1ectronics Engineers  电气和电子工程师学会
 ISO   Iso1ater  绝缘体
 I/O   Input/Output  输入/输出
 K    Contactor  接触器
 K    Kilo(103)  千( )

 KCMIL Thousand Circular Mils  千圆密耳
 KV   Kilovolts  千伏
 KVA   Kilovolt Amperes  千伏安
 KVAR   Reative Kilovolt-Amperes  千乏(无功功率)
 KW   Kilowatts  千瓦
 L    Light  灯
 POT   POtentiometer  电位器
 PP    P1ug Panel  插头板
 PS    Pressure Switch  压力开关
 PT    Potentia1 Transfromer  电位变压器
 R     Resistor  电阻
 REC   Receptacle  插座或容器
 RECT  Rectifier  整流器
 REF   Reference  给定
 RL   Relay  继电器
 RT   Rtary Table  转盘
 RHCC  Ross Hill Controls Corporation  ROSS Hill控制公司
 RTD   Resistive Temperature Device  电阻式温度仪
 SCR   Silicon Contro11ed Rectifier  晶闸管整流器
 SW   or S Switch  开关
 SH    Shield  屏蔽
 ST    Shunt Trip  分励脱扣
 SWGR  Switchgear  开关装置
 T  or  XFMR Transformer  变压器
 TB    Terminal B1ock  接线板
 TD    Time Delay Relay Or Top Drive  延时继电器或顶驱
 TH    Thruster  推进器
 TS    Temperature Switch  温度开关
 USCG  United States Coast Guard  美国海岸警卫队
 V    Vo1ts  伏特
 VA   Vo1t Amperes  伏安
 VAC   Voltage A1ternating Current  电压(交流)
 VAR   Vo1ts Amp Reactive  乏
 VDC   Voltage Direct Current  电压(直流)
 UPS   Uninterruptible Power Supply  不间断电源
 UVR   Undervo1tage Release  欠压释放
 W    Watts  瓦
YP yield point 屈服值
FL filtrate loss 滤失
TVD true vertical depth 垂深
MD measured depth 测量井深
TD total depth 总井深
KOP kick off point 造斜点
DIR direction 定向
AZM azimuth 方位
DEV deviation 井斜
ROP rate of penetration 机械钻速
ID inside-diameter 外径
FTG footage 进尺
PPG pounds per gallon (密度 )每加仑磅
PSI pounds per square inch 每平方英寸磅
SGL single 单根
HTHP high temperature high pressure 高温高压
AD assistant driller 副司钻
LCM lost circulation material 堵漏剂
API American petroleum institute 美国石油协会
IADC International association drilling contractor 国际钻井承包商
CNPC China national petroleum company 中国石油天然气总公司
DP Drill pipe 钻杆
HWDP heavy weight drill pipe 加重钻杆
DC drill collar 钻铤
STB stabilizer 钻杆扶正器
SMDC short magnetic drill collar 短无磁钻铤
PDM positive displacement motor 螺杆
NMDC nonmagnetic drill collar 无磁钻铤(钻具)
BOP blowout preventer 封井器
CSC casing 套管
JNT joint 单根
XO cross-over 配合接头
IF internal flush 内平
FH full hole 贯眼
REG regular 正规
IU internal upset 内加厚
EU external upset 外加厚
IEU internal & external upset 内外加厚
OH open hole 裸眼
WOB weight on bit 钻压
RPM revolutions per minute 转速分钟
SPM strokes per minute 冲程每分钟
ECD equivalent circulating density 当量泥浆密度
MT metric ton 公制吨
BHA bottom hole assembly 底部钻具组合
DST drill stem test 钻具测试
KS key seat 键槽
STDS stands 立柱
VIS viscosity 粘度
WL water loss 失水
PV plastic viscosity 塑性粘度
DS = drilling supervisor 钻井监督
OIM = offshore instrument manager 采油平台经理 (采油平台的最高首长)
JWE = junior well engineer 实习工程师 (油公司内给刚进入公司的工程师设的一个称号, 全球都在用)
IP = injured person 受伤人员
NBS Near Bit Stabilizer
NMDC Non Magnetic Drill Collars
NSTK Number Of Pump Strokes
OBM Oil Based Mud
OD Outside Diameter
OE Open Ended
OH Openhole
P&A Plug and Abandon
P/U,PU Pick Up
PBR Polished Bore Receptacle
PDC Polycrystalline Diamond Compact
PDM Positive Displacement Motor
PM Preventive Maintenance
POAF Pack-Off Adapter Flange
POOH Pull Out Of Hole
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PV Plastic Viscosity
PVT Pit Volume Totalizer
R/D Rig Down
R/U Rig Up
RCD Residual Current Device
RFT Repeated Formation Tester
RIH Run In Hole
RKB Rotary Kelly Bushings
ROP Rate Of Penetration
RPM Rotation Per Minute
RPSP Reduced Pump Strokes Pressure
S.G. Specific Gravity
SCBA Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
SCR Slow Circulating Pump Pressure
SD Specific Density
SHUT-IN Wellhead Or Shut-In Pressure
SICP Shut-In Casing Pressure
SIDPP Shut-In Drill Pipe Pressure
SJ Single Joint
SJA Safe Job Analysis
SO Slack-Off
SPM Stroke Per Minute
SPP Stand Pipe Pressure
SRG Surface Recording Gyro
SSSV Sub Surface Safety Valve
SWL Safe Working Load
TCP Tubing Convoyed Perforation
TD Total Depth
TDS Top Drive System
TIP Tie In Point
TOC Top Of Cement
TVD Total Vertical Depth
UPR Upper Pipe Ram
UTM Universal Transverse Mercator
VM Volumetric Method
VSIDPP Virtual Shut-In Drill Pipe Pressure
W&W Wait And Weight Method
WBM Water Based Mud
WL Wireline
WLL Working Load Limit
WOB Weight On Bit
WOC Wait On Cementing
WOM Weight On Mill
WP Working Pressure
X/O Cross Over Sub
YP Yield Point
HUD = Hold up depth 卡钻井深
FCP Final Circulating Pressure
FIT Formation Integrity Test
FPI Free Point Indicator
Q Flow rate
GWDC Great Wall Drilling Contractor
HCR Hydraulic Controlled Remote Operated
HDHO Heavy Duty Hole Opener
HP High Pressure
HPHT High Pressure High Temperature
HSE Health, Safety And Environment
HWDP Heavy Weight Drill Pipe
IADC International Association Of Drilling Contractor
IBOP Inside BOP, Gray Valves
ICP Initial Circulating Pressure
ID Inside Diameter
IPS Improved Plow Steel
IWCF International Well Control Forum
IWRC Independent Wire Rope Core
KOP Kick Off Point
L/D Lay Down
LTA Lost Time Accident
LCM Low Choke Method, Lost Circulation Material
LOT Leak-Off Test
LPM Liters Per Minute
LPR Lower Pipe Ram
MAASP Maximum Allowable Annular Surface Pressure
MD Measured Depth
MEMW Maximum Equivalent Mud Weight
MPHS Max. Expected Pressure in Next Hole Section
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
MUT Make-Up Torque
MWD Measurement While Drilling
MWDP Max. Well Design Pressure
ACS Anti-Collision System
API American Petroleum Institute
APL Annulus Pressure Loss
AR Automated Roughneck
BHA Bottom Hole Assembly
BHCT Bottom-Hole Circulating Temperature
BHP Bottom-Hole Pressure
BHST Bottom-Hole Static Temperature
BOP Blow Out Preventer
CBBL Core Barrels
CDPP Circulating Drill Pipe Pressure
CP Conductor Pipe, Casing Pressure
CSO Complete Shut Off
CSES Cable Sidedoor Entry Sub
CSG Casing
DC Drill Collar
DD Directional Driller
DLS Dogleg Severity
DM Driller's Method
DP Drill Pipe
DPP, Pdp Drill-Pipe Pressure
DSA Double Studded Adapter
DST Drill Stem Test
DTU Double-Tilt Units
DWCH Docking Head
ECD Equivalent Circulating Density
EMW Equivalent Mud Weight
EOR Enhanced Oil Recovery
ERD Extended Reach Drilling
EZSV Easydrill Plug

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