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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela —— a modern hero
1 .quality n 1 (a) [U, C] degree of goodness or worth 质量; 品质 goods of the highest quality 质量最

高的货物 There are many different qualities of gold and silver. 金银的成色有很多种. (b)[U] general excellence 优质; 优点 As an actor she shows real quality. 她表现出演员的真正才华. This company is more concerned with quality than with quantity. 这家公司对质量比对产量更重视. [attrib 作定语]We specialize in quality furniture. 我们专门经营优质家具. 2 [C](a) attribute; characteristic 属性; 特徵; 特性 人品,性格 He possesses the quality of inspiring confidence. 他有本事能让别人信任他. She had many good qualities despite her apparent rudeness. 她粗鲁是粗鲁, 但还有许多优秀品质. (b) special or distinguishing feature 特点; 特色:One quality of this plastic is that it is almost unbreakable. 这种塑料有个特点是不易断裂. His voice had a rich melodic quality. 他的音色浑厚而优美. 2.mean v 1 [Tn, Tn.pr,Tf] ~ sth (to sb) (intend to) convey sth; signify sth 意指某事; 意思是 A dictionary tells you what words mean. 词典是解释词义的工具书. What does this sentence mean? 这句子是什麽意思? These symbols mean nothing to me. 这些符号我完全不明白是什麽意思. The flashing lights mean that the road is blocked. 那闪动的灯光表示此路不通. 2 [Tn, Tf, Tg, Tsg] (be likely to) result in (sth) ; be a sign (that); involve(很可能) 造成, 导致 (某 结果); 是某事物的徵兆; 意味; 包含 ~ sth; mean doing sth Spending too much now will mean a shortage of cash next year. 现在花钱过头, 来年就要缺钱. The sudden thaw means that spring is here. 一朝解冻, 便是春天来到. This new order will mean (us) working overtime. 这一新定单意味著(我们)得加班加点. 3 .have sth as a purpose; intend sth 怀有某目的; 打算; 意欲! mean to do sth She means to succeed. 她立意求成 He means (to cause) trouble. 他存心捣乱. I'm sorry I hurt you: I didn't mean to. 对不起, 我弄伤了你; 我不是故意的 mean sth for sb; be meant for She meant this gift for you. 她这礼物是送给你的. I was never meant for the army, 我根本就不是当兵的材料. This film was meant for children. mean that --I never meant that you should come alone. 我没打算要你单独来.
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

mean sth as sth I wasn't serious. I meant it as a joke. 我并非有意. 我是想开个玩笑而已. mean sb to do be meant to do I didn't mean you to read the letter. 我没有要你看这封信的意思. She was never meant to be a teacher. 她从来就没注定要当教师 mean n 1 condition, quality, course of action,etc that is halfway between two extremes 中间; 中庸 You must find a mean between frankness and rudeness. 你要在坦诚与唐突之间取其中. 2 (a) midway point, quantity, etc between two extremes; average 中数; 平均数; 比例中项 The mean of 13, 5 and 27 is found by adding them together and dividing by 3. 13、 5 和 27 的平均数可将三数相加再除以 3 求得. means n 单幅通行 方法,手段 by means of 用--- 方法;by all means 无论如何 by no means 绝不 by this means = in this way 通过这种方式 mean adj (-er, -est) 1 ~ (with sth) ungenerous; selfish (esp with money) 吝啬的; 自私的(尤指金钱方面) be mean with sth He is very mean with money 他对钱十分吝啬 She's too mean to make a donation. 她很小气, 不肯捐款. 2 ~ (to sb) (of people or their behaviour) unworthy; unkind (指人或人的行为)卑鄙的, 不善良 的 That was a mean trick! 那是卑鄙的伎俩! It was mean of you to eat all the food. 你把东西全吃光了, 你可太坏了. Don't be so mean to your little brother! 别对你弟弟那麽刻薄! 3 (esp US) nasty; vicious 刻毒的; 邪恶的 A rattlesnake is a really mean creature. 响尾蛇是很凶的动物. He looks like a mean character. 他看上去不似善类. 4 poor in appearance, quality, etc; shabby-looking 难看的; 劣质的; 简陋的; 破旧的 the mean little houses where the poorest people live 最穷苦的人赖以栖身的破败小屋. 5 (esp of the understanding or abilities) inferior (尤指理解力或能力)低劣的, 平庸的 This should be clear even to the meanest intelligence. 就是对智 力最差的人来说, 这也应当是很清楚的. 6 (dated 旧) of humble birth or low social rank 出身微贱的; 社会地位低下的 The meanest labourer has the same rights as the richest landowner. 最贫贱的劳动者享有和最富的地主同样的权利. 7 (infml approv 口, 褒) very skilful, effective, etc 熟练的; 有效的; 出色的 a mean golfer, chess-player, etc 出色的高尔夫球手、 国际象棋选手等 a new tennis champion with a mean service 发球刁钻的新网球冠军. active adj 1(a) energetic 精力旺盛的; 积极的; 活跃的,主动的 Although he's quite old he's still very active. 他虽然老了, 可仍闲不住. lead an active life, 过著活跃的生活 She takes an active part in local politics. 她积极参加本地的政治活动.
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

active voice 主动语态 (b) quick; lively 迅速的; 活跃的,操作中,起作用的 have an active brain 头脑灵活. an active volcano 活火山. (操作中,起作用的) 3 having an effect; not merely passive 有效的; the active ingredients 有效成分 active resistance 积极抵抗. 4 radioactive 放射性的. 4 generous adj (approv 褒) 1 giving or ready to give freely 慷慨的; 大方的 be generous with one's money/in giving help 用钱大方的[慷慨助人的] It was generous of you to share your food with me. 你把食物与我分享, 真慷慨. 2 given freely; plentiful 慷慨给予的; 大量的; 丰富的 a generous gift, offer, increase 丰厚的礼物、 慷慨的给予、 大量的增加 a generous helping of potatoes 一大份马铃薯. 3 free from meanness or prejudice; magnanimous 心地高尚的; 无偏见的; 宽宏大量的 a generous mind, spirit, etc 高尚的心、 精神等 A wise ruler is generous in victory. 贤明的统治者在胜利时能宽宏大量. generously adv Please give generously. 请慷慨施予. 5 devote v[Tn.pr] ~ oneself/sth to sb/sth give (one's time, energy, etc) to sb/sth; dedicate 为某人[某事物]付出(时 间、 精力等); 向某人[某事物]奉献(时间、 精力等); 献身於某事物 devote oneself to a noble cause 献身於一项崇高的事业 devote all one's efforts to one's task 全力以赴地工作. devote oneself to --be devoted to (系表结构) 献身于---,深爱着--devoted adj ~ (to sb/sth) very loving or loyal 热爱的; 非常忠实的; 全心全意的 a devoted son, friend, supporter 孝子、 忠实的朋友、 不遗余力的支持者 She is devoted to her children. 她深爱她的孩子 6 .principle n 1 [C] basic general truth that underlies sth (eg a subject or a system of morality) 原理; 原则 a textbook which teaches the basic principles of geometry 讲解几何学基本原理的教科书 the principle of equality of opportunity for all 人人机会均等的原则 2 (a) [C usu pl 通常作复数]guiding rule for personal behaviour (行为的)准则, 规范 principles of conduct 行为的准则 live up to one's principles 按自己的标准行事 She seems to have no principles at all when it is a question of making money. 一碰到赚钱的事, 她就好像完全不顾自己的人格了. (b) [U] these rules 操守; 道义; 为人之道 a woman of (high) principle 操守好的女人
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

It is a matter of principle with her to answer her children's questions honestly. 如实地答覆孩子们 的询问对她来说是关系到做人的大问题. 3 [sing] general or scientific law shown in the way a thing works, or used as the basis for constructing a machine, etc (事物的)工作原理; (机器等的)构造原理 These machines both work on the same principle. 这两台机器的工作原理是相同的. The system works on the principle that heat rises. 该项装置是按照热力上升的原理运转的. in principle (a) as far as basic principles are concerned 原则上,理论上 There's no reason in principle why people couldn't travel to Mars, 从理论上讲, 没有理由认为人 不能到火星上去.. (b) in general but not in detail 大体上; 基本上 They have agreed to the proposal in principle but we still have to negotiate the terms. 他们基本 上同意了那项提议, 但我们仍须商定条件. on principle because of one's (moral) principles or a fixed belief 依据自己的(道德)原则或 所确定的信念 Many people are opposed to the sale of arms on principle. 许多人根据自己的是非观反对出售武器.. 7.peaceful adj 1 not involving war or violence 不诉诸战争或暴力的; 和平的 a peaceful demonstration, reign, period of history 和平示威、 太平盛世、 历史上的和平时期 peaceful uses of atomic energy 原子能的和平利用 2 loving or seeking peace 爱好和平的; 寻求和平的 peaceful nations 爱好和平的国家 peaceful aims 追求和平的目的. 3 quiet; calm; tranquil 安静的; 安宁的; 宁静的 a peaceful evening, scene, death 宁静的黄昏、 静谧 的景色、 安祥的死亡 peaceful sleep 安宁的睡眠 It's so peaceful out here in the country. 郊区这地方多麽恬静. 8.Guidance [U] guiding or being guided; leadership; direction 引导; 领导; 指导 be under sb's guidance 在某人的指导下 parental guidance 受父母指教 child guidance 儿童指导(制度) (对与人交往或心理方面有问题的儿童给予帮助) a missile guidance system 导弹制导系统. guide n 1 person who shows others the way, esp a person employed to point out interesting sights on a journey or visit 向导; (尤指)导游 I know the place well, so let me be your guide. 我熟悉那地方, 我来当你们的向导. The tour guide gave a running commentary from the front of the coach. 导游在旅游车的前部向 游客作连续的现场解说. 2 thing that helps one form an opinion, make a calculation, etc 有助於形成意见、 作出估计等的 事物; 有指导意义的事物
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

as a rough guide 大致 The essay needn't be too long; as a rough guide, you should write about three pages. 论文不必过长, 大致应写三页左右. 3 adviser; person or thing that directs or influences one's behaviour 指导者; 指导或影响个人行 为的人或事 His elder sister had been his guide, counsellor and friend. 他姐姐过去一直指导他, 给他出主意, 是他的朋友. Instinct is not always a good guide. 凭本能行事不一定都对. 4 ~ (to sth) (a) (also `guidebook) book for travellers, tourists, etc with information about a place (旅行、 游览等)指南,入门书 a guide to Italy, to the British Museum, etc 意大利旅行指南、 大英博物馆参观要览. a guide to French wines 法国酒类手册 a gardening guide 园艺入门. guide v 1 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] 引导; 领导 ~sb (to...) If you haven't a compass, use the stars to guide you. 倘若没有指南针, 可利用星辰引路. I guided him to his chair. 我把他领到他的座位上去. 2 [Tn] direct (sb); influence 指导(某人); 影响 Be guided by your sense of what is right and just. 做事要有是非观念和正义感. 9. legal adj [attrib 作定语] of or based on the law 法律的; 依照法律的; 合法的,法定的 my legal adviser/representative 我的法律顾问[代表] seek legal advice 找律师谘询 take legal action 采取法律行动 the legal age for drinking, driving, voting, 喝酒、 驾驶、 选举等的法定年龄. 10. fee n 1 [C](a) (usu pl 通常作复数) amount paid for professional advice or service, eg to private teachers, doctors, etc 服务费, 酬金(如付予私人教师、 医生等的) pay the lawyer's fees 付律师费 a bill for school fees 学费帐单. (b) amount paid to sit an examination, join a club, etc (考试的)报名费、 (加入俱乐部的) 会费等 If you want to join, there's an entrance fee of 20 and an annual membership fee of 10. 入会须缴入会费 20 英镑, 年费 10 英镑. 2 [U] (law 律) (a) rights 不动产继承权(尤指遗赠权). (b) such property 继承的不动产 11. stage n 1 [C] platform or area (usu in a theatre) on which plays are performed to an audience 舞台(通常 指剧场中的)

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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

He was on (the) stage for most of the play. 他几乎整出戏都在台上. 2 the stage [sing]the profession of actors and actresses; life and work in the theatre 演员的职业; 戏剧表演; 舞台生涯 She advised her son not to choose the stage as a career. 她劝儿子不要选择戏剧表演作职业. 3 [sing] (fig 比喻) scene of action; place where events occur 场所; (事件发生的)现场 Geneva has become the stage for many meetings of world leaders. 日内瓦已成为世界领袖经常召开会议的地方. 4 [C] point, period or step in the development, growth or progress of sth/sb 某事物[某人]的发 展、 成长或进步的程度、 时期或阶段 at an early stage in our history 在我们历史发展的早期 At this stage it's impossible to know whether our plan will succeed. 目前尚无法预见我们的计画 能否实现. The baby has reached the talking stage. 这婴儿已经会说话了. 5 [C] distance between two stopping-places on a journey; part of a journey (行程中两站之间的) 路程; 一段路 ravel by easy stages, ie only for a short distance at a time 分段作短程舒适的旅行 She did the first stage of the trip by train. 她行程的第一段是乘火车的. 6 [C] section of a space-rocket with a separate engine, jettisoned when its fuel is used up (火箭 的)级. 7 (idm 习语) be/go on the `stage 当[成为]演员; 登台演出 She's wanted to go on the stage from an early age. 她从小就想当演员. set the stage for sth 为某事作好准备或创造条件 The president's recent death set the stage for a military coup. 总统最近死後, 酝酿著一场军事政 变. Stage v [Tn] 1 present (a play, etc) on a stage; put (sth) before the public 将(戏剧等)搬上舞台; 上演 stage a new production of `King Lear' 上演新编排的《李尔王》. 2 arrange for (sth) to take place; carry out; 进行; 举行, 组织 stage a protest rally 举行抗议大会 3. to make sth happen 使發生;使出現 : The dollar staged a recovery earlier today. 今天早些時候,美元出現回升。 After nine years in retirement, he staged a comeback to international tennis. 退役五年之後,他又復出國際網壇。 12. vote n 1 [C] ~ (for/against sb/sth); ~ (on sth) formal expression of one's opinion or choice eg by ballot or show of hands 表决(如投票或举手表决) cast one's vote 投票 take/hold a vote on the motion 对这项动议进行表决 settle, decide, resolve the matter by a vote 以表决方式解决、 决定、 解决...此事 a majority/minority vote 多数[少数]票 counting, sorting, checking the votes 计算、 整理、 核对选票 postal votes 邮寄的选票 The Tory candidate received 8000 votes. 保守党候选人获 8000 选票.
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

The measure was passed/defeated by 9 votes to 6. 该议案以 9 票赞成 6 票反对获得通过[以 9 票 反对 6 票赞成被否定]. 2 the vote [sing] votes given by or for a certain group, eg at a political election 投票总数, 得票 总数(如政治性选举) The Socialists got 35% of the vote. 社会党人获得 35%的选票. 3 the vote [sing] right to vote, esp in political elections; franchise 投票权, 选举权 (尤指政治选 举中的); 公民权 UK nationals get the vote at 18. 英国国民 18 岁始有选举权. 4 (idm 习语) put sth to the `vote 将(问题等)付诸表决. a vote of `thanks speech 要求大家表示感谢的讲话(尤指请大家鼓掌) propose a vote of thanks 提议鼓掌致谢. Vote v 1 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tt] ~ (for/against sb/sth); ~ (on sth) formally express an opinion or choice by vote 以表决方式表明 观点或选择 20 delegates voted for/against the motion. 有 20 名代表投票赞成[反对]这个动议. If we cannot agree, let's vote on it. We voted to continue the strike. 我们投票决定继续罢工. 2 [Cn.n] elect (sb) to a position of authority by a majority of votes 选出(某人) (担任某职) I was voted chairman. 我当选为主席. 3 [Dn.n] grant (a sum of money, etc) by voting 表决通过拨款 The workers have just voted themselves a pay rise. 工人刚投票决定为他们自己增加薪水. The hospital was voted 100000 for research. 经表决拨给该医院 100000 英镑研究经费. 4 [esp passive 尤用於被动语态 Cn.a, Cn.n](infml 口) declare (sth) to be good, bad, etc by general consent (根据大家的意见)认为(某事物)好、 不好等 The show was voted a success. 大家一致认为表演很成功. 5 [Tf no passive 不用於被动语态](infml 口) suggest or propose (sth) 建议, 提议(某事物) I vote (that) we stay here. 我建议我们留在这里. 6 (phr v) vote sb/sth down reject or defeat sb/sth by voting 投票击败某人[某事物]; 否决某事 物. vote sb in/out/on/off; vote sb into/out of/onto/off sth 选出某人任某职[免去某人某职] vote the Liberals in 投票选出自由党人任职 She was voted out of office/off the board. 经投票免去她的职务[董事职务]. vote sth through approve or bring into force (a proposal, etc) by voting 表决通过(提案等) Parliament voted the bill through without a debate. 国会未经辩论就投票通过了这项法案. 13.attack n 1 [C, U] ~ (on sb/sth) violent attempt to hurt, overcome or defeat sb/sth 伤害; 攻击; 进攻; 攻打 make an attack on the enemy, bridge, town 向敌人, 桥梁, 城镇进攻 the victim of a terrorist attack 恐怖分子攻击的受害者 Our troops are now on the attack. 我们的部队正在进攻. The patrol came under attack from all sides. 巡逻队遭到来自四面八方的攻击. (saying 谚) Attack is the best form of defence. 进攻是最好的防御. 2 [C, U] ~ (on sb/sth) strong criticism in speech or writing 抨击; 非难 an attack on the Government's policies 对政府政策的抨击.. 3 [C] sudden start of an illness, etc (疾病等突然的)侵袭, 发作
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

an attack of flu 流感 a `heart attack 心脏病发作 4 [C usu sing 通常作单数](sport 体) (players who are in the) position of trying to score in a game, eg of football or cricket (在如足球或板球比赛中处於可得分的)进攻位置(的运动员) We must move more players into the attack. 我们要多调配运动员到攻球区. attack, v 1 [I, Tn] make an attack on (sb/sth) 攻击; 进攻; 袭击 They decided to attack at night. 他们决定夜晚进攻. attack a neighbouring country 攻击邻国 A woman was attacked and robbed by a gang of youths. 有一妇女遭到一群青年的袭击和抢劫. 2 [Tn] criticize (sb/sth) severely 抨击 a newspaper article attacking the Prime Minister 报纸上抨击首相的文章. 3 [Tn] begin to deal with (sth) vigorously; tackle 奋力著手处理(某事物); 对付 The Government is making no attempt to attack unemployment. 政府无意解决失业问题. Shall we attack the washing-up? 咱们动手洗碗碟好吗? 4 [Tn] act harmfully on (sth/sb) 侵袭, 腐蚀(某事物[某人]) a disease that attacks the brain 侵袭大脑的疾病 Rust attacks metals. 锈能腐蚀金属. attacker n person who attacks 攻击者; 进攻者; 抨击者. 14. violence n [U] 1(a) violent conduct, esp of an unlawful kind 暴力行为(尤指非法的); 暴行 crimes, acts, outbreaks, etc of violence 暴力犯罪、 暴力行为、 暴力突发 TV violence/violence on TV 电视中的暴力场面. (b) great emotional intensity; violent feeling 狂热; 激情; 强烈的感情 We expressed our views with some violence. 我们激动地亮明了观点. 2 severity or harshness 激烈; 猛烈; 厉害 the violence of the gale, collision, outrage 大风、 碰撞、 暴行之厉害程度. 3 (idm 习语) do violence to sth (fml 文) be contrary to sth; outrage sth 违背或违反某事物 It would do violence to his principles to eat meat. 吃肉与他的原则相违. 15. equal adj 1 the same in size, amount, value, number, degree, status, etc (大小、 数量、 价值、 程度、 状 况等)相同的, 相等的, 同样的 Be equal to--be equal in ---One unit of alcohol is equal to half a pint of beer. 一單位酒精等於半品脫啤酒。 ? two pieces of wood equal in length/of equal length 兩塊長度相同的木頭 They are of equal height. 他们一般高. Divide the cake into equal parts. 把蛋糕分成等份. In intelligence, the children are about equal. 这些儿童在智力上大致相同. 2 [pred 作表语] ~ to sth/doing sth having the strength, courage, ability, etc for sth 对某事物有力量、 勇气、 能 力等; 能胜任 She feels equal to the task. 她认为能胜任该项工作. He's equal to the occasion. 他能应付这一局面.
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

He doesn't seem equal to meeting our demands. 他似乎不太合乎我们的要求. 3 (idm 习语) on equal terms (with sb) 平等相处; 地位相等 Now that she has been promoted ,she is on equal terms with her ex-boss. 她既然已升级, 就和 原先的上司平起平坐了. equal, n person or thing equal to oneself in some way 和自己相当的人或事物 He's my equal in strength. 他和我力气一样大. We consider ourselves equals. 我们彼此不分上下. equal, v (-ll-) (US -l-) [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sb/sth (in sth) be equal to sb/sth 与某人[某事物]相同或相等 equal the Olympic record 平奥运会纪录 He is equalled by no one in kindness. 没有人比他更善良. 15. escape v 1 [I, Ipr] ~ (from sb/sth) get free; get away (from imprisonment or control) (从监禁、 管制中) 逃脱, 逃走 Two prisoners have escaped. 有两个囚犯越狱了. A lion has escaped from its cage. 有一头狮子从笼中逃走了. She longed to escape from her mother's domination. 她渴望摆脱母亲的操纵. 2 [I, Ipr] ~ (from sth) (of gases, liquids, etc) find a way out (of a container, etc); leak; seep out (指气体、 液体等)漏出, 泄漏, 渗出 There's gas escaping somewhere . Can you smell it? 有什麽地方漏煤气了--你闻到了吗? Make a hole to let the water escape. 弄个洞让水排出. heat escaping through a window 从窗户散发出的热气. 3 [I, Tn no passive 不用於被动语态, Tg] avoid 避免或躲避(不愉快的事物); 免除 Where can we go to escape the crowds? 我们到哪里才能躲开这些人群? escape punishment/being punished 避免惩罚[受罚] You can't escape the fact that... 你不 能逃避这样的事实.... 4 [Tn no passive 不用於被动语态]be forgotten or unnoticed by (sb/sth) 被遗忘; 未被注意 Her name escapes me. 我想不起她的名字了. Nothing escapes you/your attention, ie You notice everything. 什麽也瞒不了你. 5 (idm 习语) escape (sb's) `notice be missed or not noticed (by sb) 疏忽; 没注意到 It won't have escaped your notice that I've been unusually busy recently. 你一定注意到了我最近 一直忙得不得了. escape n 1 [C, U] ~ (from sth) (act or action of) escaping; instance of having escaped 逃走; 逃脱. There have been few successful escapes from this prison. 没有什麽人能从这座监狱逃走. When the guard's back was turned, she made her escape. 看守人一转过身去, 她就逃走了. 2 [C] means of escaping 逃走或逃生的手段 The fire-escape is at the back of the building. 太平门在建筑物的後面. [attrib 作定语] The police have just found the escape vehicle. 警方刚找到逃走者使用的车辆. He showed us our escape route on the map. 他在地图上指出我们逃走的路线. 3 [sing] (thing that provides a) temporary distraction from reality or dull routine 暂时逃避现实 (的消遣事物)

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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

He listens to music as an escape from the pressures of work. 他听音乐以缓解一下工作的压力. 4 [C] 漏出: an escape of gas 漏出煤气. 16. beg v (-gg-) 1 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr]~ (from sb); ~ (for) sth (from/of sb)乞求(金钱、食物、衣服等); 行乞 There are hundreds begging in the streets. 街上有数以百计的乞丐. He was so poor he had to beg (for) money from passers-by. 他穷得要向行人乞求布施. 2 [Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr, Tf, Tt, Cn.t] ~ sth (of sb)/ ~ (sb) for sth 恳求, 祈求(某事物) May I beg a favour (of you)? 可以(请你)帮个忙吗? He begged (her) for forgiveness. 他请求(她)原谅. The boy begged that he might be allowed to come with us. 这男孩子恳求允许他和我们一道来. I beg (of) you not to take any risks. 我恳求你不要冒险. 4 (idm 习语) beg leave to do sth (fml 文) 请求准许干某事 I beg leave to address the Council. 我请求允许向议会发表演说. beg sb's `pardon 请原谅, 很抱歉(言行失当或失礼时常作此语). I beg to differ 恕我不能赞同. He's clearly the best candidate.' `I beg to differ.' `他显然是最合适的候选人了.' 恕我不能赞同. go `begging (指物)不想要的; 没人要的: 無人問津; If this book is going begging, you can take it for free. beg 'off 推辞(已答應做的事) ;反悔 : He's always begging off at the last minute. 他總是在最後一分鐘反悔。 17. relative adj 1 ~ (to sth) comparative (与他人[他事物])相对的, 成比例的, 比较的 the relative merits of the two plans, candidates, cars 两种方案、 两个候选人、 两辆汽车在相 比之下显示出的长处 Supply is relative to demand. 供应要与需求保持一定比例. They are living in relative comfort, 他们现在生活比较舒适 2 ~ to sth (fml 文) (following ns 用於名词之後) having a connection with sth; referring to sth 与某事物有关的; 关於或涉及某事物的 the facts relative to the problem 与这问题有关的事实 the papers relative to the case 关於此案的文件. 3 [attrib 作定语](grammar) referring to an earlier noun, clause or sentence 与前面的名词、 主 句、 从句或句子相关联的 relative pronoun 关系代词 . relative, n person who is related to another; relation 亲戚; 亲属 a close/near/distant relative of hers 她的近亲[较近的亲戚/远亲]. 18.terror n 1(a) [U] extreme fear 恐怖; 惊骇 run away in terror 惊慌地跑开 scream with terror 吓得尖叫起来 be in terror of one's life,为自己的生命安全担惊受怕 strike terror into sb 使某人胆战心惊. (b) [C] instance of this 恐怖的事
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

have a terror of heights 害怕登高 The terrors of the night were past. 夜间的那些恐怖事都已成过去. 2 [C] terrifying person or thing 可怕的人或事物 Death holds no terrors for me. 死神吓不倒我. 3 [C] (infml 口) formidable or troublesome person or thing 令人惧怕或讨厌的人或事物 My aunt can be a bit of a terror. 我姑姑有时候还真有点讨人厌. That puppy is an absolute terror,. 那只小狗讨厌极了. 19.reward n 1 [U] recompense for work, merit or services 报答; 报偿 work without hope of reward 没有希望获得报偿的工作 He received a medal in reward for his bravery. 他因表现勇敢而获得了一枚奖章. 2 [C] something given or received in return for work, merit or services 报酬; 酬金 give a reward to sb 给某人报酬; 奖赏某人 receive one's just reward 获得应有的报酬 emotional, intellectual, financial rewards 感情方面的、 知识方面的、 财务方面的报酬 One reward of my job is meeting people. 我在工作中的一个收获是能认识许多人. 3 [C] sum of money offered for the capture of a criminal, return of lost property, etc (为捉捕罪 犯、 寻回失去财物等的)赏金, 奖赏 A 1000 reward has been offered for the return of the stolen painting. 悬赏 1000 英镑寻找失窃的画. 4 (idm 习语), v [esp passive 尤用於被动语态 Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sb (for sth/doing sth) give a reward to sb 给某人报酬; 奖赏某人 Is this how you reward me for helping/my help? 你就这样报答我对你的帮助吗? reward him with sth She rewarded him with a smile. 她向他报之以一笑. .rewarding adj (of an activity, etc) worth doing; satisfying 值得做的, 令人满意的 a rewarding film, study, trip 有益的影片、 研究、 旅行 Teaching is not very rewarding financially, but emotionally. 教书的工作报酬不太高,但可以得 到情感方面的回报。 20. sentence n 1 [C] (grammar) largest unit of grammar, usu containing a subject, a verb, an object, etc and expressing a statement, question or command 句子; 句. 2 [C, U] (law 律) (statement of the) punishment given by a lawcourt 判决; 宣判; 判刑 The judge passed/pronounced sentence (on the prisoner)法官宣布了(对犯人的)判决. She has served her sentence, and will be released. 她已服刑期满, 现即将获释. a sentence of ten years' imprisonment 十年监禁之刑. sentence, v [Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.t] ~ sb (to sth) state that sb is to have a certain punishment 判决; 宣判 sentence a thief to six months' imprisonment 判处窃贼六个月监禁 He has been sentenced to pay a fine of 1000. 他被判罚款 1000 英镑. (fig 比喻) a crippling disease which sentenced him to a lifetime in a wheelchair 把他终生束缚 在轮椅上的残疾

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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

21. opinion n 1 [C] ~ (of/about sb/sth) not necessarily based on fact or knowledge 意见; 看法; 主张: political opinions 政见 What's your opinion of the new President? 你对新总统有什麽看法? He was asked to give his honest opinion. 已请他直言不讳发表意见. 2 [U] beliefs or views of a group; what people in general feel 集体的意见或看法; 舆论 The project seems excellent, but local opinion is against it. 该项目极佳, 但地方舆论却表示反对. 3 [C] professional estimate or advice 专业性的评估或意见 get a lawyer's opinion on the question 请教律师对这问题的意见 You'd better get a second opinion before you let that man take out all your teeth. 先别让那个人把你的牙都拔掉, 最好再徵求一下别人的意见. 4 (idm 习语) be of the opinion that... (fml 文) believe or think that... 主张...; 认为... I'm of the opinion that he is right. 我认为他对. The boss has a very high opinion of her. 老板很器重她.. in one’s opinion 按照某人看法 In my opinion and in the opinion of most people, it is a very sound investment. 照我的和大多数 人的看法, 这是很可靠的投资. 22. out of work She had been out of work for a year. 她已經失業一年了

事實上;其實;說真的 : It's a nice place. We've stayed there ourselves, as a matter of fact. 那個地方不錯。其實,我們自己在那兒待過。
23. as a matter of fact = in fact = actually

24.blow up
blow sth up 1. to destroy sth by an explosion 炸毀 : The police station was blown up by terrorists. 警察局 被恐怖分子炸毀了。 2. to fill sth with air or gas so that it becomes firm 給 (某物) 充氣 : The tyres on my bike need to be blew up. 我的自行車該打氣了。 3. to make a photograph bigger 放大(照片) 4. to make sth seem more important, better, worse, etc. than it really is 夸大;夸張 : The whole affair was blown up out of all proportion. 整個事件被渲染得太過了。 blow up (at sb) (informal) to get angry with sb (對某人)發火,動怒 I'm sorry I blew up at you. 對不起,我對你發脾氣了 25.in trouble 在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑的处境中 If I don't get this finished in time, I'll be in trouble. 我如不按時把這完成就要倒霉了。 ? He's in trouble with the police. 他犯事落入了警察的手裏。 26.turn to 'turn to sb/ sth. 向…求助(或尋求指教等) : She has nobody she can turn to. 她求助無門。
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2012 届高三一轮复习词汇讲解必修 1 unit5

丁向锋编

27. lose heart 灰心 28.come to power 执政,掌权 He came to power in 1959. 他於 1959 年上台掌權。 29.Set up set sth 'up 1. to build sth or put sth somewhere 建起;設立;設置 : The police set up roadblocks on routes out of the city. 警察在城外的路上設置了路障。 2. to make a piece of equipment or a machine ready for use 安裝好,裝配好,調試好(設備或 機器) : She set up her stereo in her bedroom. 她把立體聲音響裝在了卧室裏。 3. to arrange for sth to happen 安排;策劃 : I've set up a meeting for Friday. 我已安排好在星期五開會。 4. to create sth or start it 創建; 建立; 開辦 : to set up a business 開辦公司 ? A fund will be set up for the dead men's families. 將為死者家屬設立一項基金。 set (yourself) 'up 立業;開始從事 : She took out a bank loan and set up on her own. 她從銀行貸了一筆款,自己幹起來了。 ? After leaving college, he set himself up as a freelance photographer. 大學畢業後,他幹起了特約攝影師。

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