1. 2. 3. 4. 5. _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ n. n. n. n. n. 喜剧 预算；开支 粥；麦片粥 皮革 时刻；场合
6. ____________ n. 小胡子 7. _______ v. 嚼碎；咀嚼(食物) 8. _
___________ v. 战胜；克服 9. _______ adj. 巨大的；辽阔的 10. _________ n. 姿态 vi. 做手势 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. ____________ adj. 突出的 _________ adj. 平常的 _________ n. 耳语 v. 低语 ___________ prep. 遍及 adv. 到处 _________ v. 导演 adj. 直接的
Comedy budget porridge leather occasion Moustache chew overcome vast gesture Outstanding ordinary whisper throughout direct
1. ______________ vt. 使惊诧 _______________ n. 惊讶; 令人惊 讶的事 ______________ adj. 感到惊讶的 ______________ adj. 令人惊讶的
2. ____________ n. 财产, 命运, 运气 ____________ adj. 幸运的; 吉利的 ____________ adv. 幸运地 3. ______ vt. 使厌烦 n. 讨厌的人, 麻烦事 __________ n. 厌烦; 厌倦 ________ adj. 感到厌烦的 ________ adj. 令人厌烦的 4. ___________ v. 使欢乐; 款待 _______________ n. 娱乐 5. ___________ vt. 使信服 ___________ adj. 相信的 ___________ adj. 令人信服的, 有说服力的 6. _________ v. 反应; 起反应 __________ n. 反应; 反作用力
Fortune fortunate fortunately Astonish astonishment astonished astonishing Bore boredom bored boring Entertain entertainment convince convinced React reaction
(B) 灵活运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)。
1. We felt ___________ (astonish) at the news that he won the first prize in the math competition. 1. 用过去分词作表语。 2. ______________(fortune), he failed again in the exam. 2. 副词修饰全句。
3. You people enjoy watching all kinds of TV programs for _______________ (entertain).3. 介词后加名词。 4. What has been the consumer’s _________ (react) to your product? 4. 所有格后用名词。 5. His argument was more ________ (convince) than mine. 5. 现在分词作形容词。 Astonished Unfortunately entertainment reaction convincing
1. __________ 直到现在 2. ___________________ 对??满足 3. __________ 穷的；缺少的 4. __________ 挑出；辨别出 5. ________切断；断绝 6. ________担任主角；主演 7. __________ 一团糟 8. _____________寻找 9.__________________突然大笑 10.________________随着时间的流逝 11.___________________遍及全世界 12.______________在??边缘 up to now feel/be content with badly off pick out cut off star in in a mess in search of burst into laughter with time going by throughout the world at the edge of
1. convince vt. 使信服
原句: The acting is so convincing that it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! 他的表演力是那么的有说服力, 以至于你会相信这顿饭是他吃过的最美味 的一餐。(B4P18) 例句: We convinced Anne to go by train rather than by plane. 我们说服安娜坐火车走而不要 坐飞机。 搭配 convince sb. of sth.让某人相信某事 convince sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事 convince sb. that...使某人相信…… be convinced of sth./that 确信……,坚信……
运用 ⑴ The suspect tried to convince the police ___ his innocence. ⑵ Sam _____________ (convince) that his girlfriend loves him. ⑶ He tried to convince them __ the safety of traveling by airplane.
2. up to now 直到现在(常与现在完成时连用)
原句: ...and up to now nobody has been able to do this better than Charlie Chaplin. ……这一点, 直到今天也没有人能比查理·卓别林做得更好。(B4P18) 幻灯片 23 例句: I haven’t got any letters from him up to now.直到现在我都还没有收到他的来信。 同义: till now；so far 拓展
up to 达到……的数量或程度 be up to sth. 能胜任某事 be up to sb. 该由某人做决定
运用 根据汉语意思完成句子。 ⑴ _______________(该由你决定) whether we accept the present or not. ⑵ 他直到此刻仍保持沉默。
Up to now he ___________ quiet.
3. badly off 穷的；缺少的；处境不好(=poor)
原句: Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even worse off. 不幸的是, 他父亲死 了, 他的家庭情况更糟了。(B4P18) 例句: I only broke my leg, the other three were far worse off. 我只是腿断了, 其他三人情况 更糟糕。 反义: well off 富裕的, 处境好(=rich) 运用 根据汉语意思完成句子。 ⑴他们太穷了, 都不能吃一顿好饭。 They are too _________ to eat a good meal. ⑵他的日子比我宽裕得多。 He is much __________ than I am. ⑶杰克又买了一辆车，他一定很有钱。 ⑶ Jack has just bought another car, he must be _______ .
4. pick out 挑出；辨认出
原句: Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them as if they were spaghetti.查理首先挑出鞋 带来吃, 像吃意大利面条一样。(B4P18) 例句: The teacher picked out some books on the shelf for the children. 老师给孩子们挑选了 一些书架上的书。 联想: pick up 拾起; (无意中)学会; 收听到; (便宜地)买到 运用 根据汉语意思完成句子。 ⑴你能在人群中认出你妹妹吗？ Can you ___________________ in the crowd? ⑵The children ___________(捡到) many sea shells at the seaside.
5. cuts off 切断, 断绝
原句: Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak. 然后他把皮鞋 上端的皮子切下来, 就像是切下一块最好的牛排。(B4P18)
例句: Just when he had reached the most important point, the line was cut off. 正当他听到最 重要的地方时, 线被切断了。
cut in 插嘴 cut down 减少，缩减 cut up 切碎 cut out 切掉，割掉 cut into pieces 切成碎片 运用 根据汉语意思完成句子。 ⑴ He had _______________________ (切断了一个手指头)in an accident at work. ⑵ We____________ (被中断)in the middle of our conversation. ⑶____________(不要插嘴) when someone else is talking.
6. whisper n. & v. 耳语, 低语, 小声说话
原句: Sherlock Holmes looked up at the stars and whispered, “Watson, when you look at that
beautiful sky, what do you think of?” 福尔摩斯仰望着星空, 轻声地说道： “华生, 当你仰望着 美丽的天空时, 你想到了什么？”(B4P22) 例句: What are you two whispering about over there? 你们两个在那里讲什么悄悄话？ 搭配 whisper sth. to sb.低声对某人说某事 whisper in one’s ear 附耳低语 speak in whisper 低声说话 运用 根据汉语意思完成句子。 他们今天在课堂上低声说话。(两种译法) ⑴ Today they ____________ in class. ⑵ Today they __________________ in class. of is convinced of It’s up to you has been
badly off better off well off pick out your sister picked up one of his fingers cut off were cut off whispered spoke in whisper
Don’t cut in
1. find it adj/n. to do sth./that... 发觉??是??(的)
原句: You may find it astonishing that Charlie was taught to sing as soon as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk.你可能会感到惊奇, 查理刚能说话时 大人就教他如何唱歌, 他刚能走路时大人就教他跳舞。(B4P18) 例句: I found it astonishing that he could speak such good English. 我感到惊奇 的是他能讲一口很好的英语。 仿写 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴汤姆发现用汉语写信不难。 Tom didn’t find __________________________________. ⑵ 她觉得好好照顾孩子是她的责任。 She finds ______________________ ________the children. ⑶ 他们发现与我们中国人一起工作很愉快。 They found ____________________ ________________________.
2. one of+最高级＋复数名词+定语从句(完成时)
原句: ...that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted.??这顿饭是他所吃 过最美味的一餐。(B4P18) 例句: He is one of the best students that I have ever met. 他是我所见过的最好的 学生之一。 仿写 根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴ 他是我见过的最有意志力的运动员。
He is one of the most determined athletes_____________________ . ⑵ 这是我看过的最有特色的(charming)一届奥运会。 This was _______________________ _________ that I had ever watched. ⑶ 汶川大地震是中国人民 所经历的最严重的一次灾害。 The Wenchuan Earthquake was _____________________ _________________________ __________________. one of the most serious disasters that the Chinese had gone through
3. inspire sb. with sth.使某人产生某种感情
原句: He is loved and remembered as a great actor who could inspire people with great confidence.人们热爱和怀念这位伟大的演员, 因为他鼓舞人们并增强他们的信心。 (B4, P18) 例句: The small success inspired us with courage. 这小小的成功激发了我们的勇气。 说明: 可用 inspire sth. in sb.表达相同的意思。 仿写 ⑴ 她的话使我们产生了信心。 Her words__________________ ____________. ⑵ 他的行为激起了我们的钦佩。 His conduct_________________ ___________.
it difficult to write letters in Chinese it her duty to take good care of it pleasant that they worked with us Chinese that I have ever seen one of the most charming Olympics inspired us with confidence inspired us with admiration
1. 这位导演为了寻找能担任一部大片主演的演员, 在电影学院呆了好几天。
The director stayed at the film academy for quite a few days in search of an actor who can star in a blockbuster. 2. 到现在为止, 他选出了三个学生。 Up to now, he has picked out three students. 3. 从这些人中, 导演选中了一位贫困的学生。 3. The director picked out one who was badly off from among the three. 4. 这位学生是学院里最勤奋的学生之一。 4. The student was one of the most diligent students in the academy.
5. 为了测试他, 这位学生被隔绝在一个小屋子里。 5. The student was cut off in a small house in order to be tested. 6. 屋子里的食物很多, 他觉得很满足。 6. The student was content with such a lot of food in the house. 7. 这次被选中令他很惊讶。 7. It was astonishing that he was chosen this time. 8. 这次机会更加激励了他演好电影的决心。 8. He was inspired with great determination by this opportunity. 合并： The director stayed at the film academy for quite a few days in search of an actor who can star in a blockbuster. Up to now, he has picked out three students, from whom the director chose one who was badly off. He was one of the most diligent students in the academy and was cut off in a small house in order to be tested. The student was content with such a lot of food in the house. It was astonishing that he was chosen this time and he was inspired with great determination by this opportunity.
一、语法填空 Jack was a college student. His parents were poor, so he had to work in his spare time to pay for his education. He 16 ______ (find) it necessary to get two part-time jobs at the same time so as to earn enough money. found 16. 由上下文可知用一般过去时。 幻灯片 58 to get One summer he managed 17 ______ (get) a job in a butcher’s shop during the daytime, and another in a hospital at night. In the butcher’s shop, he learnt to cut meat up quite 18 ______ (nice), so the butcher often left him to do all the serving. nicely 17. 根据前面的 managed 的用法可知。 18. 副词作状语修饰动词, nicely 此处意为“精细的” 。 幻灯片 59 In the hospital, on the other and, he 19 ____________ (allow) to do only the simplest jobs, 20 ____ helping to lift people and to carry them from one part of the hospital to 21 ________. Both at the butcher’s shop and at the hospital, Jack had to wear white clothes. was allowed like another 19. 由句意可知用被动语态。 20. 根据后面列举的事情可知填 like。 21. 由前面的 one part 可知。 幻灯片 60 One evening at the hospital, Jack had to help 22 __ woman from her bed to the place 23 ______ she was to have an 24 __________ (operate). The woman was already feeling frightened at the thought of the operation before he came to get her, 25 ____ when she saw Jack, she fainted away. a
where operation but 22. 不定冠词表示“一个” 。 23. 引导定语从句修饰前面的 place。 24. 名词作宾语。 25. 前后句意为转折关系, 故填 but。 幻灯片 61 二、完形填空 Born in America, I spoke English, not Chinese, the language of my ancestors. When I was three, my parents flashed cards with Chinese 1 at my face, but I pushed them aside.
1. A. custom C. characters
B. games D. stories
C 根据前面的 cards 可知, 印在卡片上的当然是汉字(Chinese characters)。 幻灯片 62 My mom believed I would learn when I was ready. But the 2 never came. On a Chinese New Year’ s Eve, my uncle spoke to me in Chinese, but all I could do was stare at him, 3 , scratching my head. “Still can’t speak Chinese?”
2. A. success B. study C. time D. attempt C 由前面的 My mom believed I would learn?But?可知。以及这里强调的是：我学习汉字的
3. A. frightened B. annoyed C. excited D. confused D 由本句前面内容, 以及其后的 scratching my head 用于人们想不出什么的时候, 因此这里 填 confused(困惑的)。
幻灯片 63 He 4 at me, “You can’t even buy a 5 in Chinatown.” ?I found the fish 9 surrounded in a sea of customers. “I’d like to buy some fresh fish,” I shouted to the fishman.
4. A. shouted B. laughed C. caught D. knocked 4. B 由后面的 You can’t even buy a fish in Chinatown 可以推断出，叔叔是在嘲笑我。 5. A. fish B. card C. pen D. book 5. A 后文的“I’d like to buy some fresh fish,”有提示。与这里是 fish 是原词复现。
幻灯片 64 “Hey, this is America, not China. I’ll get some right now with or without 6 .” I replied and turned to my mom for 7 . 6. A. Chinese B. English C. money D. help A 由前文可知, 由于作者不会中文, 他叔叔断定他在唐人街买不到鱼。但作者显然不相信, 因此选 A。与“Still can’t speak Chinese?”中的 Chinese 是原词复现。 7. A. decision B. permission C. information D. preparation B 根据常识, 年幼的作者必须征得母亲的同意才能去买鱼，故填 permission(许可)。
幻灯片 65 “Remember to ask for fresh fish, Xin Xian Yu,” she said, handing over a $20 bill. I words, running downstairs into the streets of Chinatown. 8. A. repeated B. reviewed C. spelled D. kept
A 由常识可知。因为作者不会中文, 为了防止忘掉要买的东西的名字而不断重复它。 幻灯片 66 I found the fish 9 surrounded in a sea of customers. “I’d like to buy some fresh fish,” I shouted to the fishman. But he 10 my English words and turned to serve the next customer.
9. A. farm B. stand C. pond D. market B 同样根据常识，买鱼自然是到鱼摊位(stand)那里去。本句意：我发现鱼摊被很多顾客围 着。
10. A. guessed B. forgot C. ignored D. doubted 10. C 根据后面本句中的 turned to serve the next customer 可推出。ignored 与 turned 属词语 同现。
幻灯片 67 I had to cry out, “Xian Sheng Yu, please.” “Very Xian Sheng,” I repeated. The crowd 11 into laughter.
11. A. fell turned C. broke D. burst
11. D 关键词是 laughter，由搭配可知，burst into laughter“突然笑起来” 。 幻灯片 68 My face turned 12 and I ran back home 13 , expect for the $20 bill I held tightly in my pocket. 12. A. bright B. blank C. pale D. red D 根据前一句及常识可以得出。因为我说错了汉语而引来了哄堂大笑，这让我十分难堪， 故我的脸变红了。 13. A. open-mouthed B. tongue-tied C. empty-handed D. broken-hearted C 从前面内容, 尤其是后面的 expect for the $20 bill?可知作者是空手(empty-handed)而归。
幻灯片 69 Should I laugh or cry? They’re Chinese. I’m Chinese. I should feel right at 14 . Instead, I was the joke, a disgrace to the 15 . 14. A. service B. home C. risk D. root B 根据搭配 (feel at home) 以及前面的原因(They’re Chinese. I’m Chinese)可知，同是中国 人，我应该感到自在才是。 15. A. family B. fishman C. Chinese D. language 15. D 根据本文第一句 Born in America, I spoke English, not Chinese?可知, language 与 Chinese 是上下义复现。
幻灯片 70 幻灯片 71
这类考题包括对生词生义的推测、熟词生义的推测。提问的方式主要有： (1) What does the underlined word “?” in the first paragraph mean? (2) Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word？ 幻灯片 72 (3)The underlined word “?”most probably means_____. (4)The underlined word “?” could best be replaced by ____. (5)According to the passage, the underlined word “?” is closest in meaning to“____”. 幻灯片 73 解答这类试题最重要的方法是理解含生词部分的上下文来推测其意思。另外, 注意以下小技 巧： (1) 根据接近或递进关系: 的 and 或 or 等来确定生词的义域, 推知它的大致意义。 幻灯片 74 (2) 根据选择或相对关系: 对比 or (要么, 或者)前面和后面的句子或词语，来猜测生词的含 义。 (3) 根据同位或解释关系: 通过生词后的定语、表语、同位语、逗号、括号、破折号等的解 释说明来推测其意思。 幻灯片 75 (4) 根据转折或对比关系： 由上下句之间的转折或对比关系来推测词义。 表示转折的词有 but, however, otherwise, though 等, 表示对比关系的标志性词语有 unlike, while, on the other hand, in spite of, in contrast 等；另外, 有时分号也可以表示转折、对比关系。 幻灯片 76 (5) 根据因果关系：根据前后的因果关系来推断其中的某个生词或短语的意思。既可由因推 果法；也可由果推因。表示因果关系的有 because, so that, so/such?that?等。 (6) 根据列举的实例：根据 such as, for example 等后列举的实例也可推测出前面某个词语的 意思。 幻灯片 77
考题中若是需要推测意思的是熟词, 我们必须通过上下文得出其在特定场合下的特殊 意思, 那些常规意思的选项不会是要选择的正确答案。 幻灯片 78 即时练习 (1) [2008 江苏卷] So the main issue in using your time well is, “Who’s in charge?” We can allow time to slip by and let it be our enemy. Or we can take control of it and make it our ally. 幻灯片 79 56. The underlined word“ally” in Para. 3 most likely means somebody or something that is ____. A. your slave and serves you B. your supporter and helps you C. under your control and obeys you D. under your influence and follows you B。 根据选择或相对关系。 对比 Or 前后这两个表示选择或相对关系的句子可知, ally 与 enemy 意思相对(反义), 即 ally 为“朋友”, 朋友应是支持和帮助我们的, 故选 B。 幻灯片 80 (2) [2009 年四川卷]July 21st , 2007 was a typical English summer’s day — it rained for 24 hours! As usual, I rushed home from work at midday to check on the house. Nothing was amiss. By the time I left work at 5 pm, however, the road into our village was flooded. Our house had never been flooded but, as I opened the front door, a wave of water greeted me. Thank God the kids weren’t with me, because the house was 5 feet deep in water. We lost everything downstairs. 幻灯片 81 46. What does the underlined word “amiss” in the first paragraph mean? A. Wrong. C. Right. B. Missing. D. Found.
A。 根据转折对比关系。 由 however 可知,与下文是转折关系; 而根据下文的描述可知,上文所 说中午回家检查房子时, “没有一样东西出问题” 。其他选项与语境不符。 幻灯片 82 (3) [2008 年辽宁卷]A two-bedroom flat in Moscow now costs $4,000 a month; a CD $24.83, and an international newspaper $6.30, according to Mercer. By comparison, a fast food meal with a hamburger is a steal at $4.80.
幻灯片 83 76. What do the underlined words “a steal” in Paragraph 3 mean? A. an act of stealing B. something delicious C. something very cheap D. an act of buying C。根据对比关系。由表示对比关系的 By comparison(相比之下)可知, 与 CD 和 newspaper 的价格相比, hamburger 的快餐就算是“便宜的东西”了。 幻灯片 84 (4) [2008 年辽宁卷]Study showed that it is an unusual kind of protein. It has many small sugar molecules (分子)held in special positions within each big protein molecule. Because of its sugar content, it is called a glycoprotein. So it has come to be called the antifreeze fish glycoprotein, or AFGP. 幻灯片 85 74. What does “glycol” in the underlined word “glycoprotein” in the this paragraph mean? A. sugar C. blood B. ice D. molecule
A 因果推断法, 因为含有糠(Because of its sugar content), 所以这种蛋白质(protein)就叫做 “糖蛋白(glycoprotein)” 。 幻灯片 86 (5) [2009 年山东卷] ?They’ve studied the effect of state tax increases for years, finding that smokers, especially teens, are price sensitive. Nor is it a shock to the industry, which fiercely fights every tax increase. The only wonder is that so many states insist on closing their ears to the message. Tobacco taxes improve public health, they raise money and most particularly, they deter people from taking up the habit as teens, which is when nearly all smokers are addicted. Yet the rate of taxation varies widely. 幻灯片 87 68. The underlined word “deter” in Paragraph 3 most probably means___.
A. discourage C. benefit
B. remove D. free
A 因果推断法。因为吸烟者特别是青少年对价格敏感, 所以提高烟草税(raise money)的结果 是: 阻止(discourage)他们很早就开始吸烟。 幻灯片 88 (6) [2008 年天津卷]We sometimes told ourselves that what we were doing in the woods was exploring. ? Often we got “lost” and had to climb a tree to find out where we were. If you read a story in which someone does that successfully, be skeptical: the topmost branches are usually too skinny to hold weight, and we could never climb high enough to see anything except other trees.
幻灯片 89 58. The underlined word “skeptical” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______. A. calm B. doubtful C. serious D. optimistic B 根据冒号后的解释: “树顶端的树枝往往太细而不能承受重量, 除了能看到其他树, 我们 决不可能在这颗树上爬到足够高可以看到更多东西”可知, 如果你在故事中看到说有人在森 林中迷路后能够爬到树上去找到了出路, 这是“不可信的”或“值得怀疑的” 。 幻灯片 90 (7) [2009 年全国 II 卷]I know what you’re thinking: pizza(比萨饼)? For breakfast? But the truth is that you can have last night’s leftovers in the a.m. if you want to. 幻灯片 91 41. The word “leftovers” in paragraph 1 probably means ______. A. food remaining after a meal B. things left undone C. meals made of vegetables D. pizza topped with fruit
A。语境推断法。由前文的 pizza 和“For breakfast？”及 have(吃)可知 leftovers 是 food，由
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
last night’s 及其中的 left 可知, 是“剩下的食物”,故选 A。 幻灯片 92 (8) [2008 年全国 I 卷]Nutritionists said that it was not only full of vitamins, but also good against some diseases. People were understandably eager to be able to buy this wonderful fruit. The new type of pineapple was selling fast, and the Del Monte Gold pineapple rapidly became a fixture in the shopping basket of the healthy eater. 幻灯片 93 重拾微笑, 63. 不被压力所压倒； The underlined word “fixture” probably refers to something ____. 被人冒犯, A. 用幽默还击 , 不报以敌意； that people enjoy eating 安排愚蠢的计划 , is 打破坏心情； B. that always present 建立幽默环境 , 粘贴有趣俗语或谚语； C. that is difficult to get 每周学一个简单的笑话 , use 给周围的人讲。 D. that people as a gift B 语境推断法。这种菠萝卖得很快, 说明健康食品的食客总是爱买这种东西, 即这种东西 总是出现在他们的购物篮里, 故选 B。 幻灯片 94 四、话题写作 基础写作 以下是日常生活中培养幽默感的小贴士。
幻灯片 9 In our daily life, we can cultivate our sense of humour in the following ways: firstly, it is a good idea if we regain our smile so that we are not overcome by stress. Besides, when offended, it would be better if we respond with humor rather than hostility. 幻灯片 96 Moreover, we are supposed to develop a silly plan to break a dark mood. What’s more, it is suggested that we create a humorous environment by posting funny sayings or signs. In addition, we’d better learn one simple joke each week and spread it around. 幻灯片 97 任务写作 Due to a joke at the beginning of the speech, a preacher successfully let the rest of his speech go smoothly. But a pastor failed, not making good use of the same joke. After reading the passage, I felt amazed at the power of the humor. To be exact, it could make a difference if we could make good use of it. 幻灯片 98 Undoubtedly, humour has many functions. To start with, it definitely lessens the stress and sorrow in our daily life. Additionally, it absolutely helps us live longer. Here are effective measures to develop our sense of humour. First and foremost, it is advised that we make a list of topics that appeal broadly in a humorous way and explore them further. Secondly, we can try to see the funny side of difficult or embarrassing situations.