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阜宁中学2014届高三第三次调研测试英语试题


2014 届高三年级第三次调研测试 英 语 试 卷
命题:陈尚琢 分值:120 分 时间:120 分钟 日期:2013.12

第 I 卷(选择题)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并

标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How will the man go to London? A. By car. B. By coach. C. By train. C. A movie. C. In a bookstore.

2. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. A violinist. B. A theater. 3. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a library. B. In a pet shop. 4. What does the woman want to do? A. Get a new dress. B. Have her dress shortened. C. Try on the dress tomorrow morning. 5. What does the man mean? A. Tom is very helpful. B. Tom doesn’t keep his word. C. Tom is unable to repair a computer. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料, 回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. School friends. B. Father and daughter. 7. Where is the woman’s notebook probably? A. In her pocket. B. In her bag. 听第 7 段材料, 回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What is the man like? A. He is shy B. He is sociable C. He is confident. C. The man’s job. C. Brother and sister. C. On the desk

9. What will probably make Sarah’s parents shocked? A. The man’s clothes. B. The man’s hair style. 听第 8 段材料, 回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does Laura look like? A. She has dark black hair. C. She has blue eyes. 11. What is Laura going to do next September? A. Take part in a competition.
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B. She is tall and thin.

B. Travel to New York. C. Attend courses. 12. What does the woman invite the man to do? A. Travel to Africa. B. Go to the movies tomorrow. C. Study Creative Writing with her. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What will the man do next? A. Go to the drug store. subway. 14. What cause the man’s trouble? A. The differences between languages. B. Lack of experience abroad. C. His poor expressions. 15. Where is the drugstore according to the woman? A. On the first floor. B. On the second floor. floor. 16. What do we know about the man? A. He found the toilet easily. B. He doesn’t speak English well. C. He drives on the left of the road in his country. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How was Baylis’ radio powered? A. By electricity. B. By batteries. C. By hand. C. On the fifth B. Have dinner. C. Take the

18. What does the man say about the mobile phone invented by Baylis? A. It is powered by people’s walking. B. It contains a small battery in itself. C. It is produced in South America. 19. What is the educational background of Baylis? A. He majored in engineering at university. B. He hasn’t got a high level of education. C. He is a high school graduate. 20. How did Baylis gain his ideas? A. He worked hard for them. C. They came to him by chance. B. Other people helped him a lot.

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Mr. Brown doesn’t feel at _______ for the time being for _______ little money the present job brings him can hardly support his extended family. A. /; the B. an; the C. an; / D. the; a 22. — Why on earth didn’t you answer the door? — I’m terribly sorry, but the telephone _______, too. A. is ringing B. was ringing C. rang D. was about to

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ring 23. Try not to cough more than you can _______ since it may cause problems to your lungs. A. check A. empty A. paid A. so arrival. A. associate A. whom his ability. A. get over 30. —Ann looks hot and dry. —So _______ you if you had a high fever. A. did A. lay; lay A. Whichever they B. were B. laid; lay B. Whatever C. will C. laid; lied C. Whoever D. would D. lied; lay D. Wherever 31. The traveler _____ his coat on a stone and _____ down to have a rest for a while. 32. _______ one of you breaks the windows will have to pay for it. 33. Traditionally, college students hold a graduation ceremony to encourage themselves before _____ on their life journey. A. give up B. settle down C. get through D. set off B. get off C. get through D. get across B. dispute B. that C. negotiate C. them D. register D. which 28. John invited approximately 40 guests to his wedding, most of _______ are family members. 29. After that, he knew he could ________ any emergency by doing what he could to the best of B. allow B. blank B. cost B. what C. stop C. vacant C. bought C. how D. help D. bare D. spent D. such 24. When the post fell _______, Dennis Bass was appointed to fill it. 25. The watch was very good, and he _______ 20 percent down for it. 26. Look, _______ fashionable clothes is he wearing that all the eyes are fixed on him! 27. According to the law, all foreigners have to _______ with the local police within two weeks of

34. —Did your father come back early last night? —Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock _______ he arrived home. A. before B. when C. that D. until 35. —The film we saw last week is very romantic. —_______. I didn’t think it romantic at all. A. With all due respect C. As predicted B. I beg to differ D. I can’t agree with you more

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 My dream is to become an orthodontist, fly to new heights, and impact the world. Ever since the day I got braces(牙箍), I have thought about how 36 it would be for me to become an orthodontist and make other 37 like me have more beautiful smiles. The thought of helping other people overcome the fear of their 38 or self-esteem became so real to me the day that I
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got my 39 off two years later. After a long thought, I finally came to a(n) 40 that I wanted to do my senior exit project on orthodontics. I am in the 41 of doing my project now and I cannot wait to see the wonderful 42 that I’m going to achieve. In the long run, I know it will be a great 43 to me down the road, opening doors to my 44 path. Another goal in my life is to fly to new 45 and go where no one else has 46 to go before. I am a big leader at my school and I try to do new things that are 47 in order to make things successful. I try to reach to the highest in order to make every event and idea 48 “with a bang!” I also want to do things to 49 the world somewhere down the road. After seeing friends go into 50 , I have thought about being a 51 missionary(传教士) in a third world country for a couple of summers after I 52 from the high school. I think it would be 53 to impact the lives of powerless and torn people who need 54 that seems unimaginable to them. I think 55 more people reached out and conquered their dreams to help other people achieve theirs, this world would be a whole lot better of a place. 36. A. tiresome B. occasional C. cool D. fortunate 37. A. teens B. adults C. doctors D. patients 38. A. image B. operation C. figure D. mouth 39. A. caps B. tools C. books D. braces 40. A. stop B. decision C. conclusion D. end 41. A. end B. process C. beginning D. trouble 42. A. scene B. occupation C. start D. goals 43. A. advantage B. honor C. chance D. pity 44. A. graduation B. business C. career D. life 45. A. locations B. heights C. interests D. events 46. A. hoped B. expected C. needed D. dared 47. A. cared for B. unheard of C. put forward D. thought of 48. A. turn out B. move off C. go out D. die out 49. A. change B. develop C. impact D. destroy 50. A. missions B. difficulties C. traps D. films 51. A. long-term B. professional C. short-term D. part-time 52. A. attend B. graduate C. dislike D. abandon 53. A. tiresome B. harmful C. astonishing D. remarkable 54. A. assistance B. faith C. money D. laws 55. A. since B. unless C. although D. if 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A WHEN there are some strangers in front of us, which of them will we trust? According to a new study in the online PLOS One, people make their decisions to trust others largely based on their faces. Your appearance can do a lot for you, especially if you are in the financial industry. The more trustworthy you look, the more likely people will buy what you’re selling. Researchers from Britain’s University of Warwick Business School, University College London, and Dartmouth College, US, did a number of experiments.

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The research team used computer software to make 40 faces, from the least to the most trustworthy-looking. The study said that the difference between a trustworthy face and one that isn’t as trustworthy comes from features that look slightly angry or slightly happy, even when the face is at rest. However, a slightly happy face is more likely to be trusted. Researchers gave participants some money and asked them which face they trusted to invest the money for them. Then researchers gave some good and bad information about the people with these faces, and asked the participants again whom they trusted. The results showed that even if they got different information, the participants didn’t change their choices. They were still more likely to invest their money with the more trustworthy-looking faces. Chris Olivola, one of the study’s authors, said in the University of Warwick’s press release: “It seems we are still willing to go with our own instincts (本能) about whether we think someone looks like we can trust them. The temptation (诱惑) to judge strangers by their faces is hard to resist.” 56. Which of the following can be a proper title for this passage? A. What kind of face do you trust? B. Who did the experiments? C. Why do you trust him or her? D. Why did they do the experiments? 57. According to the study, which of the following faces is most likely to be trusted? A. A sad face. C. A crying face. B. A smiling face. D. An angry face.

58. Which of the following about the experiment is TRUE? A. The trustworthy faces were given good information. B. Researchers took photos of the 40 people’s faces in college. C. Most participants gave their money to the trustworthy-looking faces. D. Participants liked to choose the faces with good information. 59. What did the researchers learn from their experiment? A. People can’t refuse temptations. B. People always do things with their instincts. C. People often judge strangers by their faces. D. People don’t trust strangers with sad faces. B Traveling can be a fun way to gain life experiences, especially during Spring Break — a week-long school vacation in the United States. But what if you're a student and don't have enough money for a trip? Don't worry. Here are some useful suggestions. ●Save: This probably is the most important preparation for traveling. Cut expenses to fatten your wallet so you'll have more choices about where to go and how to get there. ●Plan ahead: Don't wait until the last minute to plan your trip. Tickets may cost more when

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bought on short notice. Giving yourself several months to get ready can mean security and savings. ●Do your homework: No matter where you go, research the places you will visit. Decide what to see. Travel books will provide information on the cheapest hotels and restaurants. ●Plan sensibly: Write down how much you expect to spend for food and hotels. Stick to your plan or you may not have enough money to cover everything. ●Travel in groups: Find someone who is interested in visiting the same places. By traveling with others you can share costs and experiences. ●Work as you go: Need more money to support your trip? Look for work in the places you visit. ●Go off the beaten path: Tourist sites may be expensive. You may want to rethink your trip and go to a less-known area. Smaller towns can have many interesting activities and sights. ●Pack necessary things: The most important things to take are not always clothes. Remember medicine in case you get sick, and snacks in case you cannot find a cheap restaurant. ●Use the Internet: The net can help to save money. Some useful websites include www. travelcity. corn, www. bargainslowestfare. corn and www. economictravelcity. com. By planning sensibly, even students can enjoy the travel. Your travel experiences will be remembered for a lifetime. 60. This passage is about ____________. A. how to plan your travel B. how to get life experiences C. how to make your travel interesting D. how to travel with enough money 61. Before your trip, the most important thing you should do is ____________. A. to make a plan of the route B. to buy tickets in advance C. to save money before your trip D. to get information from the Internet 62. The writer advises you ____________. A. to share costs with friends B. not to go to well-known places C. not to visit dangerous places D. to buy anything you want to buy C Mr. Peter Johnson, aged twenty-three, battled for half an hour to escape from his trapped car yesterday when it landed upside down in three feet of water. He took the only escape route—through the boot. Mr. Johnson’s car had ended up in a ditch at Romney Marsin, Kent after he lost proper control on ice and hit a bank. “Fortunately, the water began to come in only slowly,” Mr. Johnson said. “I

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couldn’t force the doors open because they were jammed against the walls of the ditch and dared not open the windows because I knew water would come flooding in.” Mr. Johnson, a sweet salesman of Sitting Home, Kent, first tried to attract the attention of other motorists by sounding the horn and hammering on the roof and boot. Then he began his struggle to escape. Later he said, “It was really a half penny that saved my life. It was the only coin I had in my pocket and I used it to unscrew the back seat to get into the boot. I hammered desperately with a hammer trying to make someone hear, but no help came.” It took ten minutes to unscrew the seat, and a further five minutes to clear the sweet samples from the boot. Then Mr. Johnson found a wrench (扳手) and began to work on the boot lock. Fifteen minutes passed by. “It was the only chance I had. Finally it gave, but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in. I forced the lid down into the mud and climbed up clear as the car filled up.” His hands and arms cut and bruised, Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby. Huddled in a blanket, he said, “That thirty minutes seemed like hours.” Only the tips of the car wheels were visible, police said last night. The vehicle had sunk into two feet of mud at the bottom of the ditch. 63. Which of the following objects is the most important to Mr. Johnson? A. The hammer. B. The coin. C. The seat. D. The horn. 64. We know from the passage that ______. A. Mr. Johnson’s car stood on its boot as it fell down B. Mr. Johnson’s car accident was partly due to the slippery road C. Mr. Johnson struggled in the pouring mud as he unscrewed the back seat D. Mr. Johnson could not escape from the door because it was full of sweet jam 65. “Finally it gave” in Paragraph 5 means that ______. A. at last the wrench went broken B. the chance was lost at the last minute C. the lock came open after all his efforts D. luckily the door was torn away in the end 66. What is the best title for this newspaper article? A. Driver Escapes through Car Boot B. The Story of Mr. Johnson, a Sweet Salesman C. The Driver Survived a Terrible Car Accident D. Car Boot Can Serve as the Best Escape Route D Our bedroom has no full-length mirror. There is one at the canteen entrance. I always cherish a secret desire to take a glance before it at myself in a beautiful new dress. However, each time when it comes to the fulfillment, I get seized with such an uneasiness that I literally stagger(踉跄) away—backing out at the critical moment. At the root of it is my lack of confidence by which I have been enslaved since childhood. It embarrasses me at the mildest praise, crushes my utmost efforts to say “No”, and prevents me

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from asking my parents for one cent more than necessary. Among other things, lack of confidence has wormed its way into my love of piano. At the age of 14, one Sunday morning, I was woken up by a resounding hymn(洪亮的圣歌). Tracing that call of God into a neighboring church, I found myself deeply attracted by the melody of a piano—something beyond the means of my parents. To make it worse, people say a pianist is supposed to have music in the blood, but I believe I had none from my engineer father and technician mother. For days on end, I kept thinking of nothing else. I had a dream. It wasn’t a dream after gold, which made some of my close friends to engage in business as self-employed traders or street peddlers. I was sometimes dazzled by their gold rings or elegant necklaces behind which, however, I seemed to catch sight of skeletons in their cupboards and was frightened away from the craze for fortunate. Out of despair, I kept it to myself, lack of confidence weighing heavy on me. I could do nothing but turn to my dream for comfort, for courage to aim high and wish for the impossible. I was convinced that before I could afford anything expensive (to me, it was a piano), I should climb up the academic ladder as high as possible. For the next nine years, I carefully held back my desire for music to keep my search for learning, especially in English studies. My efforts were so rewarding that I went successfully through high school and college in my hometown. When I received the admission notice for a second degree course at a famous university in Beijing, the national capital, tears welled up in my eyes. I knew my command of English was my wealth, for I might make a deal with a pianist who would give me access to his piano in exchange for English lessons. And that has come true! To this day, whenever I lay my fingers on the snow-white keyboard, ready for a melody, I still feel shy. I am quite aware of my limited music talent, but as a shy dreamer, I have found my way to success. 67. According to the first two paragraphs, we can learn that the writer is __________. A. helpless B. shy C. honest D. considerate 68. Why did the writer say her desire for the piano was a dream in the third paragraph? a. Her parents couldn’t afford a piano. b. Her parents didn’t want her to engage in music. c. She thought she had no gift for music. d. She could do nothing but accept the reality. A. a, b B. c, d C. a, c D. b, d 69. How did the writer make her dream of playing the piano come true? A. She turned to her friends for financial aid. B. She taught English in exchange for piano lessons. C. She was admitted to a university for a second degree course in music. D. She earned money by doing a part-time job to pay for her piano lessons. 70. What can we learn from the writer’s example? A. Wealth always comes after a great effort. B. Confidence is a key factor in success. C. We should be academically successful before other achievements.

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D. We should make every effort to turn a dream into reality.

第 II 卷(非选择题)
第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词。 Joseph Pulitzer (April 10, 1847---October 29, 1911) was a Hungarian-American publisher best known for establishing the Pulitzer Prizes after death. Pulitzer was born in Mako, Hungary. At 17, Pulitzer attempted to join the Austrian army, but was turned down due to age, bad health and poor eyesight. Disappointed but still with hope, he traveled first to Paris and then to London, hoping to join the army there. And he was rejected for the same reasons. Finally, he moved to the United States in 1864 and served in the Lincoln Army when he was just 18 until the end of the American Civil War. After the war he settled in St. Louis, Missouri, where in 1868 he started working as a reporter for a German-language daily newspaper, the Westliche Post. He joined the Republican Party and was elected to the Missouri State Assembly in 1869. In 1872. Pulitzer bought the Westliche Post for $3, 000. Then, in 1879, he bought the St. Louis Dispatch for $2, 700 and merged (合并) the two papers as the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, which remained St. Louis’ daily newspaper. He bought the New York World in 1883, which turned out to be a successful decision, and which made Pulitzer wealthy. In 1885, he was elected to the US House of Representatives, but resigned after a few months’ service. In 1895 the New York World introduced the first newspaper comic printed with colour. Under Pulitzer’s leadership circulation (发行量) grew from 15, 000 to 600, 000, making it the largest newspaper in the country. But unfortunately from 1890, Pulitzer’s already failing health worsened rapidly and he withdrew from direct management of the newspaper, and simply gave some instructions from his vacation houses in Maine or in New York. At the age of forty, he was struck blind, but he still continued to run his press empire for twenty-two more years. In 1892, Pulitzer offered Columbia University’s president money to set up the world’s first school of journalism. But the university turned down the offer. In 1902, Columbia’s new president willingly accepted the plan for a school and prizes, but it would not be until after Pulitzer’s death that this dream would come true. Pulitzer left the university $2 million in his will, which led to the creation in 1912 of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. And up till now, Columbia’s Graduate School of Journalism still remains one of the most famous in the world. Joseph Pulitzer died aboard his sailing boat in 1911. He was buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York. In 1917, the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded, as Pulitzer wished to. In 1989, in honor of his great achievements and contributions, Pulitzer was included in the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Title:A biography of a famous person

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Name

Joseph Pulitzer

Dates of birth and death

April 10,1847—October 29,1911

Birth place (72) ▲

Mako, Hungary

(71)



place

the Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, NY

HungarianAmerican Military career

Profession

reporter, publisher

★ at 17, made several(74) health and poor eyesight



to join the army, but failed for his age, bad

★ at 18, eventually served in the Lincoln’s Army in the USA Newspaper career ★ ★ ★ ★ (77) in 1868, began working as a reporter for the Westliche Post, a daily newspaper Life (73) ▲ from 1872 to 1883, succeeded in (75) from 1890, managed the newspaper (76) ▲ career ▲ ▲ three newspapers for health reason in 1 895, introduced the first newspaper comic printed with color

★ joined the Republican Party and in 1869 was elected to the Missouri State Assembly ★ in 1885,was elected to the US House of Representatives, but (78) ▲ only a short time Achievements & contributions ★ ★ made the New York World the largest newspaper in the country, with its circulation growing from 15,000 to 600,000 in 1912, helped to (79) ▲ the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, which remains one of the most famous in the world ★ established the Pulitzer Prizes through his will (80) ▲ ★ In 1989, he was included in the St. Louis Walk of Fame for

第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 下面的图表显示了某校高三学生周末放假的学习生活情况。 Ways to spend the weekend

户外运动 15% 回家休息 在校学习 户外运动

在校学习 25%

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回家休息 60%

根据上图信息, 请以 “Ways to spend the weekend” 为题, 写一篇英语短文, 词数 150 词左右。 要求如下: 1. 简要描述图中的信息; 2. 说明原因 (为了高效学习;锻炼身体;争分夺秒……); 3. 谈谈你的看法。 Ways to spend the weekend As can be seen from the chart,

____________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __

高三英语试卷参考答案
第一部分:听力 1~20 BCCBB CAABA CBBAA CCABC 第二部分:英语知识运用 第一节:单项填空 21~35 ABDCA DDACD BADBB 第二节:完形填空
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36~55 CAADB BDACB DBACA CBDAD 第三部分:阅读理解 56~70 ABCC ACB BBCA BCBD 2. Nationality 6. indirectly 3. experiences/stories 7. Political 4.attempts 第四部分:任务型阅读 1. Burial/burying 5. purchasing/buying 第五部分:书面表达 Ways to spend the weekend As can be seen from the chart, senior three students have different ways to spend their weekends. Going back home and having a good rest is what most students would like to do, while 25% students choose to study at school during weekends. The least students, accounting for 15% , take outdoor activities to spend their weekends. Various reasons are responsible for their different choices. Those who choose to go back home believe that a good rest does help them relax and work more efficiently during the school time. Outdoor-activity lovers hold the opinion that taking exercise is a wonderful way to refresh themselves. However, a small number of students living far away from home tend to stay at school to save every minute to study. Personally, despite the heavy study pressure, senior three year doesn’t necessarily mean studying all the time. Sometimes a good rest and proper exercise can be of vital importance. 附:听力录音原文 (Text 1) M: I have to go to London next Tuesday and I don’t want to drive. How much does it cost by train? W: It’s more expensive than the coach. By coach it’s only $ 13. M: Right. I’ll go by coach then! (Text 2) M: Did you see The Violinist when it was in the theatres? It was great. W: Yes. That’s movie I’ll always remember. (Text 3) W: Can I help you? M: Yes, I’m looking for Birds Without Wings. Our teacher asked us to read it. W: I’m afraid we don’t have that one in the shop. But we can order it for you. M: Really? Great. (Text 4) W: How soon can I have the dress? M: Well, I can have your dress shortened first thing tomorrow morning. M: Then I’ll be in at 1:00 to get it. (Text 5) W: Tom said he would come to repair our computer if he has time. M: He often offers his help, but he never seems to have time. (Text 6)
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8. served/worked

9. create/ establish/ found/form

10. Honor

W: I can’t believe it. I wrote down my friend’s address in my notebook thin morning…I had it right here… right on the desk and now I can’t find it anywhere. Did you see it, Jack? M: No, I didn’t. Why not ask mum about it? She might have put it away while she was cleaning. W: OK. Oh, I remember it. I went upstairs to my bedroom for my bag. I took my jacket off before I went upstairs. Oh of course, my jacket. It’ll be in the pocket. (Text 7) W: How do you feel about meeting Sarah’s parents? M: I’m worried about making a bad impression. I find it difficult to get along with people straight away. W: What are you most nervous about? M: Well, I gave up studying to become a DJ, and I don’t think Sarah’s parents will be satisfied with that. Also, I changed my hair style last week, and they’ll probably be shocked by that. W: How are you going to try and make a good impression? M: Well, I’m going to wear clean clothes. And I’ll take her mum some flowers. (Text 8) W: The party was great yesterday, wasn’t it? M: Yes, I really enjoyed it. The music was great and the food was excellent. W: The people were interesting too. Ian introduced me to Laura Singer. Did you meet her? M: I don’t think so. Can you give a description of her? W: She’s short and slim, with dark black hair and green eyes. She was in a blue dress yesterday. M: And what is she like? W: She’s outgoing, athletic and independent. Her kindness impressed me greatly. She’s travelled to New Zealand and Africa. M: Really? That’s so impressive. W: And that’s not all. In January she won the National Writing Competition and next September she is going to Columbia University to study Creative Writing! M: I’d love to meet her, too. W: Well, we’re thinking of going to the cinema tomorrow. Why not join us? M: Sure, that’d be great! (Text 9) M: Could you tell me where the lift is? W: The what? M: The lift. I need to get to the 5th floor for dinner. W: Oh, the elevator—we call them elevators here. M: Oh, OK. W: They’re over there. You’re British, aren’t you? M: Yes, and I’m having difficulty with your language. I though you spoke English! W: We do! What trouble are you having? M: Just now I asked where the chemist’s shop was. Of course now I know it is called drugstore here. I was told it was past the washroom, which we call a toilet, on the first floor. So I went up to the first floor and was told it was the second floor. W: That’s right. This is the first floor. M: Well, where I come from it’s the ground floor. And yesterday, I took the underground which you refer to as “subway”, and tomorrow I will have to hire a car, what you say “rent” and drive on

13

the right of the road! The wrong side of the road! W: We don’t drive on the wrong side—you do! (Text 10) M: How would you use a radio or a telephone if you had no electricity or batteries? These problems bothered British inventor Trevor Baylis. So in 1996 he invented a wind-up radio. It doesn’t need electricity or batteries. You wind it up by hand. It plays for about an hour. Then, you wind it up again. Today it’s produced in South Africa. Apart from that, Baylis invented a mobile telephone that is powered by shoes. The shoes contain a small battery that is powered when you walk. This battery is connected to a mobile phone. These two simple inventions can contribute a lot to the modern communications among all parts of the world. Baylis doesn’t have a university degree in engineering. In fact, he left high school before graduating. He just loves making things to help people. He never knows when the creative ideas will come to him. He got the idea for the radio while watching TV. The idea for the telephone came to him in a dream.

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