Unit 2 Poems 导学案
学习目标 1．To know the meanings of the following new words and phrases： tick(给??标记号)，rhyme(韵；押韵)，
convey(传达；运送)，nursery(托儿所)，concrete(具体 的)，contradictory(引起矛盾的；好反驳的)，diamond(钻石；菱形)，flexible(灵活的；可弯曲的)， pattern(模式；式样；图案)，cottage(村舍；小屋)，sparrow(麻雀)，take it easy(轻松；不紧张； 从容)，run out of(用完)，be made up of(由??构成)，tease(取笑；招惹；戏弄)，salty(含盐的； 咸的)，endless(无穷的；无止境的)，minimum(最低限度；最少量)，translation(翻译；译文)， branch(枝条；支流；部门)，in particular(尤其；特别) 2．To learn about some simple forms of English poems. 3．To develop the students' reading ability by skimming and scanning the passage. 4．To develop the students' speaking ability by talking about some features of some simple forms of English poems. 预习提示 Ⅰ．Vocabulary i n Reading, Match the words and phrases with their proper meanings. 1.convey ( ) A. sameness of sound between words or syllables，esp. in the end of lines 2.cottage ( ) B. a strong feeling such as love，fear or anger 3．tease ( )C. make fun of somebody in an unkind way 4．rhyme ( ) D. a place where young children are cared for 5．translate ( ) E. make(ideas，feelings，etc.)known to another person 6．endless ( ) F. use up 7．nursery ( ) G. small simple house，esp. in the country 8．emotion ( ) H. relax 9．take it easy ( ) I. express sth. in a different language 10．run out of ( ) J. without end Ⅱ．The purpose of Exercise 2 is to practice an important reading skill：scanning a text，that is， looking through a text quickly to find specific information. Which poem A B C D E F G H describes a person？ tells a story？ describes an aspect of a season？ is about sport？ is about things that don't make sense？ is recited to a baby？ describes a river scene？ has rhyming words at the end of lines？ repeats words or phrases？ Ⅲ． Reading and comprehending 1．Fast－reading：Read the reading passage quickly，try to get its general idea and answer the following questions. (1)What is the main idea of the reading passage?
________________________________________________________________________ (2)How many kinds of poems does the reading passage talk about? And which of the following is not mentioned? A ． Nursery rhymes. B ． Tang poems. C ． Haiku. D ． Adverb poems. E ． List poems. F．Cinquain. 2．Detailed－reading：Read the text thoroughly and do the following exercises.(You may do some searching reading when necessary.) (1)Give out the names of the forms of poems according to the descriptions. ①______ are the first poems that children will hear.They are often sung.Children love to move and dance to them because they have strong regular rhythms.They enjoy the rhymes and the way they play with sounds. ②______ is made up of five lines and has the following structure： Line 1：a noun that names the subject of the poem Line 2：two adjectives that describe the subject Line 3：three verbs ending with－ing that describe the subject's actions Line 4：four words that give the writer's opinions or feelings about the subject Line 5：a word that gives another name for the subject ③______ is a centuries－old form of Japanese poetry. It is made up of 17 syllables and has the following structure： Line 1：5 syllables Line 2：7 syllables Line 3：5 syllables ④______ are a list of things. They can have as many lines as the writer likes. Sometimes they have repetition in them and sometimes they have words that rhyme.When a list poem has rhyming words ，it also has a regular rhythm. ⑤When translated into English，______ have a free form(that is，without a regular rhythm)and do not rhyme.They have strong imagery and are often about the bringing together of opposites. (2)Find the strong rhythm and rhyme in Poem A. e．g.In the first two lines，there are word_&_mockingbird. So in the following lines，there are ______；______；______；______. (3)What's the difference between Poems B and C though they are both list poems? ________________________________________________________________________ (4)Which of the poems in the reading passage can give you a clear picture in your mind? ________________________________________________________________________ (5)Can you find out the 17 syllables in Poem F? e．g.“A” has 1 syllable，“fallen” has 2 syllables，while “blossom” has 2 syllables. ________________________________________________________________________. (6)Can you give a proper title to Poem H either in English or Chinese? 当堂检测 Ⅰ.Translate the following expressions into Chinese. 1．make a list of ______ 2.expr ess feelings ______ 3．rhyming words ______ 4.an aspect of ______ 5．convey certain emotions ______ 6.nursery rhymes ______ 7．delight sb.______ 8.score goals ______ 9．take the eyes off the ball ______ 10.stay up ______ 11．take it easy ______ 12.run out of energy ______
13．be made up of ______ 14.convey a strong picture ______ 15．be brimful of ______ 16.transform into ______ 17．translate into ______ 18.appropriate ending ______ 19．by chance ______ 20.pay attention to ______ Ⅱ.Multiple choice 1．—It is getting late.I am afraid I must be going now. —OK.______. A．Take it easy B．Go slowly C．Stay longer D．See you 2．What will the world use for power when it ______ oil? A．run out of B．is running out of C．has run out of D．ran out of 3．To enjoy the scenery，Irene would rather spend long hours on the train______ travel by air. A．as B．to C．than D．while 4．Don't believe him. He ______ a story. A．makes up B．is making up C．makes up of D．is making out 5．There are ______ these books and ______ pencils on the desk. A．a dozen；scores of B．scores；a dozen of C．scores of；a dozen D．two dozens；a score 6．He suggested that we ______ the plan later，which suggested that he ______ against it. A．discussed；was B．would discuss；should be C．discuss；was D．should discuss；should be 7．The train ______ over three hundred passengers over day. A．transmits B．ships C．conveys D．ferries 8．Look at the trouble I am in. If only I ______ your advice. A．followed B．would follow C．had followed D．should follow 9．Before leaving this country，you must be in ______ of a valid passport. A．provide B．possession C．own D．label 10．Everything ______ doing is worthy of ______ well. A．worthy；being done B．worthy；doing C．worth；being done D．worth；doing 11．The head office of the bank is in Beijing，but it has ______ all over the country. A．companies B．branches C．organizations D．businesses 12．They ______ two free tickets to Canada，otherwise they'd never have been able to afford to go. A．had got B．got C．have got D．get 13．He hears the little girl ______ a scream of terror when he was about to leave. A．set out B．let out C．come out D．give out 14．Nowadays young people，______ children，are ______ about their foods and clothes. A．especially；special B．especially；particular C．particularly；especial D．specially；especial 15．After having worked hard for so many years，Tom ______rose to the position of manager of the
company. A．eventually B．unfortunately C．generally D．purposefully First get the students to do the exercises. Then the answers are given. The teacher can give them explanations where necessary. 书面表达(满分 25 分) 明天你班同学去西山(the West Hill)郊游。 集合时间：明天 6：45。 集合地点：学校大门口。 注意事项： 1．穿结实的运动鞋； 2．午饭自备； 3．下午 5 点返校。回来后写一篇郊游日记并于第二天交给班主任。 请根据以上提示用英语写一篇口头通知，允许有适当发挥，开头已给出，但不计入总词数。 词数：120～150。 Dear my classmates， May I have your attention，please？I have something important to tell you. 语法专题：虚拟语气 1. 规则虚拟：即含 if 从句的复合句，表示与事实相反。具体时态搭配为： 时间 if 从句 主句 did(were) / were to + do / should would / could / might / should 对将来 + do + do 对现在 did(were) 同上 would / could / might / should 对过去 had done + have done 注意： 1) 交叉时间虚拟：即主、从句不在同一时间，注意各自的时态。 2) 虚拟与非虚拟：即一句与事实相反，用虚拟；另一句与事实一致，用实际时态。 3) 虚拟中的倒装：如 if 从句中含 should, had, wer e 等，可将其置于句首，且省略 if。 4) 介短、副词代替 if 从句：如 without, but for, in the absence of (如果没有), or, otherwise 2. 表示建议、要求、劝告、命令类词 + 名从中的虚拟，从句动词:(should) do 适用词群：advise, ask, demand, desire, direct(指导，要求), insist, order, propose, recommend, request, require, suggest, urge 等及其它们的名词、形容词、过去分词等，后跟名从。 注意：当 insist 为“坚持已发生或存在的事实” ，suggest 为“暗示、表明”时，要 用陈述语气，即实际时态。 3. wish 等词 + 从句：从句时态向后退一格： 即表示现在、将来用 did / were / was; 表示过去用 had done。 适用词群：wish, as if /though, If only(要??就好了), would rather, It is (about / high) time 等。 4. 情态动词 + have done 表虚拟： should / ought to have done 本应该做（实际没做，含“责备”之意） could / might have done 本可以做（实际未做） needn’t have done 本没必要做 (实际做了) would like / love to have done would rather have done 本来想要做某事(但未做) had better h ave done
5. 句型： 1) If it were not for…, I would / should / might / could + do “要不是??，我现在就??。 ” （对现在的虚拟） If it had not been for…, I would / should / might / could + have done. “要不是??，我当时就??。 ” （对过去的虚拟） 2) It is important / necessary / natural / strange …+ 从句 It is a shame / pity / no wonder…+ 从句. 以上从句谓语动词皆为：(should) do 3) had hoped / expected / intended / planned /…+ to do 本希望 / 打算做??(但未做成) 虚拟语气专练 1.(2010· 皖南八校联考)—Who is the beautiful girl standing at the school gate? —Well, if you ________ know, her name is Nancy. A. may C. must B. can D. shall
答案与解析：C 句意：——站在校门口的那个漂亮女孩是谁？——如果你一定要知道的话， 她叫南希。此处的 must 表示“一定要，非要”的意思。 2．(2010· 皖南八校联考)—When shall we meet your cousin at the station? —His plane took off 2 hours ago, and it ________ reach at 5 p．m.. A. should C. must 答案与解析： A B. could D. can should 的意思是“应该会， 可能”， 在这里表示对将来的推测， “预期会……”。
3．(2010· 皖南八校联考)Without the help of my English teacher, I ________ the first prize in the English Speaking Competition. A. would win C. would not win B. would have won D. would not have won
答案与解析：D 这是一个隐含的虚拟条件句，含有 if my English teacher hadn't helped me with my spoken English 之意，表示与过去的事实相反，故用与过去相反的虚拟语气，因此 D 项符 合题意。 4．(2010· 合肥质检)It ________ be really cold in November in Hefei though we usually have warm and sunny days. A. should C. must 答案与解析：D B. will D. can can 可表示常有的行为和情况，意为“有时会，时而可能”。句意：尽管合肥
十一月的时候常常很暖和，但有时候可能会很冷。根据句意选 D 项。 5．(2010· 合肥质检)—I ________ to your birthday party last Sunday. —Unfortunately, you were out on business.
A. had come C. would come
B. came D. would have come
答案与解析：D 根据答句“很遗憾，你当时在外出差”可知，说话人没能参加答话人的生日晚 会，因此选 D 项，表示“我如果当时有时间的话，就参加你上周日的生日晚会了”。 6．(2010· 合肥质检)—Mum, would you please buy me an MP5 player? —If you can help do the dishes the whole vacation, you ________ have one as a reward. A. must C. would B. need D. shall shall 常用于第二、三人称主语后面表示说话人的意图。句意：如果你能够
在假期中帮助我刷盘子的话，你就会得到一个 MP5 作为奖励。 7． (2010· 合肥质检)I ________ you my bicycle, but I didn't expect you would come back so soon.
A. might lend C. must have lent
B. may lend D. might have lent
答案与解析：D 句意：我本可以把自行车借给你的，但是我没有想到你会这么快就回来了”。 might have done 表示“本可以做某事而实际上没有做”。 8．(2010· 芜湖模拟)—I rang you yesterday afternoon. A man answered, but I didn't recognize the voice. —Oh, it ________ my uncle. He was in my room then. A. must have been C. must be B. should have been D. should be
答案与解析： A 句意： ——昨天下午我给你打电话， 一个男的接的， 但是我没有听出他是谁。 ——哦，那一定是我叔叔。他那个时候正在我房间。根据题意选 A 项，表示对过去事情的肯定推 测。 9 ． (2010· 东北三校联考 )—It's hard to believe that Jack ________ have fought with the policeman. —Yes. If one ________ ask for trouble, it can't be helped. A. would; will C. should; must B. must; may D. need; dare
答案与解析：C 句意：——难以置信，杰克竟然与警察打了一架。——是的。如果一个人非 要找麻烦，实在没法子。句中 should 表示“竟然”，must 表示“硬要，非要”。 10．(2010· 海南五校联考)The door ________. Better have it repaired. A. won't shut B. hasn't been shut
C. won't be shut
D. isn't shut
答案与解析：A will 可表示功用或能力，意为“能，行，成”。英语中一些不及物动词以主动 形式表被动意义，常见的有 cut, wash, sell, shut 等，故“门关不上”不用被动语态，答案为 A 项。 11．(2010· 银川一中模拟)—________ he have been chosen as captain of the Chinese football team? —Yes, he ________. A. Must; must C. Must; must have B. Can; must D. Can; must have
答案与解析：D 句意：——他已经当选中国足球队队长了吗？——是的，他肯定当选了。由 句意可知，对话是对过去事情的推测，must 表示对过去事情的推测，不能用于疑问句，故排除 A、 C；因是对过去事情的肯定推测，故用 must have (done)，选 D 项。 12．(2010· 宁夏部分重点质检)I ________ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. A. shouldn't C. mustn't 答案与解析： B B. couldn't D. needn't must 表示推测时， 只能用于肯定句， 否定句中用 can 或 could 代替。 shouldn't
have done 表示“本来不该做某事，而实际上却做了”。needn't have done 表示“本来不必做某事， 而实际上却做了”。根据句意“当事故发生时我不可能超过 6 岁”可知，答案为 B 项。 13．(2010· 福建质检)We're still at the airport. If it weren't for the delayed flight, we ________ the concert right now. A. can be enjoying C. would be enjoying B. must have enjoyed D. should have enjoyed
答案与解析：C if 条件句中的虚拟要注意：对现在状况的虚拟，条件句中用“一般过去时态， be 动词用 were”，而主句用“should/would/could/might＋do”，同时根据 right now 可知，此处是对 正在进行的状态的虚拟，故选 C 项。 14．(2010· 福建质检)For environmental reasons, we ________ as well take these waste products and have them recycled. A. should C. might B. would D. could
答案与解析：C 根据句意，这里表示“我们只好把这些废弃产品收起来并回收利用”，固定表 示 may/might as well 意为“做……倒也无妨，只好做”，由此我们不难判断这里选 C 项。 15．(2010· 福建四地六校联考)If the first few sentences of your application letter fail to win the reader's attention, the rest of the letter ________ not be read at all.
A. must C. may
B. shall D. should
答案与解析：C 句意：如果申请信的前几句不能吸引读者，那么其余部分可能也就不会被阅 读了。may 表示“可能”，符合句意。 16．(2010· 厦门质检)—Thank you for reminding me of the time, or I ________ late yesterday. —Don't mention it. A. should be C. will have been B. would be D. would have been
答案与解析： D 从语境可知说话人是在谈论昨天的事， 因此要使用情态动词 would＋完成式。 句意：谢谢你提醒我时间，不然昨天我就迟到了。 17．(2010· 龙岩质检)“Attention, please. Whoever can answer one of my questions ________ receive a prize，”the teacher said in class. A. might C. should 答案与解析：B B. shall D. would shall 用于第二和第三人称时，可以表示“警告、命令、允诺、威胁”等语气；
might 表示“可能性很小”；should 表示“应该(义务性)”；would 表示“意志(意愿性)”。由此我们不 难判断这里选 B 项表示“允诺”。 18．(2010· 龙岩质检)—I didn't attend the lecture yesterday. —I ________， either, if my mother hadn't reminded me. A. wouldn't C. didn't 答案与解析：B B. wouldn't have D. hadn't 从句子中 if my mother hadn't reminded me 知，此处是对过去状况的虚拟，
主句应该用 should/would/could/might＋have＋done 结构，从选项中看只有 B 项合适(I wouldn't have 是 I wouldn't have attended the lecture 的省略)。 19．(2010· 苏锡常镇调查)—Did you hear Tom was criticized for his spelling mistakes in his English composition? —Yes, but a more careful person ________ so many mistakes. A. wouldn't make B. needn't have made C. shouldn't make D. wouldn't have made 答案与解析：D “一个比较细心的人是不会犯这么多错误的”。根据句意，这里表示对“过去
状况的虚拟”，用“情态动词＋have done”。wouldn't have done 表示“过去本不该做……(实际却做 了)”；而 needn't have done 表示“过去本没必要做……”；A 项和 C 项是对现在状况的虚拟，由此
我们不难判断这里选 D 项。 20．(2010· 南京模拟)—The terrible accident is under investigation. —Actually, quicker action ________ those workers trapped in the mine. A. may have saved C. should have saved 答案与解析：D B. must have saved D. could have saved
could have done 表示“本可以做而实际上未做”，符合句意。
21．(2010· 长沙联考)—I bet someone stole my backpack. —Well, you ________ have kept an eye on it. A. may C. would B. can D. should should have done 表示“本应该做某事却没做”，即你本应该看好自己的背包
的。keep an eye on 意为“留心，注意”。 22．(2010· 陕西质检 )My EnglishChinese dictionary has disappeared. Who ________ have taken it? A. should C. could B. must D. would
答案与解析： C 根据句意可知此处是对丢失字典的猜测， 同时又是疑问句， 因此此处用 could, could have done 表示“对过去情况的猜测”。 23．(2010· 西安质检)The welldressed lady was caught stealing in the fashion shop. Strangely enough, she ________ have done such a thing. A. would C. should B. must D. might
答案与解析：C 根据题干中的 Strangely enough 可知，这里应该用 should，表示惊讶，可译 为“竟然”。 24．(2010· 宝鸡质检)You ________ get a new bicycle as a reward for doing well in the following final exam. A. must B. will C. shall D. should 答案与解析：C 句意：如果你在接下来的期终考试中取得好成绩的话，会得到一辆自行车作 为奖励。根据句意，此处要用表示“许诺”的情态动词 shall。 25．(2010· 金华十校联考)—Why didn't you come to Mike's birthday party yesterday? —Well, I ________， but I had something important to do at the moment.
C. should have D. must have 答案与解析： C should have 在这里相当于 should have come to Mike's birthday party， 即“我 本应该去参加 Mike 的生日晚会的”。should have done 表“本应该做某事(但实际上未做)”，其他选 项不合题意。 26．(2010· 温州十校联考)—Where is Lucy? —I can't say where she is, but she ________ have gone to meet her classmates, for they want to go to Sichuan to work as volunteers. A. can B. should C. must D. may 答案与解析：D 这里表示对过去状况的推断，用“情态动词＋have done”。从前面的“我不确 定她在哪里”可知，用 may have done，表示“过去可能已经做了……”(不确定)。must have done 表 示“过去一定做了……”(非常确定)；can have done 用在否定句和疑问句中，should have done 表示 “过去本该做……(实际却没做)”。 27．(2010· 台州监测)—He was receiving more and more attention in the company. —So he was. But for his good education, he ________ the job. A. will never get B. shouldn't have got C. would not have got D. mustn't have got 答案与解析： C 回话句意： 他确实在公司里受到越来越多的关注， 要不是他受过良好的教育， 他就不会得到这份工作。“受教育”和“得到工作”都是过去的事实，说明此处表示与过去事实相反， But for his good education 是介词短语表示虚拟条件，因此主句的谓语动词用 would not have got， 表示对过去事实的虚拟。 28．(2010· 皖南八校联考)—Did you meet with Mr. Jackson? —________ I had come here a little earlier. A. If only B. Only if C. But for D. For fear 答案与解析：A 句意：——你见到杰克逊先生了吗？——(没有，)要是我来得稍微早点儿就 好了。If only 意为“要是……就好了，但愿”，表示对过去愿望的虚拟语气。Only if“只要……就， 只有”，表示条件。 29．(2010· 宁夏质检)The captain urged that the mission ________ before dark. A. must be finished C. be finished B. ought to be finished D. was finished
答案与解析： C urge 表示“竭力主张”， 引导 that 从句时， 从句应使用虚拟语气， 形式为“should
＋do”，should 可以省略。故答案为 C 项。 30．(2010· 湖南十二校联考)If he ________ that he ________ to work there then, everything would be OK now. A. insisted; be sent C. had insisted; be sent B. insisted; was sent D. had insisted; was sent
答案与解析：C 当 insist 表示“坚持要求”时，其后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气，从句的谓语动词 用(should) do，由此可以排除 B、D 两项；另外，从句表示对过去已经发生 巩固练习 A 1. ---If he ______, he ______ that food. ---Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken 2. ______ computer not be used tomorrow, it would take us a long time to do the job. A. Should B. Were C. Had D. May 3. The law requires that everyone ______ his car checked at least once a year. A. has B. have C. will have D. shall have 4. Their words suggested they ______ tired, and I suggest we ______ the further training. A. are; put off B. were; put off C. had; put off D. were; shall put off 5. He ______ you more help, even th ough he was very busy. He acted as if he ______ the boss. A. should have given; were B. might have given; had been C. may have given; had been D. may give; was 6. His proposal is that the machine ______ at once. A. is stopped B. would be stopped C. be stopped D. is being stopped 7. ---Where ______? ---I got stuck in the heavy traffic, or I ______ here earlier. A. did you go; had arrived B. were you; would come C. are; was D. have you been; would have been 8. Look at the trouble I am in! If only I ______ your advice. A. followed B. would follow C. had followed D. should follow 9. The doctor insisted that the patient ______ seriously ill and ______ operated on at once. A. be; be B. was; was C. was; be D. be; was 10. ---Have you visited the Great W all of China? ---No, but I wish I ______. A. will B. had C. have D. did 11. ---Shall I tell them the news? ---No, I would rather t hey ______ know it. A. won’t B. don’t C. wouldn’t D. didn’t 12. As you worked late yesterday, you ______ have come this morning. A. needn’t B. mayn’t C. can’t D. mustn’t 13. Isn’t it time that you ______ someone’s life ______ easier? A. will make; a bit B. made; a lot of C. made; a bit D. have; a little 14. --- I thought you were coming back from Shanghai next week. --- Oh, I ______ to stay there for one more week, but I changed my mind. A. would have intended B. intend C. had intended D. have intended 15. --- Don’t you think it necessary that he ______ to Miami but to New York? --- I agree, bu t the problem is ______ he h as refused to. A. will not be sent; that B. not be sent; that
C. should not be sent; what D. should not send; what 16. I would love ______ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. having gone C. going D. to have gone 17. --- How I want to have studied harder when I was in school. --- If you had, you ______ work into late every day nowadays. Anyhow, better late than never. A. don’t B. wouldn’t C. didn’t D. won’t 18. Without your help, our team ______ the last match. A. won’t win B. will lose C. wouldn’t have won D. can’t have lose 19. If it were not for the fact that you ______ ill, I would ask you to do this right now. A. were B. was C. are D. be 20. Our geography teacher has never been abroad, but he often talks as if he ______ to many countries. A. had been B. should have been C. would have been D. has been B 1. If only he quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now. A. lies A. has B. lay B. had C. had lain C. will have D. should lie D. had had 2. How I wish every family ____a large house with a beautiful garden. 3. You did not let me drive. If we ____in turn, you ____ so tired A. drove; didn’t get C. were driving; wouldn’t get A. Were A. refers A. breaks B. Should B. drove; wouldn’t get D. had driven ; wouldn’t have got D. Will D. refer C. were broken C. he go; was D. had been broken D. he should to; is
4. _____it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge C. Would 5. I suggested the person _____ to be put into prison B. referring C. referred B. has broken 6. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it____. 7. I insisted _____to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing ___ wrong with him. A. on him to go; should be B. he went; be 8.—Your aunt invites you to the movies today —I had rather she ____ me tomorrow than today A. tells B. told C. would tell D. had told 9.—Would you have called her up had it been possible —Yes, but I ____busy doing my homework A. was B. were C. had been B. took part in D. would take part in B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D. Were it not for D. would be 10. I was ill that day, otherwise I ____ the sports meet A. would have taken part in C. had taken part in A. Had it not been for
11. ___the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily 12. If my lawyer ____here last Sunday, he ____ me from going A. had been, would have prevented B. had been, would prevent
C. were, prevent A. If he were to work A. Were he to leave A. are A. has come A. was, had helped
D. were, would have prevented B. Had he worked C. Should he work B. If he had left C. Did he to leave B. were C. would be C. come D. Were he to work D. Had he left
13. ____hard, he would have passed the exam 14. ____today, he would get there by Friday 15. Had you listened to the doctor, you ____all right now. D. would have been D. had come 16. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother B. did come 17. He ____busy yesterday, or he ___you with your experiment. B. was, would have helped C. had been, would have helped D. were, would have helped 18. If it for the snow, we____ the mountain yesterday B. were not, could climb D. hadn’t been, could climb D. would be A. were not, could have climb C. had not been, could have climbed A. is
19. Without electricity, human life ____quite difficult today B. will be C. would have been 20. —I am going to tell her the news —I would as soon you _____her about it A. didn’t tell A. stayed A. should put on B. don’t tell B. could stay C. hadn’t tell C. has stayed C. be put on D. won’t tell D. stay D. put on 21. Mike’s father, as well as his mother, insisted he ____home 22. It was requested that the play ____again B. would put on 23. —Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. —Oh, you A. must A. was busy 25. If he A. followed A. should tell culture. A. focus B. focused C. would focus
have done it as yesterday was the deadline. B. mustn't B. is busy B. should follow B. tells C. told C. should C. had been busy C. had followed D. had told D. shouldn't D. will be busy D. would follow
24. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he-_______ my advice, he wouldn't have lost his job. me about it, I would have gone with him.
26. John went to the hospital alone. If he
27.George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he_______ more on its D. had focused
28.If we A. take
the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. B. had taken C. took D. have taken .
29.—The weather has been very hot and dry. —Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died . 30．Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy A．would have been saved B．had been saved C．will be saved 二、句型转换 1.It is necessary for college students to master at least one foreign language. It is necessary foreign language. 2.Without sunlight, there would be neither plants nor animals. sunlight, there would be neither plants nor animals. 3.She insisted on translating the sentence this way. She insisted that the sentence this way. 4.The students suggested going there on foot. The students suggested there on foot. 5.She suggested that we should go to his help. is that we 6.Lucy didn't come to class today because she didn't feel well. she If I If he I couldn't well, she French, I could talk to the French friends. his parents' advice, he the work a college student now. the professor's help. to class today. 7.I don't know French, so I can't talk to the French friends. 8.He didn't take his parents' advice and he is not a college student now. 9.The professor helped me a lot and I finished the work. to his help. college students at least one D．was saved