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广东省惠州市2014届高三上学期第二次调研英语试题 Word版含答案


惠州市 2014 届高三第二次调研考试英语试题 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分,满分 135 分,考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必坩黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的市(县)/区、学校、 班级、姓名、准考证号、试室号和座位号填写在答卡的密封线内。 2-选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它

答案;不能答在试题卷上。 3. 非选择题必须叫黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在另发的答题卷各题指定区 域内的相应位置上:如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和 涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,请将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Life is short. Are you doing what you love? Are you living your 1 ?If not, why? I am guessing most people will 2 that question with "I have a mortgage (抵押贷款) aspouse and , three kids to support .”In the real world people have 3 .They have to make sacrifices . You aren't supposed to be happy with your job but you do it because you have to.” With all due respect, they are wrong. You can take care of your responsibilities and be 4 with your jib . We spend over 1/3 of our day,at least five days a week performing our jibs.This is a lot of time to be 5 on something we donot enjoy ,is it not?Why not spend that time doing something you 6 are passionate about for 50 hours a week instead of something that lack 7 ? I think there is one main 8 people don't follow their passion: fear. Fear of how others will react, fear of failure, and fear that they can't do it themselves. I think the first part is for people to realize that they can conquer their 9 You will 10 at times and others will think you are crazy at times, but if you believe that you will succeed then you 11 will. I 12 that it is not easy. I am in the middle of going through it right now. But understand that there are other people out there who have been through what you are going through and can help you 13. Theyhave failed, been ridiculed(嘲弄), and come out on the other end extremely 14 . They are living proof that you can do what you14. 15。 1、A、tireness B、passion C、honesty D、ambition 2、A、solve B、ask C、answer D、think 3、A、responsibilities B、qualities C、possibities D、difficulties 4、A、bored B、 happy C、surprised D、sad 5、A、spending B、reading C、talking D、wasting 6、A、truly B、hardly C、widely D、slightly 7、A、instruction B、meaning C、protection D、care 8、A、choice B、trouble C、suggestion D、reason 9、A、fear B、exictement C、devotion D、passion 10、A、fail B、succeed C、complete D、try

11、A、specially B、equally C、finally D、merely 12、A、promise B、hear C、remember D、understand 13、A、simply B、greatly C、clearly D、politely 14、A、grateful B、hopeful C、successful D、powerful 15、A、see B、feel C、think D、love 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 Near China's northern borders lived a man 16 was well versed(精通)in the practices of Taoism [. 道教]. His horse, 17no reason at all, got into the territory of the northern tribes. Everyone felt sorry for18。" Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a blessing," said hisfather. After a few months, his animal came back, 19 fine horse from the north. Everyone congratulated him."Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a cause of 20(fortune),"said his father. Since he was well-off and kept good horses his son became fond of riding and 21(eventual) broke his thigh bone falling from a horse.Everyone commiserated with him. 22am I sad? "Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a blessing,” said hisfather. One year later, the northern tribes started 23 big invasion of the border regions. All able-bodied young men took up arms and 24(fight)against the invaders, and as a result, around the border nine out of ten men died 25 , this man's son did not join in the fighting because he was crippled and so both the boy and his fathersurvived. Ⅱ阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A Visitors to London's Millennium Dome building on the morning of November 7, 2000 would have seen much more than they had expected. The Dome, a building which was built to celebrate the beginning of the new millennium, had a special display, called “Money”, containing some of the world’s most famous diamonds. Shortly after opening time, four men disguised as workmen drove a large digging machine past security guards at the entrance. After coming near the exhibition, they put on masks and released smoke bombs. Their target was the Millennium Star, a 203-carat perfect blue diamond, thought to be the most beautiful large diamond in the world, and the third largest ever discovered. Unfortunately for the thieves, the police had been keeping an eye on them for months, after seeing two gang members videotaping the diamonds two months earlier. As the thieves used hammers to break into the glass case containing the diamonds, police dressed as cleaners quickly surrounded and arrested them. The police had also swapped the diamonds for fakes a few hours before the robbery attempt. The gang had planned to get away by speedboat along the river outside the exhibition. The two drivers of the boat were also arrested after a high-speed chase along the river. If the robbery attempt had succeeded, it would have been the largest in history-----worth 5, 000 million. The thieves were given a total of 71 years in prison, with the two main leaders receiving 18 years each.

Two years later, in February 2002, another gang of thieves succeeded in stealing millions of dollars’ worth of diamonds in Antwerp, a diamond-dealing city in Belgium. They used copied stolen keys and security passes to get into the area containing the diamonds on Sunday night. The robbery wasn’t discovered until Monday morning. The four thieves might have gotten away with the robbery, except for their carelessness----they were captured after they left a garbage bag containing security passes, videotapes, and documents with their names on the side of a road. 26. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Careless Robbers B. Smart Policemen C. Diamond Robberies D. Famous Diamonds 27. Why was the first robbery unsuccessful? A. Because the robbers’ actions were under close observation by police. B. Because the robbers didn’t designed the robbery carefully beforehand. C. Because an unexpected thing happened by chance. D. Because the real diamonds had been replaced. 28. Why were the second gang of robbers caught eventually? A. Because they were too careless. B. Because they copied the wrong keys. C. Because they were videotaped D. Because they used security passes. 29. What’s the similarity between the two robberies? A. Both of them were unsuccessful. B. Both of them happened in the same city. C. Both of them were planned carefully in advance. D. Both of the two gangs were caught on the spot. 30. Which of the following statements is True according to the passage? A. Many visitors had expected to witness the first robbery in London. B. The Millennium Star is the largest diamond ever discovered. C. The two main robbers in London robbery were sentenced to 71 years in prison. D. The two speedboat drivers tried to escape before caught. B At 21, Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil, Semco, which sold parts for ships. Semler Junior worked like a mad man,from 7:30 am,until midnight every day. One afternoon,while touring a factory in New York,he collapsed. The doctor who treated him said, "There's nothing wrong with you. But if you continue like this, you'll find a new home in our hospital. "Semler got the message. He changed the way he worked. In fact,he changed the ways his employees worked too. He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones worrying when things went wrong. He allowed them to set their own salaries,and he cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary,like receptionists and secretaries. This saved money and brought more equality to the company. "Everyone at Semco,even top managers,meets guests in reception,does the photocopying,sends faxes,types letters and dials the phone." He completely reorganized the office: instead of walls, they have plants at Semco, bosses can't so shut themselves away from everyone else. And the workers are free to decorate their workspace as they want. As for uniforms,some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts. Semco has flexible working hours: employees decide when they need to arrive at work. Also, the Semco lets its workers use the company's machines for their own projects,and makes them take

holidays for at least thirty days a year. It sounds perfect,but does it work? The answer is in the numbers:in the last six years,Semco's revenues have gone from$35 million to$212 million. The company has grown from eight hundred employees to 3,000. Why? Semler says it's because of "peer pressure". Peer pressure makes employees work hard for everyone else. If someone isn't doing his job well,the other workers will not allow the situation to continue. In other words,Ricardo Semler treats his workers like adults rather than children, and expects them to act like responsible adults. And they do. 31.According to Paragraph 1, which of the following statements is True? A. Ricardo Semler is a 21-year employer. B. Semco is the name of a ship. C. Ricardo Semler fell seriously ill because of overwork. D. The doctor’s words had a great effect on Ricardo Semler. 32. Semler made a variety of changes in his company Except__________. A. the staff was lessened to save money B. the employees were given less holidays every year. C. flexible working hours were introduced D. the employees enjoyed a lot of freedom 33. What’s the main idea of Paragraph five? A. Ricardo Semler’s new management method succeeded. B. Ricardo Semler’s idea sounded perfect but not practical. C. The company earned a lot of money. D. The reason for his success. 34. In his company, what does Ricardo Semler value most? A. freedom B. rules C. responsibility D. hard work 35. Which of the following best describes Semler’s quality? A. human and creative B. clever and diligent C. intelligent and casual D. considerate and selfless C The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe. Three campaign groups – Big Brother Watch, the Open Rights Group and English PEN – together with the German internet activist Constanze Kurz, have filed papers at the European court of human rights claiming that the collection of vast amounts of data by GCHQ is illegal. The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden that GCHQ has the ability to collect more than 21 petabytes of data a day – equal to sending all the information in all the books in the British Library 192 times every 24 hours. Daniel Carey, lawyer at Deighton Pierce Glynn, which is taking the case, said: "We are asking the court to declare that unlimited surveillance of much of Europe's internet communications by the UK government, and the outdated regulatory system that has permitted this, invade our privacy." Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ and its American partner, the National Security Agency, for which he worked, have developed abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks. This is done by searching for the servers of internet companies and

collecting raw data from the undersea cables that carry web traffic. Two of the programmes, Prism and Tempora, can sweep up vast amounts of private data, which is shared between the two countries. The revelations have led to widespread concern in Europe and the US about the power of the UK and US security services to gather online communications. Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques. Nick Pickles, director of Big Brother Watch, said the regulatory system was no longer fit for purpose."The laws governing how internet data is accessed were written when barely anyone had broadband access and were intended to cover old-fashioned copper telephone lines," he said."Parliament did not intend those laws to permit collecting details of every communication we send, so it's absolutely right that GCHQ is held responsible in the courts for its actions." (371w) 36. What is GCHQ accused of according to the passage? A Sending all the information in all the books in the British Library. B Collecting vast amounts of information of the US government. C Invading the privacy of a great number of Britons and Europeans . D Claiming its mass online surveillance programmes. 37. Who revealed the secret of GCHQ? A Constanze Kurz B Edward Snowden C Daniel Carey D Lord King 38.What doe the word “This” in Paragraph 3 refer to ? A Collection of raw data from the undersea cables. B Search for the servers of internet companies. C Ability of GCHQ to undertake surveillance of the web and mobile phone network. D Leaks of national security by its American partner. 39. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A Lord King considered it necessary to review the laws on justifying surveillance and interception techniques. B The revelations haven’t caused any concern in related countries. C Private data from Prism and Tempora is shared by Germany and The UK. D Nick Pickles believes that the laws on how internet data is accessed needn’t updating. 40. In which session are you likely to read the passage in a newspaper? A Science B Education C Entertainment D News D One side effect of globalization(全球化) and the related phenomenon of greatly increased mobility is that the traditional definition(定义) of “foreigner” has passed its sell-by date. Is a European who has lived in China longer than in his home country, becoming fluent in the language and culture in the process, still a foreigner in China, or has he become more of a foreigner in his own home town? What about a Beijinger who did her schooling in Canada and then lived and worked in mainstream society there for another 20 years while raising a family, who has no intention of returning to China? Does she think and act like a foreigner? What do we mean by this label(标签)? When I grew up in the suburbs of Chicago, the faces you would see during a walk through a local shopping mall back in the 1960s and 1970s included almost none of Asian descent. Today

the same malls are full of Asian faces, and a glance at the ranks of top scoring students in local schools reveals lots of Asian surnames. To some extent, this is no great surprise in the American context, because America is a land of immigrants, and a cultural melting pot. Apart from the native American Indians, Americans are (or were), in some way, all foreigners anyway. Absorbing a large number of immigrants is an established pattern in American history. In most places, the traditional foreigners were people who didn’t speak or read the local languages well, were unfamiliar with local customs and lifestyles, often engaged in relatively third-class work, and certainly not the type of people you would want your sons or daughters to marry. But, nowadays, a foreigner down the street may have better SAT scores than you did, or higher degree from a better university. He might also be your son’s or daughter’s next employer. The traditional role models are getting mixed up, and it looks like this is just the beginning of a new chapter. Today, the whole thing has totally changed. It’s not about where people are from or what color their skins are. It’s about who they are, what values and skills they bring, and how they think. 41.By mentioning a European and a Beijinger , the author tends to tell us______. it’s no long proper to define foreigners according to their birthplaces the label of foreigners can never be removed most foreigners can do well in learning languages it’s impossible for a foreigner get recognition abroad 42.What can be inferred from the 3rd paragraph? In 1960s and 1970s, Asians didn’t shop in Chicago. Today, more and more Asian travelers like to shop in Chicago. There are more Asian immigrants today than in 1960s and 1970s in Chicago. Most Asian students do well academically in the schools in Chicago. 43.Which is Not the feature of the traditional foreigners according to the author? They didn’t have good command of the local languages. It’s hard for them to marry local people. They rarely got familiar with the local customs and lifestyles. Most of them didn’t live at the bottom of the local society. 44. The underlined sentence in paragraph 1 has the closest meaning to________. the term “foreigner” should be redefined the term “foreigner” should no longer be used there are no longer foreigners in the world today the term “foreigner” is not proper to define people 45.What’s the main idea of the passage? Globalization and mobility caused more and more immigrants. The standards of defining “foreigner” has thoroughly changed. America is a cultural melting pot. Immigration is a global social phenomenon. 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号相应选项字 母涂黑。

首先,请阅读以下书籍的相关信息: A

So comforting for my 4 year old,October 3,2013 By Christy-See all my reviews I purchased a few dozen books while my husband was dying.This book has been the most meaningful,helpful, reassuring and beautiful book I have found .Really truly amazing .My four year old son adores this book .The pictures stunning,the words are touching are feel like you are being wrapped in a warm fuzzy blanket when you read this book .Applicable for so many situations and extremely helpful for children who have lost parents. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Comment B

A Great Book With A Great Message! September 26,2013 By Dad of Divas –See all my reviews This was a beautiful story that not only offers wonderful images,but also a great story of the love that a parent has for a child .I loved the message that this shares especially in the fact that each child is unique and that no matter what the child looks like,theparent will still know that it is them because they know the child so well.This is definitely a book to keep or give as a gift as it is one you will come back to again and again! Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen C

LOVE THIS BOOK July 1 2013 By Melissa Cenerelli-See all my reviews I love all of Nancy Tillman,s book, soI was very pleased when I purchased this book for my son ,It is adorable and it is has a caming tone to the story which is perfect for gerring him to settle down and get ready for bed .We love this book! Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen D

A M must

for

new

parents ,December9,2013 BY Janetta McAlevey-See all my reviews Welcoming a newborn into the family ,this work shows the delight and love that accompanies the event. All of creation rejoices in this new member of life and society . Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen E

Fun and engaging August 19,2013 By Robert Lipsitz –See all my reviews Another great little text by Boynton .As usual her witty prose and simple but engaging illustrations are a delight to read and my children always enjoy. One small annoyance,the book shows animls exercising right before bedtime After reading my children want to do exercise activity and this gets them a little wound up making bed time a bit extra challenging .My solution is to read that book first,then read another more sedate themed

book to help the again. Was this review Yes No Commen F

children settle down helpful to you?

Family favorite August1.2013 By wordsworthy-See all my reviews “Guess how much I love you”is ,a classic,The story is a simple dialog between a bigrabbit(the parent)and a little rabbit (the babay),each professing and comparing the depth their love for each other .We read this book almost every day to Our infant daughter /She loves the watercolor illustrations addition to a kid book collection. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen ”height” of

coos at the pictures.A lovely

请阅读以下购书者留言,然后将其与相关书籍匹配 46、Sweet Nighttime Kids Book,Octorber5,2013 By ironman96(Ohio)-See all my reviews This book is very similar in style to the popular kid,s book “On the night You Were Bom.’It is perfect to read to little ones right before bed ,and even puts me in the mood to snooze .Our daughter enjoys it is now what we read to her right before bed .The message in this book is reflected in the title and reads like a poem, You cannot go wrong with this one. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen 47、Must-have for every child,August 20,2013 By Dorothee-See all my reviews One of our favorites!fun activities such as: I love you –more than all the sand on the bead more than all the fish in the sea more than all the houses in the world more than all of the windows in all the houses in the world The trump card is more than all the hair on the dogs but Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen 48、 Each child is unique,September 24,2013 By Denis Vukosav –See all my reviews “I,d Know you Anywhere My Love”is a nice book your pre-school kids will adore.What separates it from the rest of the children books is beautiful message of each and every child,s uniqueness,the one that says every child should be different and not to be ashamed about it ,but absolutely contrary this diversity should be cherished and be proud of it ,Besides beautiful message that this book is carrying it’s well-written and nicely designed with numerous animals,illustrations. Was this review helpful to you?

Yes No Commen 49\ Perfect for Memories August13,2013 By BarbaraA,Homing “BABSBEH”-See all my revies I lost my son in July of 2010 and he left behing three young daughters, I foung this book and I knew it would be perfect for them ,I told them that this is what their Dad would say if he could ,I also bought a copy for myself. It was perfect .I gave a copy to my other grandchildren from me so they would know that I would always be them and love them forever. Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen 50、 Wonderful for children of all ages!!! July15,2013 By Lindann Hamilton-See all my reviews My daughter is away at college,She has had times of stress and anxiety and begin far away,I try my best to offer support and comfort over the phone .Imagine my joy in finding this book! It expresses my complete love and acceptance of my child and the total joy brought to our family when she came into the world ,When she called me and expressed her thankfulness through tears of joy,at receiving this book ,I knew it was truly a great gift for her ,She tells me ,”In years to come ,I will be lulled to sleep with dreams of dancing bears!” Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Commen Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 以下是一场关于“Digital Textbook(数字课本) ”的讨论会的信息

写作内容 你是学校校报的小记者,请根据以上信息写一篇关于此次讨论会的报道,内容包括: 讨论会的基本信息 参会人员的主要意见 写作要求:只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 评分标准:句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯 第二节:读写任务(满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 GUANGZHOU-At least 25 people have been confirmed dead after typhoon Usagi made a landfall

in South China’s Guangdong province Sunday evening,according to the provincial flood control headquaters. Electricity and water supply was cut off in the Huilai county,Jieyang city,and house were collapsed as wind speeds at the center exceeded 180 km per hour on Sunday aftermoon,said Li Feng ,a border police officer of the city ,Xinhua reported Sunday. Intercity trains between Guangzhou ,Shenzhen and Zhughai were suspended at 6 pm and nearly 50 trains,including those along the high-speed lines to Beijing,Shenzhen and HongKong, will be suspended until Tuesday ,according to the Guangzhou Railway(Group)Corporation. At a Xiecheng gas station on National Road 324 near Shanwei city ,where at 13 of the 25 victins were killed,winds were strong enough to blow cars off the road and all taaffic was stopped. Resident Li Huolong said he was on his way home in Shanweim,when the back window of his car was broken by the wind. Educational authorities in 14 cities ordered schools to suspend classes on Sunday,a school day in China because of the three-day Mid-Autumn Festival which just ended. More than 47000fishing boats are in harbor,with nearly 20000 fishermen kept onshore. All beaches in the province have been closed 写作内容: 以约 30 个词概括短文的要点 然后以 120 个词写一篇英语短文谈谈某种自然灾害造成的影响,并包括如下要点 你家乡有哪种自然灾害,常造成哪些破坏? 描述你或朋友在此灾害时的一次经历 你对应对这种灾害的建议 写作要求:1、在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或和虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的 内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校的名称 惠州市 2014 届高三第二次调研考试英语试题答案 完形填空: 1—5 BCABD 6—10 ABDAA 11—15 CDBCD 语法填空: 16. who 17. for 18. him/it 19.leading 20. misfortune 21. eventually 22. why 23. a 24.fought 25. However 单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。 阅读理解 26—30 CAACD 31—35 DBACA 36—40 CBCAD 41—45 ACDAB 信息匹配 46—50 CFBAD 基础写作: (One possible version) On October 9, 2013, a discussion about "Digital Textbook" was conducted in the School Lecture Hall, in which 10 teachers as well as 60 students from Senior 1, Senior 2 and Senior 3 presented themselves as representatives. The topic for it was "Should digital textbooks be used to replace traditional paper textbooks in Senior High School?" The representatives have offered their opinions, and one that almost all agreed with was that digital books were cheaper than traditional ones. They agreed that digital textbooks would change the nature of classes and that teachers would become students' partners rather than instructors in the learning process.

However, it has especially been pointed out that students would become even more electronic-device-dependent as digital books would accompany them all the time. 读写任务: (One possible version) Typhoon Usagi struck Guangdong China just after the Mid-autumn Festival and caused 25 deaths. It damaged houses, stopped traffic and transports and cut off electricity supply. It also kept fishermen onshore and students off school. As is described in the passage, typhoon is also a common natural disaster in my hometown. When it is here, there are often strong winds and heavy rains. Young trees break and water floods into low-lying houses. When Usagi hit my hometown that evening, I was on my way home. A very strong wind slapped me in the front and tried to sweep me up into the sky. I had been told typhoon was coming but never thought it would cause much damage. I became scared and sheltered myself in a shop doorway. Suddenly with an ear-splitting “bang”, an air-conditioner fell down on the ground just in front of me! I was so frightened that I ran home as fast as I could. So I suggest that we should always take the warning seriously and make good preparations. Stay at home and fasten firmly everything in the house. In this way we can minimize the loss the disaster will cause beforehand.

评分说明(主观题部分) 语法填空评分说明: 按照所给答案给分。单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。 基础写作评分说明: 基础写作主要考查考生语言结构的应用能力:能够用正确、规范的语言表达特定的内容。 本试题要求考生根据所提供的信息,使用 5 个句子表达[写作内容]中所提供的全部内容。命 题思想是希望考生在表达这些内容时能够: ·正确表达时间、地点、论题等信息,例如:On October 9, 2013, a discussion about "Digital Textbook" was conducted … ·正确使用复合句如定语从句(限定性从句或非限定性从句) ,例如: in the School Lecture Hall, in which… one that almost all agreed with was that digital books were… · 能将多项并列的内容用简单、清晰的结构表达出来,陈述正反两方的观点,例如:The representatives have offered… They agreed that… and that teachers would become students' partners… ·正确使用连接词,例如 and,however… 在评分时,应注意以下几个方面: 按照评分标准,实行分析法评分:按语言、内容和连贯三项标准分别给分; 在语言方面,重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范;考生是否使用了合适的句 子结构。 在内容方面,重点评判考生是否表达了所提供的全部信息;如果考生在表达完整的内容时, 适当添加一些内容,不扣分; 在连贯方面,重点评判 5 个句子是否构成一篇连贯的短文。

基础写作评分标准: 语 语 语 7-8 具有很好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性高,词汇方面使用 言 较好,只有少许错误。 言 5-6 具有较好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性较好,有一些语法 言 结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 3-4 1-2 0 备注 语言运用能力一般;语法和句子结构基本准确,语法结构或词汇方面 的错误不影响理解。 语言运用能力较差;语法和句子结构基本不够准确,语法结构或词汇 方面的错误较多,而且影响了对句子意义的理解。 语言运用能力很差;语法、句子结构、词汇错误很多,句子意义无法 理解。 每多或少写一个句子,扣 1 分。 包括了所有信息内容。 包括了大部分信息内容。 包括了基本信息内容。 包括了小部分信息内容。 包括了少许信息内容。 没有包括所提供的信息内容。 内容连贯,而且结构紧凑。 内容连贯性比较好,而且结构比较紧凑。 内容连贯性较差,而且结构不够紧凑。 内容缺乏连贯性,而且结构松散。 文不对题,给 0 分。

内 内 容 容

5 4 3 2 1 0

连 连 贯 贯
备注

2 1.5 1 0

读写任务评分说明: 读写任务是有材料作文; 要求考生在阅读的基础上写一篇相关主题的作文; 主要考查考生的 篇章概括和语言表达能力。 本试题要求考生阅读一篇英文短文之后, “某种自然灾害造成的影响” 就 的话题谈谈考生(或 朋友)的经历、建议,内容包括: (1)你家乡有哪种自然灾害?常造成哪些破坏? (2)描述你或朋友在此灾害发生时的一次经历; (3)你对应对这种灾害的建议。 在评分时,应注意以下几个方面: 1.按照评分标准,实行分析综合法评分。 2. 概括应包括以下要点: (关键词:struck,caused how many deaths,damaged/collapsed,cut off,suspended/closed 等) (1)Typhoon Usagi struck someplace …and caused how many deaths. (2)It damaged houses, stopped traffic and transports and cut off electricity …. (3)… fishermen onshore and students off school… 3. 写作的内容应该包括: ·你家乡有哪种自然灾害?常造成哪些破坏(可简单列举) ; ·描述你或朋友在此灾害发生时的一次经历(时间、地点、人物、事件) 。 ·应对此种灾害的可行性建议。 读写任务评分标准:

项目

分值 5 4

评分标准 按照要求概括了原文的全部主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息,没 有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息,没 有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息,但包含一些不相关的信息,有个 别句子抄自原文。语言结构基本正确,行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括原文的主要信息,包含较多不相关的信息,有较多的 抄袭。语言结构不够准确,行文不够规范。 没有按照要求概括原文的主要信息,基本是不相关的信息,大多数句子 都抄自原文。语言结构不准确,行文不规范。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确,内容丰富。 词汇丰富,用词得当。能有效运用合适的语言结构,而且没有(或极少) 语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确,个别内容不准确 或者不相关。 词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,有少许 的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题比较明确,个别内容不 准确或者不相关。 词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,有少许 的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本明确,有些内容不准确或者不 相关。 词汇有限,有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性一般。 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。多数内容不相关或者不准确。文章有 些地方照抄源文。 词汇贫乏,有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性差。 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确,文章基本照 抄原文。 词汇极其贫乏,基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构零 乱。 以下几种情况,给 0 分: 1)完全抄袭原文(或其它文章) 。 2)文不对题。 3)只写一些零散的单词,完全没有表达完整的内容。



3 2



0-1 18-20

14-17 写

11-13

作 7-10

4-6

1-3

0

阅读理解解析 II.阅读 (共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并将答案涂在答题卡标 号为 26~45 的相应位置上。 A Visitors to London's Millennium Dome building on the morning of November 7, 2000 would have seen much more than they had expected. The Dome, a building which was built to celebrate the beginning of the new millennium, had a special display, called “Money”, containing some of the world’s most famous diamonds. Shortly after opening time, four men disguised as workmen drove a large digging machine past security guards at the entrance. After coming near the exhibition, they put on masks and released smoke bombs. Their target was the Millennium Star, a 203-carat perfect blue diamond, thought to be the most beautiful large diamond in the world, and the third largest ever discovered. Unfortunately for the thieves, the police had been keeping an eye on them for months, after seeing two gang members videotaping the diamonds two months earlier. As the thieves used hammers to break into the glass case containing the diamonds, police dressed as cleaners quickly surrounded and arrested them. The police had also swapped the diamonds for fakes a few hours before the robbery attempt. The gang had planned to get away by speedboat along the river outside the exhibition. The two drivers of the boat were also arrested after a high-speed chase along the river. If the robbery attempt had succeeded, it would have been the largest in history-----worth 5, 000 million. The thieves were given a total of 71 years in prison, with the two main leaders receiving 18 years each. Two years later, in February 2002, another gang of thieves succeeded in stealing millions of dollars’ worth of diamonds in Antwerp, a diamond-dealing city in Belgium. They used copied stolen keys and security passes to get into the area containing the diamonds on Sunday night. The robbery wasn’t discovered until Monday morning. The four thieves might have gotten away with the robbery, except for their carelessness----they were captured after they left a garbage bag containing security passes, videotapes, and documents with their names on the side of a road. 大意:本文讲述了两起著名的钻石抢劫(盗窃)案,一详一略,语言地道,可满足学生的好 奇心。 26. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Careless Robbers B. Smart Policemen C. Diamond Robberies D. Famous Diamonds 27. Why was the first robbery unsuccessful? A. Because the robbers’ actions were under close observation by police. B. Because the robbers didn’t designed the robbery carefully beforehand. C. Because an unexpected thing happened by chance. D. Because the real diamonds had been replaced. 解析: 答案可从第 4 段第 1 行 “Unfortunately for the thieves, the police had been keeping an eye on them for months”得知。 28. Why were the second gang of robbers caught eventually?

A. Because they were too careless. C. Because they were videotaped

B. Because they copied the wrong keys. D. Because they used security passes.

解析:答案可从最后 1 段最后 3 行,特别是“except for their carelessness”可知。 29. What’s the similarity between the two robberies? A. Both of them were unsuccessful. B. Both of them happened in the same city. C. Both of them were planned carefully in advance. D. Both of the two gangs were caught on the spot. 解析:从两起抢劫案的过程看选 C,本题易错选 A,从最后 1 段第一行“succeeded in stealing” 可知 A 错误。 30. Which of the following statements is True according to the passage? A. Many visitors had expected to witness the first robbery in London. B. The Millennium Star is the largest diamond ever discovered. C. The two main robbers in London robbery were sentenced to 71 years in prison. D. The two speedboat drivers tried to escape before caught. 解析:从第 5 段第 2 行“The two drivers of the boat were also arrested after a high-speed chase along the river”可知 B At 21, Ricardo Semler became boss of his father's business in Brazil, Semco, which sold parts for ships. Semler Junior worked like a mad man,from 7:30 am,until midnight every day. One afternoon,while touring a factory in New York,he collapsed. The doctor who treated him said, "There's nothing wrong with you. But if you continue like this, you'll find a new home in our hospital. "Semler got the message. He changed the way he worked. In fact,he changed the ways his employees worked too. He let his workers take more responsibility so that they would be the ones worrying when things went wrong. He allowed them to set their own salaries,and he cut all the jobs he thought were unnecessary,like receptionists and secretaries. This saved money and brought more equality to the company. "Everyone at Semco,even top managers,meets guests in reception,does the photocopying,sends faxes,types letters and dials the phone." He completely reorganized the office: instead of walls, they have plants at Semco, bosses can't so shut themselves away from everyone else. And the workers are free to decorate their workspace as they want. As for uniforms,some people wear suits and others wear T-shirts. Semco has flexible working hours: employees decide when they need to arrive at work. Also, the Semco lets its workers use the company's machines for their own projects,and makes them take holidays for at least thirty days a year. It sounds perfect,but does it work? The answer is in the numbers:in the last six years,Semco's revenues have gone from$35 million to$212 million. The company has grown from eight hundred employees to 3,000. Why? Semler says it's because of "peer pressure". Peer pressure makes employees work hard for everyone else. If someone isn't doing his job well,the other workers will not allow the situation to continue. In other words,Ricardo Semler treats his workers like adults rather than children, and expects them to act like responsible adults. And they do. 大意:本文主要介绍巴西企业家 Ricardo Semler,摒弃传统管理模式,另辟蹊径,独创了一 套人性化的现代企业管理模式:以自由和信任为基础,借助“"peer pressure”,增强员工的责

任心,从而努力工作,实现双赢。 31.According to Paragraph 1, which of the following statements is True? A. Ricardo Semler is a 21-year employer. B. Semco is the name of a ship. C. Ricardo Semler fell seriously ill because of overwork. D. The doctor’s words had a great effect on Ricardo Semler. 解析:从第 1 段最后 3 行可知。 32. Semler made a variety of changes in his company Except__________. A. the staff was lessened to save money B. the employees were given less holidays every year. C. flexible working hours were introduced D. the employees enjoyed a lot of freedom 解析:文章未提假期减少了, (并且很有可能是增加了) ,见第 4 段最后 1 句,故 B 不对, 其余都对。 33. What’s the main idea of Paragraph five? A. Ricardo Semler’s new management method succeeded. B. Ricardo Semler’s idea sounded perfect but not practical. C. The company earned a lot of money. D. The reason for his success. 解析:第 5 段先设问,在用数据回答,表明 A 正确。 34. In his company, what does Ricardo Semler value most? A. freedom B. rules C. responsibility

D. hard work

解析:从第 2 段的第 1 句中的“He let his workers take more responsibility”和文章最后 1 句中 的“responsible adults”,C 为最佳答案。 35. Which of the following best describes Semler’s quality? A. human and creative B. clever and diligent C. intelligent and casual D. considerate and selfless 解析:纵观全文,有“人情味和创造性”是他的最大特点,B.中的 diligent 是原来的他;C. 中 的 casual 是“随意的”;D.中的 selfless 文章未提到。

(解析:每题后给出了解释,并在原文中把信息来源的文字改成了蓝色。短文字数为 371 个。 ) C(新闻报道 应用文) The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe. Three campaign groups – Big Brother Watch, the Open Rights Group and English PEN – together with the German internet activist Constanze Kurz, have filed papers at the European court of human rights claiming that the collection of vast amounts of data by GCHQ is illegal. The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden that GCHQ has the ability to collect more than 21 petabytes of data a day – equal to sending all the information in all the books in the British Library 192 times every 24 hours. Daniel Carey, lawyer at Deighton Pierce Glynn, which is taking the case, said: "We are asking the

court to declare that unlimited surveillance of much of Europe's internet communications by the UK government, and the outdated regulatory system that has permitted this, invade our privacy." Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ and its American partner, the National Security Agency, for which he worked, have developed abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks. This is done by searching for the servers of internet companies and collecting raw data from the undersea cables that carry web traffic. Two of the programmes, Prism and Tempora, can sweep up vast amounts of private data, which is shared between the two countries. The revelations have led to widespread concern in Europe and the US about the power of the UK and US security services to gather online communications. Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques. Nick Pickles, director of Big Brother Watch, said the regulatory system was no longer fit for purpose."The laws governing how internet data is accessed were written when barely anyone had broadband access and were intended to cover old-fashioned copper telephone lines," he said."Parliament did not intend those laws to permit collecting details of every communication we send, so it's absolutely right that GCHQ is held responsible in the courts for its actions." (371w) 36. What is GCHQ accused of according to the passage? A Sending all the information in all the books in the British Library. B Collecting vast amounts of information of the US government. C Invading the privacy of a great number of Britons and Europeans . D Claiming its mass online surveillance programmes. (根据第一段第一句 The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims that its mass online surveillance(监察) programmes have invaded the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK and Europe.) 37. Who revealed the secret of GCHQ? A Constanze Kurz B Edward Snowden C Daniel Carey D Lord King (根据第二段的 The move follows revelations by Edward Snowden 或者第三段的 Files leaked by Snowden show GCHQ) 38.What doe the word “This” in Paragraph 3 refer to ? A Collection of raw data from the undersea cables. B Search for the servers of internet companies. C Ability of GCHQ to undertake surveillance of the web and mobile phone network. D Leaks of national security by its American partner. (根据第三段 abilities to undertake industrial-scale surveillance of the web and mobile phone networks.) 39. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A Lord King considered it necessary to review the laws on justifying surveillance and interception techniques. B The revelations haven’t caused any concern in related countries. C Private data from Prism and Tempora is shared by Germany and The UK. D Nick Pickles believes that the laws on how internet data is accessed needn’t updating. (根据第四段 Last week Lord King, a former Conservative defence secretary, called for a review

of the laws used to justify surveillance and interception(窃听) techniques.) 40. In which session are you likely to read the passage in a newspaper? A Science B Education C Entertainment D News (根据整篇文章谈论的话题可知。 ) (解析:每题后给出了解释,并在原文中把信息来源的文字改成了蓝色。短文字数为 346 个) D One side effect of globalization(全球化) and the related phenomenon of greatly increased mobility is that the traditional definition(定义) of “foreigner” has passed its sell-by date. Is a European who has lived in China longer than in his home country, becoming fluent in the language and culture in the process, still a foreigner in China, or has he become more of a foreigner in his own home town? What about a Beijinger who did her schooling in Canada and then lived and worked in mainstream society there for another 20 years while raising a family, who has no intention of returning to China? Does she think and act like a foreigner? What do we mean by this label(标签)? When I grew up in the suburbs of Chicago, the faces you would see during a walk through a local shopping mall back in the 1960s and 1970s included almost none of Asian descent. Today the same malls are full of Asian faces, and a glance at the ranks of top scoring students in local schools reveals lots of Asian surnames. To some extent, this is no great surprise in the American context, because America is a land of immigrants, and a cultural melting pot. Apart from the native American Indians, Americans are (or were), in some way, all foreigners anyway. Absorbing a large number of immigrants is an established pattern in American history. In most places, the traditional foreigners were people who didn’t speak or read the local languages well, were unfamiliar with local customs and lifestyles, often engaged in relatively third-class work, and certainly not the type of people you would want your sons or daughters to marry. But, nowadays, a foreigner down the street may have better SAT scores than you did, or higher degree from a better university. He might also be your son’s or daughter’s next employer. The traditional role models are getting mixed up, and it looks like this is just the beginning of a new chapter. Today, the whole thing has totally changed. It’s not about where people are from or what color their skins are. It’s about who they are, what values and skills they bring, and how they think. 41.By mentioning a European and a Beijinger , the author tends to tell us______. it’s no long proper to define foreigners according to their birthplaces the label of foreigners can never be removed most foreigners can do well in learning languages it’s impossible for a foreigner get recognition abroad 42.What can be inferred from the 3rd paragraph? In 1960s and 1970s, Asians didn’t shop in Chicago. Today, more and more Asian travelers like to shop in Chicago. There are more Asian immigrants today than in 1960s and 1970s in Chicago.

Most Asian students do well academically in the schools in Chicago. 43.Which is Not the feature of the traditional foreigners according to the author? They didn’t have good command of the local languages. It’s hard for them to marry local people. They rarely got familiar with the local customs and lifestyles. Most of them didn’t live at the bottom of the local society. 44. The underlined sentence in paragraph 1 has the closest meaning to________. the term “foreigner” should be redefined the term “foreigner” should no longer be used there are no longer foreigners in the world today the term “foreigner” is not proper to define people 45.What’s the main idea of the passage? Globalization and mobility caused more and more immigrants. The standards of defining “foreigner” has thoroughly changed. America is a cultural melting pot. Immigration is a global social phenomenon. Keys: ACDAB 答案解析: 本文为议论文,作者主要阐述了其对于“外国人”定义的理解,并提出“外国人”的定义标准应 随时代发展而改变。 A. 由文章第二段可知,传统意义上对“外国人”的定义会因为人们在外国的长生活时间、对 于社会及文化的高融入度而变得不再准确,所以作者想说的就是:仅以出生地来定义“外国 人”是不合适的。 C. 在文章第 3 段中,作者提到了在 60、70 年代,芝加哥的超市里几乎难以见到亚洲人;但 在今天,亚洲人的身影在同样的地方几乎随处可见,由此可得知现在芝加哥的亚洲移民比 60、70 年代要多。 D. 由文章的第 5 段 often engaged in relatively third-class work, and certainly not the type of people you would want your sons or daughters to marry 可知,传统的外国人多从事三流工作, 且并非本国人的理想结婚对象,所以可认定他们其实就是生活在社会的底层。 A. 本句中 has passed its sell-by date 意为“过时了”,或结合作者在文章最后一段中表述的观 点,可知本句的意思可理解为:“外国人”这一说法需要被重新定义。 B. 由文章的第一段及最后一段中作者较清晰且有明确倾向性的观点看,作者是主张:由于 时代的发展,对于“外国人”的定义需要变更。


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