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高考英语语法重难点易错题精编(单选题)


高考 英语 语法 -- 重难点、易错点 精编
1. 主动表被动,重难点: ---Why did you put the wood near the fire? It’s dangerous. ---Don’t worry. Wet wood won’t _______. burnt be burnt be burning burn 解释:本题考查动词的主动形式表示被动含义的用法。Burn 可以用主动形式表示被动意义。 类似的动词还有 read, write, sell, open 等。 2. Slove the first problem and the rest ___tomorrow. are going to be discussed is going to be discussed will discuss is discussing 解释:the rest(of the promblems) 译为 剩余部分;其余者 句子译为:解决第一个问题, 其余的将明天讨论。

3. 独立主格结构,重难点,极易错题: The factory produced many famous cars, none of ____ shipped to foreign countries. them which it what 解释:本题容易误选 which。容易被认为是一个非限制性定语从句。理由是 none 后面没有 并列连词 and, but。但是,ship 在这里是一个及物动词,意思为“运送……到”,也就是说这 里的 shipped 是一个过去分词,后面的部分是一个独立主格结构。如果在 shipped 前面加一 个 was,则应该选 which,构成非限制性定语从句。 4. 易错题: — Tom hadn’t passed the exam and was afraid of being scolded. — _____. So it was with Jim So was Jim, his classmate It’s the same with Jim Neither had Jim, his classmate 解释:So it was with Jim 是指上一句的内容也适合另一个人。如 It’s the same with Jim 中 It’s 改为 It was 才对。 5. 动词时态,易错题: ---Good evening. I ____ to see Miss Mary. ---Oh, good evening. I’m sorry, but she is not in.

came come have come had come 解释:本题主要考查动词时态的用法。came 表示过去所发生的事情;come 表示经常性或习 惯性的动作;have come 表示目前的情况和影响;had come 时态不符合对话的时间和语境。 6. 词组搭配(so…that/as) ,易错题: A computer is so useful a machine ________ we can use everywhere. that which as what 解释:本题考查句子结构和关系代词的选用。首先表示认清句子结构,use 后面应该接一个 及物动词,先行词应该充当宾语,而前面出现 so useful 不能用 that 与 which 来修饰,可以排 除。另外,what 不能引导定语从句。 7. 词组搭配(devote…to doing) ,常规题: The time he has devoted in the past years _______ the disable is now considered ________ of great value. to help; being to helping; to be to help; to be helping; being 解释:前一部分考查 devote one’s time to doing sth 句式。其中 devote 的宾语 the time 在定语 从句中提到了前面并省略了;后一部分中的 consider 的后面接了主语补足语,所以用不定式 作补语。 整个句子的意思为: 他在过去的十年中用在帮助残疾人身上的时间现在被认为是很 有价值。 8. 感叹句,常规题: _______ different life today is ________ what it was 30 years ago. How; from What a; from What; from How; with 解释:实际上本句主句的主语是 life today,而 different from 是主句的表语。可以把它变成 普通句式:Life today is different from what it was 30years ago. 9. 宾语从句,常规题: The manager decided to give the job to ____ he believed had a strong sense of duty. whoever whomever who those

解释:作宾语从句的主语;he believed 可视为插入语。 10. 虚拟语气,常规题: — Why didn’t you come to Mike’s birthday party yesterday? — Well, I ____, but I forgot it. should must should have must have 解释:should have 的后面省略了 come。should have come 表示“本应该而实际上没有”。 11. He arrived here at noon,____ in the day, and he went out and came back_____in the day. late; late late; later later; late later; later 解释:later 为副词,意为“后来”,come back late “回来晚了”。 12. 词组搭配,常规题: ______ part that women _______ in society is great. The; play A; take A; play The; take 解释:词组 paly… a part in(起……的作用)分开使用了。Part 在这里是特指,由定语从句 所修饰,所以用 the。



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