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2014届高三英语二轮专题测试阅读理解4


2014 届高三英语二轮专题测试:阅读理解
1.
We have designed all our bank cards to make your life easier. How to use your NatWest Servicecard As a Switch card, it lets you pay for all sorts of goods a

nd services, wherever you see the Switch logo. The money comes straight out of your account, so you can spend as much as you like as long as you have enough money or an agreed overdraft (透支) to cover it. It is also a cheque guarantee for up to the amount shown on the card. And it gives you free access to your money from over 31,000 cash machines across the UK. How to use your NatWest Cashcard You can use your Cashcard as a Solo card to pay for goods and services wherever you see the Solo logo. It can also give you access to your account and your cash from over 31,000 cash machines nationwide. You can spend or withdraw what you have in your account, or as much as your agreed overdraft limit. Using your card abroad You can also use your Servicecard and Cashcard when you're abroad. You can withdraw at cash machines and pay for goods and services wherever you see the Cirrus or Maestro logo displayed. We take a commission charge (手续费) of 2.25% of each cash withdrawal you make (up to £4) and a commission Charge of 75 pence every time you use Maestro to pay for goods or services. We also apply a foreign-exchange transaction fee of 2.65%. How to use your NatWest Credit Card With your credit card you can do the following: * Pay for goods and services and enjoy up to 56 days interest-free credit. * Pay in over 24 million shops worldwide that display the Mastercard or Visa logos. * Collect one AIR MILE for every £20 of spending that appears on your statement (结算单). (This does not include foreign currency or traveler's cheques bought, interest and other charges.)

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69. If you carry the Servicecard or the Cashcard, ________. A. you can use it to guarantee things as you wish B. you can draw your money from cash machines conveniently C. you can spend as much money as you like without a limit D. you have to pay some extra money when you pay for services in the UK 70. If you withdraw £200 from a cash machine abroad,you will be charged ________. A. £4 B. £4.5 C. £5.25 D. £5.3

71. Which of the following is TRUE about using your NatWest Credit Card? A. You have to pay back with interest within 56 days. B. You will be charged some interest beyond two months. C. You can use the card in any shop across the world. D. You will gain one air mile if you spend £20 on traveler’s cheques.

2.
Does it feel right? This is an excerpt from Oprah Winfrey’s 2008 Stanford Commencement (毕业典礼) Address: A year after I left college, I was given the opportunity to co-anchor (共同主持) the 6 o’clock news in Baltimore…Yet, it didn’t feel right. The first sign, as President Hennessy was saying, was when they tried to change my name. The news director said to me at the time: “Nobody’s going to remember Oprah. So, we want to change your name. We’ve come up with a name we think that people will remember and people will like. It’s a friendly name: Suzie.”… I grew up not loving the name, but once I was asked to change it, I thought, well, it is my name and do I look like a Suzie to you? So, I thought, no, it doesn’t feel right. I’m not going to change my name. And if people remember it or not, that’s OK. And then they said they didn’t like the way I looked… So, they sent me to a salon where they gave me a perm (烫发), and after a few days all my hair fell out and I had to shave my head. And then they really didn’t like the way I looked, because now I am black and bald and sitting on TV. Not a pretty picture. But even worse than being bald, I really hated, hated, hated being sent to report on other
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people’s tragedies as a part of my daily duty, knowing that I was just expected to observe, when everything in my instinct told me that I should be doing something, (and that) I should be lending a hand… It felt right. And that’s where everything that followed for me began. And after eight months, I lost that job. They said I was too emotional. I was too much. But since they didn’t want to pay out the contract, they put me on a talk show in Baltimore. And the moment I sat down on that show, the moment I did, I felt like I’d come home. I realized that TV could be more than just a playground, but a platform for service, for helping other people’s lives improve. And the moment I sat down, doing that talk show, it felt like breathing. And I got that lesson. When you’re doing the work you’re meant to do, it feels right and every day is a bonus (意外收获), regardless of what you’re getting paid. 65. Why did Oprah refuse to change her name to Suzie? A. She wanted to be herself. B. It would be inconvenient. C. The name Suzie was too ordinary. D. She was fond of her own name. 66. What was the most important reason for why Oprah hated her job reporting the news? A. Reporting tragedies all day made her sad. B. She didn’t like just standing around and talking. C. She hoped she could decide what to report. D. She was asked to change her name and shave her hair off. 67. What does “that lesson” in the last paragraph refer to? A. Listening to your heart. B. A good beginning makes a good ending. C. Don’t hesitate to find a better job. D. Helping people improve. 68. Which of the following best describes Oprah? A. Understanding and optimistic. B. Careful and considerate. C. Persuasive and emotional.
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D. Determined and sympathetic.

3.
Petroleum, consisting of crude oil(原油) and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter in marine sediment(海洋沉淀物).Tiny organisms settle to the seafloor and gather in marine mud. The organic matter may partially break down, using up the dissolved oxygen in the sediment. As soon as the oxygen is gone, decay stops and the remaining organic matter is preserved. Continued sedimentation buries the organic matter and subjects it to higher temperatures and pressures, which change the organic matter to oil and gas. As muddy sediments are pressed together, the gas and small drops of oil may be squeezed out of the mud and may move into sandy layers nearby. Over millions of years, accumulations of gas and oil can collect in the sandy layers. Both oil and gas are less dense than water, so they generally tend to rise upward through rock and sediment. Oil pools are valuable underground accumulations of oil, and oil fields are regions underlain by one or more oil pools. When an oil pool or field is discovered, wells are drilled into the ground. When the well reaches a pool, oil usually rises up the well because of its density difference(密度 差) with water beneath it or because of the pressure of expanding gas trapped above it. Although this rise of oil is almost always carefully controlled today, strong natural flows of oil were common in the past. Gas pressure gradually dies out, and oil is pumped from the well. Water or steam may be pumped down neighboring wells to help push the oil out. As oil becomes increasingly difficult to find, the search for it is extended into more unfriendly environments. The development of the oil field on the North Slope of Alaska and the construction of the Alaska pipeline are examples of the great expense and difficulty involved in new oil discoveries. Offshore drilling platforms extend the search for oil to the ocean’s continental shelves. More than one-quarter of the world’s oil and almost one-fifth of the world’s natural gas come from offshore, even though offshore drilling is six to seven times more expensive than drilling on land. Of course, there is far more oil underground than can be recovered. Even given the best
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exploration techniques, only about 30 to 40 percent of the oil in a given pool can be brought to the surface. The rest is far too difficult to reach and has to remain underground. 72. Which of the following is true about petroleum formation? A. Microscopic organisms that live in mud produce crude oil and natural gas. B. Large amounts of oxygen are needed for petroleum formation to begin. C. Petroleum is formed when organic material in sediments combines with decaying organisms. D. Petroleum formation appears to begin in marine sediments where organic matter exists. 73. What does the development of the Alaskan oil field mentioned illustrate? A. More petroleum is extracted from the sea than from land. B. Drilling for oil requires huge financial investments. C. The global demand for oil has been increasing over the years. D. The North Slope of Alaska has substantial amounts of oil. 74. What does the author mainly intend to tell us in the passage? A. The formation, processing and exploration of petroleum B. The specific techniques involved in oil exploration. C. The changing relationships between countries. D. The future intense situation in oil product markets. 75. What can we infer from the passage? A. Available exploration techniques serve our purpose of exploring oil very well. B. More and more public regions will be further protected from being drilled in the future. C. Countries may suffer from unpleasant relationships for respective benefits in exploring oil. D. Powerful flows of oil is a phenomenon which can be witnessed rarely now.

4.
One of the major functions of an iPhone is, of course, to play music. The iTunes app has been designed in such a way as to take advantage of the iPhone’s touch screen. But what if you want to listen to music that isn’t in your iTunes library, or you want to discover new music without sitting in front of a computer?
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There are plenty of ways to access music, but not everyone knows what options are available. Either that, or there are so many options that going through all of them is tiring. For these reasons, here we offer a few convenient ways of listening to music on your iPhone without using iTunes. ● Stream some radio (Tuneln Radio) Tuneln Radio provides a quick and easy way to listen to thousands of Internet radio stations on your Apple products. In addition to local radio stations, this app compiles more than 40,000 radio stations from around the country. What makes the app special is that it allows you to pause and rewind live radio---pause your station to take a phone call or rewind to replay a favorite song. You can also browse by genre or location, and the app includes plenty of talks, news, sports and weather stations in addition to music. ● From desktop to smartphone (QQ Music) QQ Music seems like the obvious choice, and it is. It’s a streaming service based on the Tencent technology that is already wildly popular on the Internet and now also offers a (free) app. Through this app you can listen to existing playlists or create new ones based on the patterns of music you like. It works amazingly well and everything can be saved to your QQ account for access from a computer. ● What was that song? (Shazam) Shazam is an innovative and free app that cures your “What was that song?” problem. It happens to all of us: we hear a song (on TV or in a store), love it, know we have heard it before but just can’t remember what it’s called. With Shazam you don’t need to. Just hold your iPhone up and through its microphone, Shazam will identify the album, artist and song title for you. You can then either purchase the song in iTunes or search it on other apps for streaming. How cool is that? 69. All of the options are strongly recommended to the users of ___________. A. iTunes B. iPhones C. computers D. microphones

70. If you are to enjoy the freedom to go backward or make a phone call without missing anything you are listening, you can turn to ______. A. Tuneln Radio B. iTunes C. Shazam D. QQ Music

71. What is possibly the best title for the passage ?
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A. Beyond the Music C. Get easier accesses to music

B. Streaming Service of Music D. Get Familiar to Each Song

5.
About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table. I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked, “So, how have you been?” And the boy --- who could not have been more than seven or eight years old ---replied, “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.” This incident stuck in my mind because it confirmed my growing belief that children are changing. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed” until we were in high school. The evidence of a change in children has increased steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to. Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it is certainly different. Children as they once were on longer exists. Why? Human development is based not only on innate biological states, but also on patterns of access to social knowledge. Movement from one social route to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new status. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages: traditionally, we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders. In the last 30 years, however, a secret-revelation machine has been installed in 98 percent of American homes. It is called television. Television passes information indiscriminately to all viewers alike, be they children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation, many children turn their attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more vivid moving pictures. Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information to which children have access. Reading and writing involve a complex code of symbols that must be memorized and practiced. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials. 65. According to the author, feeling depressed is ________. A. a sure sign of a psychological problem in children’s mental development
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B. something rarely expected in children’s mental development C. an inevitable thing in children’s mental development D. something usually experienced in children’s mental development 66. What does the underlined word innate in Paragraph 4 mean ? A. something a person is born with C. something a person is expected of B. something a person is tired of D. something a person is dreaming of

67. What of the following statement is NOT true according to the last paragraph? A. Communication through print helps children develop their reading skills. B. Communication through print helps children access more social information. C. Communication through print helps children command a complex code of symbols. D. Communication through print helps children read different materials at random. 68. What is the attitude of the author about today’s children? A. He feels shocked by their premature behavior. B. He thinks it is a phenomenon unworthy of note. C. He considers it a positive social development. D. He seems to be concerned about the tendency.

6.
I′m not so sure I like my friends any more. used to like them—to be honest. I We′d have lunch, talk on the phone or exchange e—mails,and they all seemed normal enough. But then came Facebook. and I was introduced to a sad fact: many of my friends have dark sides that they had kept from me. Today my friends show off the more unpleasant aspects of their personalities via Facebook. No longer hidden,they′re thrown in my face like TV commercials—unavoidable and endless advertisements for the worst of their personalities. Take Fred . If you were to have lunch with him , you’d find him warm, and down-to-earth.Read his Facebook and you realize he′s an unbearable,food.obsessed bore.He′d pause to have a cup of coffee on his way to save a drowning man—and then write about it.
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Take Andy.You won′t find a smarter CEO anywhere, but now he′s a CEO without a company to lull.So he plays Mafia Wars on Facebook.He′s doing well—level 731.Thanks to Facebook,know he’s playing about 18 hours a day. I Andy. you′ve run four companies—and this is how you spend your downtime? What happened to golf? What happened to getting another job? Take Liz.She is positive that the H1N1 vaccine(疫苗)will kill us all and that we should avoid it.And then comes Chris who likes to post at least 20 times a day on every website he can find, so I get to read his thoughts twice, once on Faeebook and once on Twitter. In real life,I don′t see these sides of people.Face to face.my friends show me their best. They′re nice, smart people. face to Facebook, friends are like a blind date which But my goes horribly wrong. I′m left with a dilemma.Who is my real friend? Is it the Liz I have lunch with or the anti.vaccine lunatic(狂人)on Facebook? Is it the Fred I can grab a sandwich with or the Fred who weeps if he′S at a party and the wine isn′t up to his standards? 71.Who is opposed to the H1N1 vaccine in the text? A.Fred. B.Andy. C.Liz. D.Chris.

72.What′S Andy probably busy in doing now? A. He′s running his company. C. He′s looking for another job. B.He′s playing golf all day. D.He′s playing computer games.

73.According to the text,Facebook tends to_________________. A.present another side of people B.offer some fbods for free

C.show endless advertisements D.get you to more parties 74.The text is developed mainly by__________________. A.giving examples B.following the time order

C.1isting figures D.raising questions 75.The author focuses on the question of______________. A. what is Faeebook B.what happened to golf

C.who is my real friend D.who can help me

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试卷答案
1.BAB

2.ABAD

3.DBAD

4.BAC

5.BADD

6.CDAAC

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