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高中定语从句详解(赵)5


Which one is Harry Porter ?

The boy is Harry Porter

Which one is Harry Porter ?

定语从句

The boy _______________________ who is wearing glasses is Ha

rry Porter .

(Attributive clause)
一、概念: 在复合句中作定语的从句叫定语从 句。相当于形容词,修饰主句中名词或代词. ? (在句子中作定语)

Harry Porter is a smart boy.
形容词作定语

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power.
句子作定语,修饰boy, 叫做定语从句

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power.

结 构

先行词 关系词
作用

定语从句 关系副词 where, when, why

关系代词

who, whom, that which, whose,as

关系代词引导的定语从句 who what was the name of the man who lent you the money

whom the girl whom i met looked like Lily

关系代词引导的定语从句

that he is the man that lives next door is there anything (that) i can do for you? Which this is a book which describes Canada

关系代词引导的定语从句

Whose the room whose window is red is mine

As i’ve never heard such stories as he tells

关系代词注意
1.介词后和非限制性定语从句中,不用 that 2.The same ...as(同一类) The same... That(同一个) Eg:this is the same pen as i lost yesterday. this is the same pen that i lost yesterday

3. 只能用that的情况
Tom is the cleverest boy that I have ever known. This is the first play that I have seen since I came here.

① 序数词或形容词最高级修饰先行词时

I’ve read all the books that you lend me. ②先行词被every, some, no, all, any, little, much等修饰时。

Everything that we saw in this film was true.



everything, something, nothing, all, anything, little, much等不定代词作先行 词时

This is the only book that belongs to him.

④ 先行词被the only, the very, the same,
the last修饰时。 Who is the girl that is standing under the tree? Which is the machine that we used last Sunday.

⑤ 主句已有who或which时

I’ve never heard of the people and things that you talked about just now.

⑥ 当先行词同时指人和物时

关系副词引导的定语从句 When don’t forget the time when we met her.

Why the reason why he didn’t come was that he had missed the train.

关系副词引导的定语从句

Where this is the place where we lived last year.
注意: 及物:that/which 不及物:where Eg:this is the house that/which he visited. this is the house where he lived.

2.引导定语从句的关系副词

When=on(in,during…)which 关系副词 where=on(in,in front of…)which

Why=for which

Have a try
指出关系代词(副词)在定语从句中的成份:

1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( 主语 ) 2.The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. ( 宾语 ) 3.A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. ( 定语 ) 4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. ( 宾语 )

如何选用定语从句的关系词
? ? ? ? ? 1.首先分清主句和定语从句 2.看从句中是否缺成分 3.缺: 关系代词, 不缺:关系副词。 4.确定定语从句的先行词

3. 同位语从句与定语从句的区别
(1) 定语从句中的that既代替先行词,同时以在从 句中作某个成分(主语或宾语),而同位语从句 中的 that 是连词,只起连接主句与从句的作用, 不充当句中任何成分。

(2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词, 对先行词加以限定,描述它的性质或特征;同位 语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行具体内 容的补充说明。例如: 1) The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year.(他告诉我的消息是汤姆明年将出 国。)(第一个that引导的从句是定语

从句,that在从句中作宾语)
2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him. (汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。) (同位语从

句,that在句中不作任何成分)

1、Do you know the man ___ is talking with your father? A. whose B. who C. which
2、The boys ___ the teacher talked to are from Class One. A. when B. which C. who 3、Those ___ want to go to the museum must be at the school gate at 7 tomorrow morning. A. who B. which C. whom

由Who 引导的定语从句,在句中做主语\ 宾语

4. The gentleman ___ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. A. who B. about whom C. whom 5. The doctor ___ you are looking for is in the room. A. whom B. what C. which

6. The teacher for ____ you are waiting has come. A. who B. whom C. that
介词提前时只能用 whom

由Whom 引导的定语从句,在句中做宾语

7. A child ___ parents are dead is called an orphan. A. which B. his C. whose 8. This book is for the students ___ native(本国的) language is not English. A. that B. of whom C. whose

由Whose 引导的定语从句, 在句中做定语

10、He prefers to eat the rice ___ in the south. A. who is grown B. which is grown C. when is grown 11、 The knife ___ I cut the apple with can’t be found. A. which B. who C. what
that

12、The room in ___ there are many books is mine. 介词提前时只能用 which A. that B. who C. which 13、This is the pen ____ he bought yesterday. A. which B. who C. when 由Which 引导的定语从句,在句中做主语\ 宾语

14. All _____ is needed is a supply of oil. A. which B. that C. what 15. Finally, the thief handed everything ____ he had stolen to the police. A. which B. what C. that

先行词是不定代词 all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything只能用that引导

16. It’s the most boring film ___ I have ever seen. A. which B. that C. whose 17. This is the first car ___ arrived this morning. A. which B. who C. that

先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修 饰时只能用that引导

18. I know all people ___ are from that village. A. who B. that C. whose 19. There is no water ___ is needed badly. A. which B. who C. that 20. Please take any seat ___ is free. A. which B. that C. in which

先行词被all, any, every, few, little, no, some 等修饰时只能用that引导

21. That is the very book ___ I was looking for. A. who B. that C. which

22. After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing ___ he owns. A. who B. that C. which

先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last 等修饰时只能用that 引导

23. The speaker spoke of some writers and some books ___ were popular then. A. who B. that C. which

先行词被既有人又有物时只能用that 引导

24. Who is the worker ___ took some pictures of the factory. A. who B. that C. which

主句已有who或which时,只能用 that 引导

练习题

C is useful to us is good. 1、All______
A、which B、what C、that D、whether

2、Is this factoryD ____ we visited last week. A、where B、that C、which D、the one

3、She will never forget the day_____ she spent in Beijing. A、when B、what C、which D、why

C

4、This is the school D _______ my father worked 20 years ago. A、that B、when C、which D、where

A 5、This is the very factory_______we visited last year. A、that B、which C、what D、the one

B 6、The college won’t take anyone _____ eyesight is weak. A、who B、whose C、of whom D、which

7、Let me think of a proper situation A _______ this sentence can be used. A、where B、that C、of whom D、which

B 8、The man _______ you are talking is in the next room. A、to whom B、about whom C、about who D、whom

B to take part in the 9、Those _____ game write down your names. A、who B、who want C、what wants D、want

10、I don’t like the wayD _____ he spoke to me. A、by that B、what C、by which D、/

C 11、This is the only thing _____ I can do now. A、what B、which C、that D、all

C 12、He told me the reason _____ he didn’t come here. A、which B、that C、why D、what

13、This is the reason A ______ he told me. A、that B、why C、on which D、for that


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