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book2 unit5


一、重点词汇词形转换 1. class n. classical (adj) humorous (adj.) additional (adj.) (adj)

2. humor n.
3. addition n.

musical 4. music n. musician (n. 音乐家) 5. confidence n. co

nfident 6. devote v. devotion (n.) 7. pain n. (adj.) devoted

(adj)

painful

(adj.)

8. perform v. performer (n表演者) performance(n.表演)

重点词汇词形转换 9. invite v. invitation (n.)

10. able adj.
11. sense n.

ability
sensor senseless sensitive

(n) disability
(n传感器)

(反义词)

(adj无感觉的) (adj敏感的) (adj) (adj) (n)

12. rely v. 13. attract v.

reliable attractive attraction

二、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成中文或英文。 梦见 1.dream of_______________ 2. above all _____________________ 首先, 最重要的是 3. go wrong ____________________ 出故障 4. be based on ____________________ 以??为基础 5. more than ______________________ 不仅 6. sort out _____________________ 分类 大约,左右 7. or so _________________________ 8. earn a living ______________ 谋生 9. form a band_______________________ 组成乐队 10. stick to ___________________________ 坚持

11. ___________________ 偶然,意外地 by chance 12. ______________________ 使某人想起 remind sb. of 13. _______________________ 对??说实话 be honest with come true 14.________________________ 实现 form the habit of 15. ________________________ 养成?的习惯 play jokes on 16. _______________________ 戏弄 17. ______________________ 浪费时间 a waste of time 18. ______________________ 打碎,解体 break up 19. _______________________ 对??有信心; be confident about/of 20. _______________________ 认真对待 be serious about

三. 从上面列举的短语中选择适当的,填入下面的空格中 1) We value honesty very much, so you should be honest with everyone.
? 2) The computer doesn’t work. It must have gone wrong .? 3) Since he was very young, he has formed the habit getting up early.? of 4) On April fools day, people usually play jokes on 5) He noticed this phenomenon only by chance 6) Don’t be afraid. You must be confident in each other.?

, but not on purpose.? yourself.?

7) We must

sort out the good apples from the bad.?

8) She is a girl. She has a lot of homework to do. Above all she is too

young.

1.在中学时杰克总是喜欢拿我开现笑,因为我们是好朋 友。 When at middle school, Jack liked to play jokes on me since we were good friends. 2、如果他梦想成真,他会挣到很多钱,而且可以获得 很高的声誉。 If his dream came true, he would have earn a lot of money and got great reputation 3. 后来他去了国外学习。 Afterwards he went abroad for further study.

4. 但是,昨天我在街上偶然遇到他时,他告诉我现在 他当了一名医生。 However, I met him by chance in the street yesterday; he said he was a famous doctor now. 5.他能成为一个成功的医生是因为他在学校就养成良好 的习惯,并坚持自己的计划。 The reason why he could become a successful doctor was that he formed good habits at school and stuck to his own plan. 6.但是我认为他最重要是不浪费时间 。 But above all, I believe he never wasted his time.

When at middle school, Jack liked to play jokes on me since we were good friends. He once said if his dream came true, he would have earn a lot of money and got great reputation. Afterwards he went abroad for further study. To my surprise, I met him by chance in the street yesterday; he said he was a famous doctor now. The reason why he could become a successful doctor was that he formed good habits at school and stuck to his own plan. But above all, I believe he never wasted his time.

课文概要
Festivals and celebrations are held everywhere since ancient times for various reasons. In one way or another, each festival is held in honour of a unique event or a person or god.

五、词组运用 词组填空 根据句子提供的语境,从第四大题中选 一个适当的词组并用其适当的形式填空。 1.Although his plan is difficult to carry out, he ___________ it. sticks to 2.There are thousands of toys here, could you sort out please ____________ those that can be thrown away? 3.A journey around the world is just something dream of / about most of us can only ___________________. To be honest with 4.______________________ yourself, do you really need that much money?

翻译填空 根据汉语意思,从上述短语中选一个恰 当的词组完成句子。 reminds me of 5. The interesting story ________________ (使我想 起)my childhood. is based on 6. The film _____________ (以...为基础)a novel written by Qiong Yao. 7. We should never have gone there. It was really a waste of time total ____________________(浪费时间).

句子翻译 从上述短语中选择恰当的短语翻译下列句 子。 8. 我昨天在街上意外地碰到了一位老同学。 Yesterday I met an old classmates of mine in the street by chance. 9. 他梦想长大要当一名科学家。 He dreams of becoming a scientist when he grows up. 10. 李平公正勤劳,最重要的诚实。 Li ping is fair, hardworking, and above all honest.

核心单词 1. form v.(使)形成,排列n.形状,表格 ◇A plan began to form in his mind. 一项计划开始 在他脑海中形成。 ◆搭配:填入适当的词完成下列短语。 (1)form a good ________ 养成良好的习惯 habit of (2)form the habit _____ doing sth.养成做某事的习惯 into (3)form… ______ …. 把??做成/分成/排成?? (4)_____ form 状态良好,在形式上 in out of (5)________ form 状态不好 in (6)______ the form of 以??的方式,呈现?的形状 (7)______ the form of采取??形式,以?形式出现 take fill (8)______ in/out this form填这张表格

■运用:根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 (1)史密斯先生把他班上的学生编成五个组。 into five groups formed Mr. Smith _________his class _________________

(2)这种培训是以讲座的形式进行的。 The training ____________________________ took/takes the form of lectures.

2. earn vt. 赚,挣得,获得 ◇His honesty earned him great respect.他的诚实赢得 了别人的尊敬。 ◆搭配:熟记下列固定搭配。 (1)earn one’s living谋生,自食其力(=make a living) (2)earn one’s own living自食其力 (3)earn money / praise 赚钱/赢得表扬 (4)earn a good reputation赢得一个好名声 ■运用: (1)她是怎样谋生的? she earn her living How does_______________________? (2)他通过晚上工作,已经挣了好多钱。 He has earned a lot of money _____________________________ by working in the evenings.

3. perform v.表演(act or show),履行,实行(carry out) ◇The magician performed some astonishing tricks.魔 术家表演了一些令人惊叹的戏法。 ◇I begin to perform the plan. 我开始执行计划。 ◇You must perform what you promise.你必须履行你 的承诺。 ◆搭配:完成下列短语。 job (1)perform one’s _______做本职工作 duty (2)perform one’s _______履行期职责 promise (3)perform one’s ___________履行诺言 wonder (4)perform a miracle/_________创造奇迹 (5)perform a _______ 执行任务 task operation (6)perform an ____________ 做手术

★联想:熟记下列短语。 (1) put on a performance 上演 (2) give a performance 演出 ■运用: (1)我们队在昨天的比赛中表现突出。 performed very well Our team _____________________ in the match yesterday. (2)在离开英国之前,他们还要演出两场。 give two more performances They will ____________________________before leaving Britain.

重要词组 1. dream of/ about梦见,梦想,设想 ◇“What did you dream about?” “I dreamt that I was flying to the moon.” “你梦见什么了?”“我梦见我正飞往月球。” ★联想:填入适当的词,完成下列短语或句子。 realize (1)__________ one’s dream (of) 梦想成真 come true (2)Her dream has _____________她的梦想实现了。

■运用:根据汉语意思,翻译或完成下列句子。 (1)他梦想成为一名科学家。 He dreams of being a scientist. ___________________________ (2)刘翔实现了他奥运会拿金牌的梦想。 Liu Xiang has realized ______________________ his dream of winning a __________________________________________ gold medal in the Olympic Games

2. break up打碎,分裂,分手,解散,结束,衰弱 ◆理解:指出划线部分的意思,并翻译句子。 (1)Break up the whole into parts. 打碎,分散。译:化整为零。 (2)I'll break up with my girlfriend. 和某人分手。译:我要和女朋友分手。 (3)When does school break up? 结束,放假。译:学期什么时候结束? (4)He was breaking up under the strain. 衰弱。译:他劳累过度,身体逐渐衰弱。

★联想: (1)break _________毁坏,(机器)出故障; down away (from) (2)break ________________挣脱,逃离,脱离 (3)break _________闯入,突然??起来 into (4)break _________(不愉快之事)突然发生,爆发 out (5)break _________突破,突围,冲垮 through

3. stick to 坚持,忠于,信守 ◇Students must stick to this rule.学生必须遵守这条规则。 ◇He is a man who sticks to his friends.他是个忠于朋友的人。 辨析: (1)stick to 多用于坚持原则,计划,诺言,决定和论点等(多 接名词或代词) (2)insist on 多指坚决主张或强烈要求 (后接动词的-ing形式)

●用stick to或insist on填空。 (1)You must __________ your promise.你必需坚守你的诺言。 stick to insist on (2)I __________ your coming with me.我一定要你和我同去。 stick to (3)They make plans and __________ them.他们制定学习计划 并持之以恒。

4. sort out 分类,整理,挑出来 ◇Please sort out what you want and throw the rest away.请把你要的东西清理出来并把其余的全扔掉。 ◇We must sort out the good apples from the bad.我 们必须把好的苹果与坏的分开。 ★联想: look (1)_________ out当心 carry (2)_________ out执行,带出 pick take (3)_________ out 挑出 (4)_________ out取出 try sell (5)_________ out 卖完 (6)_________ out试一试 put (7)_________ out 扑灭 find (8)_________ out查明,弄清楚 (9)_________ out 穿坏 wear (10)_________ out外出,熄灭 be/go

5. or so 大约,左右(放在数字的后面) ◇There are 300 students or so in this middle school. 这所中学大约有300个学生。

■运用:根据汉语意思,完成下列英文句子。 (1)我们能在一周左右完成工作。 We can finish the work in ________________. a week or so (2)三年左右。越快越好。 Three years or so ____________________. The sooner the better.


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