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常州市2014届高三上学期期末考试英语试题


常州市教育学会学生学业水平监测 高三英语试题
纸上;第二卷答案直接做在试卷上。总分为 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 2014 年 1 月 注意:本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。第一卷答案全部做在答题

第一卷 (选择题,共 85 分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分

,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What’s the man doing? A. He is sleeping. B. He is watching TV. C. He is doing his homework.

2. What will the woman do over this weekend? A. Have coffee with the man. B. Work. C. Visit a friend.

3. How did the man get on with his English composition? A. He didn’t finish it. B. He finished it with time left over. C. He finished it, but not perfectly. 4. What does the man mean by saying “But it’s won so many awards”? A. The film is probably worth seeing. B. He is not interested in seeing the film. C. He doesn’t care whether the film is the latest or not. 5. What time is it now? A. 6:30. B. 7:00. C. 7:10.

第二节 (共15 小题;每小题1 分,满分15 分) 听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟; 听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What can we learn form the conversation? A. The woman has no money with her. B. The two speakers are tired and thirsty. C. The man likes sweet drinks.

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7. What do the two speakers like to have? A. Coke. B. Ice cream. C. Mineral water.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Why does the girl work hard at her lessons? A. She wants to be an engineer in the future. B. She is going to be a biologist after she graduates. C. She is going to take an exam. 9. What can we learn about the boy? A. He will graduate from college earlier than the girl. B. He wants to be a doctor in the future. C. He doesn't work hard at his lessons. 10. Who do you think often has to learn technical words? A. The boy. B. The girl. C. Both the boy and the girl.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 小题。 11. How long will the man stay in England? A. For two months. B. For one week. C. For two weeks.

12. What’s the best way to travel in England according to the woman? A. By car. 13. What can we learn form the text? A. The man has never been to Cambridge. B. The man will go to Oxford after London. C. The Britain police are specially strict with foreign drivers. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What will the two speakers do during the Spring Festival? A. Go to the woman’s hometown. C. Go to the man’s hometown. 15. Why won’t the two speakers buy toys for Alice? A. She hates toys. B. She is too old for toys. C. She likes books. B. Stay at home. B. By train. C. By bus.

16. What will the two speakers buy for Dela? A. Some CDs. B. A book. C. A toy spacesuit.

17. What will the two speakers buy for the woman’s father? A. A bird cage. B. A radio. C. Some CDs.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 ~20 题。 18. How does an American feel when he is thanked again and again?

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A. Excited.

B. Unhappy.

C. Moved.

19. What can we learn from the text? A. People needn’t say “thank you” for small things. B. You should apologize for your poor spoken English. C. Empty thanks may make people uncomfortable. 20. What does the speaker mainly talk about? A. The importance of saying “thank you”. B. Saying “thank you” is necessary but don’t overdo it. C. When we should say “thank you” to people. 第二部分:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分;满分 15 分) 21. I have been staying up until midnight since Monday, working on my paper. I need to ______ some sleep this weekend. A. catch up on B. live up to C. get along with D. make sense of

22. —Why are you crying? Today is your birthday! —____________. I am so excited with so many friends surrounding me. A. Just can’t help it C. None of your business B. Don’t mention it D. That’s all right

23. It isn't just big data specialists like data scientists and statisticians ______ to benefit from this boom of big data opportunities. A. who stands B. that stand C. which stands D. when stand

24. Everyone in this country should work hard and do what they can _____ against national smog. A. fight B. fought C. fighting D. to fight

25. — I didn’t watch the program “Where are we going, Dad?” yesterday. — I________, either, if my father hadn’t reminded me. A.wouldn’t B.didn’t C.wouldn’t have D.hadn’t

26. The Roman alphabet is a Greek invention, ______ is the marathon, a long distance race created in honour of a Greek soldier. A. which B. what C. that D. as

27. Guangzhou Evergrande has raised China's hunger for soccer glory ever since the year 2013 ______ a series of its victories over other teams in and abroad China. A. saw B. bid C. had seen D. had bid

28. —Daddy, which of these smart kids do you like best in last night’s TV show? — ________ . They are all proud and selfish. A. Either B. Nothing C. Neither D. None

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29. — Tom seems not so enthusiastic as he was two years ago. — Yes. He’s really reached a point in his career ______ he has to decide what to do next. A. that B. when C. where D. which

30. The Chinese abacus(算盘), officially ______ as a cultural heritage at the 8th Annual UNESCO World Heritage Congress, is another symbol of Chinese wisdom. A. having listed B. listed C. having been listed D. listing

31. This nationwide smog should serve as a reminder to all, indicating a high time that we ______ on what we've done to the environment. A. have reflected B. are reflecting C. will reflect D. reflected

32. — Don’t be too ______ with what you wear as a middle school student. — Come on, Mom, stop being _____ on me all the time. A. controversial, strict B. particular, hard C. considerate; keen D. flexible; offensive

33. “I am astonished, my dear,” said Mrs. Bennet, “that you _____ be so ready to think your own children silly.” A. might B. could C. would D. should

34. We all breathed a sigh of relief when the news came _____ no one was injured in the accident. A. why B. that C. whether D. which

35. — 2013 is a successful year for us China. — ___________, and ________. A. So it is; so 2014 will C. So is it; so will 2014 B. So is it; so 2014 will D. So it is; so will 2014

第三部分:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后个题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Starting a new book is a risk, just like falling in love. You have to __36__ to it. You open the pages knowing a little bit about it, maybe from the back or from a blurb(宣传信息)on the front. But who __37__, right? Those bits and pieces aren’t always right. Sometimes people __38__ themselves as one thing and then when you get deep into it you realize that they’re something completely different. Either there was some good marketing __39__ to a terrible book, or the story was only explained in a(n) __40__ way and once you reach the middle of the book, you realize there’s so much more to this book than anyone could ever have told you. You start off slow. The story is beginning to __41__. You’re unsure. It’s a big commitment reading this tome(巨著). Maybe this book won’t be that great but you’ll feel __42__ about putting

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it down. Maybe it’ll be so awful you’ll set it down immediately and never pick it up again. Or maybe you’ll come back to it some night, drunk or lonely—needing something to __43__ the time, but it won’t be any better than it was when you first started reading it. Maybe you’re __44__. You’ve read tons of books before. Maybe you’ve taken some time off from reading because the last few books you read just weren’t __45__ it. Do they even write new, great works of literature anymore? Maybe it’s a once in a lifetime feeling and you’re never going to find it again. Or something __46__ could happen. Maybe this will become your new favorite book. There’s always a possibility, right? That’s the __47__ of risk. You __48__ your time and your brain power in the words and what you get back is a new understanding and pure wonder. How could someone possibly know you like this? Some stranger, some author, some character. It’s like they’re seeing inside your __49__. This book existed inside some book store, on a shelf, maybe handled by other people and really it was just __50__ for you to pick it up. It was waiting to speak to you. To say, “You are not __51__.” You just want more of the story. You want to keep reading, maybe everything this author has ever __52__. You wish it would never end. The closer it gets to the smaller side of the pages, the __53__ you read, wanting to savor(品味) it all. This book is now one of your favorites forever. You will always wish you could go back to __54__ having read it and pick it up fresh again, but also you know you’re better for having this close, inside you, __55__ your heart and mind. Reading a book is just like falling in love. Once you get in deep enough, you know you could never put this book down. 36. A. contribute 37. A. tells 38. A. advertise 39. A. attached 40. A. artificial 41. A. repeat 42. A. worried 43. A. fill 44. A. worn out 45. A. like 46. A. exciting 47. A. price 48. A. balance B. commit B. cares B. believe B. compared B. superficial B. change B. content B. spare B. run out B. worth B. familiar B. beauty B. waste C. subscribe C. writes C. behave C. used C. theoretical C. conflict C. guilty C. save C. given out C. beyond C. rare C. danger C. harvest D. react D. knows D. mistake D. related D. confidential D. unfold D. serious D. take D. made out D. beneath D. tough D. style D. invest

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49. A. soul 50. A. asking 51. A. alone 52. A. devoted 53. A. slower 54. A. always 55. A. covering

B. book B. looking B. yourself B. agreed B. faster B. ever B. breaking

C. body C. standing C. busy C. written C. more C. once C. separating

D. eyes D. waiting D. crazy D. enjoyed D. less D. never D. blocking

第四部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A England will play Italy, Uruguay and Costa Rica in a tough Group D at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. Roy Hodgson's men open their campaign against Italy in the Amazonian city of Manaus on 15 June in the only World Cup game which kicks off at 02:00 BST. England take on Uruguay on 19 June and play Costa Rica five days later. Hosts Brazil are in Group A with Cameroon, Mexico and Croatia while the World Cup holders Spain open with a repeat of the 2010 final against Netherlands. England will have to travel 1,777 miles from their chosen base in Rio for their first match in the tropical heat of Manaus. Earlier this week Hodgson described Manaus as "the place to avoid" because of the climate— temperatures reach 30C and humidity is about 80%—although after the draw the England boss took comfort from the fact his team face a fellow European side. "The conditions in the north will be tough, so we will both be in same boat," he said. "If we'd had three games up in the north, it would have been difficult." Following Hodgson's initial comments, the mayor of Manaus, Arthur Virgilio, said England would not be welcome in the city. England takes on two-time champions Uruguay in Sao Paulo and they play Costa Rica in Belo Horizonte—both cities are within 225 miles of their base. England have never previously beaten Italy or Uruguay at a major tournament(锦标赛), while they have never faced Costa Rica. Uruguay, who reached the semi-finals in 2010, and Italy, who knocked Hodgson's men out of Euro 2012, are ranked sixth and seventh respectively in the Fifa rankings while Costa Rica are 31st in the world - 18 places below England.
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56. When and where will England play its third group stage match? A. On 24 June; in Manaus C. On 19 June; in Manaus B. On 24 June; in Belo Horizonte D. On 19 June; in Sao Paulo

57. Which of the following can England take comfort from? A. The place where its first match in the group stage is held. B. The distance from its base to where its first match is held. C. The fact that two of its group stage games are not in the north. D. The fact that it is 7 places below Uruguay in the Fifa rankings. 58. Which of the following is true according to the news report? A. Roy Hodgson is the coach of Brazil national football team. B. Netherlands took the second place in the last World Cup. C. The mayor of Manaus is a fan of the British soccer team. D. England has never played against Uruguay in the history. B How do you design a pay plan that motivates people to do their best work? A new study by three Harvard researchers suggests a novel answer: Shortly after you hire new workers, give them a raise. "Previous research has shown that paying people more than they expect may elicit reciprocity(相互作用) in the form of greater productivity," notes Deepak Malhotra, a Harvard business-administration professor who worked on the study. What he and his colleagues found, however, was that the connection between more pay and extra effort depends on presenting the increase "as a gift—that is, as something you've chosen to do purely as a nice gesture, with no strings attached." Malhotra and his team studied 267 people hired by oDesk, a global online network of freelancers, to do a one-time data-entry project for four hours. All of the new hires were people in developing countries, for whom hourly wages of $3 and $4 were higher than what they had been making in previous jobs. The researchers split the group up into three equal parts. One group was told they would earn $3 an hour. A second group was initially hired at $3 an hour but, before they started working, they got a surprise: The budget for the project had expanded unexpectedly, they were told, and they would now be paid $4 an hour. The third group was offered $4 an hour from the start and given no increase. Even though the second and third groups were eventually paid the same amount, the second
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group worked harder and produced more—about 20% more—than either of the other two. People in the second group also showed the most stamina, maintaining their focus all the way through the assigned task and performing especially well toward the end of the four hours. Interestingly, the more experienced employees in the high-performing group were the most productive of all, apparently because their previous work experience led them to appreciate the rarity of an unexpected raise. Contrary to conventional wisdom, Malhotra points out that higher pay, in and of itself, didn't promote productivity: People who made $4 an hour from the beginning worked no harder than those who were hired at $3 and were then paid $3. To get the most impact from their pay plans, he adds, companies might consider not only what to pay new hires, but when to pay it. "The key thing is how you present [the reason for an increase]," he says. Doling out extra money could promote productivity most "if you make it clear that the pay raise is something you're choosing to do just because you can. Our theory is that people will reciprocate. If you do something nice, they'll do something nice back." 59.Which of the following is true about the research? A. None of the participants earned more than $4 an hour in previous jobs. B. 89 of the participants got a $1 wage raise for their high productivity. C. It was so important that the budget for it was increased in the process. D. Stamina shown in it was positively related to the amount of money paid. 60. What does the underlined word “stamina” most probably mean? A. The quality of being intelligent or clever. B. The quality of doing something difficult or dangerous. C. The physical or mental energy needed to do a tiring activity for a long time. D. A particular method of doing an activity, usually involving practical skills. 61. Why did the second group produce more than the other two groups? A. Because they thought they were better paid than the other groups. B. Because they were experienced employees from developing countries. C. Because an unexpected raise reminded them of their previous work. D. Because they felt they were nicely treated and tried best to repay it. 62. What can we infer from this passage? A. No pains, no gains. C. Honesty is the best policy.
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B. It matters not what we give but how. D. Actions speak louder than words.

C Recently, an almost literal case of lifeboat ethics(伦理) occurred. On Aug. 4, Graham and Sheryl Anley, while boating off the coast of South Africa, hit a rock. As the boat threatened to sink the husband got off, but his wife was trapped in the boat. Instead of freeing his wife and getting her to shore, Graham grabbed Rosie, their pet dog. With Rosie safe and sound, Graham returned for Sheryl. All are doing fine. It's a great story, but it doesn't strike me as especially newsworthy. News is supposed to be about something fairly unique, and recent research suggests that, in the right circumstances, lots of people also would have grabbed their Rosie first. We have strange relationships with our pets. We lavish our pets with adoration and better health care than billions of people receive. We speak to pets with the same high-pitched voices that we use for babies. As an extreme example of our feelings about pets, the Nazis had strict laws that guaranteed the humane treatment of the pets of Jews being shipped to death camps. A recent paper by George Regents University demonstrates this human involvement with pets to an astonishing extent. Participants in the study were told a situation in which a bus is out of control, bearing down on a dog and a human. Which do you save? With responses from more than 500 people, the answer was that it depended: What kind of human and what kind of dog? Everyone would save a brother, grandparent or close friend rather than a strange dog. But when people considered their own dog versus people less connected with them—a distant cousin or a hometown stranger—votes in favor of saving the dog came rolling in. And an astonishing 40% of respondents, including 46% of women, voted to save their dog over a foreign tourist. What does a finding like this mean? First, that your odds aren't so good if you find yourself in another country with a bus bearing down on you and a cute dog. But it also points to something deeper: our unprecedented(史无前例的) attitude toward animals, which got its start with the birth of humane societies in the 19th century. We prison people who abuse animals, put ourselves in harm's way in boats between whales and whalers and show sympathy to Bambi and his mother. We can extend empathy to an animal and feel its pain like no other species. But let's not be too proud of ourselves. As this study and too much of our history show, we're pretty selective about how we extend our humaneness to other human beings. 63. What is the function of the first paragraph? A. To create a relaxing mood for readers. B. To present the theme of this essay straightly.
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C. To lead in the main topic of this essay. D. To raise problems that will be solved later. 64. The author mentions Nazi laws in the third paragraph _______________. A. to show how cruel the Nazis were to the Jews B. as an example to persuade people not to love pets C. to illustrate the strange relationship between human and pets D. as an example to display the humaneness of the Nazis 65. Which of the following is true according to the article? A. The story of the Anleys and their dog was too unique to be newsworthy. B. Most people surveyed choose to save their own dog rather than a human. C. It was in the 19th century that human beings started to love their pets. D. Human beings are more and more concerned with animals nowadays. 66. What does the author mainly argue for? A. Pets are of great significance to us human beings. B. We should rethink about our attitude towards animals and mankind. C. It is kind of human beings to extend humaneness to animals. D. We should be selective when showing attitude toward other human beings. D Now, I want to start with a question: When was the last time you were called childish? For kids like me, being called childish can be a frequent occurrence. Every time we make irrational(不 理智的) demands, exhibit irresponsible behavior, or display any other signs of being normal American citizens, we are called childish. ___________A____________. After all, take a look at these events: imperialism (帝国主义) and colonization (殖民主义) , world wars, George W. Bush. Ask yourself: Who's responsible? Adults. Now, what have kids done? ___________B____________. Well, Anne Frank touched millions with her powerful account of the Holocaust ( 大屠杀 ), Ruby Bridges helped end segregation(隔离) in the United States, and, most recently, Charlie Simpson helped to raise 120,000 pounds for Haiti on his little bike. So, as you can see evidenced by such examples, age has absolutely nothing to do with it. We are called childish so often by adults that we should abolish this age-discrimination when it comes to criticizing behavior associated with irresponsibility and irrational thinking. Then again, who's to say that certain types of irrational thinking aren't exactly what the world needs? Maybe you've had grand plans before, but stopped yourself, thinking: That's impossible or
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that costs too much or that won't benefit me. For better or worse, we kids aren't hampered as much when it comes to thinking about reasons why not to do things. ___________C____________. Kids can be full of inspiring aspirations and hopeful thinking, like my wish that no one went hungry or that everything were free kind of utopia(乌托邦). How many of you still dream like that and believe in the possibilities? Sometimes a knowledge of history and the past failures of utopian ideals can be a burden. On the other hand, we kids still dream about perfection. ___________D____________. And that's a good thing because in order to make anything a reality, you have to dream about it first. Now, our inborn wisdom doesn't have to be insiders' knowledge. Kids already do a lot of learning from adults, and we have a lot to share. I think that adults should start learning from kids. Now, I do most of my speaking in front of an education crowd, teachers and students, and I like this analogy. It shouldn't just be a teacher at the head of the classroom telling students to do this, do that. The students should teach their teachers. Learning between grown ups and kids should be reciprocal. The reality, unfortunately, is a little different, and it has a lot to do with trust, or a lack of it. Now, if you don't trust someone, you place restrictions on them, right. If I doubt my older sister's ability to pay back the 10 percent interest I established on her last loan, I'm going to withhold her ability to get more money from me until she pays it back. True story, by the way. Now, adults seem to have a prevalently restrictive attitude towards kids from every "don't do that," "don't do this" in the school handbook, to restrictions on school internet use. Kids have no, or very little, say in making the rules, when really the attitude should be reciprocal(相互的), meaning that the adult population should learn and take into account the wishes of the younger population. Adults, you need to listen and learn from kids. The world needs opportunities for new leaders and new ideas. Kids need opportunities to lead and succeed. Are you ready to make the match? 67. Where should the sentence “This really bothers me.” be put in the passage? A. In blank A. C. In blank C. B. In blank B. D. In blank D.

68. What does the speaker think is the root cause why adults call kids childish? A. That kids like being called that way. B. That adults are more irresponsible than kids. C. That kids often make irrational demands. D. That adults are driven by age-discrimination against kids. 69. Which of the following least explains kids’ advantage over adults based on the speaker?
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A. Younger age. C. Knowledge of history. 70. What is the best title of this passage? A. Don’t Be Childish again, Adults! C. Don’t Do That, Don’t Do This!

B. Irrational thinking. D. Excess restrictions.

B. Time to Listen and Learn from Us! D. We Are Not Young Any More!

第二卷 (选择题,共 35 分)
第五部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注 意:每空格 1 个单词。 Chang'e 3 is a lunar(月球的) exploration mission operated by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), incorporating a robotic lander and China's first lunar rover. The spacecraft was named after Chang'e, the goddess of the Moon, and is a follow-up to the Chang'e 1 and Chang'e 2 lunar orbiters. The rover was named Yutu following an online poll, after the mythological rabbit that lives on the Moon as a pet of the Moon goddess. Chang'e 3 achieved lunar orbit on 6 December 2013 and landed on 14 December 2013, becoming the first probe to soft-land on the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. In January 2004, the People's Republic of China's lunar orbiter project was formally established. The first Chinese lunar orbiter, Chang'e 1, was launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Center on 24 October 2007 and entered lunar orbit on 5 November. The spacecraft operated until 1 March 2009, when it was intentionally impacted into the surface of the Moon. Data gathered by Chang'e 1 were used to create an accurate 3-D map of the entire lunar surface, assisting site selection for the Chang'e 3 lander. Chang'e 1's successor, Chang'e 2, was approved on October 2008 and was launched on 1 October 2010 to conduct research from a 100-km-high lunar orbit, in preparation for Chang'e 3's 2013 soft landing. Chang'e 2, though similar in design to Chang'e 1, was equipped with improved instruments and provided higher-resolution imagery of the lunar surface to assist in the planning of the Chang'e 3 mission. In March 2012, China began manufacturing the body and payload of the Chang'e 3 lander, which will attempt to perform lunar surface and space studies independently of the mission's mobile rover.
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Like its orbiting predecessors, the Chang'e 3 mission is planned as a precursor(先驱)to further robotic lunar exploration missions, including Chang'e 5, a sample return mission planned for 2017. Following these automated missions, a manned landing may be conducted around 2025. Chang'e 3 will attempt to perform the first direct measurement of the structure and depth of the lunar soil down to a depth of 30 m (98 ft), and investigate the lunar crust(壳) structure down to several hundred meters deep. The development of the six-wheeled rover began in 2002 and was completed in May 2010. It has a total mass of approximately 120 kg, with a payload capacity of approximately 20 kg. It can perform simple analysis of soil samples and may transmit video in real time. It can navigate inclines(斜坡) and has automatic sensors to prevent it from colliding(碰撞) with other objects. The rover was successfully deployed from the lander, and it made contact with the lunar surface on 14 December. After taking pictures of each other the lander and rover will start their respective science missions. The rover is designed to explore an area of 3 square kilometres during its 3-month mission, with a maximum travelling distance of 10 km.

Title: Chang’e 3 __71__ It is a lunar exploration mission operated by CNSA, incorporating a robotic lander and China's first lunar rover. Name Source It was named after the goddess of the Moon, __72__ up the names of Chang'e 1 and Chang'e 2. The program In January 2004,it was formally established. On 24 October 2007, it was launched and entered lunar orbit on 5 November. Chang'e 1 The History of China’s Lunar Exploration Chang’e 2 On 1 March 2009, it was impacted into the surface of the Moon on purpose. To help select a proper __73__for Chang’e 3 lander, data about the entire lunar surface were gathered. On October 2008, it was approved and launched __74__ years later. Its mission was to conduct research for Chang’e 3 soft landing. Although __75__designed, it was better equipped than Chang’e 1.

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Program

Started in March 2012, it achieved lunar orbit on 6 December 2013 and landed 8 days later, becoming the __76__ probe to Chang’e 3 soft-land on the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. The objectives are to measure the structure and depth of lunar soil and investigate the lunar crust to a great __77__. Chang’e 5 Around 2025 ? A sample return mission planned for 2017. A manned landing may be conducted.

It was began in 2002 and completed in 2010, __78__ about 120 kg with a payload capacity of 20 kg or so.

Information about the rover ? ?

It has many __79__, from analyzing soil samples to protecting itself. After the first __80__ with the moon on 14 December, it will stay on the moon for 3 months, exploring an area of 3 square km and travelling a maximum distance of 10 km.

第六部分 书面表达(25 分) 81.阅读下面的一则通讯稿,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Recently many advisers have called for reforms of the English language testing system to make it more effective in developing actual language ability. "Currently, the English testing system in China puts too much pressure on students to get high marks and ignores the development of their comprehensive (综合的) language abilities," they said. "Some changes in the evaluation procedures of English examinations are necessary for the sound development of the national English education system," others added. [写作内容] 假设你班最近要进行一次英语主题班会, 就上述文章中谈及的话题进行讨论, 请你准备 一篇发言稿,以下是发言稿的内容(开头与结尾已经写好) : 1. 以约 30 个词概括和分析上述话题的主要内容; 2. 以约 120 个词就这一话题发表自己的看法,并包括如下要点: (1) 你是否赞成通讯稿中人们的观点。 (2) 至少呈现三条理由来支撑自己的观点。 (3) 对于“How to develop comprehensive language ability”,提出你认为最重要的一条途径。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接抄用原文中的句子; 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

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Dear classmates, ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Personally, _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ As to the development of comprehensive language abilities, __________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ That’s all. I appreciate your attention.

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常州市 2013-2014 学年第一学期高三期末参考答案
听力:1-5:CBCAC 单选:21-15:AABDC: 完形:36-40: BDAAB 阅读:56-58: BCB 任务型阅读: 71. Definition 76. first 书面表达: Dear classmates, Recently, the topic of whether English should be tested in a reformed way has been heatedly discussed. Many believe the current evaluation procedures hinder students’ comprehensive abilities and therefore argue for a reform. Personally, I am against this point of view. There are numerous reasons why I think so, but today I would only explore some of them. Firstly, I don’t think our comprehensive abilities are hindered. To my knowledge, many of my classmates are good at all the four skills of English. Moreover, the current testing system is nothing but the fairest way for students to get selected for college study. Admittedly, there is pressure nowadays. But who can guarantee a new testing method will spare us from pressure? As to the development of comprehensive language abilities, I believe the only solution is we students practice more, either listening and reading or speaking and writing. Only in this way can we learn English in an effective way. That’s all. I appreciate your attention.(152 words) 72. following 77. depth 73. site (place) 78. weighing 74. two (2) 79. functions 75. similarly 80. contact 6-10:BCCAC 26-30:DADCB 41-45: DCAAB 59-62: ACDB 11-15: CAAAB 31-35:DBDBD 46-50: ABDAD 51-55: ACADA 16-20:CABCB

63-66: CCDB

67-70: ADDB

书面表达评分办法 一.要点分(下列要点中少一处扣相应的分数) 1. 30 字中要写出: 1.是什么话题 2 分 2. 人们的观点 3 分 3. 25-35 字范围内 2. 自己的看法部分 1. 自己的观点 2 分 2. 至少三条理由 6 分 3. 如何提高综合英语能力的途径 2 分 二.语言分;语法、词汇、句法、结构、过度词、结尾句、总词数等等
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1. 大错扣 2 分:时态语态、主谓一致、从句、非谓语等。 2. 三个小错扣 2 分 3. 相同错误不重复扣分 4. 低于 130 字和多于 150 字扣 2 分 三.按照 5 个档次扣分 10 分以下 10-13 14-17 18-21 22-25 不写的或超阅读文章的 0 分;25 分要没有任何错误

听力原文: Text 1 M: I’m sleepy. I have been studying for almost on hour. Can I watch TV now? W: Don’t you think that you should finish your homework first? Text 2 M: I was wondering if you would like to have coffee with me sometime this weekend. W: Well, actually, I’m working this weekend. M: That’s too bad. Text 3 W: Did you finish your English composition in the exam? M: Given more time, I would have done it better. Text 4 M: Shall we go to the cinema tonight? The latest film will be showing. W: But I’m not interested in seeing the film. M: But it’s won so many awards. Text 5 W: Is everybody here? Let’s start. M: Oh, no. Mary hasn’t come yet. W: What’s the matter? She was supposed to get here at 6:30. M: Yes, she is already 40 minute late. Text 6 W: I’m really thirsty and tired.

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M: So am I. It’s really a tiring day. W: Why don’t we get something to drink? M: That’s what I am thinking too. But you see, I happen to have no money with me. I left my wallet at home. W: It doesn’t matter. I’ve got plenty. What would you like to drink? M: Just some water. I hate to drink anything sweet. W: So do I. I’ll go over to buy two bottles of mineral water. Text 7 M: Don't tell me you're studying for another exam! W: That's exactly what I am doing. M: What subject is it this time? W: Biology, and it's going to be a hard one. M: Don't you get tired of studying all the time? W: Yes, I do. Sometimes I want to throw all of them right out of the window. M: I don’t know how you keep on with it. It's too hard to become a doctor. W: Well, you study a lot too. It doesn't seem any easier to become an engineer. M: But at least it doesn't take as long. I’ll be out putting up the buildings while you're still a student here. By the way, can I help you with your study now? W: Yes, please. You can read me all these words and see if I know what they mean. M: I don’t know if you'll remember all of them. W: You have to learn just as many words as I do, and they're all technical words that I don’t understand. Text 8 W: Good morning. Can I help you? M: Yes. We will stay in England for two weeks. Can you give us some advice on where to go and what to see? W: Yes, certainly. Have you been to England before? M: No, we haven’t. W: Well, I think you should begin with London. M: Where would you advise us to stay? W: We have a number of good hotels on our list. We can make a booking for you if you like. M: Where should we go after London? W: You ought to see either Oxford or Cambridge. M: What’s the best way to get about in England?

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W: You could go from place to place by train, and there are plenty of bus tours. Do you have an International Permit? M: Yes. W: Then I think the best choice would be to rent a car and drive around. But if you’re going to drive in Britain you’d better learn British traffic rules. The police are pretty strict about careful driving. Text 9 W: John, do you realize that the Spring Festival is only a month away? Before going to my hometown for our holiday,we have to think of our gifts for my family. M: Yes,and we have a lot of relatives to think about. W: Shall we decide what to send them all now? M: All right. Let’s make a list of names and then decide what to give them all. W: The children first, I think. What about Alice? M: She is too grown-up for toys. We can give her a book to help her study. W: Yes. Well, now what about Dela? He thinks of nothing but space travel nowadays. M: Oh, that makes it easy. Let’s give him one of those space travel suits that the toy shop has? You know what I mean: there is a big round plastic thing that goes over the head. W: That sounds like an excellent idea. He will be quite excited. M: What about your father and mother? W: Since retiring from work, father has fed birds at home. Oh, a bird cage will content him. Mother is fund of music. How about some CDs? M: Oh, that all sounds great. Text 10. “Thank you” means that you appreciate what someone has done for you, very often very small and most ordinary things. So we in the West thank people all day long. For instance, you will thank the saleswoman after she has attended to you. You will say thank you to the waitress when she brings you a cup of coffee. And a teacher will say "Thank you" to a student when has just answer the question. At home, the husband will thank the wife when she brings him a glass of water. However, too many expressions at gratitude give westerners the sense of empty thanks and make them uncomfortable. For example, if a American spend half an hour helping you write some letters, you will of course want to say "Thank you, I am really appreciate your time." That`s enough. If you go on and on with still say thanks and even add "I’m sorry to waste so much of your time, he will feel himself not thanked but annoyed and

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would not be anxious(渴望的)to help you again. And if he gets really annoyed, he might say: "well, if you really thinks you are wasting my time, you`d better stay out of my way." There was also no need for you to apologize for you’re not being able to speak good English wherever you go and whoever you meet.

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