虹口区 2014 学年度第一学期高三年级英语学科 期终教学质量监控测试卷
第 I 卷 I. Listening Comprehension
(共 103 分)
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A
Directions: After readin
g the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Don’t Take the Fun Out of Youth Sports When I joined a private football league a few years ago, the sport meant everything to me. My coach said that I had lots of potential(潜力), and I became captain of my team. That was before all the fun __25__(take) out of playing. At first, everyone on the team got equal playing time. Then the team moved up to the top division after winning all its games, and the pressure started. Some parents, who __26__(pay) the coach extra __27__return for their daughters? private one-on-one training, got angry when she didn't give them more playing time in our matches. The coach was replaced. The new coach, however, took all the fun out of the game: All we did during practice was run. We ran so much that, afterwards, we had trouble __28__(breathe). Younger people shouldn?t be doing exercises __29__(design) for 18-year-olds. I was very thin before I started football, but as a member of this team I wouldn't eat much, because I thought to __30__ that I was afraid of being too full to run. Finally, I ended up leaving the football team. Four other girls did the same, and two of __31__ stopped playing football completely. That's sad because they had so much potential. They were just burned-out with all the pressure they felt from the coach or their parents. I continued playing football at school and rediscovered my love for it. I joined a private team and the coach told me I needed to relax because I looked nervous. After I calmed down, I played better. When you enjoy something, it's a lot __32__(easy) to do it well. (B) How to Be a Winner Steven Redgrave -- Winner of 5 Olympic Gold Medals “In 2012 I was found to have developed lung disease．__33__(believe) my career was over, I felt extremely low． Then one of the specialists said there was no reason why I should stop training and competing． That was it -the encouragement I needed． I could still be a winner __34__ __34__ __34__ I believed in myself． I am not saying that it isn?t difficult sometimes．But I wanted to prove to myself that hard __35__ the condition was, I wasn?t finished yet. Nothing is to stand in my way.” Karen Pickering -- Swimming World Champion “I swim 4 hours a day, 6 days a week. I manage that sort of workload by putting it on top of my diary． This is the key to success -- you __36__ not bear follow a career in any field without being well-organized．List __37__
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you believe you can achieve. Trust yourself, write down your goals for the day, however small they are, and you?ll be a step closer to achieving them.” Kirsten Best -- Poet ＆ Writer “When things are getting hard, a voice inside my head tells me that I can?t achieve something. Then, there are other distractions(干扰), such as family or hobbies．The key is to concentrate，__38__ helps a lot to repeat words such as ?calm?, ?peace? or ?focus?, either out loud or silently in my mind when I feel tense. It makes me __39__(feel) more in control and increases my confidence. This is a habit that can become second nature quite easily and is __40__ powerful psychological(心理的) tool.”
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once.
Note that there is one word more than you need. A. involved B. figures C. inevitably G. transformed H. reasonable I. remarkably D. initiated E. appointed J. indications K. charge F. average
Long after the 2010 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still criticizing the unfair refereeing (裁判) decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was __41__ to study the performance of some top referees(裁判). The researcher organized experimental matches which __42__ four youth teams. Each match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in __43__. Observers noted down the referees' errors, of which there were 61 over the matches. When __44__ into a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a(n) __45__ high number. The researcher then studied the videotapes to have a detailed analysis of the matches, and __46__ are that the errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research __47__ show that the best distance is about 20 meters. There also seemed to be an __48__ speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The __49__ speed for errors was 4 meters per second. If FIFA, football's international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the World Cup, referees should be __50__ into the rule of keeping their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D.
Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The most exciting kind of education is also the most personal. Nothing is beyond the joy of discovering for yourself something that is a big __51__ to you. It may be an idea or a bit of information you come across accidentally -- or a sudden insight, fitting together pieces of information or working through a problem. Such personal __52__ are the "payoff" in education. A teacher may direct you to learning and even __53__ you in it -but no teacher can make the excitement or the joy happen. That is __54__ you. A research paper, assigned in a course and perhaps checked at __55__ stages by an instructor, leads you beyond classrooms, beyond the texts for classes and into a(n) __56__ where the joy of discovery and learning can come to you many times. Preparing the research paper is an active and individual process, and __57__ learning process. It provides a structure within which you can make exciting discoveries, of knowledge and of self, that are basic to education. But the research paper also gives you a chance to individualize a school assignment, to __58__
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a piece of work to your own interests and abilities, to show others what you can do. Writing a research paper is __59__ just a classroom exercise. It is an experience in searching out, understanding and synthesizing(综合), which forms the __60__ of many skills applicable to both academic and non-academic tasks. It is, in the fullest sense, a discovering education. So, to produce a good research paper is both a useful and a __61__ satisfying experience! To some, the thought of having to write an __62__ number of pages, often more than ever produced before, is disturbing. To others, the very idea of having to work independently is __63__. But there is no need to approach the research paper assignment with __64__, and nobody is supposed to view the research paper as an obstacle that is impossible to overcome. __65__, consider it a goal to accomplish, a goal within reach and you will find great pleasure in it. 51. A. mistake 52. A. behaviours 53. A. encourage 54. A. familiar to 55. A. similar 56. A. outcome 57. A. ideal 58. A. devote 59. A. no more than 60. A. evidence 61. A. hardly 62. A. assigned 63. A. inspiring 64. A. anxiety 65. A. Furthermore B. deal B. opportunities B. assess B. suitable for B. unbelievable B. process B. complicated B. lead B. less than B. basis B. skilfully B. limited B. rewarding B. interest B. Instead C. plan C. encounters C. emphasize C. considerate of C. flexible C. achievement C. competitive C. suit C. none other than C. impression C. thoroughly C. established C. frightening C. excitement C. However D. challenge D. entertainments D. affect D. dependent on D. various D. position D. casual D. adopt D. more than D. experience D. vividly D. fixed D. threatening D. embarrassment D. Therefore
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) PEOPLE NOBLE SMUGGLER This Thursday, Irena Sendler will be honoured for her work as a smuggler（偷运者）. During World WarⅡ, the Polish social worker smuggled nearly2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw ghetto （聚居区） . She gave them new identities, found them safe places with good-hearted Christians, and kept the children?s real names buried in jars in her neighbours? gardens. （The play, Life in a Jar, based on her story, is being performed.） At 93, Sendler lives in a Warsaw nursing home and is too weak to travel to Washington D.C., to receive the 2003 Jan Karski Award for Valorand Compassion from the American Center of Polish Culture. One of the children she saved will accept the award for her. You risked your life to save the children. I was taught by my father that when someone is drowning, you don?t ask if they can swim，you just jump in and help. During the war, everyone was drowning, but mostly the Jewish children. How did you persuade parents to give up their children？ I had to answer honestly that I didn?t even know if we would get past the guards.
2015 届 上海 一模 英语 虹口区
What was the most frightening moment？ When I saw a priest （牧师） in charge of an orphan age for Jewish children in the ghetto walk with them out to be killed. The children were in then best Sunday suits. The priest was killed with them. How did you get the children to behave as you smuggled them out？ I told the older children to act as if they were sick and sometimes gave the younger ones a sleeping pill. They were told to remember their new names. I also told the children to tell guards they had only been visiting a servant in the ghetto and were going back to their real homes outside. Did you tell your own two children what you did？ I never told them. Only when my daughter went to Israel did she learn all about me. I thought it was only normal to do so. And it was a very painful subject. It was always on my mind that I couldn?t do more. ——Samantha Levine 66. We can learn from the passage that Irena Sendler ________. A. will go to Washington to accept the award with her daughter B. was caught a few times while she was rescuing the Jewish children C. told those parents that their children's lives would be guaranteed D. saved thousands of Jewish children at the risk of her ownlife 67. The expression “everyone was drowning” can best be replaced by“______”. A. everyone was involved in the war B. all the people were drowned C. all the people were facing danger and death D. Jewish children were being killed 68. Which of the following could NOT be expected when Sendler was smuggling the Jewish children？ A. The children pretended to be brothers and sisters from one big family. B. Some children pretended to be returning home after visiting servants in the ghetto. C. The children were asked to remember and use new names instead of real ones. D. Some children were told to pretend to be sick in front of the guards. 69. Which of the following is best for the blank in the title? A. DISASTER SURVIVOR B. NOBLE SMUGGLER C. AWARD RECEIVER D. SECRET DEFENDER
2015 届 上海 一模 英语 虹口区
LIPITOR atorvastatin calcium tablets
WHO IS LIPITOR FOR? Who can take LIPITOR: ? People who cannot lower their cholesterol (胆固醇) enough with diet and exercise ? Adults and children over 10 Who should NOT take LIPITOR: ? Women who are pregnant, may be pregnant, or may become pregnant. LIPITOR may harm your unborn baby. If you become pregnant, stop LIPITOR and call your doctor right away ? Women who are breast-feeding. LIPITOR can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby ? People with liver problems or allergic (过 敏的) to anything in LIPITOR POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR Serious side effects in a small number of people: ? Muscle problems that can lead to kidney problems, including kidney failure. Your chance for muscle problems is higher if you take certain other medicines with LIPITOR ? Liver problems. Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start LIPITOR and while you are taking it Call your doctor right away if you have: ? Unexplained muscle weakness or pain, especially if you have a fever or feel very tired ? Allergic reactions including swelling(肿 胀) of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing which may require treatment right away ? Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain ? Feeling more tired than usual ? Your skin and the whites of your eyes turn yellow ? Allergic skin reactions Common side effects of LIPITOR are: ? Diarrhea （腹泻） ? Muscle and joint pain ? Upset stomach ? Changes in some blood tests It was a horrible feeling; I was having a heart attack. Now I’m exercising, watching my diet, and trust my heart to Lipitor
HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR Do: ? Take LIPITOR at any time of day, with or without food ? If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. But if it has been more than 12 hours since your missed dose, wait. Take the next dose at your regular time Don’t: ? Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor ? Do not give your LIPITOR to other people. It may harm them even if your problems are the same
NEED MORE INFORMATION? ? Ask your doctor or health care provider ? Go to www.lipitor.com 70. LIPITOR is a medicine _____. A. specially designed for young kids C. that can lower the risk for heart attack A. Drinking alcohol twice a day. C. Discomfort and ache in muscles. A. change the amount of your next dose C. have a dose as soon as you remember
B. to cure serious liver problems D. for mothers-to-be to lower cholesterol B. Changes in medical tests. D. Feeling tired after a day's work. B. take the next dose at your regular time D. eat more when taking your next dose
71. Which of the following is most likely to be a bad sign for LIPITOR takers?
72. If it has been over 12 hours since you missed a dose, you should _______.
73. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
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A. LIPITOR should never be taken with other food at the same time. B. Skipping is the best choice for those who have missed one dose. C. Recommendation is encouraged if one feels LIPITOR to be good. D. People can consult the professionals for details of the medicine. (C) In Japan many workers for large corporations have a guarantee of lifetime employment. They will not be laid off during recessions(经济萧条) or when the tasks they perform are taken over by robots. To some observes, this is capitalism at its best, because workers are treated as people not things. Others see it as necessarily inefficient and believe it cannot continue if Japan is to remain competitive with foreign corporations more concerned about profits and less concerned about people. Defenders of the system argue that those who call it inefficient do not understand how it really works. In the first place not every Japanese worker has the guarantee of a lifetime job. The lifetime employment system includes only “regular employees”. Many employees do not fall into this category, including all women. All businesses have many part-time and temporary employees. These workers are hired and laid off during the course of the business cycle just as employees in the United States are. These “irregular workers” make up about 10 percent of the nonagricultural work force. Additionally, Japanese firms maintain some flexibility through the extensive use of subcontractors(分包单位). This practice is much more common in Japan than in the United States. The use of both subcontractors and temporary workers has increased markedly in Japan since the 1974-1975 recession. All this leads some to argue that the Japanese system is not all that different from the American system. During recessions Japanese corporations lay off temporary workers and give less business to subcontractors. In the United States, corporations lay off those workers with the least seniority(资历). The difference then is probably less than the term “lifetime employment” suggests, but there still is a difference. And this difference cannot be understood without looking at the values of Japanese society. The relationship between employer and employee cannot be explained in purely contractual( 合同的 ) terms. Firms hold on to the employees and employees stay with one firm. There are also practical reasons for not jumping from job to job. Most retirement benefits come from the employer. Changing jobs means losing these benefits. Also, teamwork is an essential part of Japanese production. Moving to a new firm means adapting to a different team and at least temporarily, lower productivity and lower pay. 74. According to the passage, a woman in Japan _______. A. cannot get a lifetime job C. will be employed for life B. is impossible to get a part time job D. is among the regular workers
75. Which of the following is NOT the reason why Japanese workers stay with one firm? A. they don?t want to lose their retirement benefits. B. they are not adaptable people. C. any change of jobs will make them less paid. D. they get used to the teamwork. 76. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. those who want to change jobs frequently in Japan should think twice B. those who are first laid off by American corporations are temporary workers C. the use of subcontractors makes Japanese firms less flexible D. the Japanese system is totally different from the American system
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77. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. The extremely hard situation during recessions. B. The extensive use of subcontractors in Japan. C. The characteristics of corporations in the United States. D. The features of lifetime employment in Japan.
Section C Directions: Read the following passage and then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest
possible words. All of us rely on what we see. We say to ourselves， “I know，I was there; I saw it happen”and that seems to settle the matter. Or does it? Can we really trust the evidence of our eyes? Take competitive sports. Fans who see the same game will not agree with each other and will the disagree with the referee（裁判） .“He was out of bounds when he caught the pass， ”says one fan. Says another， “You are crazy. I saw it with my own eyes. He was five feet in bounds. You must be blind.”The referee rules that the receiver did step out of bounds. But thousands of fans are still not convinced—because they were there! It's the same story in the courtroom. Trial(审判) procedure depends on witnesses giving sworn testimony(证 词). But just how reliable is the testimony of a person who reports what he has seen? In a recent study，ten thousand witnesses were asked to describe the man they saw commit a crime. The study reveals that ，on the average，the witnesses overestimated the man s height by five inches，his age by eight years，and gave the wrong hair colour in83percent of the cases. These witnesses didn?t play tricks on them! What can we do to keep error to a minimum? First of all, don?t let your emotions interfere with your vision. Don?t see something because you want to see it. Secondly，try to stay relaxed. If you are tense，you are likely to see red when the colour is blue. And finally，it helps to make notes of what you see. Don?t rely on your memory alone. Take pictures，make recordings，and use any other aid to reduce distortion（歪曲）. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.) 78. The reason why fans disagree with each other at sports events is that few of them ___________. 79. The word “them” in Para. 3 refers to _________________. 80. What are the other two solutions to keeping visual error to minimum besides not letting your emotions interfere with your vision? 81. It can be inferred from the passage that the author takes sports events and courtroom as examples in order to illustrate ____________?
2015 届 上海 一模 英语 虹口区
第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
1. 我从未想到我校篮球队会在决赛中败北。(occur) 2. 那只迷路的猴子得到了村民们的精心照顾。(care) 3. 他再也无法忍受没有被晋升为部门经理的事实。(No longer) 4. 就教师而言，没有什么比能看到学生取得进步更令人高兴的了。(than) 5. 尽管这项计划的初衷是为了提高人民的生活水平，但由于种种原因计划未能实施。(intend)
II. Guided writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in
Chinese. 你班将召开一次主题班会，探讨高中生在成长过程中遇到的烦恼。请根据自己实际生活中遇到的学 习、交友、代沟、同龄人攀比等现象进行思考，写一篇发言稿。文章需包括： 1. 你在实际生活中遇到的至少两种烦恼及其简要介绍； 2. 你应对这些烦恼所采取的举措和建议。
2015 届 上海 一模 英语 虹口区
虹口区 2014 学年度第一学期高三年级英语学科
第 I 卷(103 分)
第一大题 第二大题，每小题 1 分。共 26 分。 Section A 25. was taken 30. myself 33. Believing 38. which Section B 41-45 EAKGI 26. had paid 31. them 34. as long as 39. feel 27. in 32. easier 35. though 40. a 36. can 37. what 28. breathing 29. designed
第三大题，共 47 分。 Section A 每小题 1 分，共 15 分。 51-55 DCADD 56-60 BACDB Section B 每小题 2 分，共 24 分。 66-69 DCAB 70-73 CCBD
Section C 每小题 2 分，共 8 分。
(Do it yourself!) 第 II 卷（47 分）
I. 翻译 共 22 分。 1. It never occurred to me that the basketball team of my school would be defeated in the final. 2. That lost monkey was taken good care of by the villagers. 3. No longer can he bear the fact that he wasn?t promoted to department manager. 4. As for the teachers, there is nothing more joyful than witnessing the progress made by the students. 5. Although this plan had been intended to improve the living standards of our people, it wasn?t implemented for some reasons. II. 作文（略）
2015 届 上海 一模 英语 虹口区