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Unit1


Unit1 Star signs 【学习目标】 一、语音 1.单词重读 `centaur `similar `active `leader `selfish `stubborn `practical `businesslike `celebrate `Union

`outgoing im`patient `elegant `argue

`cooking `confident `modest `humorous `artist

ener`getic `silly

`easy-going `mixture

`equally `probably `typical `lively `chairperson `personal

`otherwise

`suitable

`library `extra im`patient i`maginative

`organized

`quality di`vide wi`thout cre`ative con`traction

at`tention ex`plain

for`give a`round

suc`cessful in`formal

ex`pression

2.不完全爆破 chara(c)teristic a(c)tive ou(t)going pra(c)tical contra(c)tion

3.句子重音和语调 It's `very↘interesting. Do you `think `Peter would be a `good↗chairperson? What will↘happen? Do my `characteristics `match what my `star `sign `says about↗me? You are↗generous,↗kind,↗gentle and↘easy-going. 二、词汇 1.单词 divide, similar, energetic, active, leader, patient, save, cooking, modest, practical, fair, attention, peace, argue, energetic, silly, forgive, fault, sense, humorous, successful, without, wise, easy-going,

dream, probably, should, match, unfair, explain, pack, pass, celebrate, around, lively, chairperson, suitable, recommend, mark, library, personal, quality. 2.词组 star sign be able to Students' Union be divided into similar characteristics at times give up take care of save money buy sb. sth pay attention to love peace argue with others be good at all kinds of show off feel weak come up with extra work worry about a sense of humour 星座 能够 学生会 将……分成/为…… 相同的性格

有时, 有时候 放弃干某事 照顾;照看 存钱 为某人买某东西 注意 热爱和平 和其他人争论 擅长于…… 各种各样的 炫耀;卖弄;使显眼 感觉(身体)弱 赶上;提出,提供 额外工作 担心,着急 幽默感

三、日常用语 What is your star sign? What will happen? —Do you think Peter would be a good chairperson? —Well, he likes to dream. I'm not sure. Who else would be suitable? 四、语法 1.动词不定式: ①动词不定式作主语。例如: 作主语用的动词不定式常常为 it 替代,动词不定式(或短语)放在后面。即 “it is+形容词+of+…+to+do”。例如: It is clever of Amy to make the birthday cards. It is kind of Sandy to help me with my work. It is thoughtful of Andy to play his CDs for us. It is typical of Simon to make such a mess. ②动词不定式作状语。例如: 主语+be 动词+形容词+enough+动词不定式。例如: I am patient enough to wait for two hours. Daniel is kind enough to help his friends at all times. Kitty is creative enough to be an artist. 2.句子成分: 组成句子的各个部分叫做句子的成分,即:主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语和状语。主语和谓 语是句子的主体部分。表语、宾语都是谓语里的组成部分。

①主语,表示句子所说的是“什么人”或“什么事物”,一般由名词、代词或相当于名词的词或短 语等充当。例如:

Lucy is an American girl.露西是美国女孩。 We study in No.1 Middle School.我们在一中上学。 ②谓语,说明主语“做什么”、“是什么”或者“怎么样”。谓语(谓语部分里主要的词)用动词。 谓语和主语在“人称”和“数”两方面必须一致。例如:

We love China.我们热爱中国。 Mike hopes to be a doctor.麦克想当医生。 His parents are farmers.他父母亲都是农民。 She is singing.她正在唱歌。 ③表语,说明主语是什么或者怎么样,由名词、形容词或相当于名词或形容词的词或短语等充 当,和连系动词一起构成谓语。例如:

Her aunt is a driver.她婶婶是司机。 Are you an English teacher?你是英语老师吗? We were at home last night.昨晚我们在家。 Jim's mother is a doctor.吉姆的母亲是医生。 ④宾语,表示动作、行为的对象,由名词、代词或相当于名词的词、短语等充当,和及物动词 一起说明主语做什么。例如:

We study maths at school.我们在学校学习数学。 Did you see Mike yesterday?昨天你见到麦克了? Jim often helps Lucy.吉姆经常帮助露西。

⑤定语,用来修饰名词或代词。作定语的除形容词外,还有代词、数词、名词、介词短语或相 当于形容词的词或短语等。单个的词作定语,放在被修饰词的前面,短语作定语放在被修饰词的 后面。例如: The blue bike is Lily's. 那辆蓝色的自行车是李莉的。 We have six lessons every day. 我们每天要上六节课。 What's your name, please? 请问你叫什么名字? The man in the white car is Jim's father.在白色小汽车里的那个人是吉姆的父亲。 ⑥状语用来修饰动词、形容词或副词。一般表示行为发生的时间、地点、目的、方式、程度等 意义,通常由副词、介词短语或相当于副词的词或短语等来表示。例如: People in that factory are all working hard. 那个工厂的工人都勤劳。 It is very nice. 那太好了。 We had a meeting yesterday afternoon.昨天下午我们开了个会。

【知识讲解】 1.It's very nice of you to bring me the newspaper.给我带来报纸你真是太好了。 句型:it is+形容词+of+宾语+动词不定式,动词不定式在句中作真正的主语,it 作形式主语。 例如: It is kind of your mum and dad to organize this party for us. It is silly of you not to forgive others for their faults. 2. Well, you shouldn't worry about not having breakfast then.你不应该为没有吃早餐而担心。 worry about“为……而担心”,后面跟名词或动名词,其否定式是在动名词前面加上 not。例如: There's nothing to worry about.没什么可愁的。 We worry about not having enough time and energy to finish that job. 我们担心没有足够的时间和精力去完成那项工作。 I worry about not having anyone to care for my children while I am working.

我担心在我工作时,没人照顾小孩。 3.Some people think that you are selfish at times.有一些人认为你有时候很自私。 句中 that 引导的是宾语从句,at times=sometimes,“有时;间或”,在句中作状语。 selfish=thinking first of one's own interests, needs.形容词,“自私的”(贬义词),在句中作表语。 例如: He's too selfish to think of lending me his car.他很自私,不想把汽车借给我。 4.You are patient and do not give up easily.你富于耐心,从不轻易放弃。 句中 and 连接两个并列的谓语,patient=having ability to accept delay, annoyance or suffering without complaining.形容词,“有耐心的;忍耐的;容忍的”,在句中可作表语或定语。例如: You'll have to be patient with my mother—she's going rather deaf. 你对我母亲得有耐心——她的耳朵越来越背了。 She's a patient teacher.她是个很有耐心的老师。 give up“放弃”,后面通常跟动名词短语。例如: You ought to give up smoking; I gave it up last year.你应该戒烟,我去年就戒掉了。 5.You like to buy your friends nice gifts.你喜欢给朋友买好的礼物。 ①like+v.ing 说明一种惯常情况。例如: Do you like learning a foreign language?你平时喜欢学习一门外语吗? You like saving money and cooking.你平时喜欢存款和烹饪。 Do you like reading?平时你爱看书吗? like+动词不定式结构说明一种即将开始的动作。例如: He likes to work with them.他喜欢和他们一道干活。 Do you like to play table tennis? Come on!你爱打乒乓球吗?来吧! ②buy sb. sth.=buy sth. for sb.“给某人买某东西”。例如: She's buying her mother a present.=She is buying a present for her mother.

她正在给她妈妈购买礼品。 6.However, sometimes it's silly of you not to forgive others for their mistakes. 然而,有时候你真傻,不去原谅别人犯的错误。 however 作副词用时,表示“然而;但是”,可以位于句首、句中和句末;位于句首时,要用逗 号与句子其它部分隔开;位于句中时,其前后都要用逗号;位于句末时其前用逗号分开。 例如: She felt ill. She went to work, however, and tried to concentrate. 她病了。然而她照旧去上班,并且尽力集中精神工作。 His first response was to say no. Later, however, he changed his mind. 他最初的反应是不同意,可是后来他改变了主意。 7.Paul is good at planning things.保罗擅长于策划。 be good at=do well in,“擅长于干某事;在某些方面做得好”,句中 at/in 是介词,后面要跟动名 词短语。例如: He is good at playing football.=He does well in playing football.他足球踢得好。 8.Billy has all kinds of different ideas. 比利有各种各样的不同主意。 all kinds of“各种各样的”,后面通常跟可数名词的复数形式。例如: There are all kinds of trees in the forest.森林中有各种各样的树。 9.Daniel is very clever, but he never shows off.丹尼尔非常聪明,但他从不炫耀(自己)。 show off“炫耀;卖弄;使显眼”。例如: Do stop showing off—it's embarrassing.快别卖弄了——太难为情了。 The child danced around the room, showing off to everybody. 那个孩子满屋子跳舞,向大家显摆一番。 10.I don't think he'd be able to organize things well.我认为他不能组织好(这些)活动。 在 think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词后的宾语从句,有时谓语尽管是否定意思,却不用否定 形式,而将 think 等动词变为否定形式。如: I don't think you are right. 我认为你错了。

I don't believe they have finished their work yet. 我相信他们还未完成他们的工作。 I don't suppose he cares, does he? 我想他不在意,是吗? 11.The only thing is that David has much more hair than my uncle. 唯一的事就是戴卫比我叔叔的头发要多得多。 句中 that 引导的是表语从句,more hair 是比较级,much 用来修饰 more。例如: This text is much more difficult than the other one.这篇课文比那一篇难得多。 【练习检测】 一、词组翻译: 1.热爱和平____________ 2.额外工作____________ 3.放弃干某事__________ 4.各种各样的__________ 5.学生会______________ 6.show off____________ 7.star sign___________ 8.save money__________ 9.be able to__________ 10.come up with_______ 二、写出下列句中黑体字的句子成分: 1.The man in the white car is Jim's father. 2.Lucy is an American girl. 3.People in that factory are all working hard. 4.Mike hopes to be a doctor.

5.Jim often helps Lucy. 6.We had a meeting yesterday afternoon. 7.Her aunt is a driver. 8.The blue bike is Lily's. 9.We have six lessons every day. 10.We study maths at school. 三、根据首字母及句意完成下列句子: 1.You are p_________ enough to wait without getting angry. 2.You love your home and f________ and like to take care of others. 3.You enjoy life and have a good sense of h________ . 4.You like to dream about e________. 5.You like to buy your f____________ nice gifts. 四、根据汉语提示填空: 1.The only thing is that David has____________(多得多)hair than my uncle. 2.Some people think that you are selfish____________(有时). 3.You like to_____________(给朋友买好的礼物) 4.Paul____________ (擅长于)planning things. 5.______________(你真是太好了)to bring me the newspaper. 五、句型转换: 1.I am a modest person.(改为一般疑问句) 2.Jim likes to take care of others.(改为同义句) 3.Kate is a hard-working person.(对划线部分提问) 4.Daniel was born on 7th October.(对划线部分提问)

5.We think that David has all the qualities to be a good chairperson.(改为否定句) 【参考答案】 一、词组翻译: 1.love peace 2.extra work 3.give up 4.all kinds of 5.Students' union 6.炫耀;卖弄;使显眼 7.星座 8.存钱 9.能够 10.赶上;提出,提供 二、写出下列句中黑体字的句子成分: 1.作定语。 2.作主语。 3.作状语。 4.作谓语。 5.作宾语。 6.作状语。 7.作表语。 8.作定语。 9.作定语。

10.作宾语。 三、根据首字母及句意完成下列句子: 1.patient 耐心 2.family 家庭 3.humor\humour 幽默 4.everything 每一件事 5.friends 朋友 四、根据汉语提示填空: 1.much more 多得多 2.at times 有时 3.buy your friends nice gifts.给朋友买好的礼物 4.is good at 擅长于 5.It's very nice of you 你真是太好了。 五、句型转换: 1.Are you a modest person?第一人称要变为第二人称。 2.Jim likes to look after others.同义词转换。 3.Who is a hard-working person?主语是人,所以用 who 提问。 4.When was Daniel born?划线部分是时间,所以提问应该用 when。 5.We don't think that David has all the qualities to be a good chairperson. 句中谓语动词是 think 引导的宾语从句,其否定形式,要在 think 等动词变为否定形式。


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