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【创新设计】2015年高考英语(牛津译林版)一轮总复习配套课件:阅读与写作——肥胖(共18张PPT)


阅读与写作(9)

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肥 胖 肥胖已成为世界公害,“国际肥胖问题工 作组”公布的数据显示,地球上每四人中就有 一人过于肥胖,因此,肥胖问题已成为全社会 关注的问题,也是高考重点关注的话题。
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美文赏析 It is New York City that has

taken some very large measures recently to improve the nutrition of the public,such as placing bans on sugary drinks and fat in restaurants.Yet it seems that their force for change has come with compromises①.Recent light has been cast on just how school lunches have been affected across the city.In an effort to improve nutrition a significant cut in calories has been the result.Officials now question whether these changes are in agreement with national guidelines(指标)set by the USDA.

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According to the old guidelines,children were to receive a school lunch of 785 calories.Now high school students receive a lunch of 750 calories,600 for middle school students.This cut in calories has left many concerned.Actually,one in four children in NY City live in homes where meals aren't consistent②.For some children their meal at school will be their only well balanced nutrient meal they eat all day.

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“It's based on politics and personal ideas,not nutrition science.It's based on the city's absurd③ belief that hunger no longer exists among children.The city's one and only response to child hunger is taking food away from kids,”said Joel Berg.

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William J.McCarthy,a university professor, is in favor of the caloric(热量的)cut and looks on NYC's action as a great example.He says,“There's been to much focus on trying to get the right number of calories.The calories will take care of themselves if we get kids to make better food choices such as filling half their plate with vegetables.”

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Despite the different opinions,the changes were made in an effort to deal aggressively④ with the problem of childhood obesity(肥胖).Menus were changed to lower fat and salt,include fresh vegetables and salad bars,and get rid of sweet drinks.As a result,last years' obesity rates in the city for school children have dropped by 5.5%.This decline is more than any other big city.Yet with a childhood obesity rate of 21%,there's still a long way to go.Only when all the people take action can we make a difference.

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【解题导语】 肥胖已经成为现代社会的 一大问题,为此,纽约采取了一些非常大胆的 举措,就是减少学生的食物量,尽管这引起了 部分人的担忧,但效果是比较好的。

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一、阅读与积累 1.攻克疑难词汇 ①compromise n.折中方案 After lengthy talks the two sides finally reached a compromise.双方经过长期商谈, 终于达成了妥协。 ②consistent adj.一致的 She is not very consistent in the way she treats her children.她对待孩子反复无常。 ③absurd adj.荒唐的,荒谬的 ④aggressively adv.挑衅地,好斗地

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2.攻克疑难句 William J . McCarthy , a university professor,is in favor of the caloric cut and looks on NYC's action as a great example. 结构分析 本句中介词短语in favor of的意 思是“支持,同意”;look on...as...的意思 是“把……视为……”。 尝试翻译 威廉·吉·麦卡锡是一名大学教 授,他支持削减热量,并且把纽约城的行 动视为一个很好的例子。

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二、理解与书面表达 1.理解文章主旨 The passage mainly tells us that New York has taken some measures to cut calories. 2.理解与书面表达 文中画线部分的结构是写作中常用到的, 文中第一句使用了 ________ 句型,第四段倒 数第二句使用了 ________ ;最后一句使用了 ______。 答案 强调 there be句型 倒装句式

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3.精通句式:强调句型,there be句型和 倒装句式 (1)说明 ①强调句的基本形式是“ It is/was +被 强调的部分+ that/who +其他部分”。被 强调的部分可以是主语、宾语和状语等。 ②倒装分为全部倒装和部分倒装。 谓语动词完全放置在主语之前的句子, 便是完全倒装句。部分谓语(情态动词、连 系动词、助动词)在主语前面,谓语主体部 分仍在主语之后叫部分倒装。 ③there be+主语+...,此结构中的be有

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(2)例句感悟 ①There seems to be something wrong with the machine. ②Present at the meeting were Professor White , Professor Smith and many other guests. ③Only after he had spoken out the word did he realize he had made a big mistake. ④It is precisely because of doing parttime jobs that college students can gain social experience and broaden their horizons.

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(3)按要求翻译下列句子 ①我们周围有很大比例的水源和土壤受到 了污染。(There be句型) ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ __②无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的 问题,应该采取有力措施来解决它。(There be句型) ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ __

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③只有充分重视环境保护,我们才能和自 然和谐相处。(only+状语从句;倒装) ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ __④我们生活在污染环境中的日子将一去不 复返了。(表语放于句首;倒装) ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ __

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答 案 ① There is a large percentage of water and land polluted around us. ②There is no denying that air pollution is an extremely serious problem,so strong measures should be taken to deal with it. ③Only when much attention has been paid to environmental protection,can we live in harmony with nature. ④Gone will be the days when we live in the polluted environment.

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(4) 加入适当的连词或句子,将上面四句话 改写成一篇优秀的小短文。 ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ _______

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【参考范文】 There is a large percentage of water and land polluted around us.In addition,there is no denying that air pollution is an extremely serious problem , so strong measures should be taken to deal with it.Only when much attention has been paid to environmental protection,can we live in harmony with nature.If so,gone will be the days when we live in the polluted environment.


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