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高二英语阅读理解2


A Picking tomatoes For as long as I can remember, Grandma’s plentiful tomato garden has been a sign of summer’s end. Each September, just as the decreased heat of the sun suggests cooler days

, Grandma requests my help in her tomato garden. She convinces me she cannot pick tomatoes without my youthful eyes and quick mind. She says we need to examine each tomato and agree on its readiness for picking. While Grandma’s request for my help in the tomato garden is always the same, her desire for my help seems to increase each day. Grandma has eyes for finding even the tomatoes hidden by undergrowth and other tomatoes. I, however, just turn circles looking for the ones I think Grandma will like. I spot what looks like a ripe tomato, hand in its direction, and then get sidetracked by another that appears to be equally ripe. I usually end up watching Grandma and trying to stay out of her way, which seems the only way my eyes and mind are useful. There we are, lost in the tomato vines. Grandma’s eyes are always knowing, and they are no difference in the vegetable garden. From afar she spots what looks like a ripe tomato. As she walks toward the garden, she evaluates the tomato for a second time, but from a different angle. I already know it will end up in the basket with the pile of others Grandma has carefully chosen. However, Grandma acts as if she needs a final look to be sure. She calls me to her side, kneels beside the vine while enjoying the warmth of the fading sunlight on her face, and grasps the tomato in her hand. She turns each round, red ball toward the sunlight before disconnecting it from the vine with a half-hearted smile. She then looks at me. I nod my head and smile. Grandma assumes I smile in agreement with her tomato selection. I know I smile, instead, at her. 56. Why does Grandma ask the author to go to the tomato garden with her? A. He can help pick more tomatoes. B. He can learn the hardship of labor. C. She enjoys staying with him while working. D. She tries to share the happiness of harvest with him. 57. The second paragraph shows that the author __________________. A. is an inefficient tomato picker. B. really has youthful eyes and quick mind C. has spent a lot of time gardening with Grandma D. is a naughty child trying to be out of Grandma’s sight 58. In the last paragraph, the author smiles to Grandma because he ____________. A. realizes her true intentions B. feels very happy to pick tomatoes for her C. confirms that her choice of tomato is great D. appreciates her skill in finding out ripe tomatoes 59. What can we infer from the story? A. The grandchild will become more skillful at gardening than Grandma. B. Grandma will develop more patience in working with the grandchild. C. The grandchild will gradually become more independent of Grandma. D. Grandma’s need for the grandchild’s company will grow over time. B Volunteering You have seen news reports about people who need assistance after a natural disaster, or TV programmes about how lonely and isolated older people can get. Maybe you’ve walked past people who are living on the streets. So what can you do about any of those things, you ask? The answer: you can volunteer. Volunteering gives you an opportunity to change people’s lives, including your own. Helping others in need is such an important part of life. So how do you go about it? Find What’s Right for You Volunteering isn’t like school: instead of having the choices made for you about where to go and what subjects to learn, you’ve got to pick. You can choose what really interests you and who or what is most deserving of your time. Find What Fits Your Schedule After you’ve discovered what interests you, decide how much time you want to spend and what fits into your schedule. Expand Your Mind Volunteering is a great way to learn new skills – from working as part of a team to setting and reaching goals. It gives

you a chance to discover what kinds of things you’re best at and enjoy the most. Volunteering can provide you with a sense of responsibility because people really depend upon you. And it can help you develop a new understanding of people who are different from you – people with disabilities, people in financial problems, sick kids, or the elderly. Feel Good Volunteering helps people feel they make a difference – that they do have the power to change things for the better. When people depend on you, it can change the way you look at yourself. You can feel proud of what you’ve achieved. Volunteering is also a great way to get a perspective on your own life. 60. According to the passage, volunteering is a way to _________. A. discover what is interesting B. make others depend on you C. change things for better D. improve your skills 61. From the passage we learn that ____________. A. we can find places to volunteer by watching TV B. only by helping others can we really see ourselves clearly C. doing something for others is a way to change the world D. if you don’t have any money to donate, you should volunteer to work 62. Which of the effects of volunteering is NOT mentioned? A. Finding out what you enjoy doing. B. Giving the volunteer a sense of responsibility. C. Helping brings good fortune to the elderly. D. Developing understanding of people different from you. C Blind imitation is self-destruction. To those who do not recognize their own unique worth, imitation appears attractive; to those who know their strength, imitation is unacceptable. In the early stages of skill or character development, imitation is helpful. When I first learned to cook, I used recipes and turned out to me tasty dishes. But soon I grew bored. Why follow someone else’s way of cooking when I could create my own? Imitation role models is like using training wheels on a child’s bicycle; they help you get going, but once you find your own balance, you fly faster and farther without relying on them. In daily life, imitation can hurt us if we subconsciously hold poor role models. If, as a child, you observed people whose lives were bad, you may have accepted their fear and pain as normal and gone on to follow what they did. If you do not make strong choices for yourself, you will get the results of the weak choices of others. In the field of entertainment, our culture glorifies celebrities. Those stars look great on screen. But when they step off screen, their personal lives may be disastrous. If you are going to follow someone, try to focus on their talent, not their bad character or unacceptable behaviors. Blessed is the person willing to act on their sudden desire to create something unique. Think of the movies, books, teachers, and friends that have affected you most deeply. They touched you because their creations were motivated by inspiration, not desperation. The world is changed not by those who do what has been done before them, but by those who do what has been done inside them. Creative people have an endless resource of ideas. The problem a creator faces is not running out of material; it is what to do with all the material knocking at the door of imagination. Study your role models, accept the gifts they have given, and leave behind what does not serve you. Then you can say, “I stand on the shoulders of my ancestors’ tragedies and declare victory, and know that they are cheering me on.” 63. To avoid the bad result of imitation, we should ___________. A. forget daily fear and pain B. choose the right example C. ask others for decisions D. stay away from stars 64. According to the author, the world moves on because of those who are _______. A. desperate to influence others with their knowledge B. ready to turn their original ideas into reality C. eager to discover what their ancestors did D. willing to accept others’ ideas 65. The trouble a creator faces is ______________. A. the lack of strong motivation B. the absence of practical ideas C. how to search for more materials D. how to use imagination creatively 66. What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage?

A. To highlight the importance of creativity. C. To compare imitation with creation.

B. To criticize the characters of role models. D. To explain the meaning of success.

D Nuclear energy is a controversial topic. There has been widespread public debate over it. It seems that the nuclear energy is either a gigantic disaster waiting to happen or the all-powerful way of the future. It is often believed that nuclear energy is something we cannot do without. We live in a consumer society with a huge demand for commercial products of all kinds. Besides, an increase in industrial production is considered to be one solution to the problem of mass unemployment. Such an increase assumes an abundant and cheap energy supply. Many people believe that nuclear energy provides an endless and economical source of power and that it is therefore fundamental for an industrially developing society. Among other advantages is that nuclear power, except for accidents, is clean. A further advantage is that a nuclear power station can be run and maintained by relatively technical and administrative staff. The nuclear reactor represents a great step in our scientific evolution and whatever the anti-nuclear group says, it is wrong to expect a return to more primitive sources of fuel. However, opponents (people who oppose something) of nuclear energy point out that nuclear power stations bring a direct danger not only to the environment but also to civil liberties. Environmentalists argue in the long run nuclear energy wastes valuable resources and disturbs the ecology to an extent which could bring about the destruction of the human race. Furthermore, it is questionable whether nuclear power is a cheap source or energy when everything is considered. There have, for example, been very costly accidents in America, in Britain and, of course, in Russia. The possibility of increases in the cost of uranium in addition to the cost of greater safety provisions could price nuclear power out of the market. In spite of the case against nuclear energy above, nuclear energy programs are expanding, which assumes a continual growth in industrial production and consumer demands. However, it is doubtful whether this growth will or can continue. Having weighed up the arguments on both sides, it seems that there are good economic and ecological reasons for sources of energy other than nuclear power. 67. What’s the writer’s attitude towards nuclear energy? A. Objective. B. Negative. C. Tolerant. D. Appreciative. 68. According to the opponents, which of the following is true of nuclear energy? A. Primitive. B. Endless. C. Cheap. D. Unsafe. 69. Some people believe that nuclear energy is the most important because _________. A. nuclear power stations can be run and maintained by relatively few staff B. it can meet the growing demand of an industrially developing society C. it represents a huge step forward in our scientific evolution D. it provides a perfect way out to increase employment 70. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

CP: Central Point

P: Point

SP: Sub point

C: Conclusion

Please see the next page for the keys. ???????? A. CAAD B. CCC C. BBDA D. BDBA


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