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【三维设计】2017版高考英语大一轮复习 Module 6 Animals in Danger跟踪检测 外研版必修5

Module 6 Animals in Danger
练(一) 第Ⅱ卷强化增分练——练规范 (限时:45 分钟) Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016·山西省考前质检)As a man was passing some elephants, he suddenly stopped, confused by the fact that these huge creatures were being held by only a small rope __1__ (tie) to their front leg. No chains, no cages. __2__was obvious that the elephants could, at any time, break __3__from their bonds but for some reason, they did not. He saw a trainer nearby and asked why these animals just stood there and made no attempt __4__ (get) away. “Well,”__5__ trainer said, “when they are very young and much __6__ (small), we use the same size rope to tie them and, at that age, it's enough to hold them. As they grow up, they are conditioned to believe the rope __7__ still hold them, so they never try to run free.” The man was amazed. These animals could at any time escape from their bonds but __8__ they believed they couldn't, they were stuck right where they were. Like the elephants, how many of us go through life __9__ (hang) onto a belief that we cannot do something, __10__ (simple) because we failed at it once before? Failure is part of learning; we should never give up the struggle in life. 语篇解读:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,通过大象被绳子拴住却不挣脱的现象告诉我们:不 要固步自封,不要因为担心失败而放弃拼搏。 1.tied 大象仅由一根系在前腿的小绳拴住。rope 和 tie 之间是动宾关系,故此处用 过去分词表被动。 2.It 显而易见,大象在任何时候都能够挣脱绳子。分析句子成分可知,It 在句中作 形式主语,that 引导的从句是真正的主语。 3.away break away from ...“从??突然挣脱,从??逃脱”。 4.to get 他看见附近有位驯兽师,就问为什么这些动物只是站在那里而不试图逃跑 呢?make an attempt to do sth.“试图做某事”。 5. the 这位驯兽师说: “当它们还年幼、 较小时, 我们使用同样大小的绳子拴住它们。 ” 此处用定冠词 the 表示特指。 6.smaller much 修饰形容词比较级。 7.can 当它们长大时,它们就习惯性地认为绳子依然能够拴住它们。此处用情态动词 can 表示一般的能力。 8.because 这些大象在任何时候都能够挣脱绳子,但是因为它们认为不能,所以它们

就待在原处。 9.hanging 此处应用现在分词作伴随状语。 10.simply 仅仅是因为我们曾经失败过吗?此处应用副词作状语。 Ⅱ.短文改错 (2016·长春市普通高中质检一 )Three years ago I was admitted to an ordinary school. Disappointing as I felt at the poorly?equipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerately. What's more, I was very fond in the friendly atmosphere in class. I was determined to make best of it. I worked hard and get along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always ready to helping me out. Soon, I became one of the top student in my class, which made me to become confident and motivated. What I experienced in high school tell me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it which determines who you are. 答案:第二句:Disappointing→Disappointed; considerately→considerate 第三句:第一个 in→of 第四句:make 后加 the 第五句:get→got 第六句:helping→help 第七句:student→students; 去掉 to 第八句:tell→tells; which→that Ⅲ.书面表达 (2016·银川二中高考模拟 ) 假定你是李华,下个月你将去英国学习。请给你的笔友 Peter 写封信,告诉他你想利用周末时间来参加社区志愿者活动,以便亲身体验生活。要点 如下: 1.表达心情; 2.询问信息; 3.表达愿望。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好,但不计入总词数。 Dear Peter, How is everything going?__________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ I'd appreciate your early reply and I can't wait to see you next month. Yours, Li Hua 参考范文: Dear Peter, How is everything going? It's great that I will come to Britain next month and see you finally. I feel excited and look forward to studying in your country. I heard that we could do some volunteer work as a student there. Would you kindly tell me what volunteer work I could do in the community close to my school, and if there is any chance for me to do it on weekends? I believe your valuable guidance can help with my study in Britain. I'd appreciate your early reply and I can't wait to see you next month. Yours, Li Hua 练(二)英语知识运用组合练——练准度 (限时:30 分钟) Ⅰ.完形填空 (2016·银川一中高三模拟 )Whenever Christmas is drawing near, an Iowa radio station has an annual tradition. Listeners send in “wish letters”, and the hosts select some to __1__. They've been making Christmas dreams come true for more than 20 years, but they never __2__ they would receive a letter from a person who was already dead. Last week, the hosts of the station invited listener David Schmitz to their __3__, but the station didn't tell him who had sent in the __4__ for his family. They read the letter to him on the __5__:“Hello, my name is Brenda Schmitz. When you receive this letter, I will have already __6__ my battle to cancer.” The big __7__ made David's eyes swim in tears. David heard three wishes from his __8__ wife. The first was to his new partner.“Thank you, I love you whoever you are.” And the second: “For my family, a wonderful __9__ , with many scenic spots where they all can enjoy their companionship as a new __10__ and make memories that will be with them forever.”__11__, she wanted to give a night of food and fun to the hospital __12__

that cared for her during her __13__ days. The letter was written by Brenda two months before __14__. She prepared it and asked a friend to send it to the station once her husband fell in love __15__. “I began to know Jayne, my present wife, __16__. On a cold afternoon, I took my little son, Marx, to the __17__ where a group of seagulls were flying over his head. I didn't __18__ it until Marx burst into tears, running to Jayne and asking her to be his __19__, who was playing there with her two children. Later, she became Marx's new mom and she __20__ him as her own son. Brenda will live in our hearts forever.” 语篇解读: 本文是一篇记叙文。 来自艾奥瓦州的一家电台每逢圣诞节都会帮助听众实现 圣诞愿望。上周,电台收到了一个与众不同的请求。一位叫做 Brenda Schmitz 的女士,来 信提出了三个圣诞愿望。 1.A.praise C.discuss B.send D.broadcast

解析:选 D 依据前文中的“radio station”和后文中的“read the letter”可知, 此处应该是主持人选择其中一些信件进行广播。 2.A.thought C.remembered B.found D.assumed

解析:选 A 依据上下文的信息,此处是说电台的工作人员们压根儿没有想到他们会收 到一位已经去世的人写给他们的信。 3.A.office C.show B.hospital D.home

解析:选 C 根据上下文的内容可知,电台的主持人邀请 David Schmitz 来做一期节 目。下文中的“They read the letter to him”是提示。 4.A.expectation C.wish B.thanks D.dream

解析:选 C 根据上文的“send in ‘wish letters’”可知答案。这里指工作人员没 有告诉 David 是谁为他的家庭送来了圣诞祝福。 5.A.scene C.vacation B.occasion D.air

解析:选 D 依据上下文的信息和词汇常识作判断, on the air“在广播中”,符合 语境。 on the scene“在现场”; on the occasion“在这个场合”; on vacation“在 度假”。 6.A.won B.lost



解析:选 B 根据上文中的“they would receive a letter from a person who was already dead”可知, Brenda Schmitz 未能战胜癌症。 7.A.news C.surprise 解析: 选C B.disaster D.enjoyment

根据上文中的“the station didn't tell him who had sent in ...”“When

you receive this letter”可知, David 事先对此一无所知,故 surprise 符合题意。 8.A.late C.next B.present D.innocent

解析:选 A 根据上下文可知,此处指 David 已经去世的妻子。上文中的“dead”是 提示。 9.A.trip C.concert B.holiday D.dinner

解析:选 A 依据下文的“with many scenic spots”可知,此处指的是一次美好的旅 行。 10.A.relative C.family B.Christmas D.journey

解析:选 C 根据最后一段中的“my present wife”“she became Marx's new mom” 可知,此处表示他们作为一个新家庭享受彼此的陪伴。 11.A.Clearly C.Surely B.Lastly D.Sincerely

解析:选 B 前面讲到 David 已故的妻子有三个愿望,前面已经说了两个愿望,故此 处应是最后一个愿望。 12.A.staff C.colleague B.doctor D.manager

解析:选 A 根据常识及空后的“cared for her”可知,此处指的应该是医院里的医 护人员。 13.A.special C.tough B.final D.busy

解析:选 B 根据上下文可知,此处表达的是“在她最后的那些日子里”,故选 B 项。 14.A.going away C.giving up 解析:选 D “dead”是提示。

B.falling down D.passing away


15.A.twice C.ever

B.again D.already

解析:选 B 此处 Brenda 想表达的是一旦她丈夫再次坠入爱河,(她的朋友)就把这封 信送往艾奥瓦州的这家电台。 16.A.by chance C.by luck B.by mistake D.by choice

解析:选 A 根据后面对他们认识过程的介绍可知, David 是偶然认识 Jayne 的。

17.A.forest C.grassland

B.seaside D.mountain

解析:选 B 依据后文中的“a group of seagulls”可知, David 应是带 Marx 去了 海边。 18.A.predict C.insist B.imagine D.realize

解析:选 D 此处是说 David 没有意识到(儿子对母爱的需求)直到儿子突然大哭起来, 跑去问 Jayne 可否做他的妈妈。 19.A.friend C.mother B.teacher D.playmate

解析:选 C 参见上题解析。下文中的“new mom”是提示。 20.A.treats C.misses B.accepts D.controls

解析:选 A Jayne 对待 Marx 像对待自己的儿子一样。 Ⅱ.语法填空 (2016·南昌市高三一模 )Two weeks before Christmas, two little girls were

walking down the street __1__ they saw old Harry, who was on his knees pulling weeds around a tree. He wore a pair of worn gloves. His fingers were sticking out __2__ the ends, blue from the cold. They stopped to talk to him. Harry told them he __3__ (get) the yard in shape as a Christmas gift for his mother, who had died several years before. “My mother was all I had. She loved her yard and trees, so I do this for her every Christmas.” His words touched the girls and soon they __4__ (join) him, pulling weeds. When they finished, Harry pressed a coin into each of their hands. “I wish I could pay you more, but that's all I've got right now,” he said.

The girls had often passed his house, and they remembered that it had always been __5__ poor condition. No decorations to add cheeriness were anywhere in sight. As they walked on, the coin in one little girl's hand seemed to burn a hole of __6__ (guilty). The next day she called her friends __7__ they agreed to put their coins in a jar marked “Harry's Christmas Gift”. Then they began to seek out small jobs to earn more. Every coin they earned went into the jar. Finally, they had enough __8__ (buy) new gloves. On Christmas Eve they were on Harry's doorstep singing carols. They presented him with the gloves. With __9__ (tremble) hands, he held the gloves to his face and wept. No doubt he once again felt __10__ love of others as the girls reached out to him. 语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述了两个小女孩圣诞节前用自己微薄的力量帮助他 人的感人故事。

1.when 根据固定句型 be doing ... when ...可知,应用连词 when。 2.of/from/through 根据语境可知,Harry 的手指头从破旧的手套中露了出来。 3.was getting/would get 根据语境可知,两个女孩停下来和 Harry 交谈,问他为什 么要这么做,于是 Harry 告诉了她们自己的打算,故表示将来的事情,即用过去将来时 was getting/would get。 4. joined 根据“and”的提示可知, 前后时态应一致, 故用一般过去时, 与“touched” 呼应。 5.in 根据固定短语搭配 in ...condition“处于??状态”可知,应用介词 in。 6.guilt 介词后应跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,故用名词 guilt 作介词 of 的宾语。 7.and 根据语境可知,上下句表示逻辑上的并列关系,故用连词 and。 8.to buy 此处为不定式表示目的。 9.trembling 此处是现在分词作定语,意为“颤抖的”,表示正在进行的动作。 10.the 根据语境可知,“love”被介词短语“of others”修饰,表示限定的概念, 故用定冠词 the。


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