衡阳市八中 2016 届高三第二次月考 英 语 试 题
注意：本堂考试，时量：120 分钟，满分 150 分。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分。 ） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项
， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What’s the weather like right now? A. Sunny . B. Stormy . C. Cloudy. 2. What does the man mean? A. He can’t tolerate the pain. B. He isn’t satisfied with his work. C. He's out of work now. 3. When will the speakers get together? A. This evening. B. Tomorrow morning . C. Tomorrow evening. 4. Which flight does the man want to take? A. The 4:40 one. B. The 5:20 one. C. The 6:00 one. 5. What does the man want to do? A. Find a hotel. B. Hire a taxi. C. Buy the woman a ring. 第二节 听下面5段对话或独白。选出最佳选项。 请听第6段材料. 回答第6至7题。 6. How long has the man been an engineer at MBA Company? A. For three years. B. For five years. C. For eight years. 7. What does the man ask about? A. Working hours. B. Basic salary. C. Further education. 请听第7段材料，回答第8至9题。 8. What is the woman going to do? A. Turn on the heater. B. Pay the electricity bill. C. Check the windows. 9. How is the man’s opinion about their life? A. Hard. B. Convenient. C. Different. 请听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10. How did the man spend his last holiday? A. Hiking in the mountains. B. Visiting a beautiful island. C. Visiting the south of the country 11. How does the woman usually spend her holiday?
A. Staying alone at home. B. Helping her parents with housework. C. Going to her grandmother’s village. 12. What do we know about the woman’s parents? A. They are running a restaurant. B. They like going boating a lot. C. They seldom consider the woman’s feelings. 请听第9段材料. 回答第13至16题。 13. How long hasn’t the man feel sick to his stomach? A. For one week. B. For two weeks. C. For three weeks. 14. On which part of the body does the man need an operation? A. His stomach. B. His legs. C. His feet. 15. What good news does the woman tell the man? A. His test result came out. B. He can play soccer soon. C. He doesn’t have cancer. 16. What will the woman do for the man before the operation? A. Check the diseased part of his body. B. Do a few blood tests. C. Check the food he eats. 请听第10段材料。回答第17至20题。 17. Who is Tony? A. The man’s classmate. B. The man’s brother. C. The man’s neighbor. l8. What was the real reason why the man missed the test? A. His bus didn’t come on time. B. He got up late. C. His alarm didn’t work. 19. Which of the following about the program’s policy is TRUE? A. One can take the test at a later date or in the next term. B. One can’t make up the test if he or she cheats in the test. C. One will get a zero if he or she misses a test without proper reasons. 20. Why does the man insist he must pass the test? A. He wants to get funding. B. He doesn’t want to be scolded. C. He wants to receive further education. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分。 ） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A What will power your house in the future？Nuclear，wind，or solar power？According to scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US，it might be leaves — but artificial (人造的) ones. Natural leaves are able to change sunlight and water into energy. It is known as photosynthesis (光合作用)．Now researchers have found a way to imitate this seemingly simple process.
The artificial leaf developed by Daniel Nocera and his colleagues at MIT can be seen as a special silicon chip with catalysts (催化剂)．Similar to natural leaves， it can split water into hydrogen and oxygen when put into a bucket of water. The hydrogen and oxygen gases are then stored in a fuel cell，which uses those two materials to produce electricity，located either on top of a house or beside the house. Though the leaf is only about the shape of a poker card，scientists claimed that it is promising to be an inexpensive source of electricity in developing countries. “One can imagine villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology,” said Nocera at a conference of the American Chemical Society. The artificial leaf is not a new idea. The first artificial leaf was invented in 1997 but was too expensive and unstable for practical use. The new leaf，by contrast， is made of cheap materials，easy to use and highly stable. In laboratory studies， Nocera showed that an artificial leaf prototype (原型) could operate continuously for at least 45 hours without a drop in activity. The wonderful improvements come from Nocera's recent discovery of several powerful ， new and inexpensive catalysts. These catalysts make the energy transformation inside the leaf more efficient with water and sunlight. Right now， the new leaf is about 10 times more efficient at carrying out photosynthesis than a natural one. Besides，the device can run in whatever water is available；that is， it doesn't need pure water. This is important for some countries that don't have access to pure water. With the goal to “make each home its own power station” and “give energy to the poor” ， scientists believe that the new technology could be widely used in developing countries，especially in India and rural China. 21．Which of the following orders correctly shows how the artificial leaf is used to produce electricity? a．artificial leaves split water into hydrogen and oxygen b．the hydrogen and oxygen gases are stored in a fuel cell c．the artificial leaves are put in water d．the fuel cell uses hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity A. c，a，b，d B．c，b，a，d C．b，c，a，d D．c，a，d，b 22．The purpose of the scientists at MIT in developing the new artificial leaf is to________. A．build up more power stations in the world B．provide cheaper energy for developing countries C．offer people in developing countries access to pure water D．gain a deeper understanding of the photosynthesis process 23．The main idea of this passage is ________. A．an introduction to the history of artificial leaves B．a mixture of water power and solar energy C．giving energy to the poor D．an invention copying photosynthesis B
Obama, Lady Gaga and Steve Jobs—what do they have in common? They are, of course, all Americans. And according to a survey by social networking site baidu. com, they all best illustrate(举例说明) the word “cool”. But just what does it mean to say someone is “cool”? Most would answer that it is something to do with being independent-minded and not following the crowd. Yale University art professor Robert Farris Thompson says that the term “cool” goes back to 15th century West African philosophy. “Cool” relates to ideas of grace(优雅) under pressure. “In Africa, ” he writes, “coolness is a positive quality which combines calmness, silence, and life.” The modern idea of “cool” developed largely in the US in the period after World War II. “Post-war ‘cool’ was in part an expression of war-weariness (厌战情绪), . . . it went against the strict social rules of the time,” write sociologists Dick Pountain and David Robins in Cool Rules:Anatomy of an Attitude. But it was the American actor James Dean who became the symbol for “cool” in the hugely successful 1955 movie Rebel without a Cause. Dean plays a tough guy who disobeys his parents and the authorities. He always gets the girl, smokes cigarettes, wears a leather jacket and beats up bullies(欺凌弱小者). In the movie, Dean showed what “cool” would mean to American young people for the next 60 years. Today the focus of “cool” has changed to athletics (体育运动) stars. Often in movies about schools, students gain popularity on the athletics field more than in the classroom. This can be seen quite clearly in movies like Varsity Blues and John Tucker Must Die. But many teenagers also think being smart is cool. Chess and other thinking games have been becoming more popular in schools. “Call it the Harry Potterization of America—a time when being smart is the new cool,” writes journalist Joe Sunnen. 24．If you were considered “cool” in Africa in the 15th century, you ________. A. thought and acted differently from the majority towards life C. didn’t observe rules and authorities manners 25．The heroes in Varsity Blues and John Tucker Must Die are likely to be those who ________. A. do very well in their studies B. are very skilled at sports C. are good at chess and other thinking games. D. have supernatural powers like Harry Potter 26．Which of the following is NOT true according to the article? A. It is generally considered “cool” to be independent-minded and not to follow the crowd. B. “Cool” was used as early as the 15th century. C. Disobeying one’s parents and the authorities is considered “cool” among American
B. had a calm and quiet attitude
D. had all kinds of “bad”
young people nowadays. D. Getting the first place in an exam can also be considered “cool”. 27．What does the article mainly talk about? A. The origin of the word “cool”. B. The kinds of people who are “cool”. C. The changing meaning of the word “cool”. D. How to be a “ cool” person. C A research shows that humans switch from selfish to unselfish behavior when they are watched. Do you? A picture of a set of eyes on a computer screen can cause a change in the way people act. Even images of eyes on a charity donation, collection box encourage people to be unselfish, because people put more money in a collection box that has a picture of eyes on it than they do when a flower symbol is on the box. Manfred Milinski from the Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Germany and Bettina Rockenbach of the University of Berlin, the authors of a new study, found that people act better when they are being watched because they feel they will be rewarded for good behavior. Their report also referred to other research showing that this response of behaving well when watched is somehow coded into humans and people respond this way unconsciously, or without realizing it. It is not just humans that act unselfishly when they are being watched. A fish called the grooming fish cleans other fish. When other fish are around, it is gentler. When no other fish are around, however, the grooming fish bites chunks from the fish it is supposed to be cleaning. The researchers suggest that the best way to get people to behave in the correct way is to make them feel watched. This could be the reason for the success of a famous American army poster. On it was a picture of an elderly man staring fiercely and pointing, it appeared, to the person who was looking at the poster. Under the picture was the caption 'I Want You'. It encouraged hundreds of thousands of young American men to join the army during the Second World War to fight the Germans and Japanese. 28．According to the report, why does a person behave better when he feels he is being watched? A．He does not want to be shamed by others. B．He needs to show he is a good person. C．He desires others to like him more. D．He feels he will receive some social reward. 29．What is the text mainly about? A．It describes changed behavior when observed. B．It details ways to control people's behavior. C．It tells how to make people work harder. D．It discusses different advertising methods. 30．According to the text, which of the following statements is true? A．People pretend to behave worse when they are watched. B．Fish bite other fish in a fish tank when they are alone. C．People donate more money when they feel they are watched.
D．Soldiers fought better during World War II because of a poster. 31．The underlined word “coded” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____ A. hidden B. programmed C. forgotten D. learnt D "The days when the management in Western companies presented gold watches to long-serving employees to thank them for loyal service is now just a memory．" says the Educational and Training Support Agency． This new development in the shape and movement of the workforce throughout Western businesses is partly a result of the way that layers of middle management are being removed, leaving more workers responsible for their own development． "Having workers take responsibility for their own development might be dramatic, but it is now the rule," says the Educational and Training Support Agency． "Today, not only are workers more mobile, they have to run to keep up with changes．" says the Government- founded agency．"It is no longer enough for a worker to gain a set of skills．Workers need the ability to react and get used to changes．" This new system is also being pushed along by the way that industry is looking to its workers to renew their own skills．In the United States, some companies have contracts （合同） which repair their employees to show regularly how they have their skills up to date． Contrary to this traditions of the past, employers in the West are now looking for autonomous（独立自主的） learners as recruits, people who can develop their own continuing education beyond the school and university system．At the same time, businesses are developing the capacity for workers to take up autonomous learning on site in workplace, so that the skills and abilities of all workers in a business continue to improve and increase．"This，of course," says business theory．"will also improve the productivity of the workers and therefore the profits of the company．" 32．The management in western companies no longer presents gold watches to their employees because _____． A．they are not loyal to companies B．other rewards replace gold watches C．the way prove to be a failure D．serving a company for life is rare now 33．The western workforce frequently changes their jobs partly because _____． A．hopping from job to job has become a new trend B．employees are expecting to have more experiences in their life C．workers have to take more responsibility for themselves D．it is easy to complete themselves by doing so 34．The passage seems to suggest that the present situation in society requires that workers should__________. A．show more loyalty to their companies B．try to develop their skills to fit in with changes C．go to college to have their skills up to date D．be quick in changing their careers if there is the possibility 35．Companies require their employee's development mainly because _____． A．it will finally help to bring more profits to the company
B．it can attract more workers who pay special attention to self-development C．it is good for the employees to develop their skills D．it will make workers more responsible and loyal to the company 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分。 ） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余 选项。 This is the season for giving. Looking to get in touch with your generous side? Learn these four habits of truly thoughtful gift givers. 1. 36 . Considerate gift giving is as much about planning as it is about how well you know the person. Take time to think about his or her personality and interests to figure out how he or she will get the most value. 2. They don’t focus on cost. The practice of thoughtful giving offers a wealth of benefits, but that doesn’t mean givers should focus on expensive gifts. 37 . It seems that having more cash could actually reduce compassion(同情). And isn’t compassion what this time of year is all about? So don’t take it too hard if you don’t have a lot to spend 38 3. They make gifts personal. Gifting is an opportunity to let a person know how much you appreciate and love him, and show how well you know him. 39 . Book a massage (按摩), take them to a wine tasting event, or get a couple of tickets to a concert or show. If you’re buying for a parent, taking their kids for an evening could be the best gift of all. 4. They think about the presentation. 40 . See what you have around your house to customize (自定义) packaging. You can use pretty towels to cover something like a bottle of wine. You can also tie on a decoration that fits the theme of your gift. A. They plan ahead. B. Instead, get creative. C. They enjoy giving more than receiving. D. In fact, thoughtful gift givers don’t concentrate on the cost of presents. E. Thoughtful gift givers pay attention to detail, including how their gifts are packaged. F. Make a list of your ideas ahead of time to make sure you find the perfect fit for everyone. G. If you’re buying for someone who seems to have everything, consider gifting an experience. 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分。 ） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分。 ） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My husband hasn’t stopped laughing about the thing that happened to me. It’s 41 now but it wasn’t at that time.
Last Friday, after doing all the family shopping in town, I 42 a rest before catching the train, so I bought a 43 and some chocolate and went to the station coffee shop—that cheap, self-service place with long 44 to sit at. I put my heavy bag down on the floor, put the newspaper and chocolate on the table to 45 a place, and went to get a cup of coffee. When I came back with the coffee, there was someone in the next seat. It was one of those 46 young men, with dark glasses and torn clothes, and hair coloured bright red at the front. Now so unusual these days. What did 47 me was he’d started to 48 my chocolate! Naturally, I was annoyed. However, to avoid trouble—then really I was rather uneasy about him. I just 49 down at the front page of the newspaper, tasted my coffee, and took a bit of chocolate. The boy looked at me 50 . Then he took 51 piece of my chocolate. I could hardly 52 it. Still I didn’t want to start an argument. When he took a 53 piece, I felt more angry than annoyed. I thought, “Well, I shall have the last piece. ” And I 54 it. The boy gave a 55 look, and then stood up. As he left he shouted out, “This woman’s mad!” Everyone 56 . That really made me feel silly, but it was 57 when I finished my coffee and got ready to 58 . My face went red—as red as his hair— when I 59 I’d made a mistaken. It wasn’t my chocolate he’d been taking. There was mine, 60 , just under my newspaper.. 41 A. serious B. wonderful C. funny D. exciting 42 A. enjoyed B. took C. had D. wanted 43 A. cake B. newspaper C. magazine D. bag 44 A. chairs B. tables C. benches D. windows 45 A. order B. find C. keep D. take 46 A. wild-looked B. wild-looking C. good-looked D. good-looking 47 A. interest B. surprise C. frighten D. hurt 48 A. touch B. drink C. get D. eat 49 A. looked B. lay C. read D. went 50 A. eagerly B. really C. closely D. shyly 51 A. one B. the other C. another D. other 52 A. believe B. bear C. notice D. stop 53 A. last B. big C. single D.third 54 A. covered B. threw C. got D. wrapped 55 A. strange B. terrible C. disappointed D. curious 56 A. agreed B. promised C. stared D. followed 57 A. better B. worse C. later D. easier 58 A. leave B. pay C. check D. regret 59 A. wondered B. realized C. decided D. recognized 60 A. tasted B. split C. tied D. unopened 第 II 卷 注意事项： 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节 （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分。 ） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Just then all the young ladies noticed a very gentleman-like young man，whom they 61 (never see) before，walking down the street with an officer they knew．They were all wondering who the handsome stranger could be，when the officer 62 (come ) up to them to greet them．He asked 63 (permit) to introduce his friend，whose name was Mr Wickham，and who had apparently arrived recently from London．He was very good-looking，with a very pleasant， 64 (society) manner， and after the introductions，conversation flowed most 65 (enjoy) in the little group．They were still standing and talking happily together，when they heard the sound of horses，and saw Darcy and Bingley riding down the street． 66 two gentlemen came straight towards the ladies to greet them．Bingley was clearly most interested in Jane Bennet，and started talking particuarly to her．Darcy， 67 ，was just determining not to look at Elizabeth，when he suddenly noticed the stranger．By chance Elizabeth saw Darcy's and Wickham's faces at the moment when they caught sight of each other ， and she was 68 (astonish) at the effect of the meeting ． 69 changed colour，one white，the other red．After a few moments Mr Wickham touched his hat，and Mr Darcy nodded very slightly． What could this mean？It was impossibe to imagine，and it was impossible 70 (not wish) to know． 第四部分 写作（共两节 满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分。 ） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 To everyone in the world, money was a sensitive topic. It is true that no one should live without money in modern society. People have different opinions of money. Some people think one should live to make money, and others, make money to live. In my opinion, the latter view may be reasonably. We should not be slave of money. No doubt money plays an important role in our daily life, but it does not mean nothing. We cannot exchange money into friendship or love. Money indeed can make a person enjoy
his life for a while but all his life. In a word, money is something but not only everything. People can’t live just for money. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是高三（1）班的李华，从学校网站上得知高三年级将在周末组织英语学科加强提 高班学习，欢迎高三年级所有学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。 内容主要包括： 1.自我介绍; 2.参加意图； 3.希望获准。 注意： 1.词数 100 左右： 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯 3.邮件开头和结尾已为你写好。 Dear Sir/Madam,
Regards， Li Hua 2016 届高三第二次月考英语参考答案
第一部分 1-5 CBCAB 第二部分 21-23 ABD ADBGE 第三部分 41-45 CDBBD
6-10 ACCBB 24-27 BBDC
11-15 CAABC 28-31 DACB
16-20 BABCA 32-35 DCBA 36-40
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61. had never seen 65. enjoyably 66. The wish
67. however 68. astonished 69.Both
第四部分： 短文改错 To everyone in the world, money was a sensitive topic. It is true that no one should live without money is can in modern society. People have different opinions of money. Some people think one should live to make about/on money, and others, make money to live. while/but In my opinion, the latter view may be reasonably. We should not be slave of money. No doubt money reasonable slaves plays an important role in our daily life, but it does not mean nothing. We cannot exchange money into everything for friendship or love. Money indeed can make a person enjoy his life for a while but ∧all his life. In a word, not money is something but not only everything. People can’t live just for money.
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