The Internet and Telecommunications 第三课时
学习目标： 1. To review the language points learned before. 2. To learn Everyday English and Cultural Corner. 3. Master the usage of some key words an
d phrases. 重点领悟： To learn Everyday English and Cultural Corner. 自主梳理： Revision 1. 由? 组成 3. 以?(称号)而闻名 5.当时; 此时此刻, 当前 7. 提出(问题、想法) 9. 出版，开花 11. 把??比作 13 充当，担任 探究提升： Everyday English and Cultural Corner Discussion To discuss the following questions in groups. 1. What are the advantages of using a mobile phone? 2. What are the disadvantages? 3. What is the attitude of your school to the use to mobile phones? 学法引领： Language points 1. Text messages are much cheaper than talking on a mobile phone, and you can make it even cheaper by shortening the words that you use. much, even 可以用来修饰比较级 make it even cheaper 使得更便宜 它的结构是 make +宾语+ 宾补 2. shorten: 缩短 由形容词加上后缀-en 构成的动词有：widen, sharpen, deepen, harden
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2. 也, 同时 4. 被?所熟知 6. 经历
8.从那时起 10. 从?上升到? 12. 未经许可
3. Guess the meaning of take out in the sentences Please take the children out, their noise is making my head ache. There’s a nasty mark (污迹) on the tablecloth, and I don’t think the usual washing powder (洗衣粉)will take it out. He took her out for dinner. 4. Mobile phone users have developed a series of symbols to show their feelings. a series of 一系列，一连串（它所引导的部分作主语时，谓语动词用单数） There has been ________________ at the crossing. 在那个十字路口，曾发生过一连串的车祸． A series of tiger year stamps ___________ collected by him. 巩固训练： 一 从下面选择合适单词，并用其正确形式填空. access via browser control source develop come in allow which talk start operate traffic basic system possible rise version invent go down document The Internet is the biggest_______of information and it is______through a computer. In 1969, DARPA _____ a way for all their computers to _____ to each other through the telephone. Then in 1984, the NSF _____NSFNET. It then became ________for universities to use the ________ as well. The World Wide Web was ________by Tim Berbers Lee in 1991.It is a computer net work that ___computer users to ______information from millions of websites _____the Internet. About 80 percent web traffic is in English, but this percentage is ______. By 2020, much web ______could be in Chinese. Burners Lee developed the first major ______, named Mosaic, which allowed users to access_______. It was the first browser to _____ several different______ , each of __ was designed to run on a different ____ system. Operating systems are the _______ software that ______ computers. Within five years, the number of Internet users___ from 600,000 to 40 million. 二 汉译英 1 他在会上提出一项建议。(come up with) 2 西湖以人间天堂而著称。(know) 3 他们允许孩子们免费进入公园。(allow) 4 这个俱乐部由 200 多位会员组成。(consist) 5 他把那个小商店发展成为一家大型百货商店。(develop) 6 爱迪生发明了电灯。哥伦布在 1492 年发现了美洲大陆。(invent , discover)
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7 她为这位歌手设计服装。(design) 8 太阳从东方升起。那个学生举手要回答老师的问题。(rise , raise) 9 她的职业是医生。(work) 10 海水含有盐分。这里所有人，包括老人，都参加了抗洪斗争。(contain , include) 三 单词拼写 He is so kind that you can easily get a ________to him. The exam is coming. They are c_______ their mind on study. On the a_______, there are 1,000 visitors a day. China has become i_________, since she was founded in 1949. Without p________, you can not park your car here. You must give me a d________ answer, whether you come or not. The wealth of society is c_______ by the laboring people. During the first days of college, the college students usually experience m______ training. Printing is one of the four i__________. 10 The hall can c________ five hundred people. 11 Our teacher is a_________ to the students. We all like her. 12 We went to London v____ Siberia. 13 The article is too long, so you should s________ it. 14 A famous architect d_______ the national stadium. 15 This hardship is nothing, c_______ with those the Red Army faced on the Long March. 四， 单项选择 1. ___ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand.(2004, 浙江) A While B Since C As D If While he was playing his toys, a good idea ___him. A came up with B came upon C came up D came down ---- I am taking my drive test tomorrow. (2002 NMET). ----_________! A Cheers B Good luck C Come on D Congratulations The place has____ from a fishing port into a tourist centre. A increased B discovered C developed D improved The success of this car shows the importance of good ___in helping to sell the product. A color B price C design D model We can not stand by and ___ such a thing. A allowing B allowed C allow D to allow Tom ___his parents like playing football. A and B as well as C as well D also
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Mr White has written some short stories, but he is ___known for his plays. (NMET 1998) A the best B more C better D the worst With extraordinary strength, he raised himself __the moment. A at B for C in D \ As a result of destroying the forest, a large ___of the desert __covered the land.(2001, 上海) A number, has B quantity, has C number, has D quantity, have Comrade Wang is on his way to Hang Zhou __Shanghai. A by the way of B via C around D past They were surprised that a child should work out the problem ___they themselves could not. A once B then C while D if __the day went on, the weather got worse. (NMET 2000) A With B Since C While D As Americans eat ___vegetables per person today as they did in 1910. (2002 NMET) A more than twice B as twice as many C twice as many as D more than twice as many. There are more __ houses in this village than in that one. A new-built B new-building C newly-built D built-newly ----John, there is __ Mr Wilson on the phone for you. ----I am in __ bath.(NMET 2004) A a, the B the ; \ C a ;the D a;\ 17 I hesitate __you, but will you recommend me for the post? A ask B asking C asked D to ask.. 18 ---- You are so lucky. ---- What do you mean __that? A for B in C of D by 19 ---- Is this book interesting? ---- Yes, but I am sure it will not interest ___. A nobody B somebody C anybody D everybody 20 She often gets up late, ___when she has classes in the morning. A usually B especially C generally D hardly 21 His school education ___no more than one year. A added up to B added up C added to D added 22 This book ___forty maps, ___ three of Great Britain. A contains; includes B is containing; including C includes; contains D contains; including 五 阅读 WHO AM I? I began only as a calculating machine in 1642 in France. Then in 1822 I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. I followed instructions from cards with holes. I know this sounds very simple, but at that time it was a technological revolution. My real father was Alan Turing, who in 1936 wrote a book to describe
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how computers could be made to work, and built a “universal machine” to solve any mathematical problem. Earlier I was not very big, but then I become huge！However, people thought I was simple-minded until they discovered I had “artificial intelligence. Artificial！I did not know what they were talking about. Anyway, let′ s go back to my history. Then I was the size of a large room！As the years have gone by, I have been made smaller and smaller. No one could recognize me after I got my new transistors in the 1960s. There were times when my size was totally changed. I became small and thin but I got cleverer and cleverer, quicker and quicker. And my memory became so large that I could not believe it！But I was always so lonely standing there by myself, until in the early 1960s, they gave me a family connected by a network. I could share information with others and we could talk to each other. At about the same time we learned to talk to humans using BASIC.I was brought into people′s homes in the 1970s.Since then, my family and I have been used by billions of people to deal with information and communicate with each other around the world by the Internet. I love being used to connect people who are not close enough to speak to each other. I have truly been built to serve the human race since my birth. 1 Look at the timeline below. Fill in the blanks with information from the reading above. Timeline 1642: ________________________________________________________________________ ____: The Analytical Machine was made by Charles Babbage. 1936: ________________________________________________________________________ 1960s:________________________________________________________________________ _____: The first family of computers was connected to each other. 1970s:_________________________________________________________________________ Now: _________________________________________________________________________ 课文注释 1 Then in 1822 I was built as an Analytical Machine by Charles Babbage. Analytical Machine 分析机，指有程控制的计算机。 2 I followed instructions from cards with holes. Cards with holes 穿孔卡。一种用孔洞位置或其组合表示信息的方形卡片。20 世纪 50 年 代至 80 年代被广泛应用于电子计算机的数据输入和输出。 3 However, people thought I was simple-minded until they discovered I had “artificial intelligence”. “artificial intelligence”人工智能，是研究怎样让计算机做一些通常认为需要智能才 能做的事情。 4 My real father was Alan Turing, who in 1936 wrote a book to describe how computers can be made to work, and built a “universal machine” to solve any mathematical problem. 我真正的父亲是艾伦·图灵，他 1936 年曾写过一本书，书中描述了使用计算机工作的方法， 并且他还制作的一台“通用机器”来解决数学问题。 5 No one could recognize me after I got my new transistors I the 1960s.
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transistors 晶体三极管，由半导体材料制成的有源三端器件，是一种非常重要的电子器 件。 6 At about the sane time, we learned to talk to human using Basic. Basic Basic 语言，是一种交互式高级程序设计语言，具有人机对话的功能，它是英文 Beginner′s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code 的缩写，原意是初学者通用符号 指令代码。 重点词汇 1 calculate v Scientists have calculate that the population will double by the end of the century, be calculated to do sth 计划做某事 The rule is calculated to appeal to students. 2 anyway=anyhow 无论如何 adv Anyway, I must finish this work today. 3 analytic adj analytically adv analyse vt You should analyse the cause of success and failure. 4 simple-minded adj+n-ed eg warm-hearted absent-minded 心不在焉的 He is a simple-minded, but he is strict in his work. 5 go by A 过去 Don’t let an opportunity go by. B 依照 We have a clear-cut criterion to go by. C 顺便拜访 He was in when I went by yesterday. 6 total n/adj/v (a total of--- 总计) totally adv The total industrial output value has been increasing in the past few years. The visitors totaled 8000. 7 deal vi 对付，处理，讨论，论述 n 交易; 大量 （a great deal of ） You must learn to deal properly with all kinds of complicated situations. 你必须 学会恰当地应付各种局面 The two countries make a deal with each other. 8 universal 宇宙的 普遍的 通用的 universal gravitation. 万有引力 In the Middle Ages, feudal control and serfdom were universal and cruel. 在中 世纪，封建统治和农奴制度是普遍的，残酷的 This is a universal motor.这是一台交直流两用电动机 9 artificial 人工的，人造的，假的 Our country just sent up an artificial earth satellite into space. She made an artificial smile on her face.
参考答案: 一． source, accessible, developed, talk, started, possible, system, invented, allows, access, via, going down, traffic, browser, documents, come in, versions, which, operating, basic, control, rose 二． 1 He came up with a proposal at the meeting.
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2 The West Lake is known as the paradise on earth.. 3 They allowed the children to go into the park for free. 4 This club consists of more than 200 members. 5 He developed the little store into a big department store. 6 Edison invented the electric light. Columbus discovered America in 1492. 7 She designs dresses for the singer. 8 The sun rises in the east. The student raised his hand to answer the teacher’s question. 9 She works as a doctor. 10 Sea water contains salt. Everyone here took part in the fight against the flood , including old people. 三. 1 access 2 concentrate 3 average 4 independent 5 permission 6 definite 7 created 8 military 9 inventions 10 contain 11 accessible 12 via 13 shorten 14 designed 15 compared 四．1A 2B 3B 4 C 5C 6 C 7B 8 C 9B 10B 11B12C 13D 14D 15C 16A 17D 18D 19D 20B 21A 22D 五． The computer only worked as a calculating machine in France. 1822 A “universal machine” to solve any mathematical problem was built by Alan Turing. Smaller but cleverer computers with new transistors was invented. In the early 1960s Computers using BASIC was brought into people’s homes. Computers are used by billions of people on the Internet.
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