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陕西省三原县北城中学 2011-2012 学年高一下学期期中考试英语试 题
第I卷 第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节 语音知识 (共 5 小题,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选 项。 1.

rather A. bath B. think C. mother D. something 2. pollute A. use B. produce C. industry D. blue 3. forecast A. mass B. disaster C. active D. wave 4. located A. crowded B. developed C. allowed D. amazed 5. flood A. food B. boot C. blood D. took 第二节 情景对话(共 5 题,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项。选项 中有两项为多余选项。( E 涂 AB, F 涂 AC,G 涂 AD) A: Excuse me, Mr. Green. But I’d like to take a few days off. B: 6 A: My mother is ill. I have to take care of her. B: Oh, dear. I’m sorry to hear that. 7 A: No, thanks. My mother has caught a bad cold. She has a high fever and coughs day and night. The doctor says my mother has to be in hospital for a few days. I would like to be with her. B: I understand. 8 A. I hope to be back next Wednesday. B. That’s all right. 9 A. Thank you, Mr. Green. That’s very kind of you. I’ll write it immediately. B. 10 I’ll certainly help you with them. A. Is there anything I can do to help? B. What’s the matter, Alice? C. I hope your mother gets well soon. D. How long will you be away? E. How is everything going? F. But you must write a note for permission to be away. G. Don’t worry about your lessons. 第三节 语法和词汇知识 (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 11. Doctors say _____ good diet is of ______ great benefit to our health. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; / D. the; / 12. They lived a small island the coast of Fujian for five years. A. on, on B. in, off C. at, on D. on, off

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13. India is a country. A. developing B. developed C. develop D. develops 14. we all tried our best, we lost the game in the end. A. As B. Although C. Because D. Since 15. After the clock twelve, the students walked out of the lecture room. A. beat B. bit C. struck D. rang 16. ---What did he say to you just now? ---He told me that he would leave for Jinan . A. the next week B. next week C. the follows week D. following week 17. He some French while he was away on a business trip in Paris. A. picked out B. made up C. picked up D. made out 18. Some of the roads were flooded, _________ made our journey more difficult. A. which B. it C. what D. that 19. --I failed again in the math test. -- ______. A. Why B. Cheer up C. No problem D. That’s all right 20. Mike is a student at a famous university, _______ for a doctor degree. A. studied B. studying C. to have studied D. to be studying 21. Alice, together with two boys, for having broken the rule. A. was punished B. punished C. were punished D. being punished 22. I don’t know whether or not the books _____ to the homeless children next month are really useful. A. given B. to be given C. giving D. which were given 23. __________, we must believe in ourselves and believe that we can do something well. A. However life is difficult B. However is life difficult C. However difficult life is D. However difficult is life 24. We visited the factory ________ 80 percent of the toys in the city are made. A. where B. there C. which D. that 25. You need to have ______ if you want to teach the group of naughty children well. A. energy B. patience C. strength D. belief 第四节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中,选出最 佳选项。

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later Edison went into his office and saw a lot of paper and books on his desk. Of course he couldn’t compute the volume in the time 41 . “Why not pour some 42 into the bottle?” said Edison. “Then you’ll 43 calculate its volume!” Having heard this, the young man’s 44 turned red, and he knew Edison was really 45 than him! 26. A. doctor B. player C. writer D. inventor 27. A. Soon B. After C. Later on D. Soon after 28. A. teach B. play with C. study D. enjoy 29. A. forgot B. remembered C. wanted D. hoped 30. A. showed B. pushed C. introduced D. threw 31. A. news B. books C. knowledge D. dictionaries 32. A. employed B. asked C. made D. watched 33. A. beard B. learned C. read D. told 34. A. told B. was told C. said D. was said 35. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. all 36. A. did B. had C. was doing D. was having 37. A. but B. and C. as D. while 38. A. bringing B. to bring C. taking D. to take 39. A. result B. way C. idea D. opinion 40. A. knew B. saw C. learned D. found 41. A. given B. followed C. said D. taken 42. A. oil B. salt C. water D. food 43. A. carefully B. slowly C. easily D. quietly 44. A. head B. face C. eyes D. ears 45. A. more polite B. stricter C. more kind-hearted D. cleverer 第二部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A

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46. In this passage, the word “gravity” means_______. A. the pull of everything. B. the force of attraction (吸引) among objects. C. the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth D. the force which attracts the earth towards the sun. 47. When you slip(滑) you always fall to the ground because________ A. the earth always turns round. B. the earth has gravity C. the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight. D. you are careless. 48. Gravity is strong that_______ A. it can throw a ball into the air. B. it makes you jump only seven feet. C. it can let you fly away from the earth. D. it can keep everything on earth. 49. We can get away from the earth by spaceship because________ A. the spaceship goes very fast. B. the earth can’t pull the spaceship. C. the spaceship has a strong force. D. the spaceship can jump higher than others. B There is a wonderful story about a young girl who had no family and no one to love her. One day, feeling very sad and lonely, she was walking through a grassland when she noticed a small butterfly caught in a thorn (荆棘) bush. The young girl carefully released the butterfly. Instead of flying away, the little butterfly changed into a beautiful fairy. The young girl rubbed her eyes in disbelief. “For your wonderful kindness,” the good fairy said to the girl, “I will give you any wish you would like.” The little girl thought for a moment and then replied, “I want to be happy.” The fairy leaned toward her and whispered in her ear. Then the fairy disappeared. As the little girl grew up, there was no one in the land as happy as she. Everyone asked her secret of happiness. She would only smile and answer, “The secret of my happiness is that I listened to a good fairy when I was a little girl.” When she was very old and on her deathbed, the neighbors all gathered around her, and feared that her unbelievable secret of happiness would die with her. “Tell

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us, please,” they begged, “Tell us what the good fairy said.” The lovely old woman simply smiled and said, “She told me that everyone, no matter how secure they seemed, no matter how old or young, how rich or poor, had need of me.” 50. ______ the girl felt sad and lonely. A. There were many friends but B. There was nobody to love her so C. There was nothing to do D. Seeing the butterfly was caught 51. Noticing the butterfly was caught by the thorn, the orphan girl ______. A. helped the butterfly escaped from the thorn B. felt sorrow, but she didn’t go up to help it C. fell down on it too D. failed to help it release from the thorn 52. The butterfly ______ after it was saved by the little girl. A. flied away B. still died C. changed into a fairy D. was more beautiful than before 53. The only thing that the little girl wanted was________. A. to be rich B. to have her own parents C. to have a lot of friends D. happiness C Most Americans enjoy moving from place to place. For example, they often drive their cars 120 to 160 kilometers away just to have dinner with a friend or even fly to Europe just for watching a football match. In some states only one person in five lives in a place for more than five years. One may be born in one city, and go to school in another. He may finish his middle school in two or three cities, and then attend a college far across the country. When he has entered business, he may possibly move from job to job. Moving from one job to another, which is called “job-hopping”, is a very common practice in the United States. Job-hopping is good to workers, because every change of a job gives them a chance to move up to a higher position and to get better pay. And job-hopping also gives bosses the chance to get new ideas and skills that different people bring to their companies and factories. 54. According to this passage, Americans often travel_______. A. in order to have dinner with their friends B. in order to watch football matches C. to enjoy themselves D. in order to find a new job 55. In some places in America, ________ for more than five years. A. most people stay in one place B. about 20% of the people live in one place C. the owners of houses stay in one place D. the owners of five house stay in one place 56. In the USA, job-hopping_______. A. has become the custom (习惯) B. has helped young people to attend to college

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C. has helped students to enter business D. has helped worker in traveling 57. The writer thinks________. A. job-hopping does good either to workers or to the bosses B. job-hopping does good neither to the workers nor to the bosses C. little of the job-hopping D. highly of the job-hopping D

It was really worth looking at so many paintings to find a painter who could interest me so much. 58. The aim of the mother' s plan was to _________. A. take them to visit the museum B. introduce them to the world of art C. ask them to read about artists D. show them different painting styles 59. What was the writer' s experience in the museum before the last visit? A. She came to feel her mother' s love. B. She liked many paintings. C. She hardly enjoyed herself. D. She could understand the pictures of fat babies. 60. What made the writer go through a change that summer? A. One of Mary's paintings. B. A strange way of painting. C. Artists in the Middle Ages. D. Her mother' s instruction. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从下列 A-F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。 选项中有一项为多 余项。 (E 涂 AB,F 涂 AC)

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A. B. C. D. E. F.

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Wash yourself as often as possible Avoid being in hot sun Keep away from smoke and alcohol The importance of skin Have a balanced diet Be sure to have enough water

61. __________ When it comes to your skin, there is an important fact that you must keep in mind: Your skin is the largest organ of your body. Therefore, skin health and protection is crucial. Your skin does everything for you. It can keep your body hydrated and regulate your body’s temperature. Now, here are some helpful tips for you to protect your skin: 62._________ Protection against harmful rays from the sun is one of the most important steps that you need to take. With this in mind it is necessary for you to avoid strong sunlight as often as possible. As for sunscreen you need to buy products that contain UVA-1, UVA-2 and UVB protection. 63___________ Your diet also has a direct impact on the health of your skin. The most important aspect of your diet in relation to the health of your skin is to make certain that you eat a proper amount of food items that contain the proteins and nutrients necessary for cellular maintenance, repair and regeneration. 64.__________ Water is also important to the health of your skin. While you cerrtainly have heard it before, it actually is true that you should drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of fresh water every day. There are many health benefits to be derived from drinking water daily, including maintaining healthy skin. 65.__________ Finally, when it comes to the health of your skin today and into the future you should avoid smoking all together. In addition, you should drink alcohol only in moderation. Both smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can negatively impact the health of your skin in significant ways. 第 II 卷 第三部分 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示, 写出对应单词的正确、完整形式,每空 只写一词。 66. She always _____________(羡慕) him for his success in business. 67. It takes time and ________________ (耐心) to photograph wildlife. 68. In the whole of California, the ____ (地震)and fires caused about 3000 deaths. 69. That _____________(使想起) me of a short story by Lu Xun. 70. Children should not be allowed to watch_______________(暴力的) movies. 71. Children are often ________________ (好奇的) about everything that they have

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never seen. 72. He gave me an apple in (交换)for a piece of cake. 73. (面临)with so many problems, the newly-elected mayor had to work day and night. 74. All human beings are (平等). 75. Ancient China was a place where states were often at ___ (战争)with each other. 第二节 短文改错 (每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜 线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,在横线下边写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计 分。 A boy who was cleaning the shoes in the street said to a young man passed by, “Let me clean your boots. It just spends you only a penny.” But the man refused. Then the boy told him that he will clean his boots for nothing. The man agreed and soon one of the boot shone brightly. Then he put the other boot on the box, and the boy refused to clean it if he was paid two pence for his work. The young man refused pay anything and went away. But the well-cleaning boot made the dirty one so bad that he could not walk on. He returned back and gave the boy two pence. 第三节 写作(满分为 30 分) 健康一直是人们关注的问题,请以 Keep Fit 为题, 写一篇英语作文。内容包括: 保持健康的重要性:健康比金钱更重要,健康使我们能享受生活并能实现我们的人生理想。 保持健康的方法:1. 多吃水果蔬菜, 保持饮食平衡, 避免吃含糖高、脂肪高的食物;2.多 锻炼,健身强体;3. 摒弃不良习惯,比如抽烟和酗酒。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右,短文标题、开头已给出,不计入总词数。 2. 内容可适当发挥,但注意语句通顺,过渡自然。 Keep Fit Health is far more important than wealth. _____________________________________

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