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景德镇2011-2012高一英语期末考试卷


景德镇市 2012-2013 学年度第一学期期末考试 高一英语试卷(初稿)
命题人:昌河中学 蒋玉英 审核:市教研所 桂子辉

单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题一分,满分 15 分) 从所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案,并填写在相应的位置。 21.The Labor Day holiday encouraged many peop

le to take ______ public transportation, with all of _____ subway’s lines in Beijing breaking passenger records on Saturday. A./; / B. the; the C. /; the D. a; the 22. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _____ was very reasonable. A. which price C. its price B. the price of which D. the price of whose

23. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, ____wanted to buy it. A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom

24. The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks _______ in the garden of a traditional home. A. out of place B. out of order C. out of sight D. out of question

25. She was _____ by her colleagues though she herself didn’t think she had done anything special. A.thought poorly B.thought little of C.thought high D.thought highly of

26. The modern-day cookie, as we know it, _____ about 200 years ago, with the introduction of tea and coffee into Europe. A.came up with B.came into being C.came out of D.came down to

27. In the last few years, thousands of films _____ all over the world. A.are being produced C.are producing B.have produced D.have been produced

28. As is known to us all, China is a developing country________ the third world. A. belonging B. belonged C. belonging to D. belonged to

29. ____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. As B. That C What D. It

30. More and more high-rise buildings have been built in big cities _____ space. A. in search of B. in place of C. for lack of D. for fear of

31. His drunk driving _________ the accident, ________ the death of twenty people. A. resulted in; causing B. resulted from; caused C. resulted from; causing D. resulted in; caused 32. In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person A.that B.who C.from whom she could turn for help.

D.to whom

33. 36. I’m very tired now, but ____ I must finish the work today. A. anything B. anyone C. anyhow D. anywhere

34. All the doctors in the hospital insisted that he ______ badly wounded and that he ______ at once. A. was; be operated on C. be; was operated on devoted to music. A. study; when B. study; though C. studying; if
第二节:完形填空(共 30 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D)四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 填写在相应位置。 Prana, our beautiful dog whose name means “breath of life”, isn't with us anymore. But, she brought such joy and love into our lives that we still miss her. There are so many wonderful stories about the one: It was an autumn day in Minnesota. But, the between fall and winter. was prepared. We have two apple trees in our backyard. Prana loved apples. When she Went outside, she'd take hold of an apple, stick it far back in her 42 , and sneak it into the house to 43 39 , we were 40 38 didn't seem to know the difference 41 which no one 36 in this dog, but my 37 is this

B. were; must be operated on D. should be; be operated on

35. He devoted every spare moment to __________English,________ his wife was D. studying; while

with a big snow fall

for eating later. The apples had been on the ground and were often muddy so I wasn't always 44 that Prana had brought them into the house. 46 45 my disapproval, she would turn 47 . 48 her

her head so I wouldn't see her hidden

.It was our little

On the day that it snowed too early in the season, Prana went outside and I from the window. I 49 that she was madly digging holes and 51 50

the apples to the

surface so they could be seen seemed to be completely 52

the snow. I wondered why she was doing this. She

with some kin---d of important task to dig up as many

apples as possible during her yard time.

When I called her back into the house, she had her

53

one apple in her mouth. 54 .

About five minutes later, I looked outside. The yard was Completely covered with

Prana had dug up all those apples for her bird and squirrel friends to eat. She knew that they wouldn't have stored enough food to 36. A. talent 37. A. interest 38. A. year 39. A. Naturally 40. A. hit 41. A. at 42. A. tail 43. A. use 44. A. happy 45. A. Sensing 46. A. plan 47. A. trick 48. A. heard 49. A. noticed 50. A. taking 51. A. in 52. A. absorbed 53. A. dirty 54. A. fruits 55. A. struggle B. emotion B. favorite B. forecast B. Unexpectedly B. covered B. by B. stomach B. save B. angry B. Wondering B. fun B. game B. saw B. understood B. bringing B. off B. occupied B. big B. snow B. survive 55 such an early winter! C. love C. best C. season C. Terribly C. stuck C. for C. mouth C. put C. worried C. Guessing C. interest C. play C. watched C. discovered C. carrying C. above C. involved C. usual C. birds C. challenge D. life D. preference D. weather D. Generally D. mined D. in D. ear D. hide D. acceptable D. Finding D. treasure D. magic D. followed D. learnt D. fetching D. beyond D. filled D. favorite D. ice D. face

四.阅读理解(40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并填在相应位置。 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A A Day Fly-Fly Aboriginal Rock Tour Tour Details Operator: Adventure North Australia Destination: Cooktown Departs From: Cairns Tour Description Voted as one of Australia's Must-Do-Experiences. Treat yourself to an amazing day out with Aboriginal Elder Willie Gordon.

Depart Cairns Domestic Airport for the Skytrans Flight to Cooktown. Flight departs Cairns at 6:45 a.m. Enjoy a 45-minute flight with wonderful views from Cairns to Cooktown as you fly along the coast between the World Heritage rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef. On arrival in Cooktown you will be met by Willie Gordon, the traditional storyteller of the Nugal-warra clan(部落). Willie Gordon takes guests to his ancestral rock art sites, set high in the hills above Hope Vale, outside Cooktown. Here he shares the stories behind the art, and explains how the paintings speak of the most basic and important quality of life and the knowledge of his people. The tour takes you through an impressive view of six rock art sites, including an ancestral Birth Cave and the Reconciliation Cave. This includes a 30-minute bush walk on generally easy terrian(地形). (Covered closed-on shoes must be worn.) Return to Cooktown at 1:15 p.m. where Willie will take you to the Nature Power House Museum, Cooktown's Visitor Information Centre. Lunch is included at the Verhandah Cafe. The rest of the afternoon is free to explore historical Cooktown before your transfer to Cooktown airport and return flight to Cairns. Flight arrives at Cairns Domestic Airport at 6:40 p.m. Own arrangements on arrival in Cairns. Prices Adults: $ 549.00 Children: $ 390.00 Families(2 adults and 2 children): $ 1,869.00 56. According to the passage, how will tourists arrive in Cooktown? A. By ship. B. By car. C. By air. D. By train.

57. What do we learn about Willie Gordon? A. He acts as the guide of the tour. B. He is the owner of the Verhandah Cafe.

C. He works in the Nature Power House Museum. D. He is the manager of Adventure North Australia.

58. After viewing rock art, tourists will go to__________. A. the World Heritage rainforest C. rock art sites outside the town B. the Great Barrier Reef D. the Nature Power House Museum

59. We learn from the passage that the whole trip lasts about__________. A. six hours B. eight hours C. ten hours D. twelve hours

60. From the passage, the tour is designed to let the tourists__________. A. learn about the custom C. taste the delicious snacks B Soon computers and other machines will be able to remember you by looking at your eyes! The program works because everyone’s eyes are different. So in the future you won’t have to remember a number when you want to use a machine or take money out of a bank. You’ll just have to look at the machine and it will be able to tell who you are. The eye-recognition program has already been tested in shops and banks in the USA, Britain, Spain, Italy and Turkey. Soon this technology will take the place of all other ways of finding out who people are. However, scientists are also working on other systems. Machines will soon be able to know you from the shape of your face or hand or even your smell! We already have machines that can tell who you are from your voice or the mark made by your finger. Eye-recognition is better than other kinds because your eyes don’t change as you get older, and don’t get dirty like hands or fingers, and even twins have different eyes. So the eye-recognition program can be up to 94% correct, depending on how good the technology is. However, some other programs may only be 51% correct for the time being. In Britain, it was found that 91% of people who had tried it said that they like the idea of eye-recognition. In the future your computer will be looking you in the eye. So smile! 61. The program has been tested in shops and banks of the following countries EXCEPT __________. A. Turkey B. America C. France D. Britain B. enjoy the ancient art D. experience the lifestyle

62. When you are using the eye-recognition program, you _____________. A. look at the machine and type a number C. let the machine look at your face B. look at the machine D. need to speak and then look

63. What does the underlined phrase “for the time being” in Para. 4 mean? A. sometimes B. always C. never D. at present

64. How many systems are being worked on according to the text? A. 4 B. 2 C. 6 D. 8

65. The problem with the program is that ___________. A. it is not always correct C. Twins’ eyes are the same C Newspapers are not nearly as popular today as they were in the past. There are not very many people who seriously read a newspaper every day. Most people read only the sports pages, the advice or the gossip columns, the comics, and perhaps the classified advertisements. Most people don’t take the time to read the real news. They attempt to catch the reader’s interest with pictures and exciting headlines. These techniques are used on the front page because it is the first thing you see when you pick up the paper. The first page attracts attention and encourages the reader to look through the rest of the paper. This is why editors always look for a good first page story and headline to make them stop and look. If the headline is horrible enough or frightening enough or wild enough, perhaps they will go on to read the front page anymore. They may read the headlines, but that is all, then they turn to the sports page, or comics, or advertisements. It seems that people do not want the news from a newspaper anymore. They say they get the news on the television now. More people watch television news because it is easier and more interesting than reading a newspaper. What about you? Do you read news from a newspaper? Do you think it is easier to get the news from television? Or do you care about news at all? Would you mind if there were no news? 66. According to the passage, newspaper are . A. more popular today B. less popular today C. as popular as before D. getting more and more popular 67. We can know from the passage that the newspaper editors think the important part of the newspaper is . A. the front page B. the sports page C. the headlines D. the classified advertisements 68. According to the author, which of the following newspaper will most probably attract the reader’s attention? A. The ones with interesting pictures and exciting headlines on the front page. B. The ones with sports news on the front page. C. The ones with classified ads on the front page. D. The ones with gossip columns on the front page. 69. According to the passage, most people read all of the following except . A. the sports page B. comics C. advertisements D. the real news 70. The author’s attitude toward newspaper is . A. sympathetic B. critical C. negative D. undetermined B. eyes don’t change D. eyes can get dirty like hands

D Famous centenarians (百岁老人) still active in arts, science are in no mood to retire. "Those who stand still, die." is one of Oliveira's favorite phrases. He knows from experience what it mean s, as the Portuguese film director has reached the age of 102 and is still active in his profession. Every year, Oliveira shoots a film and is currently working on his next project. "You have to work, work, work in order to forget that death is not far away," he said. When asked about his age, Oliveira said with some humility: "It's down to mother nature. It gave to me what it took from others." Being both mentally and physically fit in old age is partly a matter of luck, but it also has something to do with character. Not every white-haired person is wise and social skills, openness and the ability to train the brain are essential for senior citizens. Along with the architect Oscar Niemeyer (103), Nobel laureate Montalcini (101) and director Kurt Maetzig (100), Oliveira is one of those people of whom it would be very wrong to think as members of a listless elderly generation. Another master in his profession is the architect Oscar Niemeyer. The 103-year-old Brazilian is best known for his futuristic-looking buildings in Brasilia, but he also speaks out on behalf of the poor. "The role of the architect is to struggle for a better world where we can develop a form of architecture that serves everyone and not just a privileged few," said Niemeyer recently. He spends almost every day working in his office in Copacabana, and even when he falls ill he keeps working on ideas: After a gallbladder (胆囊) operation he composed a samba tune (桑巴舞曲) in the clinic. Another man who could sing a song about age is 107-year-old Heesters. The Dutch-born opera singer spent most of his life performing in Germany, where he still works. Recently Heesters said: "I want to be at least 108-years-old." He also plans to keep performing. "Should I just sit at home and wait until they come and pick me up?" Heesters has not given up trying to add to his tally of awards and is looking for a "good stage role". Italian scientist Rita Levi-Montalcini, who is 101-year-old and is still active in medical science, has described the fo rce that keeps driving her on: "Progress is created through imperfection." In 1986 she and her lab colleague were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on nerve growth factor. She's convinced that humans grow on

challenges. With so many brilliant examples given, we can see clearly that age is no barrier(障碍) to some high achievers. 71. From the first two paragraphs, we can see ______. A. being active at 102 is achievable for everybody B. Oliveira owes his long life to his mother’s help C. being fit in old age is a matter of luck and character D. social skills and wisdom are difficult for the senior 72. How many centenarians are mentioned in this passage? A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7

73. By saying "Should I just sit at home and wait until they come and pick me up?” in Paragraph 5, Heesters shows us he ________. A. wants to sit or lie in comfort C. is willing to work till he dies B. is waiting for people to pick him up D. prefers to give performance at home

74. In the passage so many examples were given to show ________. A. old age is a big problem if you want to succeed B. as a senior citizen, you have to be open-minded and optimistic C. old people should never think of themselves as old D. old age can not prevent a great person from achieving a lot 75. In the writer’s opinion, the architect Oscar Niemeyer is not ________. A. intelligent B. pessimistic C. positive D. diligent

阅读表达 Walking for exercise Walking is a popular form of exercise. It is an easy activity and offers a good way to improve physical fitness. Walking also gives many of the same benefits as other kinds of exercise. Regular, brisk walks help a person’s body work better. Walking builds a stronger heart and lungs. The heart pumps blood through the body. It gets more rest between beats. Walking also seems to help protect the heart from heart disease. The lungs work better because they take in and use oxygen more effectively. Walking can help in weight control, too. A quick fifteen-minute walk burns as many calories as jogging the same distance in

half the time. Walking causes very few injuries. So there is also a lower “dropout” rate among walkers than among runners. People are more likely to continue a walking program. This gives a better chance for success. Walking offers some mental benefits, too. It seems to make people feel better. Many walkers say they sleep better at night when they take regular walks. Others say they have a better attitude about life. Walking offers many of the same physical and mental benefits as other forms of exercise, but walking offers some special advantages, too. ◎Almost everyone can walk. There are no special lessons or coaching. To become a serious walker, a person only needs to walk faster, farther, and more often. ◎People can walk almost anywhere. There are no special playing fields or courts for walking. Sidewalks, streets, parks, fields, and malls are excellent places for walking. ◎People can walk almost anytime. A person doesn’t need a team or a partner for walking. There is no “season” for walking. Most walkers walk in all kinds of weather. ◎Walking doesn’t cost anything. There are no special fees for walking. Good walking shoes and comfortable clothes are the only equipment that a walker needs. Walking offers a form of exercise within the reach of nearly everyone. With a little time and effort, people can rediscover a valuable form of exercise and improve their fitness. 1. What may be the best title of the passage?(within 8 words) _________________________________________. 2.which sentence in the passage can be replaced by this one: "Compared to running, more people can continue walking as a form of exercise."? (within 14 words) _______________________________________________________. 3.Which word in the passage means the same as the underlined word "benefits"?(Please answer it in a complete sentence within 9 words. ) ________________________________________. 4.Among the special advantages of walking, which one do you think is the most important?(Please answer in a complete sentence.) ________________________________________________. 5. What does “It” (Line 2,Paragraph 2 ) probably refer to? (no more than three words)

五、书面表达 目前我国大力提倡构建能源节约型社会。 下图是你在校园所见到的一些现象。 请你以学 生会成员的身份, 描述课后电脑仍开着、 教室灯亮着、 废纸乱扔、 水龙头一直流水这些现象, 起草一份倡议书,向全校师生发出节约能源的倡议。

注意:1. 开头、结尾已为你写好,不计入总数。 2. 字数不少于 100。 3. 可根据需要补充与文章有关的信息。 4. 主要内容:描述图画,发出倡议。 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

参考答案 单选 21-25 CBDAD
CBDBA

26-30 BDCAC
41-45 CCBAA

31-35 ADCAD
46-50 DBCAB 51-55 CBCCB

完形填空 36-40

阅读理解 56-60CADDB 阅读表达

61-65 CBDAA 66-70 BAADA 71-75 CBCDB

1. Walking is a popular/helpful/cheapest form of exercise. 2. So there is also a lower “dropout” rate among walkers than among runners. 3. The word “advantages” means the same as it. 4. Almost everyone can walk. /People can walk almost anywhere./ People can walk almost anytime. / Walking doesn’t cost anything. (任选一项即可) 5. The heart. 书面表达 Dear teachers and students,

Our government is trying hard to build an energy-saving society. It is everybody’s duty to work hard and reach this goal. However, not everybody has realized the importance of it. Take our school for example. Sometimes we can see that lights and computers are still on after class. Some students even forget to turn off the tap after using it and have water running all the time. Our papers are printed on only one side, causing much waste. It’s time we did something to avoid this kind of waste. Firstly, make sure that all the lights and other electric facilities are turned off when we leave the rooms. Try to form the habit of turning off the tap immediately after using it. What’s more, papers should be printed on both sides and reused if possible. In a word, if everybody has the awareness of reducing the waste and takes action, we can contribute to our society. Students’ Union


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