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Unit 1 Women of achievement Period 4 Listening 优秀教案(人教版必修4)


Period 4

Listening

The General Idea of This Period I n this period the students are to listen to three listening materials about great women.One is about the particular

problems women have when they want a career of their own.The second is about the western Mulan,Joan of Arc,a brave and patriotic Frenchwoman who fought to free France from the English.The third and last is about Jody Williams and her ICBL(International Campaign to Ban Landmines).When doing the listening practice,the students should learn to predict the content of the listening material by reading the exercises beforehand.While listening,they should learn to grasp the gist by catching the topic sentences and some key words and at the same time make some notes when necessary.? Teaching Important Points? Understanding the three materials.? How to catch the topic sentences.? Teaching Difficult Points? Catching the topic sentences.? Understanding the listening materials.? Teaching Methods? Listening-and-answering.? Cooperative learning.? Teaching Aids? A tape recorder? A projector? Three Dimensional Teaching Aims Knowledge and Skills? Enable the students to get the gist of the listening materials by catching some topic sentences.? Enable the students to learn something about Jody Williams and Joan of Arc.? Process and Strategies? Train the students’ listening skills through listening.? Feelings and Value? Through the listening materials the students will have a better understanding of the roles women play in society.? Teaching Procedures Step 1 Revision? 1.Revise A Good Example for Me by asking some questions:? T:Yesterday we learned something about one of the most important doctors in China.Who was it?? Ss:Lin Qiaozhi.? T:She was a specialist in...?? Ss:She was a specialist in women’s disease.? T:What made her famous?Was it hard work and success at university?? Ss:No.She became famous because of her kindness and the c onsideration that was showed to all her patients.? T:Good.? 2.Check workbook exercise 1 on Page 45.? T:I remembered asking you to read a passage about another great woman.Have you done that?? Ss:Sure.? T:Which great woman is talked about?? Ss:Elizabeth Fry.?
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T:What did she do?? Ss:She devoted all her efforts to improve the prison conditions.? T:Good.Now let’s chec k the answers to exercise one.? Get the students to check the answer.? Suggested answers:? Notes on English prisons in the 19th century The women were treated like animals. They had no beds,clean clothes,food or heating. The children born in prison had to stay there and had no chance of an education. Elizabeth Fry’s suggestions She taught the women to sew,knit and make goods to sell. She provided food,clean clothes and straw for beds. She began a prison school for the children.

Step 2 Listening on Page 7? The teacher should ask the students to glance the whole exercises before listening,so that they can realize what the main task is in listening.? 1.Brainstorming? T:These days we have been talking about important and great women and their achievements.We know women are able to make the same achievements as men.But was it easy for them to make the achievements?? Ss:Of course not.? T:You are right.They have to overcome a lot of diffi culties in achieving their goals.Even now if women try to get the same as men they will come across quite a lot of problems that men will not have.Today we’ll listen to the problems that exist.? 2.Listening for the first time? T:When we listen to a certain material for the first time,we should not try to catch every single word,and that is impossible.We should try to catch the general idea.To catch the gist,catching the topic sentences is of great importance.The structure of this material is very clear.It is organized by the three paragraphs.So when you listen for the first time,try to get the topic sentence of each paragraph.Now let’s listen for the first time.? Play the tape for students to get the topic sentences of the paragraphs and finish the exercises.? Make a pause when necessary.? Then ask students to discuss with their partners and try to retell what they have heard.It doesn’t mat ter whether they get words or sentences because the purpose of d oing this is to let students know how to get the main idea from the topic sentence.? Collect what they have heard and writes down them on the blackboard.? Check the answers to Exercise 2 with the whole class.? Suggested answers:? The three problems that women have and that do not apply to men are:? 1)They have more difficulty getting an education.? 2)They have more difficulty getting to the top of their chosen career.? 3)They have to give up their careers for the childcare and running the home.? 3.Listening for the second time? The purpose in this task is to let the students get some useful information to finish Exercises 1 and 3.Before playing the tape for the second time,asks the students to read through the two exercises and try to predict the answers.? Then the teacher plays the tape again.? 4.Listening for the third time?
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This is a good chance for the students to check their answers.After listening twice,most students can have a good understanding about the material,and can write down most of the answers.So this time is for them to check and add their answers.? Then the teacher has the students check the answers in groups.? At last the teacher checks the answers with the whole class.? Suggested answers to Exercise 1.? 1)Girls often leave school earlier for family reasons.(T)? 2)When there is little money,the school often prevents girls from training.(F)? When there is little money, the family often gives the chance to the boys instead of the girls to go to school.? 3)Girls don’t have a chance to run a company.(F)? Women have a chance,but they need to prove they can run business successful before they get the chance.? 4)When women have children,they have to stop work.(T)? 5)Men have more chances to get to the top of their career than women.(T)? 6)Men can do whatever they like.(F)? This is too absolute.Men only don’t have to overcome so the problems as women do.? Suggested answers to Exercise 3.? 1)prevents,career? 2)childcare,concern,pressure? 3)difficulties Step 3 Listening on Page 44? 1.Predicting the content? T:Although women have to meet a lot of difficulties some of them still stick to their ideals and finally succeed in achieving their aims.Today we are going to hear something about another important woman.Please turn to Page 44.Look at the picture.Who is it?? Ss:Jody Williams.? T:Right.She is the head of ICBL(Internal Campaign to Ban Landmines) What is a landmine?? Ss:We have no idea.? T: A landmine is an explosive object hidden in or on the ground,which blows when a person or vehicle passes over it.Can you guess its meaning?? Ss:Is it 地雷?? T:Good.Next we are going to listen to a short dialogue between Jody Williams and a journalist.Now please read the two exercises on Page 44 to guess the content of the listening material.What might they talk about?? Ss:From Exercise 2,we guess they might talk about Jody Williams and ICBL.? 2.Listen for the first time to catch the main idea.? T:OK.Let’s see.Listen for the first time to get the main idea and finish Exercise 1.? After the first listening,get the students to say something about what they have heard and write down the key words on the blackboard.Get them to combine all the answers to make a ideal answer.? Suggested answer:? Jody Williams is explaining about her work for the International Campain to Ban Landmines.? 3.Listen for the second time.? Get the students to listen again and try to finish Exercise 2.This material is relatively easy.So pause when necessary,enabling them to catch the answers.Then check the answers.? Suggested answers:? Research notes on ICBL 1 Its leader 2 Its aims Jody Williams to stop the making and use of landmines
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everywhere in the world 3 Its method of working 4 Its area of working 5 Jody Williams’ role 6 Her relationship with governments 7 The Oslo Agreement 8 The new honour ICBL members in different countries spread useful information on moving the landmines to help each other. working with governments all over the world to organize the groups good 1997:181 countries agreed to ban the making and use of landmines the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997 was given to her and ICBL

4.Listen for the third time? Get the students to listen to the material again and check the answers. Step 4 Listening on Page 41? (For some students it is difficult to finish the listening material as well as the previous two ones in one class.So this one can be left as homework.) ? This listening material is about Joan of Arc,a patriotic woman who fought to free France from the English.Get the students to predict the content of the material and then listen to it for three times.For the first time,they don’t have to write anything.Instead they should listen to understand the whole material and get the general idea.As for the second time,they should be able to get all the answers to the questions.And the last time,check the answers.? Suggested answers:? 1.Because at that time women were not allowed to be soldiers.? 2.The church thought Joan had not behaved as a woman should.? 3.They did not have leaders to inspire them or who had good ideas for winning battles.? 4.Because she had many good ideas for attacking the enemy.She had shown them thus they could win if they fought well and had a good plan for the battle.Even after she died,her spirit inspired the French army who ended the English rule in France at last.? 5.The church made her a saint.? Step 5 Summary and Homework ? In this class we again learn something about some important and great women.From their deeds we come to the saying that women are half of the sky.For girls we should believe that although we may face some difficulties, we are able to try our best to realize our dreams.And for boys we should not look down upon girls.Boys and girls or men and women should work together to make us a more beautiful world.? OK,homework for today is to listen to the listening materials again after class.Find the reason why you made mistakes.? The Design of the Writing on the Blackboard Unit 1 Period 4 Listening? Problems women have (P7)? 1.More difficulty getting an education.? 2.More difficulty getting to the top of their chosen career.? 3.Give up their careers for the childcare and running the home.? Jody Williams and ICBL (P44)? Joan of Arc (P41) Record after Teaching
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Activities and Research ? The teacher may ask the students to find more information about the great women around the world on the Internet so as to understand their roles in society.? Reference for Teaching? Learning Tips? 高考英语听力测试要点及应试技巧 高考英语听力主要测试考生对英语口语的理解能力,测试的主要形式有对话理解和短文理解。 对话理解 是考查考生在一定语境中所表现出的快速反应及推理判断能力;短文理解则是在此基础上考查考生对一个 结构比较完整、意义相对连贯的语段的理解能力。听力考查主要从以下四个方面进行:理解主旨要义;获取 事实性的具体信息;推断对话的背景、说话者之间的关系;理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。? 1.理解对话的主旨和大意? 要求考生对听到的内容有一个整体的把握和全面的领会,清楚说话者究竟在说什么,体会说话者的语气, 听懂关键词,从语篇层面来理解。任何一段对话或独白都是围绕一个中心展开的,有时主旨大意较明显,有时 则需要考生自己归纳、概括。例如:? W:So,how long have you been here?? M:Just a couple of days,actually,I am on a big journey.You know,I’m visiting all the places of interest here.? Q:What’s the man doing?? A.He’s working in a hotel.? B.He’s visiting a young people.? C.He’s traveling around.? 答案为 C。本题是一位男子谈论到此地的各个名胜观光的情况,其主旨大意贯穿整个对话,需要考生将 所听到的零碎信息进行整理和归纳。 其中的 a big journey,visiting 和 places of interest here 是这位男子谈话 的关键,因此,通过对此进行归纳判断就会马上明白谈话的主旨大意是旅行。 2.获取对话或独白中的具体信息? 准确地理解英语口语,获取具体信息是一项十分重要的语言技能。为了说明和解释主旨,对话或独白中 会透露出一些具体信息,如时间、地点、人物、年代、价钱、数量、原因、目的、结果等,这些信息对理解 对话、把握主旨是非常有帮助的,且在试题考查中占相当大的比例。这类题目要求学生在听清、听懂信息的 同时,还要对所听到的信息做简单的处理。有的也需要考生在进行简单的数字运算。例如:? M:The plane for Chicago left 15 minutes ago.? W:That’s right.Now it’s already five to twelve.? Q:When did the plane take off?? A.12:05. B.11:55. C.11:40.? 答案是 C.此题问的是飞机何时起飞的。飞机 15 分钟前飞往芝加哥,现在是 12 点差 5 分,所以,飞机 应是 11:40 起飞的。 3.推断对话发生的背景、地点及对话者之间的关系? 对对话背景、地点、对话者之间关系的理解程度体现了考生对口语的理解能力。对话发生的背景、说 话者之间的关系决定着谈论的话题、内容、说话的语气和措辞。反之,从说话的语气、用词和内容可以推断 出说话的背景、说话者之间的关系。这是高考听力考查的一项重要内容。一般说来,此类对话一般都发生在 一些公共场所,如:商店、图书馆、课堂、饭店、邮局、银行、飞机上等,而说话者之 间的关系往往是下列关 系,如:售货员与顾客、图书管理员与借阅人、老师与学生、服务员与顾客、医生与病人等。考生应注意捕 捉对话中的关键词来确定对话背景和说话人的关系。例如:? W:Six airmail stamps and two regular stamps,please.? M:H ere you are.That will be one dollar and eighteen cents.?
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Q:Where did the conversation most probably take place?? A.At a station. B.At an airport. C.At a post office.? 答案为 C.通过说话中出现的 stamps 及 one dollar and eighteen cents 知道顾客在购买邮票,所以,对话 的地点最有可能在邮局。 4.理解领会说话者的观点、态度及意图? 这类考题要求考生不但能理解录音原文的主旨大意,而且还要通过文中的重要细节、具体事实来揣摩、 推断说话者的意图、观点和态度等,这类题目能考查考 生在听力方面的综合素质。有时说话者的意图、观点 和态度在对话中的表达较为含蓄,考生则更需注意体会、揣摩,并作一些简单合理的推断。例如:? M:How many hours do you sleep a day?? W:I need at least seven hours.I try to follow David’s example but it never works out for me.? M:If I sleep during the day,I can never wake up.? W:Not everyone has the same as David’s,I guess.? Q:What does the woman suggest at the end of the talk?? A.People should develop a habit like David’s.? B.People need longer hours of sleep.? C.People have different sleeping habits.? 答案为 C。本对话内容是谈论有关睡眠习惯的问题。对话结束时,女声说“并非每一个人都有和戴维一 样的睡眠习惯”,言外之意是“每个人的睡眠习惯是不一样的”。? 提高听力测试能力应多听,这是增强语感、提高听力之本。同时掌握必要的技巧和对策,有助于获得事 半功倍的效果。? 1.充分利用听录音前的这段时间和各段对话之间的停顿时间 ,通过阅读和分析选项以帮助预测将要听 到的内容及其重点,做到心中有数,带着问题去听。预测短文或对话可能涉及到的内容,使自己在听之前就在 心中设计了几种可能的情景,这样听录音材料时就会有的放矢,有所侧重,从而提高答题的准确率。? 2.边听边记,以自己明白的字符记下重要内容。要根据选项中提供的信息,有选择地作一些简单的记录。 较长的对话或独白所涉及的内容较多,尤其有一些关键词语往往比较容易混淆,即使当时听明白了,但是由于 材料信息量较大,该记的东西较多,过后不能准确回忆起来,如表示时间、日期、年龄、价格、距离的数字,或 是地名、人名等。这时可以用笔在试卷的空白处以字符的形式记下,以便加深印象,进行正确地判断选择。 ? 3.抓住关键词和主题句。捕捉重要信息是听力理解的首要任务,遗漏了重要信息就不可能听清对话的基 本含义。 它们对整篇文章的内容起一个概括和提示的作用,是文章的中心论点或者是说话人对所谈内容的观 点和态度。? 4.无论是听对话,还是听独白,注意力一定要集中在对整体内容的理解上,抓住对话或文章主旨大意。切 不可只停留在个别单词或单句上 ,听不清时应马上放过 ,不要强迫自己听清每一个词 ,把重点放在听关键词 (通常是实词)以及与问题有关的内容上。? 5.在听录音或答题时必须专心致志。答下一题时,就要完全投入,哪怕没有能够顺利回答前面的试题,也 应暂时搁置一边。否则就会影响整个听力效果。?

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