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过去分词作宾补导学案


导学案
Grammar:past participles used as the object complement

过去分词作宾补
一、 【学习目标】 1.To learn about past participles used as the object complement; 2. To learn about the cases

where past participles is used as the object complement. 二、 【重点、难点】 1.learn about participles used in “have/get/leave/see+sb/sth as the object complement; 2.learn about the differences between v.ing and v.ed used as the object complement 三、 【预习自测】 (一) 1.什么是宾语补足语?其作用是什么? Ex: We think him _______. What he said made me______. Everyone calls me_________. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 2.宾语补足语的表现形式有哪? 1. His father named him Pangpang. 2. They painted their house white. 3. We saw her reading in the room. 4. Let the fresh air in. 5. We must get the work finished by 10 o’clock. 具体表现形式:____________________________________________. 四、 【合作探究】 (一): 过去分词可以用在哪些动词后作宾语补足语? 观察思考 1.I was sleeping when I heard my name called. 2.Jane got her bad tooth pulled out at the dentist’s 2.He didn’t want such question discussed again.
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思考:hear, get , want 分别属于为什么类型的动词?called, pulled, discussed 是动词的什么形 式?在句中作何成分? 总结:过去分词通常用在__________动词、____________动词和___________动词之后作宾 补; 这些动词主要有: (1)_______________________________________________________________________ (2)_______________________________________________________________________ (3) _______________________________________________________________________

高手过招: (1)她感觉自己上当了。 _____________________________________________________________________ (2) 老师希望 10 分钟完成练习。 _____________________________________________________________________ (3) Tony 在昨天的会上阐明了自己的观点 _____________________________________________________________________
合作探究(二) 观察、分析下面的句子: 1.The speaker raised her voice to make herself heard. 2.They found their new bikes stolen. 思考:两个句子中的红体词是 ______(及物/不及物)动词的 _________形式,在句子中作 _______(句子成分) ;heard 和 stolen 分别与 herself 及 bikes 构成_____关系, (2)中 stolen 动作在 found____(前/后)发生。 总结:及物动词的过去分词作宾补时,分词动作与宾语之间是 ____关系;有时既表 _____, 又表_____ 小试牛刀: ____________________________________________________________________________ 合作探究(三) 观察、分析下面的句子: 1.After waking up, I found everyone gone. 2.They found their new car broken down. 思考:两个句子中的红体词是________(及物/不及物)动词的_________形式,在句子中作 _______(句子成分) ;句(1)中 gone 动作发生在谓语动词 found_______(前/后) ;句(2)中 broken down 动作在 found________(前/后)发生。
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Summary: 不及物动词的过去分词作宾补, 表示宾语所处的_____,强调分词动作发生在谓语 动作_____ 【合作探究】 (四)观察、分析下面的句子: I found him lying on the grass just now. I found him knocked down by a car. 【思考】以上两个句子中,lying 和 knocked 作什么成分? Lying 与宾语 him 是什么关系? Knocked 与宾语是什么关系? 【总结】过去分词和动词-ing 形式作宾补的区别: 现在分词作宾补时,所表示的动作与宾语之间有逻辑上的_______关系,表示动作________; 过 去 分 词 作 宾 补 说 明 其 与 宾 语 之 间 有 逻 辑 上 的 _________ 关 系 ; 表 示 动 作 ________________________ 【举例】1.我刚才看到 Tom 在打篮球。 2.我看见 Tom 被狗咬了。

________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 五、 【当堂检测】 (一)改错 1.I want to have the flowers deliver to my mother on Mother’s Day. 2. Would you like to get the task finish this week? 3. He made his house be decorated by a famous company. (二)高考链接 1. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ______ as much as we can. (江苏 2008) A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak

2. Jenny hopes that Mr Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English ____in a short period. A. improved (福建 2007) B. improving C. to improve D. improve

3. They woke up, finding everything around ________. A. changing B. change C. changed D. to change

4. He looked around and saw a man _____ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. (2004 北京) A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting

六、 【总结提升】
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1. 过去分词常用在表示______、_____及_____的动词后作宾补; 2.及物动词的过去分词作宾补,与宾语构成_____关系;不及物动词的过去分词作宾补,强 调宾语所处的_______或动作的_____; 3 过去分词作宾补与现在分词作宾补的区别主要在于: _____________________________________________________________________________

Homework ( 1 ) we found Mary ______ in a new skirt, looking more beautiful.(dress) (2)We saw many teachers______in the hall, including our

headmaster.(seat) (3)We saw many teachers______in the hall, including our

headmaster.(sit) 2.预习过去分词作状语(导学案)

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