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【志鸿优化设计】2014届高考英语一轮复习 Modules3-4 Literature&MusicBorninAmerica教学案 外研版选修7


Modules 3?4

Literature & Music Born in America

1.___________ _ n.小说家→____________ n.小说 2.____________ adj.健康的→____________ n.健康 3.____________ v.打算→ ____________ n.目

的;意图 4. ____________ adv.违法地; 非法地→ ____________ adj.非法的→ ____________ adj. 合法的;正当的 5.____________ v.分发;分配→ ____________ n.分发;分配 6.____________ n.审判;审理→____________ v.审判 7.____________ n.顾问→ ____________ v.商量;商议 8.____________ v.为??付出时间/努力/金钱等→ ____________ n.热爱;投入;献 身 9.____________ v.请求;恳求→____________ n.乞丐 10.____________ adj.幽默的→____________ n.幽默 1.The organization ____________(分发)food and blankets to the earthquake victims. 2.____________(营养)and exercise are essential to fitness and health. 3.The school has a system of ____________(奖赏)and punishments to encourage good behaviour. 4.He always makes much of his ____________(卑微的)origins. 5.He ____________(咽下)the last of his coffee and asked for the bill. 6.Faithfulness is one of Chinese traditional ________ ____(美德) ,and one of the basic social ethics. 7.I do believe it is possible for different ethnic groups to live together in ____________(融洽). 8. Unfortunately there has been a sharp ____________ (下降) profits this year. in 9.Thousands of people blocked the street,____________(抗议)against the new legislation. 10.We were delayed at the airport.____________(否则)we would have been here by lunch time. 1.____________并排;并肩 2.____________利用 3.____________有序地 4.____________尝试 5.____________有幸 6.____________对??专一,专注 1.____________ at least thirty seconds had passed,____________ the man able to speak. 至少过了三十秒钟,这个人才说出话来。 句型提炼:not until 位于句首时,句子应用倒装语序。 2.____________ the boy spoken these words ____________ the warden ____________ with the soup spoon. 孩子的话刚出口,大师傅就操起勺子狠狠地敲他的脑袋。 句型提炼:no sooner...than...意为“刚??就??”,no sooner 后面句子的谓语 通常用过去完成时,than 后面句子的谓语通常用一般过去时。no sooner 位于句首时,所在

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句子应倒装;“hit/beat/strike/seize/take/catch/lead/touch/pat+sb.+in/on/by+ the+身体部位”是一个常用句型,表示“打、抓??某人的某一部位”。 3.“____________ I heard it,” he said,“I knew it was a completely new kind of music.” “我一听,”他说,“就知道这是一种全新的音乐。” 句型提炼:名词短语 the moment 可起连词的作用,引导时间状语从句,表示“一?? 就??”。 4.Songs that are spoken ____________ sung are called rap. 说而不唱的歌曲叫说唱乐。 句型提炼:rather than 意为“而不是??;不是??(而是??)”,前后 通常要接 对等成分。 5.____________,he will soon be abandoned by his company and his fans. 否则,他很快就会被他的公司和歌迷所抛弃。 句型提炼:otherwise 此处是副词,意为“要不然;否则;在另外的情况下”。

1.serve vt. 端上;招待;为??服务;供给某人(饭菜等) n.服务;接待 serve as 可用作;担任;作为 serve sb.with sth./serve sth.to sb./serve sb.sth.用某物招待某人 at your service 愿为您效劳;听候您的吩咐 serve in the army 在部队服役 serve to do sth.用来做某事 ①Breakfast is served between 7:00 a.m.and 9:00 a.m.. 早上 7 点到 9 点间供应早餐。 ②Sometimes he served as a waiter at the restaurant. 有时候他在餐厅当服务员。 温馨提示 serve 意为“招待,为??服务,供给某人(饭菜等)”时为及物动词,所 以“为人民服务”应表达为 serve people 而不是 serve for people。 反馈 1.1My father ______ in the navy for two years during the Second World War. A.worked B.served C.lived D.played 反馈 1.2Bread and butt er ______ for breakfast in many Chinese homes nowadays. A.serve B.serves C.is served D.are served 反馈 1.3As a matter of fact,this sofa is now an antique which served ______ a bed in the past. A.as B.for C.to D.with 2.intend vt.意欲;打算;想要;计划 intend to do sth.打算做某事 intend sb.to do sth.打算让某人做某事 intend that?clause 意欲;打算[从句中谓语动词用(should)do 形式] be intended for...专为??而设计;为??打算或计划 had intended to do=intended to have done 本来打算做??(实际未做) ①I intended to go to the park,but my son intended that I should go with him to see a film. 我打算去公园,但我儿子打算让我陪他去看场电影。 ②These books are intended for young children. 这些书是专供幼儿阅读的。 反馈 2.1I want to buy mother something ______ fo r her birthday,but I don't know what she likes best.
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A.offered B.devoted C.intended D.contributed 反馈 2.2(2013 山东兖州检测,29)I ______ to go on a diet,but the dishes at the party were simply impossible to re sist. A.had intended B.am intending C.intend D.could intend 3.devote vt.为??付出时间/努力/金钱等 devote oneself to...献身于;致力于 devote one's life/time/money/energy to... 把生命/时间/金钱/精力投入到?? be devoted to 专心致力于;献身于 devotion n.奉献;忠诚;深爱;挚爱 ①He devoted himself to developing a new way of curing cancer. 他致力于研究一种治疗癌症的新方法。 ②I'm devoting all my time and energy to teaching right now. 目前我把所有的时间和精力都放在教学上。 ③He was devoted to the study of chemistry. 他致力于化学研究。 ④Jane has always shown intense devotion to her children. 简一直深爱着她的孩子们。 反馈 3.1(2013 浙江十校联合体联考,31)Do you know how much time and effort they devoted ______ such a complicated project? A.to complete B.completed C.completing D.to completing 反馈 3.2______ the d eaf children,the young lady has little time to care for her own daughter. A.Devoted to teach B.Devoted herself to teach C.Devoting herself to teaching D.Devoting to teach 4.No_sooner had the boy spoken these words than the warden hit him on the head with the soup spoon. 孩子的话刚出口,大师傅就操起勺子狠狠地敲他的脑袋。 no sooner...than...一/刚??就?? ①I had no sooner seen him than I asked him about the matter. 我一见到他,就问及那件事情。 ②I had no sooner got back to the kitchen than the doorbell rang again. =No sooner had I got back to the kitchen than the doorbell rang again. 我刚走回厨房,门铃又响了。 用法拓展英语中表示“一/刚??就??”的单词、短语或句型主要有: (1)on/upon+n./v.?ing (2)immediately/directly/instantly (3)the moment/minute/second/instant (4)hardly/scarcely...when ... (5)as soon as (6)at+名词或动名词 反馈 4.1 (2012 河南通许丽星中学月考, They had no sooner arrived at the airport 26) ______ it was time to check in. A.when B.before C.than D.though 反馈 4.2(2012 辽宁葫芦岛中学月考,33)No sooner ______ on board the train than
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it ______ to move. A.did he go;had started B.he went;started C.had he gone;started D.he had gone;had started 反馈 4.3(2012 云南昆明一中月考,30)Hardly ______ he got out of the court ______ the reporters raised a lot of questions to him. A.had;when B.had;than C.did;when D.has;than 5.Songs that are spoken rather_than sung are called rap. 说而不唱的歌曲叫说唱乐。 rather than 而不是??;不是??(而是??) 。rather than 常用于平行结构中。 ①It ought to be me rather than you that should sign the letter. 在信上签名的该是我,而不是你。 (两个代词) ②She enjoys singing ra ther than dancing. 她喜欢唱歌,而不喜欢跳舞。 (两个动名词) ③I decided to write rather than telephone. 我决定写信而不打电话。 (两个不定式) 用法拓展 prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.喜欢做??胜过做??;宁愿做?? 而不愿做?? would rather do A than do B 宁愿做 A 而不做 B ①The boy prefers to do housework rather than study. 这个男孩宁愿做家务也不愿学习。 ②I would rather stay at home than go out. 我宁可待在家里,也不想出去。 反馈 5.1To enjoy the scenery,Sara would spend long hours on the train ______ travel by air. A.as to B.other than C.instead of D.rather than 反馈 5.2Rather than ______ on a crowded bus,he always prefers ______ a bicycle. A.ride;ride B.riding;ride C.ride;to ride D.to ride;riding 反馈 5.3When asked if he would like something to drink, said he had a preference he for coffee ______ tea. A.other than B.rather than C.less than D.more than 反馈 5.4Hearing his words,she left rather than ______ behind. A.stay B.stayed C.to stay D.staying 6.Otherwise,he will soon be abandoned by his company and his fans. 否则,他很快就会被他的公司和歌迷所抛弃。 otherwise adv. 除此以外;在另外的情况下;不同地;用别的方法 ①I'm not feeling very well today—otherwise I would do it myself. 今天我身体不太舒服,否则这事我就亲自去做了。 ②The rent is high,but otherwise the house is satisfactory. 租金昂贵,但在其他方面这房子还令人满意。 用法拓展 otherwise 还可用作连词, 意为“否则, 要不然”, 相当于 if not 或 or else。 Hurry up,otherwise you'll be late. 快点,不然你要迟到了。 温馨提示 otherwise 意为“否则;要不然的话”,所以常用来表示虚拟的条件,其后的 句子用虚拟语气。
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—Where have you been? 你到哪里去了? —I got stuck in the traffic jam.Otherwise I would have come here earlier. 我遇上了交通阻塞,要不然的话,我早就来了。 反馈 6.1(2013 浙江台州中学统练,10)These natural parks are important for preserving animals,which would ______ risk dying out. A.merely B.rath er C.otherwise D.moreover 反馈 6.2He reminde d me of what I should ______ have forgotten. A.otherwise B.yet C.therefore D.still 反馈 6.3We didn't know his telephone number,otherwise we ______ him. A.would telephone B.would have telephoned C.must have telephoned D.had telephoned

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参考答案 基础梳理整合 词汇拓展 1.novelist;novel 2.healthy;health 3.intend;intention 4.illegally; illegal; legal 5. distribute; distribution 6. trial; try 7. consultant; consult 8.devote;devotion 9.beg;beggar 10.humorous;humour 语境记词 1.distributed 2.Nutrition 3.rewards 4.humble 5.swallowed 6.virtues 7.harmony 8.decline 9.protesting 10.Otherwise 短语回顾 1.side by side 2.take advantage of 3.in order 4.try out 5.be blessed with 6.be devoted to 典句分析 1.Not until;was 2.No sooner had;than;hit him on the head 3.The moment 4.rather than 5.Otherwise 考点归纳拓展 1.1 B 句意:在第二次世界大战期间,我父亲在海军服役两年。四个词中,只有 serve 有“服役”的意思,并且当“服役”讲时,是不及物动词。 1.2 C serve 意为“盛上,端上,供给(饭菜)”时,是及物动词,所以该题应用被 动语态,可排除 A、B 两项;此处应把 bread 和 butter 看作是一个整体(早餐) ,谓语用单 数。 1.3 A serve as 意为“当作; 充当??之用”, 所以答案为 A 项, 表示“以前当床用”。 2.1 C be intended for 意为“专为??而用;打算供??用”,此处用过去分词形 式作定语修饰 somethi ng。其他三项后面均搭配介词 to。 2.2 A intend 意为“企图;打算”,had intended 意为“本想;本打算(但实际上未 做)”,符合该句意义。 3.1 D devote time/effort to 意为“把时间、努力投入到??”,其中 to 为介词, 所以应选 D 项。 3.2 C devote oneself to...意为“致力于;献身于”,句子主语与 devote 为主谓关 系,并且 to 为介词,所以答案为 C 项。 4.1 C no sooner...than...为固定句型,意为“刚??就??”。 4.2 C no sooner 位于句首时,句子应用倒装语序,可排除 B、D 项;no sooner 后面 句子的谓语要早于 than 后面句子的谓语发生,所以第一个空用过去完成时,第二个空用一 般过去时。 4.3 A hardly...when...表示“一??就??”,hardly 放在句首时,其后的句子应 用过去完成时的倒装句;而 when 从句中用一般过去时态。 【思路拓展】no sooner...than...和 hardly...when...两个句式意义和用法都相同, 使用时不要混淆。no sooner 后面搭配的连词是 than;hardly 后面搭配的连词是 when。 5.1 D 该题考查 would do sth.rather than do sth.句型。 5.2 C 此句构成 prefer to do rather than do 结构,把 rather than do 放在了句首。 5.3 B other than 意为“除了”;rather than 意为“而不是”;less than 意为“少 于;不到”;more than 意为“超过;不仅仅”。B 项符合句意,表示“更喜欢咖啡而不是 茶”。 5.4 B rather than 意为“而不是”,前后结构要求对等,所以选 stayed 与 left 一 致。 6.1 C merely 意为“仅仅;只不过”;rather 意为“相当”;otherwise 意为“否则; 要不然的话”;moreover 意为“此外;再者”。根据句意判断应选 C 项,表示“要不然的 话这些动物会有灭绝的危险”。 6.2 A 根据句意,应选 A 项,otherwise 为副词,表示“否则我就忘了的事情”。 6.3 B otherwise 表示了虚拟的条件,相当于 if I had known his telephone number, 所以应选与过去事实相反的虚拟语气形式。
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