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高考英语复习:复合介词


高考英语复习:复合介词
请看几道高考真题: 1、_______fire.all exits must bekept clear.(2007 天津卷) A.In place of B.Instead of C.In case of D.In spite of 2、The open-air celebration hasbeen put off_______the bad

weather.(2007 浙江卷) A.in case of B.in spite of C.instead of D.because of 3、I have offered to paint thehouse_______a week's accommoda-tion,(2007 山东卷) A.in exchange for B.with regard to C.by means of D.in place of 这三道题的答案分别为 C、D、A。通过这几道题我们可以看出,高考英语似乎对“介词 +名词+介词”这类复合介词有着非同寻常的“感情”,所以同学们在平时学习或复习中也不可 不重视。本文根据高中英语教材和高考考试大纲,同时结合近几年的高考英语考题情况,为 大家总结了以下 20 个复合介词,供同学们参考。 1、in advance of 在……前面。如: He is far in advance of his class 他在班上遥遥领先。 I shall walk a few steps in advance 0f you,我将走在你前面几步。 2、in case of 一旦,以防,如果。如: In case of fire,call 119,倘若有火灾,就打 119 电话。 The wall was built along the river in case of floods,为了防洪,沿河筑了堤。 3,in charge of 担任,指挥,管理,负责照料。如: He was placed in charge of the department.他受命管理这个部门。 She is in charge of our class.她担任我们的班主任。 4、in course of 在……过程中,在……时,在进行中。如: The new railway is in course of construction,新铁路正在兴建当中。 The goods ordered are nOW in course of shipment.定的货正在运输途中。 5、in danger of 有……的危险。如: The patient is in danger of death,病人有死亡的危险。 These goods are in danger of robbery,这些货物有被盗的危险。 6、in defense of 保卫,保护,为……辩护。如: Is there any man unwilling to fight in defense of his country?难道有谁不愿为保卫祖国而战 吗? He wrote a book in defense of his doctrine,他写了一本书为自己的学说辩护。 7、in favour of 赞成……,以……为受款人。如: Was he in favour ofthe death penalty?他赞成死刑吗? Cheques should be written in favour of Mr Smith,支票上请写明以史密斯先生为受歉人。 8、in front of 在……前面。如: There is a pond in front of the house 房屋前面有个池塘。 You shouldn't discuss that in front of the children.你不应该当着孩子的面谈论那类事。

9、in memory of 纪念……。如: He founded the charity in memory of his late wife.他兴办那项慈善事业以纪念他已故的妻 子。 A service was held in memory of the dead,为死者举行了悼念仪式。 10、in need of 需要……。如: We are all in need of a rest,我们全都需要休息。 Are you in need of help?你需要帮助吗? 11、in place of 代替。如: Won't you go in place of me?你能代替我去吗? Who is here in place of the manager?谁在这里代理经理? 12、in possession of 占有,持有,拥有。如: The chief was in possession of a large quantity of stolen property.那个头目占有了大量偷盗 来的财产。 Anyone found in possession of this poison will be punished.凡是被发现拥有此种毒药者均将 受到惩罚。 13、in search of 寻找,寻求。如: He emigrated to Brazil in search of a better life.他为寻求更好的生活,移民到巴西。 Scientists are in search of a cure for the disease.科学家想研究出治疗这种疾病的方法。 14、in spite of 尽管。如: The match was played in spite of the awful weather.尽管天气恶劣,比赛仍然进行。 In spite of all her hard work,she failed her exam.她虽然很努力,可是考试不及格。 15、in terms of 用……的字眼,从……的观点。如: It is difficult to express it in terms of science.要用科学的字眼来表达它是很困难的。 Let each child read in terms of his own tastes and choices.让每个孩子阅读根据自己的兴趣 爱好选择的书籍。 16、in addition to 除……外。如: She speaks five foreign languages in addition to English.除英语外,她还会说五种外语。 In addition to his salary,he has a bonus of 6 yuan per month.除工资外,他每月还有 6 元钱 奖金。 17、instead of 代替,而不足。如: Use eggs instead of meat.用鸡蛋代替肉。 Let's play cards instead of watching TV.咱们玩纸牌吧,别看电视了。 18、in exchange for 用……作为交换。如: I give his Chinese lessons in exchange for English lessons.我用汉语课与他换英语课。 I'll give you three sweets inexchange for an apple.我拿三块糖换你一个苹果。 19、by means of 用,依靠。如: He got into the house by means ofan open window,他从一扇开着的窗户爬进屋去。 They were able to position theyacht by means of radar.他们能够用雷达测定快艇的方位。 20、with[in]regard to 关于,就……而论。如: What did he say with regard to myproposals?关于我的建议他说了什么?


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