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高三全国卷改错题填空题之名词性从句虚拟语气篇


全国卷名词性从句填空题以及短文改错 第一讲 (本ppt只是辅助,需要教师练完每页题后 帮学生适时总结。其中借鉴了网络其他 老师的PPT,在此基础上整理成适合学生 专题练习的模式,深表感谢!!!)

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一.Object clause( 宾语从句)

1)The teacher suggested us we aime

d high. (that) 2)Your success will depend on you do and how you do it. what 3)I doubt that he will come to help us. whether / if 4) If he will accept your offer, I don’t know. Whether
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二.Predicative clause 表语从句 新题型填空
1. The fact is _____ that she doesn’t like pop music.

2. My trouble is _____ that I don’t have enough
experience. 3. The question iswhether _______ he will be present

whether 4. What troubled him was ________ he could get /where the money. /how

or not.

because he is 5. He is absent today. It’s ________ seriously ill. 6. It looks ________ as if it’s going to rain again.

Tips:系动词的分类
一、五大系动词表示感官: ? look, sound, smell, taste, feel ? 二、6个典型系动词表示状态: ? be, appear, seem, keep, stay, remain ? 三、9个典型系动词表示动态: ? become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come/become, run ? 四、2个终止系动词表示结果: ? prove, turn out
?

? What

you have said sound interested.

Look! Several people in the crowd seemed_______. (fight)to be fighting

?

How sweetly the song she sings sounds! I had never heard a better voice. Her feeling about the marriage is seemed rather strange.

?He

looked even though he felt very sad over the death of the boy.

三.Subject clause(主语从句) ? 1.That is the most important in life isn’t ? money. ? 2.Who wants to see the film may get a free ticket. ? 3. The earth is round is known to all. That ? =It is known to all that the earth is round. ? 4. You missed the chance is a pity. That ? =It is a pity that you missed the chance.
?

四.Appositive clause (同位语从句): 后面常跟同位语从句的名词有: fact, news,idea thought, question, remark 等. that computers will recognize 1. The idea ______ human voices surprises many people. 2. The possibility ______ that the majority of the labour force will work at home is often discussed. 3. I have no idea ______ where he has gone. how 4. They are thinking about the question _______ they could succeed in the competition. who did that for us. 5. Please tell us the truth ______

what 与that 在引导名词性从句时的区别 what 引导名词性从句时在从句中1)充当句 子成分(主、宾、表);2)本身有词义。而 that 1)只起连接作用;2)本身没有词义; 3)不在从句中担任成分。

1) That you said yesterday is right. What
That she is still alive is amazing. 2) What

用whether 不用if ? 1)连接词紧挨着or not 时,用 whether. ? I don’t know if or not he will come. ? 2)主语从句,表语从句和同位语从句若需表 达“是否”,只能用连词whether,不能用if。 ? The problem is if you can go. ? 3)whether to do… ? He hasn’t decided if to go . ? 4)介词宾语从句只能用whether,不用if。

that的省略问题
1He said (that) he couldn’t tell you right away and that you wouldn’t understand. 2He said (that) he couldn’t tell you right away and you wouldn’t understand. 1Just then I noticed, for the first time, our master was wearing his fine green coat. 2Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat.

1.We know nothing about him except ? he is from the south. ? 2. He had fallen ill made us worried.
?

?

3 What worried us was he had fallen ill.

?I

wish it is spring all the year round.
visited him yesterday. I wish I have known the answer. wish I can fly like a bird.

?I

?I

? 名词性从句中的虚拟语气问题

wish sb. (动词过去式 )did/had/were 与现在情况相反 had done 与过去情况相反 could/would/ might/should与将来情况相反 1.I wish I______(be) as strong as you. were 2.How I wish I were _____(be) young again. 3.I wish I _________(see) you yesterday. had seen 4.I wish I__________(know) your telephone number earlier had known 5.I wish I ___________(can fly) to the moon one day. could fly 三.as if /as through 引导的方式状语从句“好象/似乎”
1.The woman takes good care of the orphans as if she were ______(be ) their own mother. 2.She speaks English so fluently as if she __________ had studied (study) it in England. were 3. It looks as if it______(be) going to rain

在表示建议、要求、命令等的动词suggest、 advise、propose、demand、require、 insist request、command、order等动词 后的宾语从句中,从句谓语动词用(should) + 动词原形或是动词原形。

She suggested we left here

at once.

The doctor ordered she operated on.

虚拟语气在同位语从句和表语从句中的运用。

表示建议、要求、命令等的名词advise、 idea、order、demand、plan、proposal、 suggestion、request等的表语从句和同位 语从句,从句中的谓语动词用“(should) + 动词原形”。 His suggestion that we will go to Shanghai is wonderful. My idea is that they paid 100 dollars.

在主语从句中,谓语动词的虚拟语气用 “should + 动词原形”的结构,表示惊奇、 不相信、理应如此等。如:

It is strange that we should clean room every day. It was shame that you should be so careless..

1.If I had had enough money last year I would buy a new car.

have bought
2. If I was the volunteer of our school,

were
I would not study here now . 3.If I have enough money in the future,

had
I would go to America.

If 从句谓语动词
were did

主句谓语形式
might/should would/could+ do
would/could/ should might have done might/should would/could+ do

had done

Should do were to do did

If条件状语从句

含义

If 从句谓语动词

主句谓语形式

表示对未来
的虚拟

did should do were to

would/could do


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