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2008学年度第一学期第二次月考高二英语试题及答案


上海市光明中学 2008 学年度第一学期 12 月月考

高二年级英语试卷
考生注意: 一、本卷满分 120 分,答卷时间 100 分钟。 二、第 I 卷听力 17-24 题做在答题卷上,其余答案点涂在答题卡上。 第 II 卷全部做在答题卷上。

第 I 卷
I Listening Comprehension

Section A Short Conversations Directions: In Part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. He thought it was fascinating. C. He thought it should have been longer. 2. A. There is still time to finish. C. He needs the letters tomorrow. 3. A. She lives far away. C. She has a new car. 4. A. See the manager immediately. B. Wait for the manager to arrive. C. Arrange to meet with the manager the next day. D. Break her appointment with the manager. 5. A. She likes some of them. B. She isn’t sure what she thinks about them. C. She agrees with the man’s opinion of them. D. She hasn’t read any of them. 6. A. Tell him the time. C. Help him find his books. 7. A. Doctor and patient. C. Boss and secretary. B. Take care of his bag. D. Go with him. B. Coach and athlete. D. Teacher and student. B. He agreed with the woman. D. He thought it was boring. B. She cannot do it quickly. D. He doesn’t know what time it is. B. She wants the man to talk with her. D. Her car is nearby.

8. A. Chemistry 402 was worse than Chemistry 502. B. He has only had one chemistry course. C. Both chemistry courses are difficult. D. Few chemistry courses are hard.
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9. A. She doesn’t have an apartment. C. She must live somewhere else.

B. Her problem is complex. D. Her apartment isn’t far away.

10. A. The man should watch the program too. B. The man should leave the television on. C. The program will be over soon. Section B Passages Directions: In Part B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. To show different lines. C. To attract more passengers. 12. A. They are not colors. C. They are primary colors. 13. A. The meanings of black and white colors. B. The usefulness of colors. C. The importance of colors in people’s life. D. Different countries use colors in different ways. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. 14. A. It will be broken up. C. It will be used as a riverbank. 15. A. 150,000gallons. B. 250,000 gallons. B. It will be expanded. D. It needs repair. C. 500,000 gallons. D. 750,000 gallons. B. To make the world colorful. D. To tell one nation from another. B. They are symbols of night and day. D. They have some particular meanings. D. She’ll watch television later.

16. A. service for the international student center. B. better pressure for high buildings. C. ser vice for the sports center. D. protection against flooding.

Section C

Longer Conversations

Directions: In Part C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation Complete the form. Write No More than Two Words for each answer Speakers Nationality Language Occupation Which room to go to Rose Columbia 18. __________ Student 20. __________ Carl 17. __________

/
19. __________ Room 310

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Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation Complete the form. Write No More than Three Words for each answer Information about Kevin’s Great-Grand Mother Age How often does Kevin talk to her? Why does Kevin enjoy talking to her? Something unusual about her Explanation 21 22 She gives him good advice She is like a 23

Old people can feel it in their bones when a storm is coming. Before a storm, they probably have 24 in their joints.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A

25%

Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. With the increasing effect ______ Chinese medicine on the treatment of cancer, more and more doctors are turning their attention to its value. A. of A. /...but A. one A. best known B. on B. /…or B. the one B. well known C. in C. /… or C. that C. good known D. for D. not…but D. it D. better known 26. The joy of traveling is ______ in arriving at your destination ______ in the journey itself. 27. Because of his long-time use of computer, his handwriting is rather like ______ of a child. 28. Her famous works, TV specials and articles made her ______ compared with other anthropologists. 29. The move to replace old ID cards has suffered delays because some Chinese letters ______ difficult for computers to read. A. proving B. prove C. had proved B. mustn’t have broken D. shouldn’t have broken B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost D. have been proved 30. Alex ______ that window because he never came anywhere near here yesterday. A. couldn’t have broken C. might have broken A. to lose

31. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk ______ the good opportunity. 32. In recent years, almost every football club along with basketball and table tennis clubs ______ as business to make a profit. A. have run B. has been run C. had been run D. will run 33. --- Is Bob still performing? --- I’m afraid not. He is reported ______ the stage already as he has become an official A. to have left B. to leave C. to have been left D. to be left

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34. Is this sports ground ______ you held the latest sports meet? A. in where A. Dressed A. was that A. hanged A. such A. as A. it Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. victories F. successful B. professional G. attempt C. set H. lose D. proved I. realized E. rankings J. comeback B. one where B. To dress B. was it that B. hung B. very B. when B. whichever C. in which C. Dressing C. it was C. was hanged C. so C. while C. whatever D. the place where D. Having dressed D. it was that D. was hung D. too D. before D. there 35. ______himself in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. 36. How ______ you caught the thief but decided to let him go? 37. When I opened the door of his room, I found a beautiful painting ______ high on the wall. 38. I haven’t seen Ann for ____ long that I’ve forgotten what she looks like. 39. They were walking in the park ______ suddenly they heard a cry for help. 40. Parents usually just want ______ seems good for their kids.

When thirty-two-year-old tennis player Andre Agassi made it to the final of the U.S. Clay Court Championship in April 2003, he __41__ a new world record: he became the oldest player ever to be number one in the world’s tennis __42__. It was one of the greatest achievements in Agassi’s long and successful career. Andre Agassi became __43__ in 1986 at the age of sixteen. His career soon took off, and in 1990, he reached the finals of both the U.S. Open and the French Open championships. But still many people thought he was famous more for his long blond hair and colorful tennis shirts than for his tennis skills. In 1992, Agassi __44__ these people wrong by winning one of the greatest prizes in world tennis – the Wimbledon singles final. His first __45__ to win this tournament had been in 1987, but he lost his opening game. He then refused to take part at Wimbledon for the next three years. He said his reason for not playing was that the officials refused to allow him to wear his colorful shirts, but some people said it was because he was afraid to __46__ . After several more championship __47__, Agassi’s luck began to run out. By 1997, the year of his marriage to movie actress Brook Shields, Agassi’s ranking had dropped to 141st in the world. Many people thought his career was over. Agassi and Shields divorced two years later, and Agassi made a __48__ with a new trainer, a new hairstyle, and new determination. In 1999, he won both the French Open and the U.S. Open and ended the year back as the world’s number one. By 2003, he had earned more than $27 million in prize money, making him one of the most __49__ tennis players of all time.
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III. Reading Comprehension Section A

45%

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. I was a single parent of four small children, working at a low-paid job. Money was always tight, but we had a __50__ over our heads, food on the table, clothes on our backs, and if not a lot, always __51__. Not knowing we were poor, my kids just thought I was __52__ I’ve always been glad about that. It was Christmas time, and although there wasn’t money for a lot of gifts, we planned to celebrate with a family party. But the big excitement for the kids was the fun of Christmas __53__. They planned weeks ahead of time, asking __54__ what they wanted for Christmas. Fortunately. I had saved $120 for __55__ to share by all five of us. The big day arrived. I gave each kid a twenty-dollar bill and __56__ them to look for gifts of about four dollars each. Then everyone scattered. We had two hours to shop; then we would __57__ back at the ―Santa’s Workshop‖. Driving home, everyone was in high Christmas spirits, __58__ my younger daughter, Ginger, who was unusually quiet. She had only one small, flat bag with a few candies — fifty-cent candies! I was so angry, but I didn’t say anything __59__ we got home. I called her into my bedroom and closed the door, __60__ to be angry again. This is what she told me: ―I was looking __61__ thinking of what to buy, and I __62__ to read the little cards on the ―Giving Trees.‖ One was for a little girl, four years old, and all she wanted for Christmas was a doll. So I took the card off the tree and __63__ the doll for her. We have so much and she doesn’t have anything.‖ I never felt so __64__ as I did that day. 50. A. roof 51. A. little 52 A. busy 53. A. shopping 54. A. the other 55. A. toys 56. A. forced 57. A. draw 58. A. including 59. A. since 60. A. waiting 61. A. out 62. A. forgot 63. A. made 64. A. angry B. hat B. less B. serious B. travelling B. each other B. clothes B. reminded B. stay B. besides B. after B. ready B. over B. stopped B. searched B. rich C. sky C. enough C. strict C. parties C. one the other C. presents C. invited C. move C. except C. while C. hoping C. forward C. failed C. bought C. patient D. star D. more D. kind D. greetings D. every other one D. bills D. begged D. meet D. regarding D. until D. afraid D. around D. hated D. fetched D. bitter
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Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) One of the last West Coast homes of the Monarch butterfly, a type of insect may soon disappear. Strangely, it is in a town that calls itself Butterfly U.S.A., Pacific Grove, California. The town of Pacific Grove loves the butterflies. Every year they have a parade and hundreds of children dress up as butterflies. Monarch butterflies are the town mascot. Tourism is very important, and many people come to see the butterflies. The butterflies are good for the development of the town. In 1981 there were so many butterflies that it looked like it was raining butterflies. Tens of thousands of Monarchs stayed on tree branches near Pacific Grove. Now there are not so many. The building goes on a little bit at a time, and you don’t notice it day by day. Over time, you can see that there has been a lot of development. As new buildings go up, many trees are cut down. This reduces the natural homes for the butterflies. Monarchs travel hundreds of miles each year, returning to the same woods, often to the same trees. The female Monarchs need milkweed to lay their eggs; the males will follow the females. Millions of Monarchs have traveled regularly along the same path for thousands of years. They start their trip in the mountains of Mexico and travel to the middle part of America. If the woods where the butterflies live are destroyed, the whole species could be lost. There have been Monarch butterflies along the coast of California for as long as man can remember, but no one is sure how much longer they will last.

65. Why are Monarch butterflies important to Pacific Grove? A. They may disappear. C. They help develop the town’s tourism. B. They come to stay every year. D. They give a name to Pacific Grove.

66. The underlined word ―mascot‖ in Paragraph 2 probably refers to ________ A. a new type of butterfly C. a parade organized by Pacific Grove B. an insect believed to bring good luck D. a special dress for children in Pacific Grove

68. What problem do Monarch butterflies face now? A. New buildings take up their living space. B. There has been too much rain in recent years. C. Their natural homes are destroyed by tourism. D. They have to travel a long distance to get home 69. Where do Monarch butterflies start their trip to Pacific Grove? A. From Central America. C. From California. B. From the West Coast. D. From Mexico.

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(B) Five million people visit Grand Canyon in the US every year. For the purpose of helping project Grand Canyon for your fellow visitors and future generations, please follow the guidelines below. Camping To project the park, camping is allowed only within permitted campgrounds. Permits are required for overnight camping at the North Rim. Advance booking can be received by mail. Please write: Information Center, P.O. Box 129, Grand Canyon, AZ 86023 Fires Because of the extreme fire danger, campfires are not allowed except at Mather and Desert View campgrounds. Collection of firewood is not allowed either. Hiking(远足) Please stay on permitted paths. Otherwise you may destroy desert plants. Pack in what you pack out, so you leave no signs of your visit. It is important to keep in mind that you are in a national park where wildlife exists. Weather The weather at Grand Canyon can change very quickly. With so much rock, lightning causes a particular danger during sudden summer storms. These storms also frequently bring floods inside valleys, a danger to hikers. Watch the skies and check daily weather reports. Wildlife Do not feed park wildlife. There have been a few cases at Gramd Canyon National Park where deer were purposely shot because they ate plastic bags that left them sick and weak. Hungry deer can be danger and have kicked and bitten visitors at Grand Canyon. Some other animals will also beg and bite. For your own safety and the well-being of the animals, please do not feed wildlife, no matter how gentle they may appear. 70. What can you do first if you want to go camping? A. Know the permitted C. Make sure not to make a fire B. Book campgrounds in advance D. Stop at Mather and Desert View

71. Why were some deer killed on purpose at Grand Canyon? A. They ate wrong things and became very ill. B. They were a danger to other gentle animals. C. They begged food from visitors. D. They kicked and bit visitors. 72. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To provide travel information C. To teach tourists hiking skills B. To report some recent news. D. To introduce the wild life

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(C) We live in a technological society where most goods are mass-produced by unskilled labor. Because of this, most people think that craft no longer exists. One of the ways these people wrongly support their view is by pointing to 100-year-old homes which are still solid, and arguing that it is the craftsmanship that is responsible for their durability(持久性). ―Homes in those days were well-built,‖ they say. No doubt these homes were well-built, but what these people have done is mix up the quality of material used in the house with the quality of the craftsmanship. Homes today could be built to last just as long as those old home if people were willing or able to pay the price. For example, most people can no longer afford solid oak stairways, although they were once fairly common in older homes. Nor can they afford the high cost of employing a carpenter(木匠)to build the stairway. Yet if someone can pay the high cost, there are still plenty of carpenters around able to make those stairways. And not only would these carpenters know how to build them, they would probably do a better job than carpenters of old. One thing the modern carpenter has which enables him to do a better job is much more advanced tools. Such tools as laser beams help them lay out a house better and make more precision cuts(精确切割)on the wood. Also, it is not uncommon any more to find carpenters with college degrees and carpenters with a solid knowledge of mathematics, which would enable them to deal with more difficult house designs. The problem of modern quality, then, really boils down to the problem of material, for the modern carpenter is just as able to produce craftsmanship as the carpenter of fifty years ago, but only if given proper material. 73. Compared to the carpenters in the past, modern carpenters are _____. A. more successful B. more learned C. more imaginative D. more hardworking 74. What does the underlined word ―they ‖ (paragraph 2) refer to? A. Carpenters who are fond of oak stairways. B. Carpenters who have college degrees. C. People who think highly of carpenters of old. D. People who think that modern material is of low quality. 75. What does the third paragraph mainly discuss? A. People in the past preferred to use oak to build stairways. B. It is now expensive to employ a carpenter. C. Modern houses last as long as the old ones. D. Good carpenters still exist in modern times. 76. What would be the best title for the text? A. Is Craft Dead? C. History of Craftsmanship B. Craft, Back to Life? D. Carpenters Today and Yesterday

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(D) Reaching new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg Water, which is harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada. Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. ―My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water,‖ He says. But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact, New York’s municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive. Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share—this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water. As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate (垂涎) over the profits. A restaurant’s typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it’s often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, most diners don’t notice or care. As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an article in The Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the diners if they want it. Regardless of how it’s sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity. 77. What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage? A. It is a kind of iced water. C. It is a kind of bottled water. wants to convey the message that ______. A. plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking B. bottled water is clearly superior to tap water C. bottled water often appeals more to dogs taste D. dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste 79. Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water? A. Bottled water brings in huge profits. B. Competition from the wine industry is intense. C. Most diners find bottled water affordable. D. Bottled water satisfied diners’ desire to fashionable. 80. According to passage, why is bottled water so popular? A. It is much cheaper than wine. C. It appeals to more cultivated people. B. It is considered healthier. D. It is more widely promoted in the market.
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B. It is just plain tap water. D. It is a kind of mineral water.

78. By saying ―My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water‖, von Wiesenberger

第 II 卷
I. Translation 20%
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 孩子们迫不及待地盼着寒假。(wait) 2. 中日两国同意共同分享海洋资源。(agree) 2. 科学家们对未知事物总是感到好奇。(curious) 4. 我正要进教室,一个学生从里面冲了出来。(about) 5. 许多人直到生了病才懂得健康的重要性。(It) 6. 第一次来到上海时,它的快节奏给我留下了深刻的印象。(the first time)

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答案
1-5 DADCC 6-10 BCCCB 11-13 ADB 14-16 ABB 17. Swedish 18. Spanish 19. Student 20. Room 301 21. 85 22. Once a week 23. weather forecaster 24. some pain 25-29 ADCDB 30-34 ABBAD 35-40 CBBCBC 41-49 C E B D G H A J F 50-54 ACCAB 55-59 CBDCD 60-64 BDBCB 65-69 CBAD 70-72 BAA 73-76 BCDA 77-80 CBAB 1. Children can hardly/not wait for the winter holiday(s)/vacation. 2. China and Japan agree to share ocean resources. 3. Scientists are curious about the unknown/what they don’t know. 4. I was about to come into the classroom, when a student rushed out of the room. 5. It is not until they are ill that many people realize the importance of health. 6. The first time I came to Shanghai, its fast speed impressed me deeply.

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