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【2012山东省各地高三一模英语分类汇编15:阅读表达(一))


专题四 阅读表达(一)
【山东省济宁市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数 要求)。 [1]When you get in your car, you reach for it. When you're at work, you take a break to have a m

oment alone with it.When you get into a lift,you play with it. [2]Cigarette ? Cup of coffee ? No,it's the third most addictive thing in modem life: .And experts say it is becoming more difficult for many people to control their longing to hug it more tightly than most of their personal relationships. [3]The costs are becoming more and more evident,and I dent mean just the monthly bill. Dr. Chris Knippers, a counselor at the Betty Ford Center in Southern California, reports that the overuse of cell phones has become a social problem not much different from other harmful addictions:a barrier to one-on-one personal contact,and all escape from reality. [4]Sounds extreme,but we've all witnessed the evidence:The person at a restaurant who talks on the phone through an entire meal,ignoring his kids around the table;the woman who talks on the phone in the car,ignoring her husband;the teen who texts messages all the way home from school,avoiding contact with kids all around him. [5]Jim Williams,an industrial sociologist based in Massachusetts,notes that cell-phone addiction is part of a set of symptoms in a widening g111f of personal separation.He points to a study by Duke University researchers that found one-quarter of Americans say they have no one to discuss their most important personal business with.Despite the growing use of phones, e-mail and instant messaging,in other words,Williams says studies show that we don’t have as many friends as our parents . ” Just as more information has led to less wisdom , more acquaintances via the Internet and cell phones have produced fewer friends, ”he says. 76.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(no more than 3 words)

77.Which sentence in the text is closest in meaning to the following one? It is getting increasingly apparent to me that cell phone users have more to sacrifice besides the regular payment for the calls and messages.

78.What is the purpose of Paragraph 47(no more than 5 words)

79.What do experts say about cell-phone addiction?

80.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 into Chinese.

【答案】

【山东省日照市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要求) [1] It's hard to give the concept of being charming, in general, to be charming means to possess an attractive and magnetic personality. There is no unflinching secret to be charming, but a positive change in your thinking can get great benefits. [2] If you want to learn to be charming you have to learn the art of politeness. Nobody likes someone who is rude and grumpy all the time, and if you are cordial and polite to people around you they will obviously appreciate your presence. [3] Sincerity is the key to how to become charming. If you genuinely wish to win people over and appear charming in their eyes, you need to genuinely feel what you say to them. [4] The most charming men and women have the ability to make people laugh. Everyone loves to be humorous as it can greatly remove the despair or sadness in everyone's lives. [5] Learn to look at the bright side of things, and the world will be a better place. If you want to be known as charming you have to be able to convince people, that no matter how bad

things may seem at the present moment, ______________. [6] Personal grooming (打扮) and appearance play a bigger role. Though it is not the most important thing in order to be charming, it does have a certain effect. [7] In order to learn to be charming you need to keep all these pointers in mind. and do it all with a smile on your face. The point of how to be charming is not simply to attract more people towards you, it is more concerned with living a healthy and positive life and spreading that feeling to everyone around you. 76. How does the author introduce the topic of the text? (no more than 8 words)

77. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words. (no more than 6 words)

78. What tips of being charming are mentioned in the text? (no more than 6 words) ① ② ③

79. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 7 into Chinese.

80. What is the best title of the passage? (no more than 5 words)

【答案】
76.By giving concept of being charming. 77.they will only always get better. 78.①Be polite ②Be sincere③Be humorous/Be optimistic/Be good-looking/(写出其中三项即可) 79.要想学会让自己变得富有魁力,你必须铭记这些建议,并始终微笑着去履行。 80.How to Be Charming

【山东省青岛市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下面的短文并回答问题, 然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上 (请注意问题后的词数要 求) 。 〔1〕"Everything happens for the best," my mother said whenever I faced disappointment. " If you carry on, one day something good will happen. And you'll realize that it wouldn't have

happened if not for that previous disappointment." 〔2〕Mother was right, as I discovered after graduating from college in 1932. I had decided to try for a job in radio, then work my way up to a sports announcer. I went to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station — and got turned down every time. 〔3〕In one studio, a kind lady told me that big stations couldn't risk hiring an inexperienced person. "Go out in the sticks and find a small station that'll give you a chance," she said. 〔4〕I returned home to Dixon, Illinois. While there were no radio-announcing jobs in Dixon, my father said Montgomery Ward had opened a store and wanted a local athlete to manage its sports department. Since Dixon was where I had played high school football, I applied. The job sounded just right for me. But ______ _.

〔5〕My disappointment must have shown. "Everything happens for the best," Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to job hunt. I tried WOC Radio in Davenport, Iowa. The program director, a wonderful Scotsman named Peter MacArthur, told me they had already hired an announcer. 〔6〕As I left his office, my frustration boiled over. I asked aloud, "How can a fellow get to be a sports announcer if he can't get a job in a radio station?" 〔7〕I was waiting for the elevator when I heard MacArthur calling, "What was that you said about sports? Do you know anything about football?" Then he stood me before a microphone and asked me to broadcast an imaginary game. I got the job! 〔8〕On my way home, as I have many times since, I thought of my mother's words: … 76. How did the writer discover that his mother was right? ( no more than 10 words ) ______________________________________________________________________________ 77. Fill in the blank with proper words in paragraph 4 to complete the sentence. ( no more than 6 words ) ______________________________________________________________________________ 78. Why did the writer say ''My disappointment must have shown'' in paragraph 5? Find details to support your idea. ( no more than 20 words ) ______________________________________________________________________________ 79. Translate the underlined sentence in paragraph 1 into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________________

80. What can you learn from the passage? (no more than 30 words) ______________________________________________________________________________

【答案】
76. Through his own experience in finding a job. 77. I wasn't hired./ I was turned down./ I didn't get it./ they didn't offer it to me. 78. Because both his parents comforted and encouraged him: "Everything happens for the best," Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to job hunt. 79. 如果你坚持下去,总有一天会成功。 80. 略(只要表达正确,观点积极,即可得满分)

【山东省泰安市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下面的短文,并根据文章后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的词数要求) [1]Here’s 0ne very simple yet potentially lifechanging advice I first heard from Brian Tracy.Cut down on the TV at night by just one hour.Instead use that hour to read books that could improve your life. [2]If you're in sales, google or browse amazon for what other people think are the best and most useful books on improving your sales. [3]This of course applies to all fields,not just the workrelated ones.Maybe you want to improve your health,become a more energetic person with a better looking body.Or maybe you want to improve your productivity.your relations or perhaps do some general Personal development. [4] One hour a day is not much.But if you read for_______________on weekdays that,s about 260 hours a vear.That’s a lot of books and loads and loads of useful advice. [5]If applied,wh0 knows what great things and feelings could come into your life this year. Also.all that c00l information and useful advice will start to open up your mind.You will start to see more possibilities in your everyday life. [6]Now,now you might think something like this: 1.I really don’t have the money… Answer:Visit your local library or search their database if they got a website.Or look for used copies in places like amazon.com or some more local alternative if you’re outside of the US.

2.Yeah,ok,but I really don’t have the time… Answer:Buy the books as audiobooks and listen to them in the Car while driving to and from work.Or transfer them t0 your mp3 一 player and listen while riding your bike/bus to work or school. [7] So start browsing for recommendations on books or ask your friends and colleagues. Turn off the TV tonight and find something worthwhile to read that will help your business or your personal growth.

76.What is the text mainly about?(no more than 10 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ 77.Which sentence in the text can be replaced by the following one? If you read an hour a day, amazing changes will take place in your life this year. ____________________________________________________________________________ 78.Please fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words.(no more than 6 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ 79.What does the writer advise you to do if you don’t have the time to read?(no more than 20 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ 80.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 7 into Chinese. ____________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

【山东省威海市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数 要求)。 [1]Do you feel your life is dependent on fate or luck? Many people do and there are crazy superstitions(迷信)surrounding what you should and shouldn’t on New Year ’s Day to get some luck for yourself.And we’re going to need it,because everyone has heard that 2012 may be the end of the World。 [2]Imagine being in a car.The driver decides where to go and how fast to get there.The passenger goes along for the ride.Do you want to or the passenger in your own life? Do

you want to hide and hope that 2012 really isn’t the end of the world, or do you want to design a new beginning? [3] This isn’t the first prediction of the end of the world and it won’t be the last.The year 2000 was supposed to destroy computer technology, bringing the world to a stop.All this is futurology---the study of the end of the world or the “world to come” ---which I think, personally, is a better translation. [4] Translation is also the problem behind the idea that the Mayans(玛雅人)said the world would end in 2012.The troub1e with translation from the ancient Mayans is that there are many words to choose from and negative words sell a lot more magazines, newspapers and TV shows.There’s a phrase in journalism in the West。 “If it bleeds,it leads。” In other words,bad news sells better.

[5]To me, endings mean beginnings and new chances。 The reality we’re suffering through in the world fight now needs a change. Wars, the failing economy, global warming---the list goes on and on.People tend to change through insight(洞察力)or crisis and there are enough of both right now to lead in a completely new age filled with peace, economic well-being, health and joy both globally and personally.But,we can’t just wait for it to happen.So create goals this year that arc positive,future focused,specific and measurable.We’re all the drivers in the world to come. 76.How does the author introduce the topic of the text?(no more than 5 words) 77.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(no more than 5 words) 78.What point is supported by the example shown in the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3? (no more than 15 words) 79.What does the author think of“the end of the world”?(no more than 15 words) 80.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 into Chinese.

【答案】
76.By(asking/raising questions/a question. 77.be/become/act as the driver 78. Predictions on the end of the world don’ t make sense. /There have been many world end predictions. There is more than one prediction on the end of the world. /It was only one of the world end predictions. (This isn’t the first prediction of the end of the world and it won’t be the last。可得满分) 79.The author thinks that endings of the world mean beginnings and new chances.(The author thinks it impossible/ridiculous/incorrect…可得两分) 80.翻译古玛雅文献的麻烦在于,措辞选择很多,而负面语言却能够提高杂志、报纸和 电视节目的销量与收视率。

【山东省潍坊市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】

【答案】
76. Life lessons from Andrews (America’s Winningest Higt School Basketball Coach)./ The

secret of Andrew’s success. 77. You can’t win without a unified team that knows how to communicate with each other. 78. Do what you love (like)/Never give up (your dreams)/Stick to your dreams 79. enthusiastic, devoted, intelligent, strict, tough, determined… 80.虽然一场比赛的胜利是最近的目标,但是她希望所有的队员能在毕业后长久的时间内保 持这种团队精神。


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