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Unit5


(2012· 保定市高三摸底)感恩节快要到了,某英文杂志社要 举办一次征文比赛活动。活动主题是:“Learn to be grateful”。

假如你叫李华,请根据下列提示写一篇120词左右的短文投给该
杂志社。主要内容包括: 1.为什么要感恩? 2.对谁感恩?

3.感恩实际行动(给父母泡一杯热茶或给他们一个拥抱;

>
给老师作感恩卡;给同学和朋友发短信感谢他们的帮助……)
___________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________
________________

【满分作文】

Learn to be grateful
November 26th is the Thanksgiving Day and it is around the co rner.①How shall we welcome it?Who shall we give our thanks t

o?
I'd like to share my idea with you. ②I always think if everyone is grateful to our society,it wi ll be more harmonious.③If everyone has got a grateful heart to o ur parents,teachers,friends,love and happiness will greet us every day.

④Gratitude is so important and necessary that we should t

ake action right away.Let's start with small things — give our parent
s a warm hug or make them a cup of tea,design beautiful thank-yo u cards for our dear teachers and send thank-you emails to our frien

ds etc.
Don't hesitate.Just do it!

【高级词汇】

around the corner近在眼前
a grateful heart一颗感恩的心 start with以……开始

【佳句变换】

1.Maybe everyone is thinking about what and how we shall d
o to show our thanks to our parents,teachers and friends. 2.Personally,a grateful heart will greatly contribute to a har

monious society.
3.If everyone has got a grateful heart to our parents,teacher s,friends,it will make a great difference in our daily life. 4.It is so important and necessary that we should take action r ight away to improve the public awareness of showing gratitude to be loved ones.

Ⅰ.词汇链条 1.__________ n.队列;行列vi.排队 queue 按次序排队的人 _____________不 queue jumper

2.__________n.&v.演讲;讲课__________n.演讲者; lecturer lecture (大学)讲师
3.__________n.舒适;安慰 __________vt.安慰 comfort comfort _____________adj.舒适的;自在的;心安理得的 comfortable _____________ adj.不舒适的;不自在的 uncomfortable 4.____________n.需要;需求__________vt.需要;需求 requirement require

_________________必修课 required courses

5.__________adj.丰富的;充裕的 abundance __________n.丰富 abundant 6.__________v.统治;支配;管理 ____________n.政 government govern 府;统治 7.__________n.代替者;代用品vt.代替 substitute 8.__________vt.反驳;驳斥 contradictory ____________adj.相矛盾的 contradict
____________n.驳斥;矛盾 contradiction 9.__________n.常规;日常事务 adj.通常的;例行的 routine occupy occupation 10 .__________vt.占用;占领 __________n.居住 ; 占 用;职业 ______________adj.职业的 occupational 11.__________n.代理人;经纪人 agent 权;通讯社 使合格 __________n.代理 agency

12.__________n.品质;质量 __________vt.取得资格; quality qualify

语境助记——词不离句,句不离段 After a long academic preparation,he got the qualification to be an agent.He delivered a lecture to comment on the substitute on behalf of his business enterprise.

Ⅱ.重点短语
1.______________保持优秀成绩;继续干下去 keep it up 2.______________相适应;相融合 fit in

3.__________________________就??而言 as far as one is concerned
4._________________忙着做;忙于某事物 be occupied with 5._________________日复一日 day in and day out 不可能的;不值得讨论的 6.out of the question______________

(迁入新居或更换工作后)安顿下来 7.settle in______________ 习惯于 8.get used to doing______________
和某人在一起 9.in the company of______________ 陪伴某人 10.keep sb company______________

Ⅲ.经典句式
1.It is said that dogs will keep you company for_________ y as long as ou want when you are feeling lonely.

据说在你感到孤独寂寞的时候,你的狗会一直陪伴。
2.I began to feel at home ome familiar faces. in the new school when I saw s

当看到熟悉的脸庞,我感到在这所新学校里无拘无束了。 3.If you_________________ asleep,some people recomme have trouble falling nd breathing very slowly and very deeply. 如果你入睡困难,有人建议慢慢地深呼吸。

4.It was by November 1914 that the government__________ was ___________________________ that its policy had failed. forced to acknowledge 直到1914年11月,政府才被迫承认自己的政策失败了。 5.We tried to find a table for seven,but they were all______ taken
_________________. up 我们努力地找一张七人的桌子,但是都被占用啦。

Ⅳ.短文填空
My first overseas trip was from New York to Paris.I first had to __1__a plane to Heathrow Airport in London and then change to__2

__flight.When I got off the plane at Heathrow I saw someone handin
g out__3__to some of the passengers,but I didn't know what they w ere__4__,so I didn't take one.Besides,I was too occupied trying to work out__5__to find where to catch the plane to Paris.When I tried t o__6__the second plane they asked for my transit card,which I didn 't__7__.I then realized that was what the card was for.I showed them my ticket__8__they said I needed to show them a transit card,too.

I was__9__they were going to send me back to New York.Inste
ad they made me wait__10__they checked everyone's air ticket,and then they let me on board.The plane was 30 minutes late leaving Lon

don and some__11__got very angry.After that I was always careful t
o__12__what other passengers were doing and to ask someone if I di dn't understand anything. 答案 1.catch 2.another 3.cards 4.for 5.how 6.board ers 12.notice 7.have 8.but 9.worried 10.while 11.passeng

recommend sb/sth to sb(for sth/as sth) 推荐某人 recommend sb to do sth建议某人去做某事;劝某人做某事

recommend doing sth建议做某事
recommend后可接that从句,从句中谓语动词用should+v. 形式,should可省略。

(1)Graham's father strongly recommended sending the boy to s
chool in England. 格雷尔姆的父亲竭力建议把儿子送到英国去上 学。[朗文]

(2)There is no parking area during the festival,so using the Pa
rk & Ride system or Edmonton Transit is highly recommended (2011·福建卷·阅读理解B) .

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)__________ ways of creating customer delight include: und er-promising and over-delivering (saying that a repair will be carrie

d out within five hours,but getting it done within two).(2011·浙
江卷·阅读理解C) 答案 Recommended

(2)—What suggestion did Thomson give you?
—He said he would __________me to Professor Macrae as his postgraduate student.(2012·日照市模拟)

A.comment
C.command 解析 荐某人。 答案 D

B.select
D.recommend 推

考查recommend sb/sth to sb(for sth/as sth)

occupy oneself in doing sth /with sth忙于做某事 be occupied in doing sth集中精力做某事 occupy sth占据;占有 occupy a position担任职务 (1)Her time is fully occupied with her three children. 她的时间全部用在三个孩子身上啦。[牛津] (2)You can imagine how fully occupied I became,raising four boys under the age of 8!(2011·天津卷·阅读理解B)

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)I ________ Mother looking at a nearby table __________ b y an elderly woman and a young couple.(2010· 浙江卷 · 短文改错)

答案 noticed;occupied

(2)When I visited her,she was__________in writing a lecture
speech on Chinese History.(2012·南宁模拟) A.absorbing B.concentrated

C.devoted
解析

D.occupied

考查动词短语,occupy oneself in doing sth /with st

h,忙于做某事,be devoted to sth,专心于/致力于??的; 献身??的。 答案 D

succeed in 成功;在??方面成功;顺利完成 succeed someone as 接任某人的职务

succeed at/with sth 成功方面,在??方面成功
succeed in doing 成功地做了??,成功地做某事 succeed to_sth 继承

be successful in doing sth 成功地做某事
(1)I'm not sure he has the determination to succeed as an actor. 我不敢肯定他有当一名成功演员的决心。[朗文]

(2)Negotiators have not yet succeeded in
asefire.谈判者仍未达成停火。[牛津]

establishing a ce

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)In our discussion with people on how education can help the m __________life,a woman remembered the first meeting of an int

roductory science course about 20 years ago.(2011·全国Ⅰ·完形填
空) 答案 succeed in

(2)—Was it in 1969__________the American astronaut succeed
ed________landing on the moon? —That's right.(2012·威海质检)

A.when;on
C.which;in 解析 部分。 答案 D

B.that;on
D.that;in

考查强调句型,It be +强调部分+that/who +其他

acknowledge doing_sth承认做某事 acknowledge sb to be/as承认某人是 acknowledge sb with sth以??感谢某人 it is acknowledged that公认??

acknowledge/admit
辨析 acknowledge aving stolen the car. 他承认偷了那辆车。 表示承担使某事公开的责任,而admit常常暗

含不情愿承认某人的行为或接受不同的观点,如:He admitted h

(1)He acknowledged it to be true . 他 供 认 那 是 事 实 。 [ 牛
津] (2)It is now generally acknowledged that he was innocent.现

在大家普遍认为他是无辜的。[朗文]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)The young couple wrote to Mr Grand to__________his war m reception during their visit to his farm.(2010·北京四中质检)

A.acknowledge
C.consult 解析

B.update
D.acquire

本题考查动词的意思区别,acknowledge承认,答

谢;consult查阅,商量,向??请教;acquire获得,取得,学 到,捕获。这里是“写信感谢热情接待”。 答案 A

(2)His long service with the company was __________with a p
resent.(2011·济宁模拟) A.admitted B.acknowledged

C.attributed
答案 B

D.accepted

to live in comfort 生活舒适 comfort sb with sth 安慰某人

be a comfort to sb 对某人是个安慰
(1)The child ran to his mother to be comforted. 孩子跑到妈妈身边以求得到安慰。[朗文]

(2) It's a comfort

to know that she is safe.

知道她平安无事是令人安慰的事。[牛津]

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
For some people,travelling abroad is the thing they enjoy mos t;for others,though,cultural differences make them feel _______

___.(2012·山东实验中学模拟)
A.calm C.excited 答案 D B.comfortable D.uncomfortable

(1)It's time for +n.“该是(干)??的时候了。”例:
Boys and girl,It's time for class. 同学们,该上课了。 (2)It's time + (for sb) to do sth表示“该是(某人)干??的时 候了。”例: It's time for you to clean the classroom. 该是你打扫教室的时候了。 It's time to go to school. 该去上学了。

(3) It's time + that-clause 时,that可省略,time可由high,a
bout修饰,从句中的谓语动词有两种形式,或者用动词的过去式 (be用were);或者用should + 动词原形(should不能省略)。此句

型为虚拟语气句型,表示“现在某人该做某事了”。含有该事
早该去做而未做,现在去做似乎都为时已晚的意思。例: It's time (that)we went to bed. 我们该去睡觉了。 It's high time that the article were published. 发表这篇文章是适时的。 It's time you should do cleaning. 你该去打扫卫生了。

(4) it/ this/ that is /was the first (second,third...) time tha
t...(从句为完成时)例: It is my first time that I've ever written letters.

这是我第一次写信。
The couple told us it was the fourth time that they had visited th e West Lake.这对夫妇告诉我们那是他们第四次游西湖。

直通高考——看看高考怎么考
(1)This is the first time that_________ away from my family fo r such a long time.(2011· 重庆卷 · 短文改错)

答案 I've been
(2)It was the first time that I __________ my parents.(201 1· 广东卷 · 读写任务,范文赏读) 答案 had left

(3)—Do you know our town at all?
—No,this is the first time I________ here.(全国卷) A.was B.have been

C.came
答案 B

D.am coming

Ⅰ.品句填词 1.We have got to beat Poland to ensure q__________for the World Cup finals. 2.Applicants must satisfy the r__________for admission to th e university.

3.I can't go out—I've got to do some r__________for my exa
ms to take place next week. 4.By 1914 the government was forced to a__________that its

policy had failed.
5.The witnesses' statements c__________each other and the f acts remained unclear.

6.The tables near the window were all __________(占用),s
o we had to find a place in a corner. 7.My morning __________(日常事务) includes walking in th

e park and reading newspapers over breakfast.
8.You don't have to install this radio in your new car,it's an __________(选择的) extra. 9.This region is beautiful in natural sight,and __________ (丰富的) in forest and tour resources. 10.It is often said that the joy of traveling is not in arriving at your__________(目的地) but in the journey itself.

答案 1.qualification 2.requirements
4.acknowledge 5.contradicted 8.optional

3.revision

6.occupied 7.routine

9.abundant 10.destination

Ⅱ.短语识境
adjust to;keep it up;as far as one is concerned;feel at hom e;be popular with;fit in;be occupied with;out of the questio

n;take up;refer to
1.At first I felt awkward,but I soon learned to__________. 2.You can't go to the wedding in that old shirt—it's quite_____ _____. 3.Helen__________business matters,so we didn't want to b other her. 4.Writing the paper __________most of the weekend. 5.Let me just__________ my notes for the exact figures.

6.I've been working twelve hours a day,but I shall not be ab
le to __________. 7.You should make the new students __________in your sch

ool.
8.She's a lively child and __________everyone. 9.__________,I'm not against your plan. 10.__________the tropical heat was more difficult than they had expected. 答案 1.fit in 2.out of the question 3.was occupied with 4.took up 5.refer to 6.keep it up 7.feel at home 8.popular with 9.As far as I am concerned

10.Adjusting to

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.普遍认为他是世界最佳球员。(be acknowledged as) ___________________________________________________

_____________________________________
2.海伦全身心地忙于公务,所以我们不想打扰她。(be occ upied with) ___________________________________________________ _____________________ 3.她唱歌来维持高涨的情绪。(keep up) ___________________________________________________ _____________________

4.吉姆一直生活在湖边,因而他在水中感到自由自在。(f
eel at home) ___________________________________________________

_____________________
5.今年再度出国是绝无可能的。(out of the question) ___________________________________________________ _____________________ 6.这是他第二次单独跟她外出。(it be the second time tha t...) ___________________________________________________ _____________________

7.至于说到天气,我觉得没有关系。(as far as)
___________________________________________________ ______________________________________

8.建议每年把机器检修一次。(it be recommended that...)
___________________________________________________ _____________________

答案 1.He is widely acknowledged as the best player in the w
orld. 2.Helen was fully occupied with business matters,so we did

n't want to bother her.
3.She kept up her spirits by singing. 4.Jim always lives by a lake,and he feels at home in the wat er. 5.Another trip abroad this year is out of the question. 6.It was the second time he had been out with her alone. 7.As far as the weather is concerned,I don't think it matters. 8.It is strongly recommended that the machines should be che

cked every year.

【典例】 Mrs.Neidl's__43__that year was,“Try it.We can a lways paint over it__44__(later)!”I began to take__45__(risks).I had been so afraid of failing but suddenly there was no failing—only t hings to be__46__(improved)upon.I learned to dip my brush into the paint and __47__(confidently)create something.(2010·北京卷)

43.A.message
C.saying 解析

B.motto
D.suggestion

考查名词辨析及文章理解。引号里是一句鼓励的

话,根据前文可知这句话是她的座右铭。迷惑性较大的C选项sa
ying意为“谚语”,往往是人们长期形成的对生活经验的总结, 强调群体性及时间性;message“信息”;suggestion“建议”, 均不符合题意。 答案 B

【方法指导】
1.理解文章大意,充分利用上下文语境 解答完形填空题时,考生首先应该把握文章大意,在理解

文章大意的基础上综合考虑、辨析所提供的选项。避免做完题
后才猛然发现所选的选项与文章的大意相冲突或矛盾。 2.先理解文章大意,再综合考虑 在理解文章大意的基础上进行综合考虑是解答完形填空题 的关键。本段前面提到作者看到the guard向陌生人挥手时,对方 也挥手致谢,即使是一个表情刻板的商人也不例外。由此可 见,微笑着向别人挥手改变的是他们的“感情”。前三项分别 表示“趋势”、“观察”、“规章制度”,都与文章大意不

符。


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