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高一牛津英语定语从句专项练习题与答案详解


定语从句与非限定性定语从句专项练习题与答案详解
定语从句: 是指在复合句中, 修饰 引导定语从句的词叫“ ” 或 的从句.被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词叫做 “ ” .

小结: 如何确定关系词?一看先行词;二看先行词在从句中充当的成分。 引导定语从句的关系词 who,whom,that;which,that;whose,of which;where;

when;why 指代人 指代事物 所属关系 指地点 指时间 指原因 Correct the mistakes 1. Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from class two. 2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before. 4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick. 定语从句考点归纳 1. 用 that 的情况:

先行词是 everything, nothing, anything, something, much, little, none 等不定代词,引导定语 从句用 that; 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时,引导定语从句用 that; 先行词中既有人又有事物时,引导定语从句用 that; Who 做先行词时,引导定语从句用 that; 在介词后面,指事物用 which,指人用 whom;
当先行词是 way、moment、time 等时用 that,且常省略。 2.用 which 的情况:

关系代词前有介词时。 引导非限制性定语从句时。 当先行词本身就是 that 时。 先行词后有插入语时。
1.Nothing ______ can be done has been done. 2.Do you have anything ______ you don’t understand ? 3.This is the best TV _______ is made in China. 4.The first museum _______ he visited in China was the History Museum. 5.The famous writer and his works _____ the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. 6.A victim is a person, animal or thing ______ suffers pain, death, harm, etc. 7.Who _______ you have ever seen can do it better ? 8.Her bag ,in ________ she put all her money, has been stolen. 9.This is the ring on ________ she spent 1000 dollars. 10.Xiao Wang ,with ________ I went to the concert, enjoy it very much. 2.如何判断介词 1) 、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

This is the book_____ which you asked 注意:动词短语不能拆开即介词不能提前 The old man whom I am looking after is better . 2) 、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 He referred me to some reference books ______ which I am not very familiar. 3) 、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 搭配 This is our classroom, _______________ which there is a teacher’s desk. 非限定性定语从句: ? Her sister has become a lawyer,_________she wanted to be.( (2005 年 29 题) ) ? A.Who B. that C.what D which 【解题步骤】 1.看标志:逗号——判定句型:非限制性定语从句 2.看选项:that 不能引导非限制性定语从句。What 不能引导定语从句 3.看先行词:是指代整个主句的意思还是指代某个先行词。 非限制性定语从句特点 ? 1.标志:逗号 ? 2.作用:补充说明主句 ? 3.结构:与主句结构松散,省略不影响整句意义的完整 ? 4.that 不能引导非限制性定语从句 一、非限制性定语从句关系词的选用的考点总结 1. Which 引导非限制性定语从句用法:可指代前面整个主句的意思。 2. that 和 why 不能引导非限制性定语从句 3.as 和 which 引导非限制性定语从句的异同 ①、The meeting was put off,which/as was exactly what we wanted. as 和 which 都可以引导非限制性定语从句,用来代替 整个主句或主句中的一部分内容,有时两者可以互换。 ②、The sun rises in the east,as everyone knows. = As everyone knows,the sun rises in the east. He was thrown into prison,which got roundthrougout the village。 as 引导的从句可以放在主句之前,而 which 引导的从句只能放在主句之后。 定语从句在句首时只能用 as, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动词一般是固定的。 ? As 常用在以下习惯用语中 ? as anybody can see 正如人人都能看到的那样 ? as is known to all 众所周知 ? as we had expected 正如我们所预料的那样 ? as often happens 正如经常发生的那样 ? as has been said before 如上所述 ? as is mentioned above 正如上面提到的 比较: My brother who is 18 years old is a college student. 我 18 岁的那个弟弟是大学生。 My brother, who is 18 years old, is a college student. 我弟弟是大学生,今年 18 岁。 第一句中,限制性定语从句限制了先行词的意义,明确是 18 岁的那个弟弟(而不是其他的,即有可 能还有几个弟弟) 。第二句使用了非限制性定语从句,表明可能只有一个弟弟,18 岁,起补充说 明作用。

另外,如果先行词是专有名词或独一无二的人或物,通常用非限制性定语从句。 His mother, who loved him very much, died in 1818. 最爱他的母亲于 1818 年去世了。 I like to chat with Jack, who is a clever boy. 我喜欢和杰克聊天,他是个聪明人。 2. This is the case ________ he’s had all his money stolen. A. when B. where C. that D. on which 3. Mr. Smith will pay a visit to Beijing this autumn, ________ we will enjoy the Olympic Games in 2008. A. where B. when C. which D. how 5. —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin? —Oh, that’ easy. I surfed the Internet and then called one the telephone number _____ s is provided. A. which B. in which C. of which D. whose 6. October 15 th is my birthday, ________ I will never forget. A. when B. that C. what D. which 7. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ________ he can walk correctly and safely. A. when B. where C. which D. whose 8. There are several research centers in China ________ a certain disease called Bird Flu is being studied. A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. I hope that the little ________ I have been able to do does good to them all. A. which B. what C. that D. when 15. The people, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A. all whose homes B. all of whose homes C. all their homes D. all of their homes 16. The humans are destroying nature day by day, ________ ,of course, will cause severe punishment from it sooner or later. A. who B. when C. on which D. which 18. Some pictures of the river brought the days back to the old ________ they swam in it. A. when B. that C. who D. where 22.I have two grammars, ______are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which 23. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 24.I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which, 26.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B.that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what 答案与解析: 1. A. 主语与 run(延伸)是主动关系,所以用现在分词。Those 指街道,所以不用 who 而用 that 来引 导定语从句。 2. B. 3. A. 4. B. 5. C. 因为在此题中 where 引导定语从句,表示“在这种种况下” ,与 in which 相当。 因为先行词是 Beijing 而不是 this autumn 所以用 where 引导定语从句。 答案 B 是省略了关系代词 that 的定语从句,另外,to 后还省略了动词原形 paint。 因为 of which 引导定语从句,并在从句中作定语。Of which the telephone number = whose

telephone number。 6. D. 因为这是个非限制性定语从句,先行词是前面一句话的内容。 7. B. 因为表示“阶段、程度、地步”的 the point 在定语从句中作地点状语,所以用 where 引导定 语从句。 8. B. 因为先行词是 research centers 并在定语从句中作状语,所以用 where。 9. C. 因为当先行词是表示事物的 all, little, few, much, anything, everything, nothing 等时,多用 that 引导定语从句。 10. 因为先行词是 the time,且在定语从句中作状语,所以用 when 引导。此题的先行词与定语从句 被主句谓语分开了,要善于辨别。 11. B. 先行词是 Taiwan is a part of China 整个主句,一般由 as 或 which 引导定语从句,但 which 引导的定语从句只能放在主句之后,另外,as 有“正如”之意,而 which 没有,所以用 as。顺 便说说,原句改为:It is known to everybody that Taiwan is?= What is known to everybody is that Taiwan is? 12. A. 两空都是考查定语从句,先行词分别是 the day 和 Shen Zhou V was launched, the day 在定语从句中作状语,用 when 引导;后句是非限制性定语从句,不能用 that,要用 which。 13. A. 因为替代不可数名词 (the bread) 只能用 that, 排除 B 和 D; 又因为先行词 that (the bread) 在定语从句中作 buy 的宾语,用 which,所以选 A。 14. D. 当定语从句的先行词前有 such, so, as 等词语时,由 as 引导,并且 as 在定语从句中作主语或 宾语,as 在此题中作 dream of 的宾语。注意:在表示“如此?以致?”的 such /so?that?结 构中,that 不作任何句子成份。 15. B. 考查非限制性定语从句,all of whose homes = all of their homes 他们所有的房子。 16. D. 因为先行词是前面整个句子,且在从句中作主语,所以用 which。of course 是插入语。 17. D. 将疑问句改为陈述句:this research center is?显然缺少先行词,必须加上代词 the one 来 作先行词,又因定语从句不缺主语或宾语,所以用关系副词 where。假若在 this 后加 the,就选 where,请想想这是为什么。 18. A. 因为先行词是 the days,并在定语从句中作状语。 19. B. 当先行词前有 so 时,用 as 引导定语从句,as 在从句中作主语或宾语。假若在 lift 后加上 it, 答案就是 that 了,请想想这是为什么。 20. C. 因前后均的句子,必须要选连词,排除 B 和 D;又因在介词后不能用 that 来引导定语从句, 所以选 C。during which time 在那段时间里。 22. A. for which 引导定语从句,使用介词 for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for "以…….. 而闻名". 23. A. for which 引导定语从句,使用介词 for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for "以……..而 闻名". 24. D. years 是表示时间的名词,用 when 引导定语从句,是因为 when 在从句中作时间状语.第二个空选 用 which,引导一个非限制性定语从句. 25. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句. 26. A. The reason why… was that….已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的 why 和 that 不能随意换位, 也不能将 that 改成 because,尽管 that 这个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义。


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