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2014届高考英语《单项填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(重庆专用):专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气


专 题 导 读 真 题 典 例 新 题 预 测

专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气
专 题 导 读

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

1.[2013?重庆卷] —I

t rained cats and dogs this morning.I'm glad we took an umbrella. —Yeah, we would have got wet all over if we ________. A.hadn't B.haven't C.didn't D.don't [解析] A 考查虚拟语气。主句用would have done结 构,从句对应用had done结构,答语省略了 taken the umbrella。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

2.[2013?重庆卷] —What are you doing this Saturday? —I'm not sure, but I ________ go to the Rolling Stones concert. A.must B.would C.should D.might

[解析] D 考查情态动词。由前面的“I'm not sure…” 可知是不太确定,因此用might表示“有可能”。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

3.[2013?安徽卷] I ________ to my cousin's birthday party last night, but I was not available. A.went B.had gone C.would go D.would have gone
真 题 典 例

[解析] D 考查虚拟语气。前一分句使用了含蓄条件 虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反的假设,主句应该用 would have done结构。完整表达是:I would have gone to my cousin's birthday party last night if I had been available, but I was not available.
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

4.[2013?北京卷] If we ________ a table earlier, we wouldn't be standing here in a queue. A. have booked B.booked C.book D.had booked
真 题 典 例

[解析] D 考查虚拟语气。条件句“如果我们提前预 订”是对过去的假设,所以用过去完成时,选D项。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

5.[2013?北京卷] —You needn't take an umbrella. It isn't going to rain. —Well, I don't know. It ________ do. A. might B.need C.would D.should [解析] A 考查情态动词。对于下雨与否不知道,所 以选用语气最弱的情态动词might,仅仅表示非常不 肯定的猜测。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

6.[2013?湖南卷] He ________ sleep, although he tried to, when he got on such a hunt for an idea until he had caught it. A. wouldn't B.shouldn't C.couldn't D.mustn't [解析] C 考查情态动词。句意:尽管他想睡,但是 却睡不着,当时他一直在拼命想着一件事,直到想清 楚了为止。此处couldn't意为 “不能”,符合题意。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

7.[2013?江西卷] When I was a child, I ________ watch TV whenever I wanted to. A. should B.could C.must D.need
真 题 典 例

[解析] B 考查情态动词。句意:当我还是孩子时, 我想看电视时就可以看。should应该,将会;could意 为“可以,能够”,符合语境;must必须,一定; need需要。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

8.[2013?新课标全国卷Ⅱ] Since nobody gave him any help, he ________ have done the research on his own. A. can B.must C.would D.need
真 题 典 例

[解析] B 考查情态动词。句意:既然没有人给他任 何帮助,他一定是自己做的那项研究。此处用must表 示接近事实的推测。can“能够”,也可以用在一般疑 问句或否定句中表示推测,意为“怎么可能或不可 能”;would过去常常,愿意;need需要。
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

9.[2013?浙江卷] Eye doctors recommend that a child's first eye exam________ at the age of six months old. A. was B.be C.were D.is
真 题 典 例

[解析] B 考查虚拟语气。recommend作“建议”讲 时,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即从句中谓语动 词用should do,其中should可以省略,故选B项。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

10.[2013?浙江卷] I ________ myself more—it was a perfect day. A. shouldn't have enjoyed B.needn't have enjoyed C.wouldn't have enjoyed D.couldn't have enjoyed

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

真 题 典 例

[解析] D 考查情态动词。句意:我从没有玩得这么 高兴过——真是完美的一天。此处是not与more连用, 表 示 肯 定 , 相当于最高级形式 , 同时couldn't have done表示“过去本不可能做过某事,但实际上却做 了”,是对过去情况的一种推测,故选D项。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

1.—The wind is always blowing here. —How I wish it________ today. A.won't blow B.didn't blow C.doesn't blow D.isn't blowing

新 题 预 测

[解析] B 考查虚拟语气。从信息词wish可知,要使 用虚拟语气,再根据时间状语today可以得知与现在事 实相反,故使用过去时。句意:“这里的风总吹个不 停。”“我多么希望今天没有风呀。”

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

2. When I was a child, my father________ read me a story at night before bedtime. A.would B.should C.could D.might [解析] A 考查情态动词。would表示“过去常常做什 么”,即表示“过去习惯性的动作”。should可能, 应该;could可以,可能;might可以,可能。句意: 当我还是小孩子的时候,我父亲常常会在晚上我睡觉 前给我读故事。

新 题 预 测

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专题七

情态动词与虚拟语气

3.—Do you know where David is? I couldn't find him anywhere. —Well. He________ have gone far—his glasses are still here. A.shouldn't B.mustn't C.can't D.wouldn't
新 题 预 测
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

新 题 预 测

[解析] C 考查情态动词。“情态动词+have done” 既可以表示对过去情况的推测,也可以表示对过去情 况的虚拟。shouldn't have done本不应该做某事,实 际 上 却 做 了 ; can't have done 不 可 能 做 了 某 事 ; wouldn't have done不会做了某事。句意:“你知道 大卫到哪里去了吗?我到处都找不到他。”“他不可 能走远,他的眼镜还在这里。” 根据句意可知,是 对过去发生的事情的否定推测,故使用can't have done。故C项正确。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

4.—We need a person very much to think up a creative idea. —________ the new manager have a try? A.Shall B.Must C.Should D.Need [解析] A 考查情态动词。shall用于第一、三人称疑 问句中,表示说话人征求对方意见或向对方请示。句 意:“我们非常需要一个人来想出一个有创造性的意 见。”“新经理可以试一下吗?”

新 题 预 测

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

5. The weather in the south is generally warm, but it________ be very cold sometimes. A.may B.shall C.will D.can

新 题 预 测

[解析] D 考查情态动词。句意:南方的天气通常很 暖和,但有时也可能很冷。may表示的可能性比can小; shall表示征求对方意见;will表示意愿;can此处表示 客观上的推测。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

6. ________ Anirban Maitra, a professor at Oxford University, Jack's success would not have been possible. A.If it wasn't for B.Were it not for C.Had it not been for D.If it hasn't been for

新 题 预 测

[解析] C 考查虚拟语气。根据主句would not have been可看出这是对过去情况的虚拟,所以条件句用过 去完成时。又因为虚拟条件句中有had,should,were 时,可以将if去掉,然后把had,should,were提到主 语前面,故选C项。
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

7. It's time that we________ the lid on the accident and everyone will insist on punishing the criminal. A. lifted B.will lift C.have lifted D.lift

新 题 预 测

[解析] A 考查虚拟语气。在“It's time that …”句型 中,that从句部分的谓语动词要用过去时态或“should + 动词原形”。

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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

8. I know that it will be difficult to pick him out in such a crowd, but if you________ happen to see him, give him this packet. A. would B.might C.should D.could [解析] C 考查情态动词。 should用于条件句中可以 表示语气较强的假设,意为“万一,竟然”。
新 题 预 测
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

9. With all his money, he________worry about a little thing like 5 cents! A. can B.must C.may D.should

[解析] D 考查情态动词。此处should表示惊讶,意 为“竟然”。
新 题 预 测
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专题七 情态动词与虚拟语气

10.—Sir,________ you park your car at this Fire Engine Access? —Sorry, I didn't notice that. A. can B.must C.will D.may

新 题 预 测

[解析] B 考查情态动词。此处must表示“偏要,非 得”的含义,暗含说话人的不满情绪。句意:“先生, 你非得把车停在消防通道那儿吗?”“对不起,我刚 才没注意到。”
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备用习题
1. Without joint efforts of all the members, we ________our task in such a short time. A. shouldn't accomplish B. shouldn't have accomplished C. couldn't accomplish D. couldn't have accomplished

[解析] D 考查虚拟语气。本句是由without引起的含 蓄条件虚拟语气,couldn't have done sth表示“本不 能做成但实际上做成了某事”。

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备用习题
2.—Carla ________ go to the historical museum after school when she was a teenager. —No wonder she is so familiar with history. A. could B. should C. might D. would [解析] D 考查情态动词。句意:“当卡拉还是青少 年的时候,她常常会在放学后去历史博物馆。”“难 怪她对历史那么熟悉。”从语境上分析, would在本 句中表示“过去常常……”。

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备用习题
3. The sleeping baby would be scared ________ a sudden loud noise. A. was there B. there was C. should there be D. there should be

[解析] C 考查虚拟语气的倒装。句意:如果有突然 的、大的吵闹声,正在睡觉的婴儿就会被吓到。根据 前 面 的 would be可知与现在或者将来相反 , should there be可以还原为if there should be。故选C项。

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备用习题
4. You ________park your car in front of the teaching building, for the students are coming out soon. A. don't have to B. mustn't C. may not D. would not

[解析] B 考查情态动词。语境表达“不允许你把车 停在教学楼前”,故选择mustn't,表示“禁止,不 许”。

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备用习题
5.—Is Jack on duty today? —It ________ be him; it's his turn tomorrow. A. mustn't B. won't C. can't D. needn't

[解析] C 考查情态动词。根据答语的后半句可知 “一定不是他值日”。can 表示推测时经常用于否定 句或疑问句中;mustn't 表示禁止,不能用来表示推 测。

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备用习题
6. ________ more energy to my study instead of being crazy about Internet games,I would be sitting in a comfortable office now. A. If I devoted B. Had I devoted C. Would I be devoted D. Should I be devoted [解析] B 考查倒装及虚拟语气。此处为省略if的虚拟 条件句,因从句表示与过去的事实相反,所以从句谓 语动词应使用过去完成时,此题是将had提至句首且 省略if。故选B项。

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备用习题
7.—How dangerous it was! —Yes, but for the passerby's quick action,the girl ________. A. had been drowned B. might be drowned C. would have been drowned D. must have been drowned

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备用习题
[解析] C 考查虚拟语气。本题的条件句是通过but for “要不是……,如果没有……”表现出来的。句意: “真是太危险了!”“是的。要不是过路人的迅速行 动,这个女孩子就会被淹死了。”根据句意可知是对 过去情况的虚拟,故使用“情态动词+have done”的 形式。D项表示对过去情况的推测,而不是虚拟。故C 正确。

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备用习题
8.—Jenny took the 8:00 bus to Guangzhou this morning. —Really? She ________ the 9:00 train. It's much more comfortable and safer to travel by train. A. could have taken B. should take C. must have taken D. can take

[解析] A 考查情态动词的用法。句意:“今天上午 珍妮乘8点的公共汽车去了广州。”“真的吗?她本来 能坐9点的火车的。坐火车比坐公共汽车舒适、安全得 多。”could have done sth表示“本来能做但实际上未 能做成某事”。
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备用习题
9.It's said that there are plenty of hotels in this town. There ________ be any difficulty for you to find somewhere to stay. A. wouldn't B. mustn't C. shouldn't D. needn't [解析] C 考查情态动词的用法。句意:据说这个城 市有许多宾馆。你找住的地方不应该有问题。 shouldn't此处表示“按理不会,理应不会”。

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备用习题
10.—My son failed to be accepted by the firm after the interview. —Now that he wasn't well prepared, he might as well ________. A. not try B. not to have tried C. not to try D. not have tried

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备用习题
[解析] D 考查情态动词的用法。句意:“我的儿子 面试后没被公司录用。”“既然他没有准备好,他就 不该去试。”might as well意为“不妨,何妨,还 是……的好”,后接动词原形,故排除B、C;这里用 might as well not have done sth表示“过去原本不该做 某事(而实际上却做了)”。

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