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2012外研版七年级上Module 4 语法集萃


Module 4 语法集萃 1.have got/has got与There be 2.some与any 3.可数名词的复数

如果表示自己有什么东西,该如何表达呢

一般可以用 have / has got 的表达形式.
看下面的例子: 1. 我有一个哥哥和一个姐姐。

I have got a brot

her and a sister.
2. 她有一辆自行车。 She has got a bike.

3他 们有很多朋友。 They have got many friends. 4. 我们有一台电脑。 We have got a computer. 5. 你有一本新书。 You have got a new book. 6. 他爸爸有一份好工作。 His father has got a good job.

have/has got 的用法 在英国英语中,常用 have/has got来表示 “有”的意思。have/has是助动词。其构成: 肯定句: 主语 + have/has got +其它。 否定句: 主语 + haven’t/hasn’t got +其它。 一般疑问句: Have/Has + 主语 + got +其它? 肯定回答:Yes,主语+have/has. 否定回答:No,主语+haven’t/hasn’t.

特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + 一般疑问句?

eg: I have got a new pen. I haven’t got a new pen. Have you got a new pen? Yes, I have. He has got a friend. He hasn’t got a friend. Has he got a friend? No, he hasn’t. have 注: 助动词_____用于主语是第一人称(I, We),第二人称(you)以及第三人称复数 (they),其他复数名词或并列的主语;助 has 动词_____用于第三人称单数(he, she, it 或单数名词)。

考考你
There be 和 have / has got 都表示 “有”的意思。它们的区别是什么呢?

1) 我们冰箱里没有肉了。 We haven’t got any meat in the fridge. 2) 冰箱里没有肉了。 There isn’t any meat in the fridge. 以上两句都表示冰箱里没有肉了,但第 一句说“我们没肉了”,冰箱是次要的, 而第二句则表示“冰箱里没有肉了”.只 是说冰箱里没有了,至于其他地方有 没有, 就不得而知了。请注意二者的区 别。

have/has got指的是“某人有…”,是一 种所属关系,而there be句型表示“某 地有某人或某物”,是一种存在关系。 有时have got与there be句型表达的意思 很近,但句型和侧重点还是不同。 例如:

一、用 there be/ have (has) got/has (have) 的正确形式填空。

1. We ____ ___ three new students today. have got 2. Kate’s mother ___ ___ a red pen. has got 3. There’s a clock on the wall in Jim’s _______ bedroom. 4. There are some flowers on the teacher’s ________ desk. 5. ________ your sister _______ a nice bike? Has got

Is there 6. ____ _____ any bread in the box? has got 7. She ______ ____ a nice kite. there are 8. Under the tree _____ ___ some women drinking tea. Are there 9. ___ _____ any cakes in your bag? Have got 10. ________ you _______ a white bag? got 11. Has Lucy ____ an aunt? ____ has Yes, she ____.

11.There ___ many books in her bag. _____ are 12. I _____ got three sisters. have ___ 13. __ _____ a basketball under Tony’s Is there bed? 14. My brother ___ ___ a new bike. has got 15. ____ your sister ___ a computer on got Has the desk?

Use ‘there be’ or ‘ have/has got’
1. How many days are there in a month ? _______ There are _________ thirty or thirty-one days in a month. has got 2. How many legs(脚) ______ the chair _____ ?

It ______ only two . It is broken(坏的). has got
3. What’s in the small shop? There is a pen, _______ some pencils and different kinds of cups. 4. Look ! The clockshave got round faces and on _______ the faces there are three legs. _______

has got 5. A desk ___________ four legs. have got 6. We ___________ a lot of students in our school.

7. Can you see the tall building in the middle of the city ? It _______ 38 floors . There are many _______ has got companies(公司) and shops in it . 8. ________ some chicken on the plate(碟子). There is _________ any noodles in the bowl . There aren’t 9. _______ you _______ much homework(作业) Have got every day ? Yes . There is no time for us to _______ haven’t got watch TV.(=We ___________ any time to watch TV.) has got 10. Who ________ a Chinese-English dictionary ? Nobody________ . I think _________ some in has got there are the teacher’s office.

二、 根据括号内的要求改写下列句子。 1. There are five people in my family. (对划线部分提问) How many people are there in __________________________ your family? __________ 2. I have got a little brother. (用Jim代替I改写句子) Jim has got a little brother. _______________________ 3. He has got two brothers. _____ many How _____ brothers ____ he_____ ? has got

4. His brother has got some new books. (变为一般疑问句并作否定回答) Has his brother got any new books? ______________________________ No he hasn’t _____, ______ _______. 5. She has got some new pens. (变为否定句) She _____ _____ _____ new pens. hasn’t got any 6. I have got a big family. (用small family变为选择疑问句) _____ you got __ Have _____ _____ a big family or a small family?

三、根据汉语意思完成句子,每空词数不限。

1. 贝蒂有两个哥哥。 Betty __________ two brothers. has got 2. 大卫有一个大家庭。 David _________ a big family. has got 3. 在我们学校有六座大楼。 There are six buildings in our school. ———— 4.他们新房子里有许多家具。 have got They _________ a lot of furniture in their new house.

5. 你家有几口人? How many people are there ________________________ in your family? 6. 她是你妈妈还是你姨妈? your mother or your aunt Is she ______________________? 7. 你的爸爸有姐姐吗? Has your father ______________ got a sister/any ____ sisters ______? 8.你们教室有世界地图吗? Is there the world _____ _____ a map of ____ ______ in your classroom?

四.Can you use ‘ there be’ or ‘ have/has got ’?
1. He ________a new room. has got There is new room in his house. _______a are there 2. -How many doctors __________ in this hospital? has got -It _________about 800 doctors.

3. I ________ a new pen, but ________ no ink in it. have got there is Have got 4. _____ you _______ any bananas?
Yes, ___________some in the fridge. there are Have got 5. -____ you_______ any sisters? -Yes, I _________ a sister. _________ 4 people have got There are in my family.

翻译下列句子: 1. 杯子里有一些牛奶。 There is some milk in the cup. 2. 教室里有一些学生。 There are some students in the classroom. 3. 我有一些很好的照片。 I have got some nice photos. 4. 我们没有任何英国同学。 We haven't got any English classmates.

5. 你有兄弟吗? Have you got any brothers? 6. 他有水果吗? Has he got any fruit? 7. 今天有什么好饭吗? Is there any good rice today? 8.教室里有一些学生吗? Are there any students in the classroom? 9. 来点咖啡怎么样? How about some coffee?

1 .从以上句子可以看出,_____ 用于肯定句 some 中,_____用于疑问句和否定句 any 2. some 和any ____________既可以用于_______ 名词 可数 的复数形式之前,也可以用于______ 不可数 名词之前。 3. 若征求意见并想得到肯定回答时或提建 some 议时_____也可用于疑问句。 没有 4.不可 数名词_____复数形式。它不能直接 与数词连用,但可用some, any, much, a lot of, little来修饰。

可数名词的复数变化规则

Part 3 可数名词的复数形式变化规则: 1. 一般情况加--s, shop -- shops, desk -- desks 2. 以 s, x, ch, sh结尾的词,加--es, bus -- buses, box– boxes class-classes 3. 以“辅音字母加-y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加--es. city -- cities, family – families library-libraries

4. 以 “元音字母+y”结尾的名词,或专 用名词以y结尾的,直接在词尾-s。 boy--boys, day--days 5.以“辅音字母加o”结尾,加--es tomato -- tomatoes, potato--potatoes, Negro--Negroes, hero--heroes 但是,photo– photos,piano--pianos 6. 以f或fe结尾的,变f或fe为v,再加--es, life (生命)--- lives knife (小刀) – knives wife—wives leaf--leaves

6. 特殊变化: man -- men woman -- women policeman -- policemen, tooth--teeth child --- children foot--- feet 7. 单复数同形的 fish (鱼), deer(鹿), sheep(绵羊), Chinese, Japanese

Practice(练习)-翻译短语
十个大城市 九个男孩 四个班级 ten big cities nine boys four classes

我的五张相片
六个男人

my five photos
six men

三个好孩子
四十个土豆

three good children
forty potatoes

两位妻子
26颗牙齿

two wives
twenty-six teeth


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