COPERNICUS’ REVOLUTIONARY THEORY 阅读理解 1. What made Copernicus frightened and confused? A. The fact that the earth was the centre of the solar system. B. The conclusion that the sun was the ce
ntre of the solar system. C. The fact that the earth runs around the sun. D. The fact that God made the world. 2. Why didn’t Copernicus publish his theory immediately? A. He didn’t think complete. B. He was afraid of being attacked by the Christian Church. C. His friends forbade him to do so. D. No one supported his ideas. 3. When did Copernicus publish his theory? A. After his death. B. Before he told his friends about it. C. As he lay dying in 1543. D. Copernicus ‘ theory was never published. 4. All the following make it strange if the earth was the centre of the solar system except that_______ A. some planets in the sky seemed to stop or move backward B. some planets in the sky appeared brighter at times and less bright at others. C. Some planets in the sky seemed to go forward in a loop. D. The sun goes around the earth 5.What’s the Christian Church’s attitude towards Copernicus’ theory? A. The Christian Church objected to Copernicus’ theory.
B. The Christian Church was in favour of Copernicus’ theory. C. The Christian Church paid much attention to the theory. D. The Christian Church thought highly of Copernicus’ theory. 2.短文填空 Nicolaus Copernicus was frightened ___1_______by the ____2____that the
earth was not the centre of the solar system. He thought that only if you put the sun there did the ___3__of the other planets in the sky make _4____.Although the powerful Christian church would have punished him for even__5____such an idea, Copernicus continued to ____6_____his theory until he felt it was ____7___.when he showed his theory privately to his friends, they were____8__and encouraged him to publish his ideas. But he was __9___because the Christian church _____10___it.The reason was that the theory was against God’s idea and people who supported it would be attacked but finally it was accepted. 一 语法填空 John Snow was a famous doctor--- so expert, ineed ,_____ he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician. But he became ________(inspire) when he thought about_______ (help) ordinary people. Cholera was a deadly disease of its day. Neither its cause ___ its cure was understood. John Snow devoted himself to _____(science) research. First, he marked the exact places ______all the dead people had lived. Next he looked _____ the source of the water. Besides, he found another two deaths which were linked to the Cholera. With this extra evidence, John Snow was able to
announce with _____ (certain) that polluted water carried the virus. To prevent this from_______(happen) again . John Snow suggested that the
water supplied _______(examine). 二 短文改错 John Snow looked into the source of the water for this two streets. He find that it came from the river pollutes by the dirty water from London. He immediate told the astonishing people to remove the handle to the pump so that it could not be used. A woman liked the water so much that she had it deliver to her house every day。 Both she and her daughter died after drank the water。 John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies can be examined. The water companies were instructed not to expose people polluted water any more. 翻译 1 除了去公园之外，我的活动范围仅限于邻近地区。 （apart from） 2 没有足够的证据很难做出结论。 （draw a conclusion） 3 这些科学的探索将有助于我们项目的成功。 （scientific research） 4 他常提出些不同寻常的计划，你在加入之前要慎重对待。 (put forward, cautious) 5 虽然他的写作没什么意思，但他还是确信自己的作文会得高分。 6 不要把你的皮肤暴晒在太阳光下。 7 医生治好了他的癌症。 8 谁该为这次的失败负责？ 9 男孩专注于他的小说，没有注意到老师进来了。 10 只有通过努力学习，你才能实现你的梦想。
一、根据中文或首字母提示完成句子，注意词/ 短语的恰当形式 。(每空 2 分，共 30 分) ．．．． 1. This is a severe disease, but it can be （治愈）. 2. It is difficult to (得出结论) without enough evidence. 3. It is our duty not to (污染) the environment. 4. The police s that the man was the murderer. 5. This sentence doesn’t seem to (讲得通). 6. The headmaster (对……严格) us. 7. Smoking can （导致）cancer. 8. The school has a that we will have three days off for the Mid-autumn Festival. 9. My secretary will h all the problems. 10. (除……之外) this, he asks Simon to draw conclusions from some texts. 11. He always the photos (把……和……联系起来) his happy childhood. 12. Some people (拒绝) his suggestion at the meeting last week. 13. He suggested that when a a wedding, people should （推迟）their meetings and （穿上）clothes designed by him. 二、单句语法填空（每空 1 分，共 25 分） 。 1. Jack is a who likes very much. (用 paint 的适当形式填空) 2. conclusion, I wish the patient all good health and a long life. 3.The have done a lot of research to get better develop. (用 science 的适当形式填空) 4. All of us are about watching movies.(excite) 5. Only when he graduated from high school (do) he realize the importance of study. 6. I must have my bike (repair) this afternoon. 7. A new teaching building is under (construct). 8. It is our (responsible) to keep our school clean and tidy. 9. The books (write) by Hanhan is very popular with teenagers. 10. He was so absorbed in love story ___ _ _ _ he didn’t notice the teacher behind him. 11. Yuan Longping has made a great (contribute) to China’s agriculture. 12. The people (expose) to the sun can get sunburnt. 13. Children’s (creative) should be protected and encouraged. 14. The problem (discuss) at the meeting yesterday was very difficult to solve. 15. One of the serious pollutions in developed countries is the (pollute) air. 16. The speaker spoke so loudly in order to have his voice _____ (hear). 17. Most of the people _______ (invite) to the party were famous scientists. 18. It’s not ___ _ _ _ (surprise) that you are ___ _ __(tire). After all, you didn’t go to bed until 12 last night. 19. Neither you nor she ___ _ _ _ (be) good at drawing. 20. With so many people ___ _ _ _ (help) me, I succeeded at last.