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高考单选与完形填空备考策略与技巧


高考语法填空与完形填空 备考策略与技巧
语法填空命题取向:这几年语法填空题难度有 所降低,纯语法规则测试题会越来越少,而强 化考生英语的实际运用能力、理解能力和逻辑 推理能力的试题将会逐渐增加。

语法填空题命题取向,首先突出在 以下四个方面的能力:
? ? ? ? 语法与语境的辨析能力, 语法对比辨析的能力, 上下文之间的推论能力, 情

景会话的语境辨析能力。

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语法填空题还增加了词义辨析题的含量,这主要 呈现在动词、短语动词、形容词和副词的考查, 除此之外,这种题型也出现了对文化知识的考查。 如: You may not have played very well today, but at least you’ve got through to the next round and ____________. B A. tomorrow never comes B. tomorrow is another day C. never put of till tomorrow D. there is no tomorrow

? 复习备考时,应多多研究高考真题,依据 高考的命题思路,进行有效地复习,注重 选择含语境的题,注重分析句子结构,时 态的交互和变化,从句的特征效应,非谓 语动词的一些特殊功能以及一些固定搭配 等。让考生全面地、理性地掌握语法填空 题的精髓。

单项填空题中常见的"难题"解题技巧
? 应试技巧一:考查动词时态,不给出明确时间语: ? 学会认真分析上下文语境,从而能准确确定所要 填的时态。 ? He kept looking at her, wondering whether he D _______ her somewhere. ? A. saw B. has seen C. sees D. had seen

? - Is there anything wrong, Bob? You look sad. ? - Oh, nothing much. In fact, I ______ of my friends B back home. ? A. have just thought B. was just thinking ? C. would just think D. was just be thinking ? 从对话看,句子都是现在时,很多考生在解答这道 题时,会习惯地选择A项,然而空格却要填过去进行 时,与上面那道题一样,要从句子的语意去分析, 回话中in fact, 实际上是回答问话这与其说话时自己 所呈现的思维状态,也就是他在回话前的行为状态, 故应用过去进行时。

应试技巧二:明辨固定搭配置换迷雾现象
? 细心观察句子结构,尤其是一些常用句型转换、常 用短语或从句关联词的割裂现象。 ? In the dark street, there wasn't a single person ________ she could turn for help. D ? A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom ? 解答这道题首先要弄清楚句中的短语“turn to somebody for help”搭配,这句又是定语从句,但 短语被认为割裂开之后,介词to与关系代词whom 搭配在一块,根据语法规则与介词连用的关系代词 必须用宾格形式。所以正确答案是to whom。

? Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree _______ they can B be controlled on purpose. ? A. with which B. to which ? C. of which D. for which ? 短语be controlled to,也是被割裂开,与关 系代词连用。这儿指的是“控制到….程度”, 故只有to which符合题意。

应试技巧三:明确省略成分, 补全句子看清真面目
? 试题命制时,为使语言生动,自然、简洁, 所以常常采用这种省略形式。解答这类题, 首先要求考生弄懂句意,再根据所学语法 知识将句子还原或补全,有助于考生快速 地掌握句子的意思。不过这类现象多为同 源主语的省略。

? ________ with the size of the whole earth, D the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. ? A. Compare B. When comparing ? C. Comparing D. When compared
? 本题考查when之后非谓语动词用法。对when用法 的判断是解题关键。when(或其它词,如:while, since,once等)引导状语从句时,若从句主语和主 句主语相同,且从句谓语部分含有be时,可把从 句主语和be同时省略。本题干中在when后省略了it is。即when it is compared with the size of the whole earth...

? The research is so designed that once ______ nothing can be done to change it. D ? A. begins B. having begun ? C. beginning D. begun ? We all know that, _______, the situation will B grow worse. ? A. not if dealt carefully with ? B. if not carefully dealt with C. if dealt not carefully with D. not if carefully dealt with

应试技巧四:巧用结构分析句子, 理顺还原本来面目
? 有些语法填空题的句子结构较复杂,迷惑 性大,稍有疏忽,必定会受到干扰项的干 扰,这时就需要耐心和细心地分析句子, 弄清结构,再对照选项进行甄别选出正确 选项。

? You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ________ home in the snowstorm. D ? A. walked B. walk ? C. to walk D. walking ? Imagine后面的宾语从句是what引导的感叹 句,其正常语序为:We had difficulty ________ home in the snowstorm. 其实这 句就是考查have difficulty/trouble (in) doing something句型结构。

应试技巧五:语境背景要弄清, 细心分析究根源
? 要针对语境做细致的分析,以语境为切入 点对测试题进行思考,分析,甄别和抉择。 ? —Bill, if it doesn’t rain, we can go straight on and spend more time in Vienna. ? — ___________ I just want to hear Mozart. C ? A. Well done! B. No problem. ? C. That’s great! D. That’s it.

? -Excuse me. Is this the right way to the Summer Palace? ? -Sorry, I am not sure. But it _____ be. A ? A. might B. will ? C. must D. can ? 根据答语中的I am not sure, 就是一个重要的 信息,表明说话者把握不大。根据语法规则, 但没什么把握是或不确定时,一般用情态动词 may或might。

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1.—What a mistake! (2011· 四川19)

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—Yes.I D his doing it another way, but without success A.was suggesting B.will suggest C.would suggest D.had suggested 2.The manager was worried about the press conference his assistant _____in his place C but ,luckily ,everything was going on smoothly. (2011· 浙江15) A. gave B. gives C. was giving D. had given

? 3. ---Shall I inform him of the change of the schedule right now? (2011· 福建25. ) ? -----I am afraid you _____,in case he B comes late for the meeting . ? A.will B.must C.may D.can ? 4. Recently a survey _______ prices of the B same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens. (2011· 江苏31. ) ? A. compared B. comparing ? C. compares D. being compared

? 5. —Are you going to take part in the speech contest? (2011· 重庆卷23. ) ? —________It’s too good an opportunity to miss. B ? A. No problem! B. That’s for sure. ? C. Why me? D. Why bother? ? 6. The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if _____ regularly, can improve our C health. (2010· 浙江卷8. ) ? A. being carried out B. carrying out ? C. carried out D. to carry out

? 7. (2010上海卷38) Wind power is an ancient source of energy _______ we may return in the C near future. ? A. on which B. by which ? C. to which D. from which ? 8.(2009江苏卷32)Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school, C the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad. ? A. Attend B. To attend ? C. Attending D. Having attended

? 9.Young people who have got jobs may realize university lessons can’t be the only preparation for all the situations _______ C appear in the working world. ? A. where B. when C. that D. what ? 10.It’s really important to form an atmosphere B among the students ____ saving water is a habit rather than a rule. ? A. who B. where C. what D. which

? 11.--- Do you know when Tonny came back last night? B ? --- Yes. It was not yet nine o’clock _____ he came back home. ? A. before B. when C. that D. until ? 12. It was the training B he had as a young man made him such a good engineer.? ? A. what; that B. which; that? ? C. that; which D. that; what

? 13. Ladies and gentleman, welcome to my program. _______ me this evening is Dr. Gary. D ? A. To join B. Join C. Joined D. Joining ? 14. As is recorded in history, silkworms (蚕) were first raised by a woman in _____ is today D Hebei Province. A. where B. the place C. which D. what

? 15. ----- The windows must have taken you quite a long time that day. ? ----- Right. They ______ for months. C ? A. haven’t been cleaned B. didn’t clean C. hadn’t been cleaned D. haven’t cleaned ? 16. Last night my neighbors ______ such a A loud noise at the party that I couldn’t sleep at all ? A. were making B. are making ? C. had made D. have made

C ? 17.______ an hour in the morning and you will be looking for it during the rest of the day. ? A. Losing B. To lose C. Lose D. Lost ? 18. Even the best writers find themselves _______for words. (2011· 浙江14 ) B ? A. lose B. lost C. to lose D. having lost

? 19.The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable D . (2011· 福建27 ) ? A. held B. holding ? C. be held D. to hold ? 20. -I don’t think our earth will be destroyed this year as described in the film 2012. ? -______. It’s merely a science fiction film! D ? A. Nor I am. B. That’s all right. ? C. Sounds great. D. You just stole my words.

高考完形填空解题策略与技巧
? 考查考生灵活运用所学词汇的能力,尤其 是以考查实词或信息词为主,着重考查考 生对文章的内在逻辑和整体把握能力。因 此,把握句间和段落之间的内在逻辑关系, 通过上下文暗示,对篇章、段落或句意的 整体把握;再则,干扰项的设置与语法结 构无甚关系,重在文意干扰。

? 1. 复现解题法:这类题多为同义词、近义 词和反义词的复现或同义词、近义词和反 义词异形复现的形式。这种测试手法主要 是考查考生的整体篇章意识和上下文推断 能力。

? 1)In particular, there was (and perhaps still is) a belief in fairies. Not all of these __21__ are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and in some folk-tales they are __22__ and cause much human suffering. ?C 21. A. babies B. believes ? C. fairies D. supermen ?B 22. A. powerful B. cruel ? C. frightened D. extraordinary

? 2)On August 26, 1999, New York City was struck by a terrible rainstorm. The rain caused the streets to __36__ and the subway system almost came to a stop. B 36. A. break ? B. flood C. sink D. crash

? 3)Garth’s email was short, but I learned more from that __52__ message than I ever did from a textbook. ? 52. A. accurate B. urgent C ? C. brief D. humorous

? 2. 语法结构法: 这类题需要考生有较为扎 实的语法基础知识,能够从句式的结构上 辨别出须填相关的关联词、连词、副词、 形容词或相应的动词,当然还要考虑到主 谓一致的关系等语法知识要点。

? 4) When it was 5:00pm, I was ready to go home. I was about to turn off my computer __49__ I received an email from Garth, my Director. ? B. when B 49. A. while ? C. where D. after

? 5) “I have been a soloist for over ten years. __53__ the doctor thought I was totally deaf, it didn’t __54__ that my passion couldn’t be realized. ?B 53. A. However B. Although ? C. When D. Since ? 54. A. mean B. seem A ? C. conclude D. say

? 3. 语境信息解题法:这类题主要是通过短 文中上下语境所透露的信息进行解题,首 先要正确理解所给信息,在进行合理分析 和推断,这种语境信息一定要遵循逻辑概 念,符合运动规律,时态的交替,以及特 殊场合下的应急合理判断。

? 6) These tell the story of a mother whose baby grows __23__ and pale and has changed so much that is almost __24__ to the parents. ? B. slim A 23. A. sick ? C. short D. small ? 24. A. uncomfortable B.unbelievable D ? C. unacceptable D. unrecognizable

? 7) … Still others faced the storm bravely, walking miles to get to work. I __40__ to be one of people on the way to work that morning. I went from subway line to subway line only to find that most __41__ had stopped. After making my way through crowds of people, I finally found a subway line that was __43__.... D 40. A. used ? B. promised ? C. deserved D. happened ? B. routine A 41. A. practice ? C. process D. service ? … ? B. cycling A 43. A. operating ? C. turning D. rushing

? 8) After the birth of my second child, I got a job at a restaurant. Having worked with an experienced __36__ for a few days, I was __37__ to wait tables on my own. All went __38__ that first week. ? B. assistant D 36. A. manager ? C. cook D. waitress ? B. invited C 37. A. promised ? C. allowed D. advised ? 38. A. well B. quickly A ? C. safely D. wrong

? 4. 固定搭配解题法:这类题与语法结构题 有点类似,但主要惯用搭配,讲究词与词 的搭配,涉及到关联词、动词、副词、形 容词、名词和短语等。

? 9) Telling him that he no longer needed to enjoy them but I still needed to write them, I __28__ until the day he graduated. ? B. gave up D 28. A. held up ? C. followed D. continued ? 由句意可知,“尽管儿子不愿意再收到我的字条, 但是我依然坚持写到他毕业为止。”这道题实际 上是一道固定搭配题,其结构为not…until,但句 中没有否定副词not,再则,若A、B两项短语用 于这一结构中须与not连用,故不合题意;C项的 followed应为及物动词,后面需加宾语方可,再 则followed在此有歧义,也不合题意,由于 continue是延续性动词,所以,无需否定副词, 在这一固定搭配中只有瞬间动词才与not连用。

? 10) He had spent those years well, graduating from college, __30__ two internships(实习) in Washington, D.C, and finally, becoming a technical assistant in Sacramento. ? B.planning D30. A. organizing ? C. comparing D. completing ? 大学毕业之后,又实习了两个学期,最后在萨 克拉门托做一名技术助理。这儿指完成实习, 故惟有completing符合题意。

? 11) As she gathered her books, Jenna decided she’d continue to try to __32__ at her new school. She wasn’t sure if she’d succeed, but she knew she had to try. ? B. look out A 32. A. fit in ? C. stay up D. get around ? 从上下文看,Jenna从初中进入高中之后碰 到一系列挫折之后,发现自己应该要努力适 应新学校的环境。此处的意思为“适应”, 而固定搭配fit in短语正有此意。

? 5. 逻辑语气解题法:这类题主要是通过分 了解全文的人物、时间、地点等信息之后, 再分析句子与句子之间的关系,段落与段 落之间的关系来解题。这种逻辑语气主要 包含并列、递进、因果、转折和委婉语气 等等。这类题的选项多为连词、副词或具 有连词意义的各类短语。

? 12) All went well that first week. When Saturday night came, I was luckily given the tables not far from the kitchen. __40__, I still felt it a little hard to carry the heavy trays. ? B. However B 40. A. Therefore ? C. Otherwise D. Finally
? 从整篇文章来看,在这儿只是一个转折语气,表示在前一 个星期的顺利,在这一天却遇到了一些麻烦。Therefore 是递进语气,finally也属递进语气,但表示是最后一步的 语气,多指结论性的行为,不符合题意;otherwise虽属 转折语气,但多为推断或假设否定语气,而本文所叙述的 是真实事例的呈现,所以,惟有however符合题意。

? 13) He had spent those years well, graduating from college, completing two internships(实习) in Washington, D.C, and __31__, becoming a technical assistant in Sacramento. ? B. finally B 31. A. hopefully ? C. particularly D. certainly ? 有上文及全句的意思可知,在这儿是作者六年求 学和工作的最后一个环节,表示毕业之后找到了 一份工作,从预期上讲,应该是结论性的,所以, 惟有finally符合题意。

? 14) Many parents go to children’s sporting events and
shout results at other players or cheer when their children behave aggressively. As well, children are even taught that hurting other players is acceptable or are pushed to continue playing even when they are injured. __59__, the media makes violence seem exciting. …

? 59. A. By account B C. As a result ?

B. In addition D. After all

? 从上下文可知,媒体的报道对体育运动暴力的宣扬,让孩 子觉得非常刺激,上半句说明父母和教练对孩子的影响, 在此,又特别强调媒体尤其到了推波助澜的作用,这儿的 语气in addition比前面as well引导的作用,是有过之而不及。 by account意为“相反地”;as a result意为“结果是”; after all意为“毕竟,终究”

practice
? There was a time when I thought my dad didn't know a thing about being a good father. I couldn't 26 him ever saying the words “I love you.” It seems to me his only purpose in life was to say “ 27 ” to anywhere I wanted to go and anything I wanted to do, including getting a 28 . Some parents bought their kids cars when they got their driver’s licenses. Not my dad ---- he said that I’d have to get a job and buy my own. ? So that is what I did. I got a job at a very nice restaurant and 29 every penny I could and 30 I had enough to buy my car, I did! The day I brought that car home, my dad was the first one I wanted to 31 to. “Look, dad, a car of my own. If you ever want a ride, I’ll only 32 you five dollars.” I offered with a smile. ? “I see,” was all he said.

? One day, there was something wrong with my father’s truck. So he needed a 33 to work. The sun wasn't even up when we left the house , 34 it was already getting warm out. It was going to be a(n) 35 day. As I dropped my dad off, I 36 him, dressed in his work clothes, getting his 37 from the truck (车尾箱) of my car. Watching his sun-weathered face, and even from a distance I could tell there were 38 lines than I ever remembered being there before. I realized how hard my dad works for the family. My father is a cement finisher(水泥修整工). ? When he closed the trunk, his tools set off to the side, he walked over to my window to 42 me five dollars. I rolled down the window and said “Good-bye, dad. Keep your five dollars. It’s my 43_ . Don’t work too hard. I love you.” ? His 44 met mine, then glanced away in the direction of his waiting tools, he 45 his throat(喉咙,嗓子) and said, “Oh, and… me, too.”

? There was a time when I thought my dad didn't know a thing about being a good father. I couldn't 26 him ever saying the words “I love you.” It seems to me his only purpose in life was to say “ 27 ” to anywhere I wanted to go and anything I wanted to do, including getting a 28 . Some parents bought their kids cars when they got their driver’s licenses. Not my dad ---- he said that I’d have to get a job and buy my own.

B 26. A. like ?
C. forget ? 27. A. Sorry C ? C. No ? A 28. A. car C. job

B. remember D. care B. Yes D. Well B. friend D. present

? So that is what I did. I got a job at a very nice restaurant and 29 every penny I could and 30 I had enough to buy my car, I did! The day I brought that car home, my dad was the first one I wanted to 31 to. “Look, dad, a car of my own. If you ever want a ride, I’ll only 32 you five dollars.” I offered with a smile. ? “I see,” was all he said.

? D 29. A. spent

C. kept ? A. when A 30. C. because ? A. pay D 31. C. turn it back it up ? A. pay B 32. C. offer

B. earned D. saved B. if D. though B. hand it over D. show it off B. charge D. provide

A C B D A A

? One day, there was something wrong with my father’s truck. So he needed a 33 to work. The sun wasn't even up when we left the house , 34 it was already getting warm out. It was going to be a(n) 35 day. As I dropped my dad off, I 36 him, dressed in his work clothes, getting his 37 from the truck (车尾箱) of my car. Watching his sun-weathered face, and even from a distance I could tell there were 38 lines than I ever remembered being there before. I realized how hard my dad works for the family. My father is a cement finisher(水泥修整工). ? 33. A. ride B. leave C. trip D. hurry ? 34. A. as B. although C. but D. since ? 35. A. ordinary B. hot C. work D. special ? 36. A. helped B. followed C. left D. watched ? 37. A. tools B. clothes C. luggage D. bag ? 38. A. fewer B. more C. longer D. deeper

? At that moment, it 39 to me that he actually got down on his hands and knees to sweat over hot concrete(混凝土) to make a living for his family. And he did this day in and day out, 40 hot it got. Never, not once, had I heard him 41 about it. To him we were “worth” it. And never once did he “charge” us for it.

? 39. A. happened C C. occurred ? 40. A. whatever D C. wherever ? 41. A. talk

B. seemed D. appeared B. whenever D. however B. complain

B

C. ask

D. speak

? When he closed the trunk, his tools set off to the side, he walked over to my window to 42 me five dollars. I rolled down the window and said “Good-bye, dad. Keep your five dollars. It’s my 43_ . Don’t work too hard. I love you.” ? His 44 met mine, then glanced away in the direction of his waiting tools, he 45 his throat(喉咙,嗓子) and said, “Oh, and… me, too.”

? 42. A. hand A C. lend ? 43. A. help C C. treat ? 44. A. hands D C. voice ? 45. A. cleaned ? C C. cleared

B. bring D. take B. advice D. reply B. smile D. eyes B. wiped D. felt

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

In this modern world, we rush around all day, doing things, talking, emailing, sending and reading messages. We are always on, always connected, always thinking, always talking. There is no 21 for stillness. And when we are 22 to be still because we're in line for something, or waiting at a doctor's appointment, or on a bus or train, we often 23 something to do. Some will play with mobile devices, others will read something. Being still isn’t something we’re 24. There comes at a 25:we lose that time for 26, for observing and listening. We lose peace. And 27 yet: sometimes too much action is worse no action at all. You can run around crazily but get 28 done. Take a moment to think about 29 you spend your days. Are you constantly rushing around? Are you constantly reading and answering 30, checking one the news and latest stream of information? Are you always 31 through your schedule? Is this how you want to spend your 32 ? If so, peace be with you, if not, take a moment to be 33. Don’t think what you have to do, or what you’ve done already. 34 be in the moment. Then after a minute or two of doing that, consider your life, and how you'd 35 it to be. See your life with less movement, less doing, less rushing. See it with more stillness, more consideration; more 36 . Then be that vision. It's pretty simple: all you have to do is sit still for a little bit each day 37 you've gotten used to that, try doing less each day Breathe when you feel yourself moving too 38 . Slow down. Be present. Find happiness now, in this moment, instead of 39 for it. 40 the stillness. It's a treasure, and it's available to us, always.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

21. A. place 22. A. forced 23. A. have 24. A. familiar with 25. A. cost 26. A. play 27. A. further 28. A. everything 29. A. how 30. A. questions 31. A. walking 32. A. school 33. A. silent 34. A. Nearly 35. A. like 36. A. activity 37. A. Because 38. A. frequently 39. A. asking 40. A. Value

B. chance B. ordered B. find B. curious about B. risk B. food B. worse B. anything B. where B. problems B. rushing B. youth B. patient B. Ever B. decide B. research B. Until B. slowly B. sending B. Miss

C. freedom . C. invited C. buy C. used to C. loss C. sleep C. farther C. nothing C. why C. phones C. stepping C. work C. still C. Just C. choose C. study C. Once C. fast C. calling C. Owe

D. time D. told D. get D. interested in D. danger D. consideration D. deeper D. something D. whether D. messages D. going D. life D. quiet D. Already D. need D. peace D. Unless D. quickly D. waiting D. Hold

? Keys: ? 21—25 DABCA 26—30 DBCAD 31—35 BDCCA 36—40 DCCDA


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