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短文改错解题技巧


短文改错

Correction 1 (2011全国Ⅰ) One of my unforgettable memory of my school in 1. ______ Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. 2. ______ I hold my lunch-box in my han

d when I was going to 3. ______ school. The smell from it was very good. Since the lunch 4. ______ bell finally rang, my friends and I met under a tall tree 5. ______ and had our lunches. My best friend Aigulie was used 6. ______ to share her Nang with me. Nang is a specially kind of 7. ______ cake in Xinjiang. I like them very much. Now Aigulie and 8. ______ I study at different colleges or we can only see each other 9. ______ during the summer vocation. I think over her a lot and I miss 10. ______ the food and the good time we had together.

Steps of correcting a composition:
1. Go through the whole passage to get a general idea .(浏览全文,掌握大意) 2. Read the passage sentence by sentence and find the mistakes.(分句阅读,逐行找错) 3. Read the passage for the third time, check the answers and correct the difficult ones. (检查核对,攻克难点)

Correction 1 (2011全国Ⅰ) memories One of my unforgettable memory of my school in 名词单复数 1. ______ Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. ∧ the 冠词 2. ______

held I hold my lunch-box in my hand when I was going to 动词时态 3. ______

school. The smell from it was very good. Since the lunch 引导词 ______ 4. When
bell finally rang, my friends and I met under a tall tree and had our lunches. My best friend Aigulie was used 5. ______ was 动词 6. ______



形容词副词 7. ______ special to share her Nang with me. Nang is a specially kind of cake in Xinjiang. I like them very much. Now Aigulie and it 代词 8. ______

and I study at different colleges or we can only see each other 连词 9. ______ of during the summer vocation. I think over her a lot and I miss 10. ______ 介词 the food and the good time we had together.

短文改错的设题切入口
近五年高考短文改错题题型稳定、考 查点多、覆盖面广。一般以四种题型 出现:对、错、多、少。从错误比例 上看,一般为多词1处,少词1处,正 确1处,错误6~7处。设问的角度有三 个:词法、句法和行文逻辑。从这三 个角度考查同学们在语篇中综合 运用英语的准确性。

得法者,事半功倍

英语中的词可以根据词义、句法作用和形 式特征分为九大类型:

动词 v.
名词 n. 形容词 adj. 数词 num. 副词 adv.





冠词 art.

连词 conj.
介词 prep.

代词 pron.

一、动词形
主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态 错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。 2007四川卷: When he gets home, he saw the animal waiting at the door, still wearing his jacket with the wallet in the pocket. 2007天津卷: In Grade Eight I took physics. In one test I get only 36 percent of the answers correct.

got

got

? 2006安徽卷: ? Anyone can borrow books if he or she wish.
? 2006安徽卷: ? You can sit at the desk and read the daily newspapers, magazines and the other books, but you are not permit to take them out

wishes

permitted
Not only the students but also the teacher like the film.

likes

1.I’m glad to know that you had an interest in Chinese food.(2009年重庆1 题) 2.What may surprise you most are that I’m going to the US on a summer camp!

have

is

二、名词数
指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。

2007陕西卷:Personally, I found most lessons lesson rather uninteresting. 2008浙江卷:A nearby company was looking
for students with good handwriting to write addresses on evenlope .The pay were 10 cents per envelope.

evenlopes

? 2006陕西卷: ? They have all sorts of course. I’m sure you will find one you like.

? 2006重庆卷: ? In summer, the sea under the blue skies is even more beautiful.

courses

sky

3. I’d like to stay there for half a month, visiting place of interest and practising my English as well. places 4. Last summer I went to America and studied at a language school. I had many wonderful experience. experiences 不可数名词:information advice news

三、还要注意形和副
注意形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用 法。这也是高考短文改错题的常考点。 2007浙江卷:I got to the finishing line first. I won the race. I felt very proudly of myself.

proud

2006福建卷:We can hear birds singing happy all around. happily

? 2006辽宁卷: ? She was usual patient with her students and never made them disappointed.

usually

5. I hope I can be a bridge between China and others countries in the future. other 6. “…they really taste well.” My friend could read some German. (2008年安徽 good 82题)
Be动词和系动词之后接形容词

四、非谓语,细辨别
这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有现 在分词、过去分词,动名词和不定式错误。

2007浙江卷: I could not to run very fast and fell behind.
2007宁夏卷:Li Meng came see me every day.

to

(NMET03)Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. talking NMET2002)As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. visited

2008辽宁卷: We all enjoyed this precious day greatly , remember the time we spent together and the people they were familiar with.

remembering

五、 代词格,细领悟
1 2 3

4
5

6
7

I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they 人 称 主格 me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them 代词 宾格 形容词 my, your, his, her, its, our, their 物 主 性 代词 名词性 mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, 反身代词 yourselves, themselves this, that, these, those, such, some 指示代词 who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, 疑问代词 whichever, whatever that, which, who, whom, whose, as 关系代词 one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little, 不定代词 other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either

2008全国II: I should be able to tell visitors about our history and culture and show them their great achievement. our 2007陕西: Just at that time I woke up and found me still in bed! myself

( 2007全国I)

I was only about six when he held his hand out to me. I took it in me and we walked. mine

mine 7. With the help of Katia, a roommate of me, I’ve soon got used to living without my parents around.(2011重庆2题) 8. I heard that Mr. Wang would teach our us English this term. 9. I was learning to express me in simple English. myself

六、介词短语常常考,习惯用法要记住
主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识,其 错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭 配错误。
in Sunday afternoon

oncatch a sight of
lose my heart

in hurry


a

? 2006天津卷:Because the help you gave me that summer, My life changed. of ? 2008年辽宁卷 Last Saturday the class held a get-together, which took us a long time prepare.



∧ to

10. There are so many places I want to take you to after I finish my work like a volunteer. as

七、句子成分多分析
不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语境要 选择不同的词语。只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分 析,才能找出用词不当的错误。 2008年安徽卷 : She looked at me and started to laugh. “How are you laughing?”I asked.

2007天津卷:I was lucky enough to have a teacher which didn’t take my who / that bad grades as a judgement of my abilities, but …

Why

八、逻辑错误须关注
与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属 于逻辑性错误,如称谓上的张冠李戴。

NMET 2005: Some students may also save up for our college or future use.

their
for example, when he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place that I couldn’ t find.

it

九、冠词、连词常光顾
常考的错误形式有:连词but, however, and, or, because, so, when, before, after, 的用法错误,以及 冠词的用法错误等。

2oo7全国II:I meant to write long letter and a tell you all the things I’m doing at the school… 2007四川卷:An Australian farmer found the kangaroo caught in the fence around his farms.

a

? 2007浙江卷:Today I was having a PE

lesson while I fell down and hurt my foot.
?

when
our homework was finished on time, but she marked strictly on our actual performance. and

? 2006辽宁卷:She always made sure that

?
? 2007四川卷: He thought the poor animal

was injured, but the kind farmer took off his jacket and put on the animal.

and / so

12. I meant to give it back to you in the after noon, and I was held up on my way back. (2009全国II)

but

短文改错应注意的问题

四不改:
①标点符号不改。
②大小写不改。 ③词序错误不改。 ④在纲外生词不改。

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a Christmas tree. They choose a big one. It was almost as taller as the room! They put them in the corner of the sitting room. Kate was covered it with a lot of Christmas light. The sitting room looked really beautifully at the moment. There was a fire burning in the fire place, but the Christmas tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his parents singing and dancing happily.

____

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his On 1._____ 介词短语常常考,习惯用法要记住 father to choose a Christmas tree. They _________ choose 动词形

2._____ chose

a big one. It was almost as _______ as the room! taller

tall 3._____ it 4._____

还要注意形和副 代词格,细领悟

They put _______ in the corner of the sitting them

room. Kate \ covered it with a lot of was 5._____ was \ 动词形 Christmas _______ The sitting room looked light. 6. ____ lights 名词数 really beautifully at the moment. There was _____________ 7. ________ beautiful 还要注意形和副 a fire burning in the fire place, ____ the Christmas but 8. ____ and 冠词连词须关注 tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his √ 9. ____ parents singing and dancing happily. ∧ 10.____ were 动词形

2009.辽宁卷短文改错

When I was in high school, most of my friend had friends bicycles. I hoped I could also have it. One day I saw a one second-hand bicycle, that was only one hundred yuan. which I asked my father with the money. But he said he for could only give me half of the money. He should find I other half by myself. So I went to sell newspapers the after school. My father was pleased if I showed him when the money a month after. He gives me the other fifty. later gave You can imagine how much happy I was when I rode to school on my own bicycle.


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