银川一中 2014 届高三第一次模拟考试 英语试卷
第一部分：听力理解(共两节。满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1
．What happened to John? A. He was sick. B. He quarreled with his neighbor. C. He fought against his brother. 2．What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Guide and visitor. B. Wife and husband. C. Customer and salesman. 3．What does the woman think of the test? A. Very difficult. B. Just so-so. C. Rather easy. 4．What will Mr. Smith do at 10:00 am tomorrow? A. Go to the hospital. B. Meet James Chen. C. Attend a meeting. 5．Where did the woman spend her vacation? A. In Thailand. B. In Taiwan. C. In Hawaii. 第二节(共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题 6．What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Take some medicine. B. Take a day off. C. Work harder. 7．What do we know about the man? A. He has to copy a speech. B. He went to the clinic yesterday. C. He has to prepare a speech.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题 8．Where is the boy from? A. San Francisco. B. Florida. C. New York. 9．What did the boy intend to do? A. Find some food. B. Visit his grandpa. C. Clean the plate. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10-12 题 10. Why is Stella unhappy? A. She didn't get the important message. B. She had a quarrel with her neighbor. C. She was misunderstood by her friend. 11. What time does the woman wake up? A. At 4:30 am. B. At 11:00 pm. C. At 2:30 am. 12. Who made the woman not sleep well? A. The milkman. B. Mr. Philips. C. Bill. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13-16 题 13. What is Paul reading about? A. Science. B. History. C. Language. 14. When does the conversation take place? A. On Wednesday. B. On Friday. C. On Saturday. 15. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The man wants to get a job abroad when he graduates. B. John is in Canada now. C. The man has plans on Saturday evening. 16. What is John's plan for the future? A. To open a shoe shop. B. To become a cook. C. To tour Britain.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17-20 题 17. How does the woman feel? A. Excited and glad. B. Disappointed and sad. C. Calm and peaceful. 18. How long has the man been waiting for his admission letter? A. Three days. B. Three weeks. C. Three months. 19. What information does the man get from the school office? A. The admission letter has been sent out. B. There is no information about him. C. He has been accepted by a vocational school. 20. Why does the man feel happy? A. He can play here and there freely. B. He can take his College Entrance Exams again. C. He can study something he loves indeed. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分 ） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A On a sunny day last August, Tim heard some shouting. Looking out to the sea carefully, he saw a couple of kids in a rowboat were being pulled out to sea. Two 12-year-old boys, Christian and Jack, rowed out a boat to search for a football. Once they'd rowed beyond the calm waters, a beach umbrella tied to the boat caught the wind and pulled the boat into open water. The pair panicked and tried to row back to shore. But they were no match for it and the boat was out of control. Tim knew it would soon be swallowed by the waves. "Everything went quiet in my head," Tim recalls (回忆). "I was trying to figure out how to swim to the boys in a straight line." Tim took off his clothes and jumped into the water. Every 500 yards or so, he raised his head to judge his progress. "At one point, I considered turning back," he says. "I wondered if I was putting my life at risk." After 30 minutes of struggling, he was close enough to yell to the boys, "Take down the umbrella!" Christian made much effort to take down the umbrella. Then Tim was able to catch up and climb aboard the boat. He took over rowing, but the waves were almost too strong for him. "Let's aim for the pier (码头)," Jack said. Tim turned the boat toward it. Soon afterward, waves crashed over the boat, and it began to sink. "Can you guys swim?" he cried. "A little bit," the boys said. Once they were in the water, Tim decided it would be safer and faster for him to pull the boys toward the pier. Christian and Jack were wearing life jackets and floated on their backs. Tim swam toward land as water washed over the boys' faces.
―Are we almost there?" they asked again and again. "Yes," Tim told them each time. After 30minutes, they reached the pier. 21. Why did the two boys go to the sea? A. To go boat rowing. C. To get back their football. 22. What does "it" in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. The beach. C. The boat. 23. Why did Tim raise his head regularly? A.To check his distance from the boys. B.To consider turning back or not. C.To take in enough fresh air. D.To ask the boys to take down the umbrella. 24. How did the two boys finally reach the pier? A. They were carried to the pier by Tim on his back. B. They swam to the pier all by themselves. C. They were washed to the pier by the waves. D. They were dragged to the pier by Tim. B What will power your house in the future？Nuclear，wind，or solar power？According to scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US，it might be leaves — but artificial (人造的) ones. Natural leaves are able to change sunlight and water into energy. It is known as photosynthesis (光合作 用)．Now researchers have found a way to imitate this seemingly simple process. The artificial leaf developed by Daniel Nocera and his colleagues at MIT can be seen as a special silicon chip with catalysts (催化剂)．Similar to natural leaves，it can split water into hydrogen and oxygen when put into a bucket of water. The hydrogen and oxygen gases are then stored in a fuel cell，which uses those two materials to produce electricity，located either on top of a house or beside the house. Though the leaf is only about the shape of a poker card，scientists claimed that it is promising to be an inexpensive source of electricity in developing countries. ―One can imagine villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology,‖ said Nocera at a conference of the American Chemical Society. The artificial leaf is not a new idea. The first artificial leaf was invented in 1997 but was too expensive and unstable for practical use. The new leaf， by contrast， is made of cheap materials， easy to use and highly stable. In laboratory studies，Nocera showed that an artificial leaf prototype (原型) could operate continuously for at least 45 hours without a drop in activity. The wonderful improvements come from Nocera's recent discovery of several powerful ， new and inexpensive catalysts. These catalysts make the energy transformation inside the leaf more efficient with water and sunlight. Right now， the new leaf is about 10 times more efficient at carrying out photosynthesis than a natural one. Besides，the device can run in whatever water is available；that is，it doesn't need pure water. This is important for some countries that don't have access to pure water.
B. To swim in the open water. D. To test the umbrella as a sail. B. The wind. D. The water.
With the goal to ―make each home its own power station‖ and ―give energy to the poor‖，scientists believe that the new technology could be widely used in developing countries，especially in India and rural China. 25．Which of the following orders correctly shows how the artificial leaf is used to produce electricity? a．artificial leaves split water into hydrogen and oxygen b．the hydrogen and oxygen gases are stored in a fuel cell c．the artificial leaves are put in water d．the fuel cell uses hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity A．c，a，b，d C．b，c，a，d leaf is to________. A．build up more power stations in the world B．provide cheaper energy for developing countries C．offer people in developing countries access to pure water D．gain a deeper understanding of the photosynthesis process 27．The main idea of this passage is ________. A．an introduction to the history of artificial leaves B．a mixture of water power and solar energy C．giving energy to the poor D．an invention copying photosynthesis C In December, 2010, many American newspapers publish a list of the best books of the year. Freedom by Jonathan Franzen is one of the most repeatedly praised books on this year's list of favorites. It tells about the ups and downs of the Berglund family over many years. Mr. Franzen fills the book with sharp observations about American politics, culture and society. Jennifer Egan's book A Visit from the Goon Squad takes place in 13 chapters over 40 years. The story moves back and forth in time, from different viewpoints. One main character is former rock musician Bennie Salazar who works for a record company. The other main character is a troubled young woman named Sasha who works for Bennie. The reader learns about their pasts and those of their friends. The main character in The Imperfectionists by Tom Rachman is a failing English Language newspaper published in Rome, Italy. Each chapter of the book tells about a reporter or editor working for this paper. Their stories are filled with intelligence and great personality. Two of the most popular nonfiction books of 2010 were about rock and roll stars. Just Kids is by rock singer Patti Smith. It tells about her friendship with the artist Robert Mapplethorpe in the 1960s and 1970s before they became famous. Life is the autobiography of Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards. It is an honest and exciting look at the development of rock and roll and the wild times this famous band has experienced. Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand tells about a man named Louis Zamperini. She tells about his extraordinary survival story after his plane crashed into the Pacific Ocean during Would War Two. Stacy Schiff has received great praise for her book Cleopatra: A Life. It tells about one of the most misrepresented and famous women in his story, Cleopatra. She ruled ancient Egypt about 2,000 years ago. One
26．The purpose of the scientists at MIT in developing the new artificial
critic said Ms. Schiff has brought Cleopatra to life again by unearthing her story from centuries of lies. 28.The following books are related to music EXCEPT________. A. The Imperfectionists C. Just Kids A. Freedom by Jonathan Franzen B. Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand C. The Imperfections by Tom Rachman D. Cleopatra: A Life by Stacy Schiff 30．Which book will give you a practical understanding of the USA? A．Life C．Freedom B．Cleopatra: A Life D．A Visit from the Goon Squad B. A Visit from the Goon Squad D. Life
29.If your major is the history of ancient Africa, you may pay attention to ________.
31.The last sentence of the passage implies that ________. A．Stacy Schiff is an archaeologist B．the critic finds the character in the book very real C．the critic speaks highly of Cleopatra in history D．Stacy Schiff tells a story about an imaginary Egyptian queen D I want to talk about the economy．Not "the economy" we hear about endlessly in the news each day and in politicians' speeches．I want to talk about the real economy, the one we live in day by day． Most people aren't particularly interested in "the economy"．"Share prices are flying high; interest rates are soaring(令人伤心的）; the Dow Jones Index closed sixty-three points down on 8472．35．" We hear this and subconsciously switch off． Notice that "the economy" is not the same as the economy, "The economy" is what men in suits play with to make vast personal wealth．The economy is where the rest of us live on a daily basis, earning our living, paying our taxes, and purchasing the necessities of life． We are supposed to be benefiting from all the advantages of a well-off society．So why do we feel tired and stressed? We have no time for anything other than work, which is ridiculous given the number of labor-saving devices in our lives．Our towns become more and more crowded．We poison our air and seas, and our food is full of chemicals． There's something wrong here． If times were truly good, then you may think we'd all feel optimistic about the future． Yet the majority of us are deeply worried． More than 90 percent of us think we are too concerned about ourselves and not concerned enough about future generations． The term "economic expansion" suggests something desirable, but expansion simply means spending more money．More spending doesn't mean that life is getting better. We all know it often means the opposite - greed, crime, poverty, pollution. More spending merely feeds our whole economic system, which is based on production and consumption. Unless money keeps circulating, the economy breaks down. If we don't keep consuming, the whole system goes into stalemate（僵局） ． How do we break the cycle and make some changes? We need to become far more aware of the results of our actions. We buy clothes that are made in sweat shops by virtual slaves in poor parts of the world. We create mountains of waste. We demand cheap food, mindless of the fact that it totally lacks taste and is produced using
chemicals that poison the land． The consumption（消费） culture makes us unaware of the effect of our own behavior. Our main problem is not that we don't know what to do about it. It is gathering the desire to do it． 32．According to the author, which one belongs to the real economy? A．The Dow Jones Index． C．Shopping in a supermarket． 33．It can be concluded from Paragraph 4 that A．people are benefiting from a well-off society B．the future generation is a big concern for most people C．the majority of people are optimistic about the future D．people still feel much pressure despite labor-saving devices 34．What is true about economic expansion? A．It may lead to some social problems． B．It guarantees a better life for us． C．It will stop the circulation of money． D．It has only brought desirable effects． 35.The author writes the passage mainly to A．suggest a solution for over-consumption B．call on us to change our behavior C．make a distinction between two economies D．inform us of the effects of economic expansion 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中的两项为多余选项。 If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time, they become weak; when you start using again, they slowly become strong again. Everybody knows this, and nobody would think of questioning the fact. ____36____ When someone says that he has a good memory, he really means that he keeps his memory in practice by exercising it regularly, either consciously or unconsciously. When someone else says that his memory is poor, he really means that he does not give it enough opportunity to become strong. ____37____ One of them exercises his arms and legs by playing tennis, while the other sits in a chair or a motor car all day. If a friend complains that his arms are weak, we know that it is his own fault. ____38____, many of us think that his parents are to blame, or that he is just unlucky, and few of us realize that it is just as much his own fault as if it was his arms or legs that were weak. Not all of us can become extremely strong or extremely clever; but all of us can, if we have ordinary bodies and brains, improve our strength and our memory by the same means––practice. Have you ever noticed that people who cannot read or write usually have better memories than those who can? ____39____ Of course, because those who cannot read or write have to remember things:they cannot write them down in a little notebook. They have to remember dates, time and prices, names, songs and stories; so their memory is the whole time being exercised. ____40____, learn from the poor: practice remembering. A. What do you think of it?
B．Increases in interest rates． D．Skyrocketing share prices． ．
B. Yet many people do not seem to know that the memory works in the same way. C. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory D. So if you want a good memory E. When someone else says that he is poor in the health F. Why is this? G. The position is exactly the same as that of two people. 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节：完形填空 (共 20 小题，每小题.1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I drove to a local supermarket the other day. My shopping list was ___41__ and my wallet was light. Still, I needed to get a week’s worth of groceries for my family. I parked my car, looked down at my list, and hoped I could ___42__it all. As I ___43__ the door, I saw a man with kind eyes and a gentle ___44___. He said he was collecting for a local food bank that helped to__ 45__ the hungry in my area. He handed me a second shopping list of things they could use and asked me to __46__ if I could. I smiled back, took the __47__ and walked into the store. I really wanted to help, but wasn’t sure if I could this time. I walked through the store, picking up vegetables, soup, spaghetti, bread, milk, cereal, macaroni, bananas,and a dozen other things. I slowly ___48__ each item off my list until I was done. When I looked down at my full cart I ___49__ again if I even had enough to pay for it all. Then, as I put my own list back into my pocket, I saw the food ___50__ list under it. I smiled and decided to trust my heart. With the food bank in mind,I went over and ___51___ two of the biggest boxes of rice the store had and put them in my cart. It took__52__ six dollars out of my wallet to pay for them,__53__ my heart felt six times larger when I did. And when everything was ___54___, I had just enough to pay for it all. It _55___ so little to make our world a better place. A few dollars can help to fill a child’s __56__ belly(肚子). A smile and hug can help to ___57__ a hurting heart. An encouraging word can inspire someone else to live and to love. A random__58__ of kindness can change another’s day and life. It is up to us,___59__. If we can ___60___ a few dollars on rice , then we can share a love that will last forever. 41.A.short 42.A.offer 43 A.approached 44 A.attitude 45.A.share 46.A.help 47.A.name 48.A.signed 49.A.wandered 50.A.store 51.A.picked out 52.A.other B.long B.exchange B.painted B.manner B.train B.write B.project B.marked B.wondered B.cart B.lifted up B.others C.frequent C.afford C.cleaned C.smile C.protect C.advertise C.list C.rid C.fancied C.nutrition C.picked up C.more
D.heavy D.accept D.left D.anger D.feed D.search D.budget D.separated D.amazed D.bank D.folded up D.another
53.A.so 54.A.ordered 55.A.takes 56.A.hungry 57.A.cure 58.A.ability 59.A.although 60.A.save
B.but B.totaled B.spends B.adequate B.treat B.allowance B.though B.rescue
C.and C.replaced C.pays C.anxious C.heal C.appreciation C.yet C.accumulate
D.since D.packed D.wastes D.full D.recover D.act D.still D.reserve
第 II 卷 (非选择题) 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第二节： （共 10 小题；每题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Patient: Thank you for agreeing to see me on such short notice,doctor. Doctor: Anything for my favorite patient! Now, what seems to be__61__matter? Patient: It’s my vision. I can’t see well at night, and ___62___ I wake up in the morning, it takes me a few minutes before I can see clearly.. Doctor: OK. I’m going to take a___ 63___(close) look. Just relax. How ___64___ has this been going on? Patient: A couple of weeks. I guess...wow, that’s right! Doctor: Does __65__ hurt when I do that? Patient: Not exactly, it’s just really bright. Doctor: OK. Please, go on. Patient: Well, I ____66____ (walk) down to the basement in my house about three weeks ago when I slipped and bumped my head pretty hard on the steps. Doctor:Where exactly did you hit ___67___ head? Patient: Right on the back. I heard a loud sound when I hit it, but there was no blood and everything seemed to be okay. Doctor: You didn’t get it ___68___(check) out then? Patient: My wife said I should, but nothing was wrong,so I thought, why bother? Well, a week passed and all of a sudden I started to have problems with my sight. I first noticed it when I was driving back home __69__ work.It’s gotten worse over the past week or so. Doctor: I’m glad you came to see me.I’m going to order some tests, and I want to make an appointment for you to see a specialist tomorrow morning.__70__ (hope), it’s nothing too serious. 第四部分：写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节：短文改错 (共 10 分;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有 10 处错 误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改： 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 I often go to a weekend school. So did many of my classmates. This seems popular among students. Good weekend schools have excellent teachers which help us improve our studies. Besides, we get to know students from another schools and learn about their campus of life. So every coin has two sides. Our school work is already a heavy burden. Extra lesson often take up too much of our time. In addition, pay lots of attention to the extra lessons will affect their school subjects. We may also find ourselves very tired on Mondays to concentrate on the lessons in our own school.. We should think seriously about this issue and make best use of our time. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 请根据下面的漫画内容，结合生活实际， 用英语写一篇短文描述漫画内容，分析这种社 会现象产生的原因，并发表感想。 注意： 1. 文章的开头已为你写好，不计入总词数； 2. 词数：100 左右； 3. 参考词汇：义务劳动 voluntary labour; 观念 outlook 精神文明：spiritual civilization 物质文明：material civilization We can see in the picture that
银川一中 2014 届高三第一次模拟英语试卷参考答案 第一卷（100 分） 听力：1-5 BCACA 6-10 BCBBC 阅读理解： 21-24 CBAD 25-27 ABD 28-31 ADCB 32-35 CDAB 41-45 BCACD 第二卷（50 分） 语篇语法填空（15 分） 61. the 62.when 63.closer 64.long 65.it 66 was walking 67 your 68 checked 69 from 70 Hopefully （二） 语篇型语法填空 改错： （10 分） I often go to a weekend school. So did many of my classmates. This do seems popular among students. Good weekend schools have excellent teachers which help us improve our studies. Besides, we get to know who/that students from another schools and learn about their campus of life. other So every coin has two sides. Our school work is already a heavy But burden. Extra lesson often take up too much of our time. In addition, lessons pay lots of attention to the extra lessons will affect their school subjects. paying too lessons in our own school.. We should think seriously about this issue and make ∧best use of time. . the 写作： （25 分） 书面表达评分建议： 一、评分原则： 1. 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定或调 整档次，最后给分。 3. 词数少于 100 和多于 130 的，从总分中减去 2 分。
36-40 BGCFD 46-50 ACBBD 51-55CDBBA 56-60 ACDBA
We may also find ourselves very tired on Mondays to concentrate on the
4. 评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下文的连贯性。 5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼 写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如书写较差，以致影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 One possible version： We can see in the picture that one person is asking the other to do some voluntary labor, but the other feels it very funny, saying, ―Aren’t you kidding me? Times have changed and doing voluntary labor is already out of date.‖ It is true that with the development of economy, many people have become rich. However, with their wallets full, some people have changed their outlook on value, laying too much emphasis on nothing but money and personal interests. At one time, serving the people heart and soul was glorious, but now it is being constantly laughed at. In my opinion, spiritual civilization is as important as material civilization. Nowadays, the government advocates setting up a harmonious society. If everyone does a little bit for others and the society, our world will be a much better one.