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Unit4 Three Gorges2013级高考复习重大版必修四作业手册及答案


Unit 4

Three Gorges

Ⅰ.单项填空(对应学生用书第 322 页) 1.—What do you know about Darwin after he returned from the trip by sea? —Well,he got married and down in Kent. A.got B.worked

C.took D.settled 2. the injuries to his face and hands,he broke both legs. A.Beside B.Except C.In addition D.Apart from 3.The picture is in the of Tom. A.occupation B.possession C.possibility D.position 4.There were 50 passengers on when the ship sank. A.aboard B.board C.abroad D.about 5.Today he is well known a writer. A.for B.as C.about D.of 6.The lion is considered the King of the forest as it is a(n) of courage and power. A.example B.sign C.mark D.symbol 7.You can use the bicycle you return it tomorrow. A.out of condition B.on condition that C.on no condition D.in condition 8.I keep medicines on the top of the shelf,out of the children’s . A.reach B.arrival C.hand D.hold 9.One of the consequences of our planet’s being warming up is a(n) in the number of natural disasters. A.result B.reason C.production D.increase 10.The situation was serious,but they . A.pulled through B.pulled on C.pulled down D.pulled back 答案及剖析:1.D settle down 为固定搭配,意为“定居,安定下来”。get down 使沮 丧;take down 拿下,记下。 2.D 句意为:他除了脸部和双手受伤外,两条腿也断了。apart from 除……之外,符合句 意。 beside 在……旁边,如改为 besides 则正确;except 除了,其修饰的内容不包括在整体中; 若选 C 项时应在 in addition 之后加介词 to。 3.B 句意为:那张画为汤姆所有。possession 拥有,in the possession of 为……所 有;occupation 工作,职业;possibility 可能性;position 位置。根据句意选 B。 4.B 句意为:船沉没时,上面有五十名乘客。aboard 上船/车/飞机,为副词,相当于 on board;abroad 在国外,为副词;about 大约,可以作介词或副词。根据句意选 B。 5.B 句意为:如今他是一位有名气的作家。be known for 因……而出名;be known as 作为……而出名;被认为是……;know about 了解,知道……的情况;know of 知道,听说。 根据 句意选 B。 6.D 句意为:狮子被认为是森林之王,因为它被认为是勇气和力量的象征。example 例 子;sign 标志;mark 标记;symbol 象征。根据句意选 D。 7.B 句意为:你可以使用这辆自行车,条件是明天必须归还。in/out of condition 健康状 况好/不好;on condition that 条件,前提;on no condition 决不。根据句意选 B。 8.A 句意为:我把药放在架子的顶部,让孩子够不着。out of one’s reach 够不着的,力所 不及的。故选 A。 9.D 句意为:全球气候变暖的后果之一是自然灾害数量的增加。result 结果;reason 理 由;production 生产;increase 增加。根据句意选 D。 10.A 句意为:形势很严峻,但他们挺过来了。 pull through (使)渡过难关;pull on 拉扯(某 物);pull down 拆毁;pull back 退出,退却。根据句意选 A。

Ⅱ.完成句子(对应学生用书第 322 页) 1.一名护士帮助这位老人坐到椅子上。 A nurse the old man a chair. 2.该国的经济面临崩溃。 The country’s economy is in danger of . 3.这个位子有人坐吗? anyone this seat? 4.实施这个计划我有些困难。 I some difficulty in the plan. 5.他已经习惯了这儿的学校生活。 He has the school life here. 答案:1.settled;into 2.falling apart 3.Is;occupying 4.had;carrying out 5.got used to Ⅲ.完形填空(对应学生用书第 322 页) This morning I awoke from a wonderful night’s sleep,one of those completely satisfying sleeps—it is difficult to explain,but if you’ve ever had one you’ll know what I’m 1 about. No amount of 2 could buy a better night’s sleep.I truly 3 my blessed (愉快 安宁的) rest.It was like a gift from heaven.It is interesting to think that Bill Gates or any 4 billionaire you can 5 really couldn’t have had a more satisfying,fulfilling (令人满 足的) night of sleep. That started me thinking of other 6 that cost nothing or very little.Like a drink of cold water on a 7 day.Or a warm relaxing 8 when you’re tired. What could be better than 9 to your favorite music or seeing good movies?These are quiet delights—small pleasures.I hope this doesn’t 10 too ridiculous (荒谬的) in today’s rough,loud world.I wonder if the new generation can 11 such things. We’re told we 12 the latest model car,TV or computer to be happy,but it’s all a trick,a marketing move.No sooner do we get these things 13 we’re looking to replace them 14 a newer car,TV or computer. This is not to say that money isn’t important.Money can provide 15 ,clothes and houses for those in need.Money is neither all good 16 all bad—it can be used for good things or abused (滥用). I suppose having 17 money worries can give a certain peace of mind that 18 a person to have a good night’s rest.But no amount of money can 19 buy that wonderful,particularly restful night’s sleep that I 20 last night. 1.A.telling B.talking C.hearing D.referring 2.A.the poor B.persons C.workers D.riches 3.A.appreciated B.feared C.disliked D.doubted 4.A.one B.more C.other D.big 5.A.write B.remember C.mention D.say 6.A.dreams B.pleasures C.nights D.gifts 7.A.happy B.fine C.cool D.hot 8.A.match B.walk C.talk D.bath 9.A.enjoying B.receiving C.listening D.looking forward 10.A.sound B.keep

C.seem D.prove 11.A.apply B.ruin C.appreciate D.mention 12.A.have B.need C.buy D.find 13.A.when B.than C.and D.then 14.A.with B.to C.for D.in 15.A.eat B.feed C.serve D.food 16.A.nor B.than C.but D.and 17.A.many B.some C.no D.few 18.A.makes B.forces C.allows D.advises 19.A.always B.already C.still D.ever 20.A.experienced B.awaited C.liked D.talked about 答案及剖析:1.B talk about 谈论,符合句意。tell 告诉,告知,讲述(故事等),常用作及物动 词;hear about 听说;refer 常与 to 搭配,意为“参考,指的是,涉及”。 2.D riches 财富,财产,符合语境。 3.A appreciate 表示“感激,感谢”,符合语境。fear 害怕;dislike 不喜欢;doubt 怀疑,均与 语境不符。 4.C any other billionaire 其他任何亿万富翁(排除 Bill Gates);any one 指“任何一个 人”;any more 后接可数名词时应用名词的复数形式。 5.C mention“提及,说到”,符合句意。 6.B pleasure“乐事”,第四段第二句中的 small pleasures 也给出了提示。 7.D hot 与 cold water 相对应。 8.D bath“洗澡”,符合语境及常识。 9.C listen to music 听音乐。 10.A sound“听起来”,后接形容词作表语。 11.C appreciate 在此表示“欣赏,享受”。 12.B 由语境可知 B 项最佳,need 需要。 13.B no sooner...than...表示“一……就……”。 14.A replace 表示“取代,替换”,常与 by,with 连用。 15.D 由语境及常识可知 D 项最佳。 16.A neither...nor...(既不……也不……)为固定搭配。 17.C having no money worries 表示“没有金钱上的烦恼”。其他三项与语境不符。 18.C allow sb.to do sth.允许某人做某事,符合句意。 19.D ever 与否定词连用时,意为“无论何时都(不……),至今(不曾……)”,表示强调,加强 语气。 20.A experience“经历,体验”,符合句意。 Ⅳ.短文改错(对应学生用书第 322 页) 以下标有题号的每一行均有一个错误,请找出,并按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下画一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 Today is Sunday.I’ve been in Canada for two months.

This is the first time that I’ve been away my family for such a1. long time.With the help of Katia,roommate of mine,I’ve 2. soon got used to live without my parents around.Katia,like 3. many other Russian girls,are nice and lively.We became 4. friends shortly after we meet each other.Although her English 5. is a little hard to understand,but we enjoy chatting and we 6. usual talk a lot about our own families.We’re both surprised 7. that Chinese culture or Russian culture are so different.Now, 8. they are planning a small party for next Sunday.There,Katia 9. will introduce me to some of her friends,one of who has been 10. to China several times.I just can’t wait. 答案:1.away 后加 from 2.roommate 前加 a 3.live→living 4.are→is 5.meet→met 6.去 掉 but 7.usual→usually 8.or→and 9.they→we 10.who→whom


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