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【优化方案】2014届高考英语(大纲版)一轮复习配套课件:Unit9 Health care(必修3)


BⅢ UNITS 9~12

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佳作晨背· 文思泉涌
类型:招聘启事 典例:你校学生会需招聘一名留学生做英语学习顾问,以短

文形式写一则招聘启事。内容主要包括母语是英语;解答英
语学习问题,汉语流利者优先;每周4小时,报酬面议。

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【佳作模板


English Advisor Wanted ?The Student Union of our school decides to invite an international student to work as an English Study Advisor next term.?The main responsibilities of the advisor include helping students to practise their oral English,answering their questions,and helping organize activities such as singing English songs,English evenings,or lectures on interesting topics.

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The applicant should be a native speaker of English.Fluency in Chinese is preferred.The advisor is

expected to work 4 hours per week.
If you are interested,please call Li Hua at 13011223344 for an interview.Payment for the service will be discussed during the interview. Student Union Yucai High School

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【佳句储备】 ?The Student Union of our school decides to invite an international student to work as an English Study Advisor next term.

The Student Union of our school puts up this notice that an
international student is wanted as an English Study Advisor next term.

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?The main responsibilities of the advisor include helping

students to practise their oral English,answering their
questions,and helping organize activities such as singing English songs,English evenings,or lectures on interesting topics. The advisor will help students to practise their oral English, answer their questions.He will also help organize activities

which include singing English songs,English evenings,or
lectures on interesting topics.(which引导定语从句)

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Unit 9

Health care 保 健

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本讲目录

基 础 盘 点 自 测 自 评

考 点 串 讲 讲 练 互 动

基础盘点自测自评
核心单词
1.People living in large cities should get accustomed to pressure the____________(压力)of modern life.

2.The proposals they put forward at the meeting were of significance little____________(意义). incidents 3.Were there any exciting____________(事情)during your journey to Europe? unfortunate 4.I am referring to that____________(倒霉的)accident the
other day,when I was knocked off my bike by a car.

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consulted 5.Have you____________(咨询)the doctor about your illness? 6.The old men show great anxiety about their allowance retirement____________(补助). nationwide 7.The new car is being launched with a____________(全国 的)sale campaign. devotion 8.Her____________to the job left her with very little time to

devoted take care of her baby,though she is____________to
it.(devote)

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高频短语
devoted 1.be ____________ to 致力于 rid 2.get ____________ of 摆脱 thanks 3.____________ to 多亏,由于 on 4.depend ____________ 依靠,取决于 put 5.____________ pressure on 对??施加压力 off 6.lay ____________ 解雇;不理会;使下岗 worse 7.make matters ____________ 使情况更困难或更危险 make 8.____________ ends meet 使收支相抵;量入为出

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典型句式
Thanks to 1.________________the project and the kindness of his family and neighbours,he was able to receive treatment in time to ____________________prevent the disease from ruining his health. 幸亏这个工程以及亲戚邻里的帮助,使他得到及时的治疗,从 而遏制了疾病毁灭他的健康。 2.They cannot afford to consult a doctor or purchase medicines from a chemist when they get sick, nor ____________can they make sure that their children keep a healthy diet. 生病时,他们付不起问诊费,买不起药,更谈不上保证孩子 们维持健康的饮食结构。
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It is 3.____________sometimes said that a society can be judged by the way it cares for its weakest members.有时候人们说,对 一个社会的评价取决于它对弱势群体的关怀方式。 4.If lowincome families cannot afford to purchase medical as was the case with Wang Lin insurance,________________________________,other measures to reduce poverty will not succeed.

如果低收入家庭买不起医疗保险,像王林这种情况,其他减少
贫困的措施也就不会成功。

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考点串讲讲练互动
单词精研
1.abuse n. 滥用,虐待,辱骂 vt. 滥用,虐待,辱骂 (教材 P77)Alcohol and drug abuse create big social problems in the world.酗酒和嗜毒给世界带来大的社会问题。 (1)n.滥用,虐待,辱骂 ?alcohol/drug abuse酗酒/嗜毒 ? ? ?the abuse of power滥用权力 ? ①(牛津 P8)He was arrested on charges of abuse of power. 他因被控滥用职权而遭逮捕。 ②(牛津 P8)What she did was an abuse of her position as manager.她的所作所为是滥用经理职权。
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(2)vt.滥用;虐待;辱骂
?abuse ? ? ?abuse ?

one’s power滥用职权 one’s trust背信弃义

③(牛津 P8)He felt they had abused his trust by talking about him to the press. 他感到他们向报界透露有关他的情况是辜负了他的信任。 ④The arrested men have been physically abused. 那些被捕的人曾遭受肉体上的虐待。

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[即境活用] 1.It has been revealed that some government leaders________their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves. A.employ C.abuse B.take D.overlook

解析:选C。句意:据揭露,一些政府领导滥用职权,谋取

非法利益。abuse“滥用,妄用(权力等);(不当地)使用”,符
合题意。employ“雇用,使用”;take“拿取”; overlook“俯瞰,眺望;忽略”。

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2.pressure n. 压力 (教材 P75)For laid- workers in poor areas,disease puts extra off pressure on the family.对贫困地区的下岗工人来说,疾病给家庭带 来了更大的压力。 ?put pressure on sb. to do sth.迫使某人做某事 ? ?under ?the? pressure of在??的压力下 ? ?under pressure在压力之下;压缩 ①(2012· 高考浙江卷)The pressure at work is on the increase in all occupations. 在任何岗位上,工作的压力在不断增加。 ②(朗文 P1609)His parents have been putting pressure on him to find a job.他的父母一直在向他施压要他找份工作。 ③(朗文 P1609)I just can’t take the pressure at work anymore. 我真的无法再忍受工作上的压力了。
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归纳拓展 press vt.迫使,压,按 press sb./sth./oneself against/on sth. 将某人/某物/自己对某物施以压力

press sth.into sth.把??压入/按入??
④I had to press myself against the wall to let them pass. 我得贴紧墙壁好让他们过去。

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[即境活用] 2.完成句子 (1)为了跟上学业的进度,许多学生都承受着压力。 under pressure Many students are________________to keep up with their schoolwork. (2)迫于舆论压力,拾金女清洁工被释放了。 Under the pressure of opinion ________________________________,the cleaning woman

picking up gold was set free.

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3.consult vt.& vi. 向??咨询;查阅 (教材 P76)They cannot afford to consult a doctor or purchase medicines from a chemist when they get sick,... 他们生了病后看不起病,买不起药物,?? ?consult sb./sth.?about sth.??就某事?请教某人 ? ?consult a map/a dictionary查看地图/词典 ? ?consult with sb.与某人商量;与某人磋商 ①(朗文 P429)If your memory problems do not improve, consult your physician. 如果你的记忆力问题没有改善的话,去找医生看看。

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②(朗文P429)You should consider consulting with a lawyer.
你应该考虑咨询一下律师。 ③(朗文P429)Before making any changes,consult your family to find out which activities are most important to them. 作出任何变动之前,先与家人商量一下看哪些活动对他们来

说最重要。
④If you have no idea about it,consult a dictionary,please. 要是你对这个问题不清楚,请你查词典。

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【高效记忆】

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[即境活用] 3.完成句子 I’m not quite sure how to get to the airport—I’d consult the map better________________________(查看地图).

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4.devotion n.

献身,忠心

①(朗文P554)As a child I was always aware of my parents’ devotion to each other. 作为孩子,我一直很清楚我父母彼此的深爱。

②(朗文P554)Mr.Wang should be admired for his devotion to
improving education. 王先生对改善教育作出的贡献应该得到褒扬。

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归纳拓展 ?time ? ? ? ?one’s life? ?sth.把??献给?? ? ? to? (1)devote ? ? ?money ? ?doing sth.把??用在?? ?energy ? ? ? (2)devote oneself to...献身于;致力于 (3)be devoted to...专心致志于,献身于,忠于 ③ ( 朗 文 P554)Roper retired and devoted himself to charity work.罗珀退休后全身心投入到慈善工作中。 ④Mark is devoted to his scientific research. 马克专心致志于他的科研。

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[即境活用] 4.(2013· 临沂模拟)Although the working mother is very busy,she still________a lot of time to________her children. ( C ) A.devotes;look after B.spends;looking after

C.devotes;looking after
D.provides;looking after

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5.significance n.

意义;意思;重要性;重要意义

(教材P80)Fleming continued his search until a fortunate incident led him to a new discovery of even greater significance.费莱明继续进行探索,直到一次偶然的机会导致 了他那具有更大意义的新发现。 ①(牛津P1866)The new drug has great significance for the treatment of the disease. 这种新药对于这种病的治疗有重大意义。 ②(牛津P1866)She couldn’t grasp the full significance of what

he had said.她未能充分领会他那番话的意思。

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归纳拓展 (1)be of (great) significance 有(重大)意义/(非常)重要 be of no significance 无意义/不重要

be of little significance 不太重要
(2)significant adj. 重要的 ③It is a matter of great significance.

这是一个非常重要的问题。
④Their change of plan is strange but I don’t think it’s significant.

他们改变了计划十分奇怪,但我觉得没什么意义。

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[即境活用] 5.完成句子

did we realize the true significance Only later________________________________________ (我们意识到真正意义)of his remark.

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6.lay off

下岗;停止;中止;不理会

(教材P75)Mr Wang is a laid- worker and his wife has an off income of only 300 yuan per month. 王先生是一名下岗工人,他的妻子每月只有三百元钱的收入. ①(朗文P1162)The company closed and laid off 40 employees. 公司倒闭,40名雇员失业。 ②(朗文P1162)I think you should lay off coffee for a while.

我想你应该在一段时间内不要喝咖啡。
③You shouldn’t lay off your health condition. 你不应该不注意自己的健康状况。

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归纳拓展 lay aside把??搁置一旁;留存,储存 lay down放下,交出;规定;放弃 lay one’s hope on寄希望于

lay stress on强调
④They have laid money aside for their old age. 他们存钱防老。 ⑤You can’t lay down hard and fast rules. 规则不能定得太死。
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[即境活用] 6.(2013· 湖南浏阳模拟)________workers in poor areas can’t afford to pay for their medical treatment,________ensure

their children a healthy diet.( A )
A.Laidoff;nor can they B.Laidoff;nor they can C.Layoff;they can not D.Lainoff;neither can they

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7.to make matters worse

使情况更困难或更危险

(教材P75)To make matters worse,he also had a son in college
who had taken a bank loan to pay for his studies. 更糟糕的是,他还有一个上大学的儿子,是从银行贷款上的学. ①They can’t finish the job on time;to make matters worse, he fell ill.他们不能按时完成工作,更糟的是他病倒了。

②His car broke down;to make matters worse,it began to
rain.他的汽车抛锚了,更糟的是又下起了大雨。

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归纳拓展 ?1?what’s worse? ? ?更糟的是 worse still ? ? even worse (2)to make things worse 使情况更糟糕的是 go from bad to worse 每况愈下;日趋恶化 worse off 恶化,处境更糟 ③I was pushed from behind and fell down.What’s worse,I found my wallet had been stolen.我被后面的人推了一下,摔 倒了。更糟的是,我发现我的钱包被偷了。 ④Under the new management,things have gone from bad to worse.在新管理人员的领导下,情况反而更坏了。

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[即境活用] A 7.I didn’t know how to work out this problem.________, there was nobody who could help me. A.To make matters worse B.That’s to say C.Or rather D.In other words

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句型精析
(教材P76)If lowincome families cannot afford to purchase medical insurance,as was the case with Wang Lin,other measures to reduce poverty will not succeed. 如果低收入家庭买不起医疗保险,像王林这种情况,其他减

少贫困的措施也就不会成功。

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[句法分析] 句中as was the case with Wang Lin是一个定语从句,修饰

前面整个句子。我们可以把as is/was the case with...看成
是一个固定句式,意为“正如??的情况那样;对?? 来说是常有的事”。

①She was late for school yesterday,as is often the case
with her. 她昨天上学迟到了,这对她来说是常有的事。

②Young people like experiencing something new,as is
the case with Bob. 像鲍伯那样,年轻人喜欢经历新鲜的事。
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归纳拓展

as意为“正如”。常用在as (it) seems,as (it) often
happens,as is (was) expected,as is well known,as is (was) announced等结构中。

③Jack has won the first prize,as it often happens.
像往常一样,杰克得了一等奖。 ④As is known to everybody,too much pressure is bad for

people’s health.
众所周知,压力太大不利于人们的健康。 ⑤The government took great measures to prevent the matter from worsening,as was expected.正如预料的那样,政府采 取强有力的措施防止事态进一步恶化。
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[即境活用] 8.________is often the case,we have worked out the production plan. A.Which C.What B.When D.As

解析:选D。as 在句中指代we have worked out the production plan 这件事。which引导非限制性定语从句只能

放在主句的后面。由于从句中缺少主语,所以不选when。
what只能引导名词性从句。

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