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上海新世纪英语高二上Unit7 language point


Text
Shopping in the States
Language points

experience n. 1.经历 cn. We have a pleasant experience in America. 2. 经验 un. 经验是最好的老师。 Experience is the best teacher. ?v. 经历,体验 感受各种各样的情绪 experience a wide range of emotions adj. experienced 有经验的 He’s very experienced in money matters.

Particular adj. 特别的 be particular about 挑剔 他吃东西很讲究/挑剔。 He is very particular about his food. ? in particular特别,尤其 eg He is fond of classical music in particular = He is particularly fond of classical music

?a convenience store 便利店 ?the mass merchandiser 大卖场 ?big-ticket items 价格昂贵的东西 ?factory outlets 工厂批发行/工厂直销店 ?chain supermarkets 连锁超市
?one-stop
一站式 eg. a one-stop shop 一站式商店 eg. We’ll provide you with one-stop service.一站式服务

You name it. =everything that you can imagine (口语)应有尽有 eg. She can make anything: chairs, tables, cupboards—you name it. eg. This shop sells food, clothes, medicine, etc. You name it.

Install vt. +sth.安装,设置
*be installed with…装备有,配备 Package vt. +sth.

n. =parcel
*package holiday/ tour
check out ? 结账, (旅馆飞机等)办理付帐和退房手续 反义: check in 办理登记手续

(旅馆飞机等)登记;报到

reduce vt. +sth. reduce the danger of damaging floods reduce their labor cost降低劳动成本

Cf. increase vt. +sth/ vi.

be thrilled at/by…对…激动/兴奋
thrill n. 兴奋;激动; i.e.我得知考试及格后很兴奋。 It gave me a thrill to know I had passed the examination.

the first time … eg第一次碰到他时他就给我留下深刻的印象。 He gave me a deep impression the first time I met him. eg.当我第一次看到她时,她还是个小女孩。 The first time I saw her, she was still a little girl. ?一些表示时间的短语,如last time, every time, the moment, the year, next time都 可引导时间状语从句,无需用连词。

eg在战争爆发那年,他去了英国。 The year the war broke out, he went to England. eg下次你去博物馆,一定告诉我们。 Be sure to tell us next time you visit the museum. eg每次我迷路,都会有帮我摆脱困境的热 心人。 Every time I lose my way, there will be warm-hearted people helping me out.

out of …出于,由于 out of curiosity 出于好奇 ? 出于同情,她做了这事。 She did it out of pity. ? 我说这句话出于好意。 ? I said this out of kindness. ? 我来确实是出于兴趣, 不仅仅是来玩的。 I came out of real interest, not just to have a good time.

?apologize to sb. for (doing) sth.
Eg. I apologized to her for stepping on her foot.
Eg 我因迟到而向主席道歉。 I apologized to the chairman for being late.

be composed of =be made up of =consist of Eg 水是由氢和氧组成的。 Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen. =Water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen. =Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.

Impress vt. +sb. (with sth.) 给予sb.深刻的印象 E.g. Goodall’s enthusiasm impressed him. Goodall impressed enthusiasm. him with her

这个女孩的幽默感给我们留下了深刻印象。

The girl impressed us with her sense of humor.
*sb. be impressed with/ by sth. 你的效率给我们留下了最深刻的印象。 We were most impressed with/ by your

*impression n.

*leave/ make a deep/ strong ~ ~ on sb.
*impressive adj. 给人以深刻印象的

no matter + wh. 疑 问 词 ….. “无论……” 引导让步状语从句,可 放句首或句中 no matter wh-=wh-+ever wh-ever引导让步状语从句或名词性 从句

Eg 不论我说什么,他总是认为我不对。 No matter what I say, (=Whatever I say,) he always thinks I am wrong. Eg 不管你是谁,你都不能进去。 You can’t go in no matter who you are (=whoever you are.) eg不管我怎样努力,我永远不能赶上他。 No matter how hard I try, (=However hard I try,) I can never catch up with him.

challenge
n. a letter of challenge

give/accept a challenge提出/接受挑战 Vt 向…挑战. Denny kept challenging him openly. Vt. 对…提出疑义/质疑 eg. 那个小男孩质疑故事的真实性。 The little boy challenged the truth of the story.

as long as =so long as conj. 只要 Eg 只要你开心,你做什么都没关系。 As long as you’re happy, it doesn’t matter what you do. Eg. 只要你答应11点以前回来,你可以 出去. You can go out as long as you promise to be back before 11 o’clock.

take advantage of sth利用 ,乘机 Eg 她认为史密斯先生利用了他的职务 之便。 She considered that Mr Smith had taken advantage of his position. Eg 他们利用了我的诚实。 They took advantage of my honesty. ? take advantage of sb 欺骗某人 take advantage of one’s friend 欺骗朋友

The Chinese saying that “The customer is God!”…同位语从句 对比: ?Early in the day came the news that Shanghai had won the bid to host the World Expo 2010.(同位语从句) ?Have you listened to the news that lasted half an hour? (定语从句)

ring + adj 听起来 Eg. Her words rang hollow.=What she said sounded insincere. 她的话听起来很虚(不真诚)。 Eg. His story may seem incredible, but it rang true.他说的事尽管难以 置信,但听起来却似有其事.


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