江苏省时堰中学高三年级 2015-2016 学年度上学期第一次考试英语试卷 第一部分 听力理解（共两小节：满分 20 分）
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一
小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A.Guest and waitress. B.Boss and secretary. C.Husband and wife. 2.How much time did the man probably spend on the exam? A.Half an hour. B.45 minutes. C.One hour and a half. 3.Why didn’t the woman get the job? A.She is old enough. B.She is too young to do the job. C.She is no longer young as she used to be. 4.What’s the problem with the woman? A.She wakes up too early. B.She stays up far into the night. C.She feels it difficult to get up every morning. 5.How much should the woman pay if she buys two T-shirts? A.Eight dollars. B.Ten dollars. C.Twelve dollars.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6~8 小题。 6.Who feels disappointed?
C.Both of them.
7.How did Jack play in the game? A.He tried his best but he failed. B.He didn’t try his best so he failed. C.He gave up trying so he failed. 8.Who is Mary? A.A stranger. B.Jack’s mother. C.A classmate of Jack’s.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 9~11 小题。 9.Why does Julia want to leave her present job? A.She wants to do something different. B.She doesn’t like the job. C.She wants to travel and teach English. 10.What’s Tom’s attitude to Julia’s leaving her present job? A.He disagrees. B.He is really sorry.But he understands her. C.He is angry. 11.What relationship is it between Tom and Julia? A.Brother and sister. B.Boyfriend and girlfriend. C.Boss and employee. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12~14 小题。 12.Where does Paul probably come from? A.England. B.America. C.China.
13.What do both Mary and Paul have for breakfast? A.Ham and oranges. B.Bread and butter. C.Bread and eggs. 14.What do many Chinese young couples think of the western breakfast? A.Cheap and convenient. B.Very convenient and healthful.
C.Delicious but very expensive. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15~17 小题。 15.Where is the woman going? A.Hawaii. B.Los Angeles. C.The airport.
16.When is the woman’s sister’s wedding? A.On Oct.11th. B.On Oct.12th. 17.When will the woman leave? A.In a few hours. B.Right now. C.On Oct.9th. C.Tomorrow.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 18~20 小题。 18.What’s discussed in the passage? A.Prisons in Britain. B.Cooking or cleaning. C.Work or study. 19.How many hours can a prisoner in the closed prison possibly spend outside? A.2 hours. B.12 hours. C.8 hours.
20.How will prisoners in open prisons spend the night? A.They are free within the prison grounds. B.They can study out of the prison grounds. C.They are locked up during the night.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 纸将该选项涂黑。 21. According to the Gini Index, the degree of wealth concentration in China has risen by a third A. this in the past 35 years and now is larger than __________ of the US. B. one C. that D. such
22．The new CEO asked that all inter-office communications ______ in writing rather than orally , ______ possible.
A．have been made; whoever C．would be made; whichever
B．be made; whenever D．were made; whatever
23. With the little _______ money, the child told me in a _______ voice that on the way home most of his money had been stolen. A. remained; trembled C. remaining; trembled B. remained; trembling D. remaining; trembling
24．Please remember to remind them that the products inside are ________ and must be handled with great care. A．fragile B．dynamic C．vague D．stubborn
25．_______ skill, Jim is believed to be one of the best and most talented basketball players in the country. A．In salute to B．On behalf of C．In terms of D．In honor of
26．—I didn’t expect that John would be absent from my last Sunday’s birthday party. —As far as I know, he ______ to see his parents in the countryside on Sundays. A．goes B．went C．has gone D．had gone
27．If you want to try out some new learning methods, you’d better select those that are most _______ for your own style. A．adequate B．appropriate C．arbitrary D．apparent
28．Normally, a forest fire and the damage _______ causes can be very extensive， especially when you consider the financial and physical losses. A． which B．that C．this D．it
29. __________ speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent. A. So accustomed are we to C. Accustomed as we are to B. As we are so accustomed to D. Accustomed as are we to
30. He was trying to write, but the continuous noise outside his window ________ him ________.
A. put; off
B dropped; off
C. drew; out
D. let; out
31．The flu is believed by some scientists __________by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. A．causing caused 32．Many of the creatures in the movie “Avatar” are not real, but much of ______ happens is still attractive. A．what B．that C．which D．them B．being caused C．to have caused D ． to be
33．Some of our history were glorious, others best left in our historical records, never _________. A. to repeat B. to be repeated C. being repeated D. having been repeated
34．Many of the decorations are made from a fragrant type of wood _____is native to China, the floor ______ with ‘gold’ bricks. A．which; is covered C．which; covered B．what; is covered D．what; covered
35．— Mary works really hard and she does well in her tests. — Well, ________. A．that’s her cup of tea C．she is the apple of our eyes B．you reap what you sow D．that’s her feet of clay
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选择中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题纸上将该选项涂黑。 The Beginning of Drama There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the 36 that drama evolved from ritual( 宗
教仪式). The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings 37 the natural forces of the world—even the seasonal changes—as unpredictable,
and they sought through various means to measures which appeared to
these unknown and feared powers. Those
39 the desired results were then kept and repeated until they changed into 40 rituals. 41 stories arose which explained or masked the mysteries of the rituals. As times passed, some rituals were 42 , but the stories, later called myths, continued to exist and provided material for art and drama. Those who believed that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rituals contained the 43 of theatre because music, dance, masks, and 44 were almost 46 the
always used. 45 , a suitable site had to be provided for performances and entire community did not participate , a(n) 47
division was usually made between
the “ area of acting “ and the “ area in which an audience sits ”. Besides, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was 48 to avoiding mistakes
in the practice of rituals, religious leaders usually 49 that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often imitated (模仿) other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed (用哑剧表演出) the 50 51 effect—success in hunt or battle, the coming an actor might. Eventually such dramatic 52 activities. 53 .
rain, the revival of the Sun—
representatives were separated from
Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in
According to this view , tales about the hunt , war or other things are told and gradually spread. 54 through the use of action and dialogue by a narrator and then
through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily gymnastic or that are 55 of animal movements and sounds. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41 A . background B. evidence A. employed A. control A. start A. usual A. Apparently B. viewed B. possess B. show B. direct B. Actually C. assumption C. imagined C guarantee C. continue C. fixed C. Naturally D. theory D. dismissed D. take D. bring D. convincing D. Eventually
42. 43. 44.
A. spread A. content A. routines
B. followed B. seed B. costumes
C. abandoned C. myth
D. history D.
performances 45. result 46 47 48. 49. on 50. 51. 52. 53. A. desired A. as A. social A. accounts B. unpredicted B. whenever B. political B. C. prepared C. whatever C. religious C. D. so D. economic D. D. unexpected A. while A. deep B. although B. clear B. related B. took up C. unless C. equal D when D extra D. tied D. took A. In addition B. In fact C. On the contrary D. As a
A. committed A. put up
C. attached C. put on
story-telling 54. 55. exhibitions A. at first A. creatures B. at a time B. imitations C. at that time C. presentations D. at once D.
阅读理解（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A
The Curse of the Were-Rabbit(2005) is the first full-length
feature film made by directors Nick Park and Steve Box with their amazing plasticine(粘土) characters Wallace and Gromit. It won an Oscar in 2006, and if you watch it, you’ll understand why.
It’s an absolutely brilliant cartoon comedy.
Cheese-loving inventor Wallace and his brainy dog Gromit have started a company to protect the town’s vegetables from hungry rabbits. However, just before the annual Giant Vegetable Competition, an enormous rabbit begins terrorising the town. It is attacking all the vegetables and destroying everything in its path. The competition organizer, Lady Tottington, hires Wallace and Gromit to catch the monster alive. But they will have to find the were-rabbit before gun-crazy hunter Victor Quartermaine who is desperate to kill it. The screenplay is witty and full of amusing visual jokes. As usual, the voice of Peter Sallis is absolutely perfect for the role of Wallace, and Gromit is so beautifully brought to life, he can express a huge range of emotions without saying a word. And both Helena Bonham-Carter, who plays the part of Lady Tottington, and Ralph Fiennes as Victor are really funny. To sum up, The Curse of the Were-Rabbit is an amazing film which is suitable for both children and adults. If you liked Wallace and Gromit’s previous adventures and you appreciate the British sense of humour, you’ll love this film. Don’t miss it! 56．According to the film review, “monster” （paragraph B） refers to ______. A．a gun-crazy hunter C．a brainy dog B．a scary rabbit D．a giant vegetable
57．Which of the following is a reason why the writer recommends the film? A．It’s full of wit and humour. B．Its characters show feelings without words. C．It is an adventure film directed by Peter Sallis. D．It is about the harmony between man and animals.
B Babies, soft, delicate things that they are, typically spend their waking hours surrounded by items of equal softness. When it comes to sleeping , though, to cover a baby in all that softness can be a dangerous choice. Putting infants(婴儿) to bed with blankets and pillows has been linked to sudden infant death syndrome(SIDS), one of the leading causes of infant deaths in the U.S. Even so, more than half of American babies still sleep with unsafe bedding, according to a report published in the journal Pediatrics. “Parents have good intentions but may not understand that blankets, quilts, and pillows increase a baby’s risk of SIDS and accidental suffocation(窒息),” Carrie Shapiro-Mendoza, the study’s lead author, said in a statement. While overall rates of SIDS have decreased in recent years, from 66.3 deaths per 100,000 infants in 2000 to 52.7 in 2010, deaths from sleep suffocation have more than doubled over the same time period. The American Academy of Pediatrics(APP) first recommended that infants sleep on their backs in 1992. In 1996, the AAP declared that sleeping areas should be “free of soft surfaces and gas-trapping objects.” Three years later, the Consumer Product Safety Commission issued a safety warning that babies should be placed to sleep on their backs on a firm, tight-fitting mattress(床垫) in a crib(婴儿床) that meets current safety standards and that pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, and other pillow-like soft products should be removed from the crib. According to the most current guidelines from the National Institutes of Health(NIH), the safest way for a baby to sleep is alone in a crib, on its back, on a firm mattress covered only by a fitted sheet. Often, though, the safest method isn’t the one that parents see. “Parents get a lot of mixed messages about how to put their infants to sleep,” Shapiro-Mendoza told The New York Time. “A relative will give them a quilt or a furry blanket than they may feel obligated(有义务的) to use, or they look at magazine and see a baby sleeping with a pillow.” “Media messages targeted toward mothers of infants or would-be mothers may also
be related to the high popularity of using certain types of bedding,” the researchers wrote, “Seeing images such as these may strengthen beliefs that having these items in the infant sleep area is not only a favorable practice, but also the norm. ” 58. According to the passage, what do parents usually do? A. Put babies to bed with pillows. B. Let babies sleep on their backs C. Let babies sleep alone in a crib. D. Follow the current guidelines of the NIH. 59. What do researchers suggest parents do? A. Parents should get used to the norm of infant sleep. B. Parents should adopt favorable infant sleep practices. C. Parents should share their experiences on infant sleep. D. Parents should be cautious about what the media say about infant sleep. 60. The passage is meant to __________. B. discuss the safest way for infants
A. criticize careless parents. to sleep C. justify traditional parenting methods. in the U.S. C
D. analyze the causes of infant deaths
The healthy adolescent boy or girl likes to do the real things in life, to do the things that matter. He would rather be a plumber’s mate and do a real job that requires doing than learn about hydrostatics(流体静力学) sitting at a desk, without understanding what practical use they are going to be. A girl would rather look after the baby than learn about child care. Logically we should learn about things before doing them and that is probably why the experts enforce this in our educational system. But it is not the natural way — nor, in my view, the best way. The adolescent wants to do things first for only then does he appreciate the problems involved and want to learn more about them. They do these things better in primitive life, for there at puberty(青春期) the boy joins his father in making canoes, patching huts, going out fishing or hunting.
He is serving his apprenticeship in the actual accomplishments of life. It is not surprising that anthropologists( 人类学家 ) find that the adolescents of primitive communities do not suffer from the same neurotic(神经质的) “difficulties” as those of civilized life. This is not, as some assume, because they are permitted more sexual freedom, but because they are given more natural outlets for their native interests and powers and are allowed to grow up freely into a full life of responsibility in the community. In the 19th century this was recognized in the apprenticeship system, which allowed the boy to go out with the master carpenter, or ploughman, to engage in the actual work of carpentry or roof-mending, and so to learn his trade. In some agricultural colleges at the present time young men have to do a year’s work on a farm before their theoretical training at college. The great advantage of this system is that it lets the apprentice see the practical problems before he sets to work learning how to solve them, and he can therefore take a more intelligent interest in his theoretical work. Since more knowledge of more things is now required in order to cope with the adult world, the period of growing-up to independence takes much longer than it did in a more primitive community, and the responsibility for such education, which formerly was in the hands of the parents, is now necessarily undertaken by experts at school. But that should not make us lose sight of the basic principle, namely the need and the desire of the adolescent to engage responsibly in the real pursuits of life and then to learn how—to learn through responsibility, not to learn before responsibility. 61. According to the author, what is the natural way of education? A. Doing things before learning. C. Doing things while learning. B. Doing things as an apprentice. D. Learning practical knowledge first.
62. The main advantage of the natural way of education, whether in primitive or modern times, is that learners ________. A. can learn the trade through solving problems at work B. can work with their masters throughout their learning
C. are given opportunities to develop their interest first D. are given more freedom in doing things and learning 63. According to the context, “this” in the third paragraph refers to ________. A. the difficulties modern adolescents experience B. the way of learning in primitive communities C. the amount of freedom in learning in primitive life D. the kind of skills boys learned from their father 64. Which of the following sums up the author’s main point? A. The apprenticeship system was effective in learning. B. Students should be given more freedom in learning. C. Students develop their interest through learning. D. Learning to solve problems is learning through responsibility. D I stared down at the $14.86 left in my hand after paying the weekly rent for the small house we’d found. We had only a small amount of food in our kitchen. I wondered how I could have gotten my eight-year-old daughter and me to the point where we were so close to homelessness. I made one or two wrong assumptions about being able to find new employment. It seemed that I was on a ladder sliding downward, with no end in sight. Staying here were single moms trying to escape from bad marriages, alcoholics and people who just seemed to have a hard time fitting in. I fell normal, so what was I doing here? More importantly, was there something these people could teach me about surviving until I could climb out of my difficult situation? I swallowed my pride and began to knock on doors. Whether they were single parents or travelers, I was told how to donate blood to earn a bit of money and how one family worked at a local temp( 临时雇员 ) agency that paid daily. Doing everything they recommended allowed me to keep going. The whole time I continued to go to interview after interview in search of a regular job. I landed a job as a receptionist. I saw all the business partners as they came and went. Whenever I had an opportunity to make any kind of a positive impression,
whether offering to return calls, making reservations, recommending a solution to a caller’s problem or anything else, I did so. The effort paid off. My temp-to-perm job was lengthened for another two-week period. I was moved from the reception desk to the second assistant for one of the partners. This gave me the opportunity to see even more of what went on in the firm. I offered the executive assistant help in completing her work so that we could both go home at a more reasonable time. Even though I knew it was rare for this firm to move anyone from a temporary position to a permanent one, I decided I’d do my job as if it were already mine. I organized the file. I set up a follow-up calendar(日程表). I made sure whatever was needed for meeting was there beforehand. I figured that if I could keep working there for over four months, I might have a chance. I had been working there for eight weeks when the executive assistant became ill and was in hospital. Since she was expected back shortly, I offered to step in and do her tasks as well as my own task. Sadly, the executive assistant never did fully recover from her sickness. After working for six of the hardest months of my life, I was permanently offered her position. It provided benefits, stability and eventually the opportunity to move into a better and closer apartment. I worked for that firm for almost five years. I eventually took over the operation of a department and was promoted to the position of manager. Who could have imagined that? My time as a nearly homeless person had given me new compassion(同情) for people in trouble. Instead of simply evicting(驱逐) everyone who couldn’t pay, my apartment developed an awarding-winning program which allowed them to work off their rents by providing needed services, such as cleaning, gardening or painting, somewhere in our apartment buildings. I went on to have other corporate jobs, and I now live in my house. Whenever I see a person who needs help today, I wonder what his story is. And I try to offer him at least a warm cup of coffee or something to eat. Who knows, some day it might be me again. I’d like to think that someone would help me if they could. 65. According to Paragraph 1, what happened to the author? A. She was out of work.
B. She didn’t have any food to eat. C. She hurt herself falling off a ladder. D. She couldn’t afford to pay the rent. 66. The author knocked on other people’s doors in order to _____________. A. borrow some money B. seek some advice C. ask for some basic necessities of life D. complain about the difficulties she was going through 67. The author was promoted to second assistant _____________ A. because of her well designed calendar B. because of her skill in dealing with people C. because she was self-motivated in the company D. because she offered the executive assistant great help 68. The “six of the hardest months of my life ” probably refers to the time when ___________ A. the author had alcohol problems. B. the author had an increased workload. C. the author was driven away from her apartment. D. the author’s daughter was suffering from an illness. 69. If people cannot pay the rent in the author’s apartment buildings, they _____________ A. will be forced to move out. B. will have to pay a heavy fine. C. can do some work instead D. can get an allowance 70. What can we learn from the author’s experience? A. He who laughs last laughs best. B. Wasting time is robbing oneself. C. Gratitude is the sign of noble souls. D. The first elements of success is determination.
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 个小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 When you feel disappointed, you should know it is natural and normal, and everyone will experience it to some extent in their life. Sometimes life deals us a difficult hand, and events and trials arise that we have no control over. Other times it is our own actions themselves that cause our trials. Regardless of the nature of our trials, disappointment is part of life’s journey and how we deal with it will largely determine the quality of our life. Here are some steps to help us to make our journey more enjoyable. Firstly, redefine our rules. It is assumed that everyone has an internal “rule” in their mind. If our internal rules are too perfect, then they will discourage us greatly. For example, if we have a rule that says we need to be perfect, it is likely that we will spend a large amount of time feeling sad and disappointed. So when we feel disappointed, it is wise to review and redefine our rules. Want an example of an encouraging rule? Try this one: I am happy and I am successful since I have made my greatest efforts. Secondly, remind ourselves now and then of the reasons why we are seeking the very goal. As a matter of fact, there are many cases where we have forgotten our original purposes along the way. So it is of great help to remember the reasons why we are committed to a path in the first place when we feel down. By revisiting those reasons, we will likely renew our commitment and not get hung up on the disappointment of the moment. Thirdly, think about our larger vision and recommit to it. Disappointment is merely a setback on what will eventually be a great and inspiring journey. So when we have those momentary setbacks, it is helpful to think about our larger vision and recommit to it. In our larger vision, therefore, a disappointment is a very valuable experience, which serves as a good educator and makes us more able to meet the challenges of the future.
Finally, reset and have a new start. Resetting and starting anew prevents us from abandoning ourselves to self-pity and forces us to get up and move forward. Don’t live in the past. Take what the past has taught us and keep moving. Wake up the very next day as if our whole life is ahead of us and we have the chance to start fresh. Nothing that happened in the past can stop us from creating the life that we have always desired or from accomplishing the goals that we are seeking. Title Introduction learning to deal with it is part of a fulfilling life. Causes of disappointment Events and trials in life are sometimes beyond our (72) ___________. Our trials are sometimes (73) __________ by our own actions. When redefining our rules, we are supposed to Redefine rules ones. (76) (74) ________ whys Recommit to our disappointment vision future. Instead of living in the past, we take what we Reset and start have anew (79) _________ from the past and move forward. Dealing with disappointment effectively can improve the (80) Conclusion ________ of our life and make our life journey enjoyable. (78) ________ of meeting the challenges of the ____ our Being (77) ______ often of our whys helps us renew our commitment and get over the disappointment. Experiencing disappointments prepares us to be our (75) ________ discouraging ones with encouraging Learning to deal with disappointment Disappointment exists (71) ____________and normally in our life and
to dealing with
第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 When we get some money as a gift, how to deal with the money becomes a problem we must face. From my perspective, the answers are diverse in different periods.
However, no matter how you deal with the money, the most important thing is to use it wisely. In my childhood, when the cartoons about the car race extremely attracted me, I would use the money I received to buy toy cars. But when I entered the school, toys could not attract me. In this period, the things I wanted most were some electronic products. I always hurried to buy the up-to-date mobile phone immediately I received money as a gift. Now I have got a job, the things above me not important for me. I do not need some useless things or something I have already had. Probably, saving money in the bank is my best choice. In conclusion, if I receive a sum of money, in different periods I may have different choices. Whatever I choose to do with the gift of money, it must make me feel happy.
1. 用约 30 个单词概括上文的主要内容; 2. 用约 120 个单词就“收到零用钱为礼物”发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)你怎么看待以钱作为礼物； (2)收到钱时，你怎么处理它； (3)你认为青少年用钱时需要注意什么。
1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原 文的句子; 2. 阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 4. 不必写标题。
时堰中学高三年级 2015-2016 学年度上学期第一次考试英语试卷 英语试卷答案
答案：1~5 ABCCB 单项选择：CBDAC 完形填空：CBADC
6~10 BACAB ABDCA DABCB
DCBBA DBCDA ACDAB ABCBCD
阅读理解： BA ADB ACBD 任务型阅读： 71.naturally 72.control
73.caused 74.Approches/Solutions 75.replace
76.Rembmer/Revisit/Recall 77.reminded 78.capable 79.learned/learnt 80.quality 书面表达： The way the author deals with money as a gift changes over time. In the past he would use it to buy toy cars or mobile phones but now he chooses to save it in the bank. Money is always the last thing I would consider as a present. Instead, I prefer to send such gifts as a purse or a pen so that the receivers can use them every day, which is a good way to recall the sincere friendship between us. When I receive money as a gift, I will put it away, for I intend to travel to France next summer. Besides, I’ve decided to donate a small portion of the money to poor children so that they can have a chance to study like me. It is important for teenagers to develop the ability to handle money. First, as teenagers, we should have a plan rather than use money without control. What’s more, we can use the money to help others, because as the saying goes, to give is better than to receive.