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2013读写任务复习(堂上用)


读写任务正文部分指导与训练
一、
年份 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

近 5 年高考读写任务题型分析
话题 老师影响学生 一次想家的经历(含其影响及如何应付) 用金钱鼓励孩子学习 该不该禁止游客和动物拍照 谈理想的大学生活 模式 想起哪位老师—举例—如何看待影响 记叙一次经历—阐述影响—做法 你的看法—做法—你认为如何做 原因—你的反应—你的观点 感受—怎么做

二、
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

读写任务正文部分几种常见模块

你的感受/启发/看法/认为(读后感) 正反观点/利弊 具体做法/解决方法/建议 举例(自己/他人经历) 列举理由/分析原因

三、Practice:读写任务段落写作 1——主题句的模式
解析:进行读写任务写作时,因“写作内容”所列要点的顺序已具有内在的逻辑性,所以考生按 照所给内容要点顺序写作即可,无需重新调整。一般是每个写作要点安排为一个自然段,且将写 作内容的每个要点作为各段的主题句,放在段首。这样安排,既符合英语的写作习惯,又可以避 免写作时跑题或漏掉要点,并且层次分明,方便阅卷老师落实要点是否齐全。当然,如果所给要 点之间有非常紧密的联系,也可以安排在同一个自然段里。 纵观近几年高考,主题句的模式可归纳为重述/回答要点、表明观点/立场、引出建议/方法 / 措施/步骤、引出例证/经历、总述原因这五种。这五种主题句模式也基本与前面归纳的五种常见 模块吻合。在以下练习中,我们将训练如何根据“写作内容”的要求顺利地写出其主题句。 1. “重述/回答要点”类主题句 解析: 当主题句就是写作要点时,为“重述要点”类主题句。如当写作要点为“谈谈??的重 要性”时,该要点就是段落的主题句。所以主题句只需重述该要点,不必回答“有何重要性” , 即说“??很重要” 。当要点提出一定问题时,主题句需做出明确回答,为“回答要点”类主题 句。 1) “重述要点”类主题句 例 1:写作内容:请谈谈独立的重要性。 主题句(中文) :独立很重要/上述故事使我明白了独立的重要性。 主题句(英语) :Inspired by the story, I suddenly realized the importance of independence. 练 1:写作内容:请谈谈你是如何理解梦想在人生中所起的作用的。 主题句(中文) :没有人可以否认梦想在一个人的人生中起着非常重要的作用。 主题句(英语) :Nobody will deny that dreams play a very important part in one’s life. 练 2:写作内容: 请谈谈中学生活与大学生活的差别。 主题句(中文) 在我看来,大学生活与中学生活肯定是不一样的。 : 主题句(英语) :From my point of view, college life is bound to be different from that in high school. 2) “回答要点”类主题句 例 1:写作内容:假如你处在那些动物的处境,你会有什么反应。 (2009 广东高考)
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主题句(中文) :如果我是野生动物公园的动物,当人们不停地给我拍照的时候我会很生气。 主题句(英语) :If I were an animal in the wildlife park, I could feel annoyed when people keep photographing with me. 练 1:写作内容:你认为是什么导致了三兄弟的薪酬差异。 主题句(中文) 是他们对工作的不同态度导致了薪酬差异。 : 主题句(英语) :It was their different attitudes toward their work that resulted in their different wages. 练 2:写作内容:你认为好老师应具备什么样的好品质。 主题句(中文) :在我眼里,好老师应该公平对待学生,讲课生动有趣。 主题句(英语) :In my eyes, a good teacher should treat his or her students fairly as well as make the class lively and interesting. 2. “表明观点/立场”类主题句 解析:当写作内容让你就某话题发表支持或赞同,反对或不赞同等意见时,就使用这类主题句。 例 1:写作内容:对于因特网的利弊人们观点不一,你认为如何? 主题句(中文) :总而言之,我们可以得出一个结论: (人们对于因特网的)赞成多过反对。 过去的二十年见证了全国经济与因特网的快速发展。如果我们好好利用因特网的话更光辉的未来 将等着我们。 主题句 (英语) All in all, we can safely come to the conclusion that the pros outweigh the cons. : The past twenty years witnessed the fast development of the Internet along with national economy. A brighter future is awaiting as if we make good use of the Internet. 练 1:写作内容:你对学校拆掉老图书馆的看法。 主题句(中文) :就我个人而言,我觉得我们应该保护老图书馆。 主题句(英语) :Personally, I believe we should preserve this old library. 练 2:写作内容:你认为是否应该穿校服上学。 主题句(中文) :我很支持学校要求学生在校园里穿校服。 主题句(英语) firmly support the requirement that students should wear school uniform :I on the campus. 3.“引出建议/方法/措施/步骤”类主题句 解析:当写作内容让你提出具体解决方法或建议等时,就使用这类主题句。 例 1:写作内容: 举例说明中学生在日常安全方面应该注意的事项。 主题句(中文) 作为中学生,我们应该学习一些安全知识。 : 主题句(英语) :As middle school students, we should learn some knowledge about safety. 练 1:写作内容: 如何才能忘却悲伤或获得快乐。 主题句(中文) 既然人生不可能一帆风顺,我们应该找一些有效的方法使我们自己快乐。 : 主题句(英语) :Since life is unlikely to be smooth, we should find some effective ways to make ourselves happy. 练 2:写作内容:你认为子女有哪些方式可以表达对父母的爱。 主题句(中文) :我们可以用各种各样的方式来向父母表达我们的爱,比如给他们送礼物或 卡片,为他们煮一顿饭或者经常给他们打电话。 主题句 (英语) We can show love to our parents in various ways, such as giving them gifts or : cards, cooking them a good meal or phoning them frequently. 4.“引出例证/经历”类主题句
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解析:当写作内容让你举例时,使用这种主题句来引出记叙,例如“以你自己成长的经历说明你 的感受” ,或者引出其他人的故事作为例证。 例 1:写作内容: (2007 年广东高考题)以你自己成长的经历说明你的感受 主题句(中文) 还没来得及读完这封感人的信,眼泪就涌上了我的眼睛。它使我想起了 : 在我成长的过程中,你鼓励我做个有很多优点的人的很多事情。 主题句(英语) Tears welled up into my eyes before finishing reading the moving letter. It : reminded me of the numerous cases in which you encouraged me to be a person of great merits in the course of my growth. 练 1:写作内容:简述生活中让你抱怨的一次经历。 主题句(中文) :上面这个故事让我想起了自己一年前参加英语演讲比赛的经历。 主题句(英语) :The story above reminds me of my own experience one year ago when I entered for an English speaking competition. 练 2:写作内容:简述你经历过的一次困难或考验。 主题句(中文) :读完了这个故事,我情不自禁想起了自己进高中后参加军训的经历。 主题句(英语) :After reading the story, I can’t help thinking of my own experience when I joined in the military training after I entered senior high school. 5.“总述原因”类主题句 解析:当写作内容让你具体说明某现象或你个人观点的原因时,使用这种主题句。 例 1:写作内容:请谈谈导致这些变化的原因。 主题句(中文) :我们生活中产生的那些变化有三个原因。 主题句(英语) :There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. 练 1:写作内容:你觉得要不要拆除老图书馆及其原因。 主题句(中文) :基于以下原因,我支持拆除老图书馆。 主题句(英语) :My supporting for tearing down the old library is based on the following reasons. 练 2:写作内容:关于学校要求学生着校服这一现象发表你的看法及原因。 主题句(中文) 关于此事,我不同意他们(的规定) : ,原因如下。 主题句(英语) can’t agree with them on this occasion for the following reasons. :I

四、 Practice:读写任务段落写作 2——拓展句的模式
解析:文章的一个段落通常包括主题句和拓展句两部分(有的还有结尾句) 。其中,主题句一般 位于段首,提出段落主题、确定段落发展方向及展开模式,而拓展句用以阐述、论证、支持主题 句的要点,使段落更加丰满。一般来说,围绕主题句展开拓展句的模式有以下几种: 1.细化主题 解析:这种类型的拓展句用于对主题句加以更加清晰的补充说明,以完整表达个人对于某现象的 看法、观点、感受等。有些拓展句之间可以用“第一/首先、第二/其次/另外??最后”这些,而 另外一些则不宜用,这取决于所要表达的写作内容,应以文章整体读起来自然为使用前提。 例 1:写作内容:(关于“校园浪费现象”主题)浪费的危害。这篇相对难一些,可以让学生了解一 些高级词汇和表达 主题句:这种现象会带来很多不利影响。Such a phenomenon has brought many unfavorable consequences 拓展句(讨论并写出提纲) : 1.造成经济损失,加重家庭的负担; 2.造成对环境的危害;
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3.学生会养成懒惰的坏习惯,影响校园的风气。 首先,父母们是直接受害者,因为校园浪费意味着他们要承受更重的经济负担。其次,对于环 境也是有害的,因为浪费会导致严重的环境污染。而且,随着浪费现象越来越普遍,铺张浪费的 氛围会在大学里形成,这显然是有违大学教育的初衷的.最后,浪费会让学生养成懒惰的坏习惯, 影响他们的个性发展。 拓展句(英语) :Such a phenomenon has brought many unfavorable consequences. To begin with, parents are the direct victims, because waste on campus means heavier financial burden for them to suffer. In the second place, it is also harmful to the environment in that waste will cause serious environmental pollution. What’s more, students will get into lazy habits so as to affect their personality development. Last but not least, the extravagant atmosphere will come into being in universities as waste becomes more and more common, which, obviously, goes against the aim of university education.

下面的是原来的版本,可以参考一下 首先,父母们是直接受害者,因为校园浪费意味着他们要承受更重的经济负担。其次,对于学 生他们自己也是有害的,因为浪费会让学生养成懒惰的坏习惯,甚至于会影响他们的个性发展。 最后,随着浪费现象越来越普遍,铺张浪费的氛围会在大学里形成,这显然是有违大学教育的初 衷的。 拓展句(英语) :Such a phenomenon has brought many unfavorable consequences. To begin with, parents are the direct victims, because waste on campus means heavier financial burden for them to suffer. In the second place, it is also harmful to students themselves in that waste will foster lazy habits so as to affect their personality development. Last but not least, the extravagant atmosphere will come into being in universities as waste becomes more and more common, which, obviously, goes against the aim of university education.

练 1: 写作内容: (关于 “E-mail and me” 主题)使用电子邮件给你的学习和生活带来什么帮助。 (备 指 P280 writing 3) 主题句: 使用电子邮件对我的生活有很积极的影响。 Using e-mail has had a very positive effect on my study and life. 拓展句(中文) : 1. 跟世界各地的人们联系; 2. 方便与老师、同学和朋友沟通; 外出时可以跟朋友分享照片; 3. 可以跟同学分享有助于学习的资料;还可以保持重要的邮件,以备将来之用。 拓展句(英语) :Using e-mail has had a very positive effect on my study and life.

It has brought me in touch with many people throughout the world as well as increasing my ability to
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conveniently communicate with my teachers, classmates and local friends. I like to use it to send pictures of my holidays to friends and to tell them how I am getting along when I am away. I also use it to share documents with my classmates that can benefit our study. I can also save important e-mails if they have information that may be of use to me later.
练 2:写作内容:(关于“阅读”主题)你对读书俱乐部的看法。 主题句:读书俱乐部的存在很有价值。让学生翻译 拓展句(中文) :毫无疑问,在现今这个快节奏的社会里,阅读正是我们现代人所缺乏的。 而且,读同样的书,跟人分享我们所想会有助于丰富我们的知识,开阔我们的视野。 拓展句(英语) :The existence of book clubs is of great value. There is no doubt that in a fast-paced society reading is exactly what we modern people lack. Also, reading the same book and sharing what we think of it can help us enrich our knowledge and broaden our horizon. 练 3:写作内容:(关于“承担家务责任”主题)你觉得现在孩子做家务的情况如何。 (5.3 P337 Writing13)以下的可以让学生课后做或看 拓展句(中文) :现在很多孩子都理所当然地认为他们的父母应该做家里的所有事情。他们 要么忙着打游戏,要么做他们的作业,但是很少有人洗碗或是做清洁。 拓展句 (英语) Nowadays, quite a lot of children take it for granted that their parents should : do all the chores at home. They are either busy playing games or doing their schoolwork but seldom wash dishes or do the cleaning. 练 4: 写作内容: (关于 “父母过度照顾子女” 主题)表达你在此方面对父母的希望和建议。 (5.3 P338 Writing15) 拓展句(中文) :在一定程度上,我理解父母的担忧,但我认为父母应该因为孩子就是那样 而爱孩子,而不是爱他们想让孩子成为的那个样子。我希望他们可以给我们机会让我们去追寻我 们的梦想,可以从尝试和错误中去学习。即便我们失败了,我们也可以从失败中汲取教训。 拓展句(英语) :To some extent, I understand parents’ concerns, but I think they should love their children for who they are, not what they want them to be. I hope they will give us the chance to chase our own dreams and learn by trial and error. Even if we fail, we can learn from those failures. 练 5:写作内容: (关于“青少年缺乏睡眠”主题)青少年缺乏睡眠的危害 (5.P336 writing10)
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答案略 拓展句(中文) :缺乏睡眠让青少年受苦。不但让我们很疲劳,而且很难适应学校。更糟糕 的是,我们可能会发展出一些危险的行为习惯。 拓展句(英语) :Lack of sleep will cause teenagers to suffer. According to my experience, I learn that a long-term lack of sleep will not only make us tired but also make it difficult for us to adapt to school. Even more, we are at the risk of developing dangerous behavior such as depression , smoking and so on. 2. 解释原因、列举具体支撑点 解析:这种类型的拓展句用于具体说明主题句中说到的某现象或想法、倾向的原因,也可用于提 出具体做法、建议等。 例 1:解决校园作弊的方法 先口头说说,展示 拓展句(中文) :在我看来,要终结这一严重问题需要各方的努力。 (主题句) 1. 学校当局要明确指出作弊行为要受到严厉惩罚。 2. 所有科目的老师要为年轻人做好榜样。 3. 学生要认识到诚实的重要性,并跟不诚信的行为做斗争。 首先,学校当局应明确指出任何考试中的作弊行为,从小声说话和抄袭、通过手机接收答 案到向电话另一端寻求帮助,都将毫无例外地受到严厉惩罚。另外,所有科目的老师都应该通过 诚实的言行来为年轻人做个榜样,以重建诚信。最后,我们国家的年轻一代,年幼的学生们,应 视诚恳正直为做个诚实负责的公民的先决条件,并学会在生活中蔑视不诚信的行为并与之斗争。 拓展句(英语) :To put an end to such a serious problem, in my mind, calls for the efforts from

First of all, the university authority should make it clear that any cheating behaviors in the examinations, from whispering and copying, receiving answers via mobile phones to asking ringers for help, will be severely punished with no exception. Moreover, teachers of all subjects should do all the way to restore honesty by setting an example for the youth through speaking sincerely and behaving truthfully. Last but not least, young students, the future of our nation, should view
all sides.
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integrity as the prerequisite to an upright and responsible citizen as so to learn to despise and fight dishonest behaviors throughout the life.
练 1:写作内容:午睡很有益的原因。 拓展句(中文) : 1. 放松方式,帮助提高效率; 2. 对健康有益,得高血压和心脏病的可能性降低; 3.使我们心情愉悦,脾气温和,更容易跟人相处。 科学家们告诉我们,午间休息是一种很积极的放松方式。它帮助我们提高下午和晚上的效率。令 人惊讶的是,从长远来看,它对我们的健康也是有益的:我们得高血压和心脏病的可能性会极大 地减少。关于午睡最不寻常的一点是它有助于我们心情愉悦、脾气温和。因此,它也会让我们在 日常生活中更容易跟人相处。

Noontime rest, scientists tell us, is a good means of active relaxation. It helps us improve efficiency both in the afternoon and in the evening. Surprisingly enough, it also benefits our health in the long run: the possibility of developing hypertension and heart diseases has been reduced significantly. The most remarkable thing about noontime rest is that it helps us develop a good mood and a mild temper. Consequently it is easier for us to get along with the others in our daily life.
拓展句 (英语) : 练 2:写作内容:你对团购(group buying)的看法并陈述理由。 (5.3 P339 writing2) 拓展句(中文) :在我看来,团购……。 (主题句)_
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1. 足不出户,以最低价买到想要的产品; 2.商家通过团购大量销售和降低市场花费 _________________________ 拓展句 (英语) From my point of view, the advantages of group buying are obvious. For one : thing, by cooperating with each other we can buy whatever we want without going out and get the most satisfactory goods at the lowest price. For another, manufactures can sell goods on a large scale and reduce marketing expenses. 练 3:写作内容:结合自己的生活说明你喜欢(传统购物方式或网上购物)的理由。 (5.3 P336 Writing11) (答案略) 拓展句(中文) : 拓展句(英语) :As for me, I prefer traditional shopping. It is really fun to go into shops and look at the goods in person. We can choose what we really need and have a good bargain. We can talk freely with others instead of a cold machine. I often go shopping with my parents on weekends and we have a very good communication every time. Although everything is available onlien and we needn’t even leave our home, we may be cheated and waste money. So traditional shopping is better than Internet shopping. 练 4:写作内容:你觉得年龄是否阻碍师生成为朋友,说明理由(5.3 P339 Writing3) 拓展句(中文) : 拓展句 (英语) I don’t take the age gap as the blockage to close teacher-student relationship. : Despite our various shortcomings, it has always been the teacher who offers us assistance at the very beginning of learning, tells us what to do, and of course looks after us. When we realize this importance, we will never care much about the age difference between teachers and students, but instead take them as older friends with rich experiences and stories. 练 5:青少年业余时间打零工:是否支持?为什么?(5.3 P338 writing 16) (答案略) 拓展句(中文) : 拓展句 (英语) As far as I can see, part-time jobs do more good than harm to teenagers. It is : true that study is our main task and it should always come first. But study is not everything. As teenagers, we should also build our characters and learn more through practice. 3. 举例或引出经历 解析:这种类型的拓展句围绕某一主题给出具体事例或引用某人的经历来对之进行说明。 练 1:写作内容:(关于“节约资源,爱我校园”主题)你认为校园里存在哪些浪费现象。 (5.3 P337 Writing14) 拓展句(中文) :然而,浪费现象的确存在于我们的校园(主题句) 。

1. 空教室还 开 着 灯 , 浪 费 水。
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2. 扔掉可以 循 环 利 用 的 饮 料瓶子,练习纸和书。 3. 使用不环保餐盒,带来白 色污染。 举个例子, 我们经常看 到一个教室空荡荡,里面的 灯却亮着。也不难看到浪费 水的例子。另外,有些人会 扔掉可以被循环利用的饮料 瓶子、用过的练习纸和书。 更糟的是,有些人使用不环
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保餐盒, 从而带来白色污染。
. For example, very often we come across an empty classroom with lights still on. It’s not difficult to find evidence of wasting water. Additionally, some throw away the soft drink bottles ,used exercise papers and books, which should be recycled. Worse still, others use non-environmental lunch boxes, causing “white pollution”.
拓展句(英语) :However, the problems of waste do exist on the school campus 练 2:写作内容:(关于“鼓励对人的积极作用”主题)以你或他人的例子说明鼓励的作用。 (专项 writingP217 writing3) 拓展句 (中文) ___________________________________________________________________ : ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 拓展句(英语) still remember when I was in junior middle school. I was chosen to give a :I speech in the school meeting, representing my class. I prepared for a long time, but then when I was on stage I was so nervous that I had to stop to search for my words twice. Those three minutes seemed like a lifetime. The applause afterwards, as I expected, was not enthusiastic. I was very depressed the rest of the day until school was over. I was walking home with my head hanging when I heard some students discussing my speech. They said my speech was very inspiring! All of a sudden my heart rose and I felt better than ever. 见 P285 练 3:写作内容:(关于“父母过度照顾子女”主题)以你自己或他人成长的某次经历,说明父母过 度照顾对子女的影响。 (5.3 P344 Writing11) 翻译文段 拓展句(中文) :在我看来,父母的过度保护对于孩子们的成长害处多过好处。比如,因为担 心会影响到孩子们的教育,今天的父母总是不让他们做家务、参与课外活动及跟人交际。然而, 父母们做的会阻碍孩子健康发展。 父母过度照顾对子女的影响)在我小的时候,我想学吉他,但我 ( 父母不允许,因为他们认为这会让我分心。只要我在学业上取得好成绩他们就开心了,但是他们 对于我作为人的全面发展却似乎不怎么关注。 拓展句(英语) :In my opinion, parents’ overprotection does more harm than good to the
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growth of children themselves. For example, parents today discourage their children from doing housework, attending extracurricular activities and socializing with others because they fear it will interrupt their education. However, what parents do will prevent children from developing healthily. When I was younger I wanted to learn to play the guitar but my parents wouldn’t allow me to do so because they believed it would distract me from my studies. They were happy as long as I achieve good academic performances but they don’t seem concerned about my overall development as a person. 练 4:写作内容: (关于“用金钱鼓励孩子学习”主题)你的父母或其他亲人是如何鼓励你学习的。 (5.3 P326 writing2) 拓展句(中文) : 拓展句(英语) :version 1: My parents and family often tell me some encouraging stories in ancient or modern times such as Li Bai, Zhou Enlai and so on. Each time I make a little progress in my study, they always praise me with open arms, and whenever I am confronted with difficulties my family always stand on my side. I feel comfortable and warm in my heart for what they do for me. I make up my mind that I’ll live up to my family and my homeland. Version 2: I have been lucky enough to have a very good relationship with my parents. They have supported me and taught me a great deal about why and how to study. Whenever I have difficulty studying, my parents always encourage me by telling me some heroes’ stories. 4. 比较和对比(利弊) 解析:这种类型的拓展句用于比较两种现象或观点、做法等的优缺点。 练 1:海外留学的好处与坏处。 拓展句(中文) :

1. 好处: 学术水平较高, 研究设施先进; 2. 对学生个性形成有作用,更为独立, 勤奋,有进取心 3. 坏处: 很难适应新环境,文化差异 阻碍正常生活 4. 钱也是个大问题。
海外留学的主要好处如下:一、学术水平通常还是高些,而且研究设施通常更为先进。二、 海外学习的经历对于个性的形成(其作用)是无价的,它会使得大部分学生更为独立、勤奋、更 有进取心(enterprising) 。然而,其负面效应也很明显。首先,一个人如果在出去之前没有做好 充分准备,他就很难适应新环境。其次,文化差异会在很多方面阻碍正常生活。最后,钱往往也
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是个大问题。很多学生都得找兼职来赚钱支付学费。

The main benefits of studying overseas are as follows. First, the academic level is usually higher and the research facilities are usually more advanced. In the second place, the experience of studying aboard will be invaluable to character building, making most students more independent, diligent and enterprising. However, the negative effects are also obvious. To begin with, if a person does not make full preparations before going out, he will have great difficulty adapting to the new environment. Second, the cultural differences will hinder the regular life in many ways. Finally, money is always a big problem. Many students have to find part-time jobs to earn money to pay tuition and fees.
拓展句(英语) : 练 2:写作内容:青少年业余时间打零工利弊(5.3 P338 writing 16) 拓展句(中文) : 1.__________________________________________________________________________________
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2.__________________________________________________________________________________ 3.__________________________________________________________________________________ 拓展句 (英语) Just as the experts say, part-time jobs have both advantages and disadvantages. By : doing part-time jobs, we can learn about how society works and this will help us better understand the things happening around us. Meanwhile, we understand how hard it is to earn money so that we will be careful with our spending. However, long hours’ work may also have bad effects on our studies. 练 3:写作内容: 关于不同的旅游方式 让学生翻译 拓展句(中文) :那些决定去自助游的人认为他们喜欢独自游玩时的自由和灵活性,如果你 喜欢当地的美丽风景你就可以呆的时间长一点。另外,你会有更多机会跟当地居民或者是来自世 界各地的游客沟通,这将是非常刺激、令人难忘的经历。另一些更喜欢跟团旅游的人则声称你不 必担心时间、路线和住宿,这使得你可以把精力集中在美丽的景色和迷人的当地风俗上。而且, 它也比自助游更安全,也没那么耗时间。 拓展句 (英语) Those people who decide to go on a self-tour argue that they love the freedom : and flexibility when they travel by themselves—— you can stay longer if you enjoy the beautiful scenery there. Furthermore, you will have more chances to communicate with local residents or other tourists from all over the world, which will be an exciting and unforgettable experience. Other people who prefer going on a package tour maintain that you do not have to worry about time, route and accommodation, which enables you to concentrate on the splendid landscape and enchanting(迷人的) local custom. Moreover, it is safer and less time-consuming than self-tour. 练:4:写作内容:就“书该不该买”这一主题发表看法(专项 P208,题一) (答案见专项 P282) 拓展句(中文) :有些人认为书应该借来看,这样既可以充分利用公共资源,又可以节约。有些 人认为书应该买来看,这样才会更方便。 拓展句(英语) : Many people choose to borrow books from libraries. For one thing, borrowing books can not only make full use of the public resources but also save us large amounts of money. For another, just as a famous Chinese saying goes, books can not be read unless borrowed. It can drive us to study more efficiently. However, others argue that the advantages of buying books are more obvious. Firstly, we can keep the books as long as we wish. Secondly, we can make notes on them. Finally, the process of selecting and keeping books can be great fun.

练 5:写作内容:描述你周围的同学对网上购物的不同看法。 (5.3 P336 Writing11) 拓展句(中文) : 拓展句 (英语) My classmates have different attitudes to it. Some think that it is very convenient to : shop online. Others believe that it is unsafe to buy goods with credit cards and it is impossible to check the quality.

五、 Practice:读写任务段落写作 3——结尾句的模式(参考 5.3 P332-333)
在写结尾句时,我们要注意以下两点: (1). 把握文章主题句的关键词,但不可使用与主题句相同的句式;
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(2). 表述内容要与主题一致,但必须从某个角度对主题进行深化:或提出自己的建议,或表述自 己的观点,或进一步提出问题发人深省。 具体写作时,我们可以从以下几个方面构思结尾句: 1. 重申主题 例 1:写作内容:你认为在中国是否应开设京剧课程。 结尾句(中文) :各地人们的喜好都不同,所以我坚定地认为只应该在北京教京剧。 结尾句 (英语) Tastes differ from place to place. So I hold the strong belief that Peking Opera : should only be taught in Beijing. 练 1:写作内容:互助才能共赢。 (5.3 P335 Writing7) 结尾句(中文) 所以,我们可以得出一个结论:只有通过团队协作,参与的各方才能获得 : 利润。 结尾句 (英语) Therefore, we can safely come to the conclusion that only by teamwork can all : sides involved gain profit. 2. 陈述积极意义 例 1:写作内容:改变自己以适应世界 结尾句(中文) 当你发现环境不可改变的时候,就改变你的态度。只有这样你才能实现 :

周围世界的最终改变。
结尾句(英语) :Change your attitude when you find the environment unchangeable. Only in this way can you achieve an eventual change of the world around you. 练 1:写作内容:做人要诚实 结尾句(中文) 以上讨论的所有东西都说明了一个不可否认的事实:诚实(对于我们而言) : 是值得的。诚信一直是以后也将是一个民族美德,这点我们都应铭记在心,小心践行,因为“诚 实为上策” 。 结尾句 (英语) All that has been discussed above points out an undeniable fact that it pays to : be honest. Honesty has long been and will always be a national virtue, which all of us should learn by heart and practice with extreme care, because “Honesty is the best policy”. 3. 提出解决问题的方法、建议 例 1:写作内容:广告的利弊及对于广告的管理 结尾句(中文) :就我个人而言,广告既有优点又有缺点。我们应努力去促进相关法律法规

的建立,这样消费者的权益才能得到保障。
结尾句 (英语) Personally, there are advantages and disadvantages to advertisements. Great : efforts should be made to promote the establishment of laws and regulations so that the consumers’ rights can be guaranteed. 练 1:写作内容:养宠物的利弊及如何解决养宠物可能带来的问题。 结尾句(中文) :从以上的讨论我们可清晰地看出(养宠物的)坏处更为明显。政府应该控 制宠物的总数,宠物的主人也应该照顾好他的宠物,以免它污染环境、传播疾病,甚至是袭击人。 结尾句 (英语)From what has been discussed above, we can see clearly that the disadvantages : are more obvious. The government should control the total number of pets, and the owner should take care of his pets lest/in case it pollutes the environment and spreads diseases or even attack people. 4. 进行号召或发出呼吁 例 1:写作内容:如何看待生活中的考验
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结尾句(中文) 生活里不仅有阳光,也有些艰难时刻。在困难目前我们应勇敢。让我们 :

学会把我们正在面对的生活中的考验当作通向未来成功的垫脚石。
结尾句(英语) :Life consists of not only sunshine but also hard times. We should be brave in front of difficulties. Let’s learn to use the trials of life we are facing as a stepping —stone to future success. 练 1:写作内容:建设“生态校园” ,你该做点什么。 (5.3 P343 Writing9) 结尾句(中文) :要把我们的学校建成生态校园,首先我们应该教育我们的同学们更加环保。 然后我们可以从一些小事做起,如收集用过的东西来循环利用,关灯,节水。永远记得我们的责 任,及“每一件小事都很重要” 。 结尾句(英语) :To build ours an Eco-school, first I must educate my schoolmates to be more environmentally friendly. Then we can start from doing some small things, such as collecting used items for recycling, turning off the lights, saving water. Always remember our responsibilities, and “Every little counts!” 六、 Practice:读写任务段落写作 4——全篇练习 话题 1:改变自我(5.3 P343Writing18) (模式:读后感/感受/看法——举例——再感受) 话题 2:高中文理分科(5.3 P342 Writing13) (模式:你的态度及原因—利弊——你的建议) 话题 3:电视给孩子带来不良影响(专项 P220, (六)(模式: ) (现象)——危害/影响——建议/ 做法)

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