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外研版必修二 Module1

New word 1.diet

Module 1

Our Body and Healthy Habits

n.饮食,日常食物 vi.照医生的规定饮食 eg.We must diet and take more exercise. The doctor advised more fruit in h

is diet.

搭配:a balanced diet 均衡的饮食 be on a diet 正在节食 go on a diet 节制饮食 eg: I’m gaining weight. I should go on a diet. I don’t eat sweets now. I’m on a diet. 2.fit adj.健康的,强健的 eg: To stay fit, you need to take part in sports. 拓展:fit adj. 适合的,胜任的 搭配:be fit for 适合某事/工作/职位 Be fit to do 适合做 eg: I don’t think she is fit enough to look after the children. He is too young. He is not fit for the job. fit vt. 适合,合适 fit sb. 某人穿着合身 eg: The dress fits you well. 辨析:fit suit match fit: 通常指衣物,物品大小,形状适合,吻合。 suit: 通常表示衣物或其他物品的样式,颜色等适合某人,也指时间,场所,情况适 合某人。 match: 表示衣物或物品彼此放在一起搭配协调。 eg:----- What about the style of the coat? -------It suit you very well. The curtains in my room match the wall. 3.rarely hardly never little seldom scarcely (否定副词)极少的,几乎不,从不,很 少,不常(否定副词放在句首时,句子需要部分倒装,即把助动词,系动词或情态 动词提到主语之前) eg: Rarely does he go out for dinner. Hardly can she skate on the real ice. 4.anxious adj.焦虑的,不安的,渴望的 搭配:be anxious about sth. 为某事担忧 be anxious for sb. 为某人担忧 be anxious to do sth.渴望做某事 eg:Mother is always anxious about her son’s health. We are anxious for your safe return. Mary will go to the concert tonight because she is anxious to see the famous singer. 5.injure vt.伤害 eg: Too much smoking will injure the voice. 辨析:injure hurt wound injure: 及物动词,多指在意外事故中受伤,也指损害健康,成就,荣誉,自尊等。 hurt: 作为及物动词,即可指肉体上的伤害,也可指精神上或感情上的伤害。作为不 及物动词,是疼痛的意思。

wound: 作为动词,表示在战斗,搏斗中受伤。作为名词,表示创伤。 注意:the injured the wounded 都表示一类人, “受伤者” ,作主语时谓语动词用复数。 eg: The injured were sent to the nearby hospital. The war ended, but the wounded were a big problem. 6.normal adj. 正常的,一般的 eg: It’s normal to feel tired after such a long trip. 辨析:normal common ordinary regular normal:侧重于“符合标准而无异常” 。 common:多表示因为数量多或出现频繁而显得普通,一般。反义词 rare. ordinary:指的是“平常的,普通的,没有什么特别的地方” 。反义词 special. regular:指定期的,有规律的。 eg: Rabbits and foxes are common in Britain. I think the artist’s paintings are rather ordinary. His pulse is not very regular. 7.at least 至少,最少 词组:not in the least 一点也不,根本不 at most 最多,至多 8. eye vt.注视,观看 eg: He couldn’t help eyeing the cake hungrily. 拓展:have an eye for 对……有鉴赏力 keep an eye on 留神、照看 look sb. in the eye 直视/正视某人 eg:Could you please keep an eye on my luggage? In the eyes of his teacher, the boy has an eye for painting. 9.make sure:确保、设法保证 搭配:make sure of sth.确保某事 make sure(not)to do sth.确保(不)做某事 make sure (that)-clause 从句(常用一般现在时) 辨析:make sure 表示“确定、查明、确保” ,后面常接宾语从句或 of 短语。 be sure 后接不定式时意为“一定” ;若接 of/about 短语或从句时,表示说话者“肯 定、有把握” 。 eg:He arrived early to make sure of a seat. Make sure that all the windows are closed before you leave. I’m not sure of her telephone number. I’m sure that I can catch the last bus. 注意:祈使句用 be sure 10.be crazy about 迷恋于、热衷于、痴迷于 go crazy 发疯、发狂 drive sb. Crazy 使人发疯、逼的某人疯狂 like crazy 疯狂地、拼命地 11.breathe vi.&vt.呼吸 eg: Humans,animals and plants all breathe air. 拓展:breath n.呼吸,气息 out of breath 气喘吁吁地,上气不接下气地 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 lose one’s breath 喘不过气来 take a deep breath 深吸一口气 eg: The doctor told him to take a deep breath . We held our breath ,waiting for the winner to be announced. 12.pick up( 1).拾起,捡起 (2).使搭乘 ( 3).振作起来 ( 4).学会 (5).获得,接受到( 6).好转,

恢复(7).接收到 ( 8).买到 Eg: Sam picked up some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it She picked up the telephone on the table and began to dial. You can pick up BBC on the radio. After the operation, her health has greatly picked up. I was lucky to pick up some used stamps. 13.lie down 躺下 eg:The doctor had a hard time helping her lie down. 辨析:lie 躺,位于 lay(过去时) lain(过去分词) lying(现在分词) lie 说谎 lied(过去时) lied(过去分词) lying(现在分词) 14.begin with 以…开始… eg: The teacher began with an interesting story. 拓展:to begin with 首先(常做插入语) start with 开始 end up with 以…结束… 难句解析: 1.”Ok,ok .”Zhou Kai went and did as he was told.(方式状语从句) eg: When in Rome, do as Romans do. 2.But that’s because I was stupid enough to play football in the rain.(表语从句) He was caught in a traffic jam. It was why he was late for the meeting. 注意:This/That/It is why…..后面接结果。 3.I’d rather eat a nice piece of fruit. 搭配:would rather (not) do 宁愿(不)做 would rather do than do 宁愿做…也不愿做 eg:Mark would rather stay at home than go shopping. 4.Go to bed now or you’ll be really tired tomorrow. 句型:祈使句 + or +陈述句 (祈使句表示条件) 祈使句 + and + 陈述句 祈使句 + ---- + 陈述句 名词短语+ and +陈述句 Eg: Take the chance ,or you’ll regret it. Take mor exercise and you’ll get really fit. A word from you and he will come. 5.That couldn’t be better. 那再好不过了。 6.Britain was the first country in the world to have a free health care system paid for by the government.(不定式作定语,修饰 the first country) 注意:常用不定式作定语的情况: 1. 位于序数词、形容词最高级后。 2.名词被序数词、形容词最高级或 only,next 等词修饰时。 3.位于 something, anything ,nothing 等不定代词和 little, much, a lot 等词后。 eg: She was the only student to finish the homework. His first book to be published next month is based on a true story. 语法: 1. 名词转化为动词 (1) 表示身体部位的名词,如 head, hand ,eye, face ,nose, shoulder 等。 (2) 表示身份和职务的名词,如 nurse, host ,guard 等。 (3) 表示动物名称的名词,如 dog(对问题)纠缠,fish, snake 蜿蜒前进

(4) (5) (6) (7) 2. will

表示地点与场所的名词,如 house, corner, bridge, prison 等。 表示自然现象的名词,如 rain, wind, storm. 表示通讯设备与交通工具的名词,如 bus, ship, train, email, radio 等。 其他一些表实物的名词,如,book, map, seat, picture, dress, bottle 等。 will/be going to 表示将来 (1) 只谈论将来的事情,没有主观的因素 Eg: I’m 16 now, and I’ll be 17 next year. (2) 表示临时决定做某事(一般听了对方的话后所作出的反应) Eg:----My head hurts. -----Sit down and I’ll examine you. (3) 表示说话人的预见 Eg:She will be OK after taking the medicine. (4) 表示一种倾向性或习惯动作。 (不表将来) Eg:Every Sunday we will go out for dinner.

Be going to (1) 表示事先考虑后决定做某事,通常意为“打算/准备做某事” eg: I’m going to see my mother this Sunday. (2)表示有迹象表明即将发生或不可避免地要发生某事。 eg: Look at the clouds! It’s going to rain. 将来动作的其他表达方法 (1) come,go,leave,fly,stay,return 等的进行时表很快就要发生的动作。 (2) come,go,leave,take off 等的一般现在时表示按时刻表要进行的动作。 (3) be to do 表示按计划或安排要发生的动作。 (4) be about to do 表示即将发生的动作,常与 when 连用(不与将来时间连用) 。 eg:The plane takes off at 7:00 tomorrow morning. ----Tommy, dinner is ready! -----I’m coming. You are to arrive on time for the meeting.

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