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Unit 3. Travel journal 一、知识讲授 1、Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train? sth. 更喜欢? (sb.) to do sth. 更喜欢(某人)做? prefer that(should)+动词原形? 更喜欢? sth./doing...to sth./doing? 与?相比更喜欢?;宁愿?,不愿? to do...rather than do? 宁可?也不? eg:I would prefer meat to fish. I prefer singing to acting. He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping. 2、Then she persuade me to buy one. (1)、说服; 劝服; sb 说服某人 persuade sb. (not) to do sth. sb. into / out of doing sth. eg:I persuaded him to do it. =I persuaded him into doing it. (2) 、使相信,使信服 persuade sb of sth 使某人信服某事 persuade sb that ? 使某人相信? eg:He has persuaded me of its truth. I am persuaded that such is the fact. 【注意】 如果―劝说‖不服, 不能直接用 persuade, 而应用 try to persuade sb to do 或 advise sb to do, 或者用 persuade 的否定式。 3、After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. 【辨析】finally, at last 与 in the end 易混词 finally 辨析 例句 ood 一般指一系列事物或论点的顺序的最后项内容 , He stood up, waved his hand 或用在动词前 , 表示 ― 等了好久 …… 才 ‖, 没有感 and finally began his inspiring. 情色彩 在意思上是指经过周折、等待、耽搁到‖最后、 He finished his long boring 终于‖(出现所期待的结果),常常带有较浓厚的感 speech at last. 情色彩 指―等了好久才···‖,而且能用于预卜未来 Who can tell what will happen to the earth in the end?

at last

in the end

4、Although she didn’t know the best way of getting get to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. (1)、although, though 引导让步状语从句不能再和 but, and, however 连用, 但可以和副词 yet, still 连用。although 从句多放在句首, though 从句可在主句前,中,后任何位置,而 且 though 可以作副词用于句末,作 ―但是,不过‖讲,而 although 无此用法。 【随堂练习】 ______ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience.

A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although (2) 、insist v.坚持认为,坚持主张 on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做,坚决做 that +从句 “坚持说”(后表示一个事实), 后接的从句用陈述语气,按 insist 需要选择时态 that sb (should) do sth 坚决主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚拟 语气, 即 “should +v.” eg:I insisted on/upon his coming with us. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted that she (should) see a doctor. 【随堂练习】 1、The doctor insisted that I a high fever and that I a rest for a few days. A. had; had B. have; have C. had; have D. have; had 2、The man insisted a taxi for me even if/though I told him I lived nearby. A. find B. to find C. on finding D. in finding 5、 My sister doesn’t care about details. care about 忧虑;担心;惦念 care for 喜欢;照料;照顾(=take care of=look after) eg:He doesn’t care much about what happens to me. Who will care for your child if you are out? 6、She gave me a determined look –the kind that she wouldn’t change her mind. (1) 、determine v. 决定, 下定决心, 确定 ① determine to do sth. =make up one’s mind 下定决心 eg:He determined to learn French. ② be determined to do sth. 决心做 eg:She was determined to go to university. (2) 、change one’s mind 改变某人的主意 eg:No matter what you say, I won’t change my mind. 7、When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义。这一结 构中的形容词往往是表示心理活动的,接不定式时, 不定式的逻辑主语是句子的主语, 主 动用 to do, 被动用 to be done;也可以接从句。这类形容词有 surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc.此句型可以转换成―It + be + adj + to do sth.‖结构。 eg:The problem is really hard to work out. = It is really hard to work out the problem. 8、Finally, I had to give in. (1)、give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 eg:He had to give in to my views. (2) 、give in (sth. to sb.) 上交 eg:Please give your examination papers in to the teacher. 【拓展】give up 放弃, 认输 give out 筋疲力尽;分配 give away 捐赠, 泄露 9、It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province.

【辨析】 across,through 与 over across 表示从一定范围的一边到另一边或事物交叉位置 ,―横穿, 横跨‖表面, 含义与 on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间内部, 含义与 in 有关 over 表示 ―越过‖ 是指越过较高的物体从一侧到另一侧 eg: The new railway winds its way to Hong Kong, over mountains across tunnels and through rivers. 10、To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. (1)、景色,风景 eg:The room has a fine view of the mountains. (2)、视野,视线 eg:The plane soon went out of view. (3)、看法,见解,态度(多用于复数) in one’s view 在某人看来 one’s view(s) on/about sth 某人关于某事的看法、见解 【辨析】view ,scene, sight 与 seenery 易混词 view 辨析 例句 指从某个位置或角度看到的景色,也可表示观点。 There is a fine view of the mountain from our hotel. 指展现在眼前的场景,也可指 scenery 的一部分, The boats in the harbour make a beautiful scene. 大多包括场景中的人及活动在内。 即可指场景眼前看到的景色,也可指名胜、风景, The Imperial Palace is one of the sights of China. 在表示―风景、名胜‖时用复数形式。 指某地总的自然风光和景色,优指美丽的乡间景 色。 The scenery of this country is unparalleled

scene sight scenery

二、语法讲解:―将来时‖的表达法 (1) 、will/shall +动词原形,表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态;或表示自然 趋势或非主语意志。Will 还可以表示说话当时所做的打算 eg:Tomorrow will be Saturday. (自然趋势) We will/shall go to watch a football match this weekend. (将来某时) I will/shall attend a meeting. (将来某时) (2) 、be going to + 动词原形,表示打算、准备做的事或即将发生或肯定要发生的事。意 为―将要……‖,―打算……‖ eg:We’re not going to have any classes next week . I am going to America for my study. (3) 、be about to + 动词原形,表示事情或动作马上要发生,一般不和表示将来的时间状语 连用,但可以与 when 连用。 eg:We are about to start. The new school year is about to begin. (4) 、be to do 表示计划或安排要做某事,常表示职责,义务,意图,约定,命令。还表示将来注 定要发生的事情。 eg:The government is to begin the project next month. (表将来)

No one is to leave the building. (表义务) The committee is to meet today. (表示计划、安排) They said goodbye, little knowing they were never to meet again.(表注定发生) (5) 、一般现在时表示将来时,分两种情形: (1)表示将来安排好或即将发生的事。语气 比现在进行时更肯定。仅仅限于表示―位移‖的动词, 如 arrive, come , go , leave , start , begin 等; (2)用于状语从句中。 eg:The next train leaves at 9:15. If you leave tomorrow, I’ll see you off at the airport. (6) 、用现在进行时表达一般将来时,标明主语对某事意做好了计划、安排,动作不久后 就要发生,常用于趋向动词(go,come,leave,fly 等) 。 eg:We’re having a picnic tomorrow. 课堂训练 一、根据句意以及首字母提示完成单词 1、I think you don’t know your own s . In fact, no one is perfect. 2、He is so s that nobody can change his mind. 3、Do you know where the s of the Changjiang River is? 4、We tried to p him to give up smoking, but he just would not listen. 5、Though with great difficulty, I finished all my work f . 6、Excuse me, what is the f to London? Is $5 enough? 7、The captain kept a j when he was at sea. He wrote down everything that happened. 8、Your main d is your lack of job experience. 二、 用括号中所给词的正确时态填空 1、I ______ ________ _______ _________(buy) a house when we save enough money 2、This coming weekend, my friend Jack and I __ ____ ________ (take) a trip. 3、The play _____ _ ___ ___ ________ ________ __ _____ (produce) next month. 4、We ________ _________ (leave) as soon as my husband gets off work Friday afternoon. 5、—— What are your plans for this evening? —— I _______ ________ (go) to send some e-mails. Then I am going to the English Conversation Club. I __ ___ _______ (meet) Anna there. 三、根据汉语提示完成句子 1、He is planning his work ___ ____ (进度表) for the following week. 2、They took many pictures of the _________ (瀑布) yesterday. 3、What is the ____ __ (海拔) of this mountain? 4、We are looking for someone who is (可靠的) and hard-working. 四、单项选择 1、The professor _____ his thoughts before giving his lecture, so that he could make himself understood well. A. organized B. recognized C. realized D. advertised

2、She is the most _____ one of my friends; you can just depend on her. A. reliable B. beautiful C. fortunate D. stubborn

3、That salesman _____ me to buy his MP4, but it doesn’t work well now.

A. advised

B. persuaded

C. preferred

D. expected

4、The _____ look on his face showed that he had enough confidence in himself. A. surprised B. puzzled C. excited D. determined

5、One major _____ of this area is that the public transport is not convenient. A. shortcoming B. disadvantage C. advantage D. feature

6、I know you are very _____ ice-cream, but you will gain weight if you eat too much. A. fond of B. tired of C. full of D. afraid of

7、After he graduated _____ university, the man went to Canada and found a job there. A. in B. of C. from D. on

8、A teacher who is just interested in his teaching but doesn’t _____ students is not a good teacher. A. argue about B. discuss about C. dream about D. care about

9、Little Tony insisted that his mother _____ him to school. A. send B. sent C. sends D. sending

10、Jane, I hear you _____ to China. Have you got everything right? A. have traveled B. travel C. are traveling D. would travel

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