2014 年深圳市高三年级第一次调研考试 英
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Peop
le come into your life for a reason, a season, or a lifetime. When you figure out which one it is, you will know 1 what to do for each person. 2 to meet a need you have 3 you with When someone is in your life for a reason, it is
expressed. They have come to assist you through a difficulty, to there for the to a(n) 5 4
guidance and support, to aid you physically, emotionally, or spiritually. They are you need them to be. Then, without any wrongdoing on your part, 6 or at any inconvenient time, they will say or do something to bring the relationship . Sometimes they die, sometimes they walk away, and 7 they act up and force you to take a stand. What you must has been met, and your desire on. When people come into your life for a season, it is because your turn has to share, grow, or learn. They bring you an experience of peace, or make you They may teach you something you have unbelievable amount of joy. 12 it! It is real! But, only for a season. Lifetime relationships teach you lifetime lessons: those things you must build upon in order to have a the 15 14 13 emotional(情感的) foundation. Your job is to accept , love the person, and put what you have learned to use in all other 11 10 9 . is that your need
8 . When their work is done, it is time to move
done. They usually give you an
and areas of your life. It is said that love is sacred but friendship is In a word, thank you for being part of my life, whether you were here for a reason,
sensible. a season or a lifetime. 1．A．partly 2．A．usually 3．A．fill 4．A．good 5．A．order 6．A．first B．firmly B．hardly B．instruct B．delight B．state B．sometimes C．frequently C．closely C．provide C．benefit C．end C．sometime D．exactly D．finally D．bother D．reason D．start D．anytime
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7．A．realize 8．A．shared 9．A．disappeared 10．A．laugh 11．A．even 12．A．Forget 13．A．solid 14．A．requests 15．A．difficulties
B．try B．fulfilled B．gone B．cry B．never B．Taste B．soft B．invitations B．professions
C．tolerate C．followed C．remained C．hate C．just C．Connect C．new C．lessons C．works
D．forget D．protected D．come D．love D．ever D．Believe D．rapid D．helps D． relationships
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 After graduating from college, Tom and Bob joined a company together. Both worked very hard. Several years later, the boss promoted Bob to manager, but Tom remained as 16 ordinary worker. Tom couldn’t take it. He handed his resignation to the 17 (please) guys. 18 19 you leave. boss, complaining(抱怨) that the boss didn’t value hardworking workers, but only promoted those The boss knew Tom worked very hard these years. So he said, “Thank you, I have a request. I hope you’ll do one more thing for our company Perhaps you’ll change your mind.” Tom agreed. The boss asked him to go and find anyone selling watermelon in the market. Tom went and returned soon, and said he had found asked how much per kg? Tom returned 22 21
(inform) the boss $1.2 per kg.
. The boss
(shake) his head, went back to the market and
The boss told Tom to wait a second. He called Bob to come to his office and asked Bob to do the same. Bob went, returned and said person is selling watermelon. $1.2 per kg, and $10 in all, 58 of 25 23 (gentle), “Boss, only one 24 10 kg. He has 320 melons
are on the table. Fresh and red, each weighs about 2 kg. ”
Tom was very impressed and realized the difference between himself and Bob. He decided to stay to learn from Bob.
Ⅱ 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳答案，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。
He had been on a long flight. The first warning of the approaching problems came when the sign on the airplane flashed on: “Fasten your seat belts.”
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Then, after a while, a calm voice said, “We shall not be serving the drinks at this time as we are expecting a little turbulence(气流). Please be sure your seat belt is fastened.” As he looked around the aircraft, it became obvious that many of the passengers were becoming nervous. Later, the voice of the announcer said, “We are so sorry that we are unable to serve the meal at this time. The turbulence is still ahead of us.” And then the storm broke out. The terrible thunder could be heard even above the sound of the engines. Lightening lit up the darkening skies and within moments that great plane was like a feather thrown around on a vast ocean. One moment the airplane was lifted on great currents of air; the next, it dropped as if it were about to crash. The man admitted that he shared the discomfort and fear of those around him. He said, “As I looked around the plane, I could see that nearly all the passengers were upset and alarmed. Some were praying.” “The future seemed terrible and many were wondering if they would make it through the storm. And then, I suddenly saw a girl to whom the storm meant nothing. She just sat on her seat and was reading a book. Everything within her small world was calm and orderly. Sometimes she closed her eyes, then she would read again; then she would straighten her legs, but worry and fear were not in her world. When the plane was being hit by the terrible storm, when it shook this way and that, as it rose and fell so severely, when all the adults were scared half to death, that unusual child was completely composed and unafraid.” The man could hardly believe his eyes. It was not surprising, therefore, that when the plane finally reached its destination and all the passengers were hurrying off board, he asked the girl why she had not been afraid. The sweet child replied, “Sir, my Dad is the pilot and he is taking me home.” 26．What happened while the author was taking the flight? A．A passenger was scared to death. B．The plane met a turbulence. C．A girl became deaf in the plane. D．Drinks and food were run out. 27．Some passengers were praying during the turbulence because A．God asked them to C．they were too afraid D．they were warned to .
B．they could do nothing
28．Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “composed” ? A．clever B．calm C．strong D．healthy
29．Which is the right order of the description about the girl when others were scared half to death?
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a．She closed her eyes. b．She straightened her legs. c．She went on reading. d．She sat on her seat reading. A．d-a-c-b C．a-d-b-c B．d-c-a-b D．a-b-c-d
30．What makes the girl behave so differently from others then? A．Destination. C．Behavior. B．Determination. D．Confidence.
Long-time exposure to air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain and cause trouble in learning and memory, and even anxiety. This is suggested by the results of new research on mice. While other studies have shown the harmful effects of polluted air in the lungs and heart, this is the first to show the negative effect on the brain. The team of Laura Fonken, Randy Nelson, from the Ohio State University, USA, has spread to the brain a previous line of research which found that fine particulate(微粒) matter floating in the air mainly because of air pollution caused by humans, causes swelling in much of the body, and may be related to high blood pressure problems, and some other diseases. In the research Fonken and his colleagues exposed mice to polluted air for six hours each day, five days a week, over a period of 10 months, almost half the average life length of mice. Polluted air contains fine particles created by cars, factories and natural dust. Fine particles of this kind are tiny, about 2.5 micrometers in diameter, or about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair. These particles can go deep into lungs and other organs. The concentration of this particulate material to which they exposed mice is equal to the concentration at which people can be exposed in some polluted urban areas. After a period of 10 months, the researchers got the animals to have a series of behavioral tests. Both the behavior of mice and the results of neurological(神
经的) tests done to them show that those within the polluted air had more problems
in learning and memory, and higher levels of anxiety. The results suggest that long-time exposure to polluted air can have measurable negative effects on the human brain and can cause a variety of mental health problems. This could have important consequences for those living and working in polluted urban areas. 31．The results of new research on mice first suggest that polluted air mainly does
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. B．lungs and heart D．blood pressure
A．normal organs C．mental health
32．What harmful effect of polluted air is mentioned in other studies? A．The harmful effect on learning. B．The harmful effect on all the organs. C．The harmful effect on lungs and heart. D．The harmful effect on improving memory. 33．The bad effects of tiny particles in polluted air are those Except A．high blood pressure problems B．making human hair thinner C．different kinds of diseases D．swelling in much of the body 34 ． From the last sentence we can infer that people living in polluted urban areas . A．are likely to suffer from mental problems B．can measure the negative effect on them C．show little concern for air pollution D．can be exposed to polluted air longer 35．Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A．Long-time Exposure to Air Pollution B．Evidence and Concern of Air Pollution C．Measurable Effect on Human Brain D．Mental Problems Caused by Air Pollution .
What would you like to be when you grow up? A teacher? A doctor? An astronaut? What do you need to do to achieve your dream job? Perhaps you think that studying well and then going on to work hard will get you the successful career you want. We are constantly taught that our hard work will eventually pay off. But a government survey has shown that hard work is not the only thing that will help you to move up the ladder. Two thirds of people believe that who you know matters more than what you know when it comes to social activity. So are the connections that you have more important than your education? Seventy-six percent of the people in the survey believed that family background is important in influencing your chances of success. They believe that if you are privileged from birth, you are more likely to have a successful career, especially if your family is wealthy.
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Even if you don’t have a privileged background, the people you know can still make a difference to your career. Networking is a skill which is encouraged by many career advisers. Some companies run networking workshops to try and encourage staff to meet other people, to communicate and build relationships. It’s a valuable skill. But the survey also showed something quite interesting. Although most people believed that networks are more important than education, many people put their own career success down to talent, rather than background. 41% of the people said that their parents’ income had influenced their life, but at the same time, another 41% believed that they had achieved their own success. So which is more important, what you know or who you know? It seems that by working hard and making lots of connections, the answer may be that both are very important. 36．Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined part? A．Practice makes perfect. C．Hope for the best. B．Nothing is impossible. D．No pains, no gains.
37．According to the government survey the most important factor to help people move up the ladder is A．hard work B．education C．social relationship D．social activity 38．Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A．76% of the people think social relationship matters most. B．41% of the people believe parents’ income is most important. C．76% of the people think family background ranks first. D．41% of the people believe they gained their own success. 39．From the passage we can infer that the writer writes the article to A．stress the importance of education B．challenge the traditional belief C．make lots of social connections D．encourage people to work hard 40．Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A．The Way to Success B．Keep your Dream in Mind C．A Wealthy and Smooth Career D．A Survey on People’s Dreams . .
Neil Kerwin became American University’s(AU) 14th president in September 2007. Kerwin joined AU in 1975 and has held numerous department and leadership positions,
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including head of the School of Public Affairs. In this interview, he speaks about developing leadership among AU students and inspiring them to public service and the lessons he has learned as the president of American University. “The longer I do this kind of work, the clearer it is to me that leadership is a collective activity. This happens here at American University hundreds of times every day at every level of the doing and managing hard work to reach those goals. Simply, leadership cannot be the field or responsibility of one person or a small group at the top. At its best, it is up to the organization.” “A president’s role is to make that clear, ensure it happens, and provide space, ideas, encouragement and acknowledgment of accomplishments. Vision(有远见
卓识) is important, but one that colleagues have not contributed to or are not widely
shared will not serve the purpose. I have also learned delegation(授权) is also important to success and that it is a process of constant adjustment, not a single act. No one is perfect in the work we do, and by recognizing this, you’re developing a healthy culture that supports reform. And, of course, none of this relieves the president of most responsibility for the institution, and the need to be clearly and visibly accountable.” “Another lesson is that crises(危机) assume a life of their own. They are a great time to learn and a bad time to plan. It is when times are good and stable that you need to examine the things that are of the greatest risk to your organization in the long term. As a leader, you must be able to provide the energy and motivation among your employees to ask these difficult questions, because difficult times will come.” 41．According to Neil Kerwin, leadership mainly depends on A．the president himself B．students in the university C．small group at the top D．the organization itself 42．In the third paragraph, “ it ” means A．the management B．the leadership C．the responsibility D．the institution 43．What are the important qualities of leadership mentioned in the third paragraph? A．Vision and delegation. B．Adjustment and contribution. C．Responsibility and accountability. D．Encouragement and acknowledgment. 44．What does the author mean by saying,“?difficult times will come.”? . .
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A．Crises provide us with energy. B．Crises are quite likely to happen. C．Crises are the greatest risks. D．Crises help people make changes. 45．What does the passage mainly tell us about? A．The lessons Neil learned in University. B．The difficulty Neil has in his office. C．Neil’s opinion on leadership. D．Neil’s motivation and organization. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读伦敦博物馆将要举行的系列讲座的基本信息：
Lecturer: Professor Jennifer Jenkins The Million Women Study Wednesday, 28 May 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Health, Medical science
Lecturer: Professor Catherine Fisk Women in Red Tuesday, 4 March 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Art and literature, History, Religion
Lecturer: Professor Michael Carroll How modern scientific knowledge helps to prevent blindness Wednesday, 26 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Medical science, Vision and the eye
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Lecturer: Professor Justin Hughes Designing IT to make Healthcare Safer Tuesday, 11 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Disease history, Health
Lecturer: Professor Arti Rai How the Earth Moves Wednesday, 2 April 2014 - 1:00 pm Museum of London Subject: Astronomy, Science
Lecturer: Professor Koleman Strumpf What’s Happened to Childhood? Thursday, 6 February 2014 - 6:00 pm Museum of London Subject: 20th century history, Heritage, History 以下是上述系列讲座的简介。请将讲座的简介与讲座的基本信息匹配起来。 46．This lecture about women in red considers the visual representation of the fallen women, whose fashionable dress in the nineteenth century had a moral dimension. It introduces the theme of the morality and modernity of fashion. 47．This lecture will draw on a national study of millions of women’s health in cooperation with Cancer Research UK and the National Health Service, aiming to answer many outstanding questions about the factors affecting women’s health. 48．This lecture focuses on computer and IT systems in hospitals, the sixth biggest killer ahead of road accidents, including mobile devices, what’s wrong with them and how they can be improved. Such problems are common, and by no means limited to health care. 49．This lecture focuses on our spaceship Earth is in constant motion. This is a story of our evolving understanding of the geography of Earth’s position in space - a story of astrometry from the ancient Greeks to the most modern satellite,
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50．The new exciting technologies are likely to play an increasing role in eye-care. What they are likely to achieve will be discussed in this lecture. Gene treatment and other ways have all been studied as potential treatments for a variety of eye diseases.
Ⅲ 写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 你接受了一项写作任务，为英语校报写一篇快讯，报道一次比赛的情况。 【写作内容】
比赛目的：培养保护环境习惯 主 题：废物*利用创意作品**比赛 组 织 者：学生会 保护森林，人人有责！ 评选过程：1．元月 1 日至 2 月 10 日 2．有 900 多人参赛，提交了 1,000 多幅作品 3．材料主要为废物，利用网络展示 结 果：1．有近 200 名同学分获一、二、三等奖 2．李明用旧报纸和杂志制作的作品“保护森林，人人有责” 获得了第一名 意 义：同学们显示了热情，提高了环保意识
*废物：waste material 【写作要求】
【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
What a bad day today! Tom suddenly fell ill and was sent to
hospital by my neighbors. The doctor said he has been suffering lung cancer and his life is in danger! Everybody was shocked and felt a
pity for this good man. Tom, who is a famous writer about 40 years old, lives just next door. He is kind
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and worm-hearted and always ready to give a helping hand to others when in need, so he enjoys great popularity in our neighborhood. He often came to my house to tell me how to write stories and encourage me with his own experience. He told me he was born in a poor family. As a little boy, he had a dream to become a famous writer. He overcame thousands of difficulties to have entered a university. After graduation, he began to publish story books, and up till now, he is very famous around the country. Unfortunately, when he was young, he just got into the habit of smoking and became a heavy smoker, which has ended up as an invisible killer of his health. 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2．以约 120 个词就“Health and Cause”为题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1）邻居们为汤姆感到惋惜的原因是什么？ （2）你从汤姆身上学到了什么? （3）你对身体健康与事业的看法。 【写作要求】 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不能直接 引用原文中的句子。 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
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Ⅰ 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 26.完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 这是一篇议论文。本文主要从不同角度（某种原因“for a reason” 、某种时段“for a season” 、或者一辈子“for a lifetime” ）阐述了“你生活中的人” 。 该部分考点：名词 4 个、动词 6 个、副词 4 个、形容词 1 个。 1. 答案为 D。考查学生根据上下文语境正确使用副词的能力。 2. 答案为 A。考查学生在上下文语境中(复现)把握好副词的语用能力。 3. 答案为 C。考查学生在上下文语境中准确使用动词搭配的能力。 4. 答案为 D。考查学生在上下文语境(复现)中准确运用名词的能力。 5. 答案为 C。考查学生根据上文语境把握名词意义及搭配的能力。 6. 答案为 B。考查学生根据上下文语境正确把握副词意义的能力。 （排比句） 7. 答案为 A。考查学生根据上文语境把握动词意义及用法的能力。 8. 答案为 B。考查学生根据上下文语境准确把握完成时被动语态的能力。 9. 答案为 D。考查学生对上下文语境中动词完成时的运用及搭配能力。 10. 答案为 A。考查学生根据上下文语境，准确使用动词不定式的能力。 11. 答案为 B。考查学生根据上下文语境，准确选用副词及意义的能力。 12. 答案为 D。考查学生根据上下文语境正确把握动词意义的能力。 13. 答案为 A。考查学生在上下文语境中把握好形容词的语用及搭配能力。 14. 答案为 C。考查学生根据上下文语境(复现)把握名词意义的能力。 15. 答案为 D。考查学生根据上下文语境正确使用名词(复现)的能力。 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 这是一篇故事。本文主要讲述了某公司老板通过 Bob 的事例来教育 Tom：成败在于细 节。 16．答案为 17．答案为 18．答案为 19．答案为 20．答案为 21．答案为 22．答案为 an。 考查学生对冠词的掌握情况。 pleasant / pleasing。 考查学生在语境中动词转换为形容词的能力。 but。 考查学生根据语境准确使用表转折意义的连词的能力。 before。 考查学生正确使用从属连词的能力。 one。 考查学生在语境中准确使用不定代词的能力。 shook。 考查学生正确使用动词时态（不规则变化)的能力。 to inform。考查学生在语境中正确使用动词不定式的能力。
23．答案为 gently。 24．答案为 for。 25．答案为 which。
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Ⅱ 阅读理解（共两节，满分 50 分） 34. 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A 篇是一篇故事，讲述了作者在一次飞行途中，遇到了强气流，所有乘客都非常害怕，作者 发现一个女孩始终保持镇定，悠闲的坐在座位上看书，丝毫不害怕。到了目的地，作者 问她为什么不害怕，女孩答道， “我爸爸是机长，他带我回家” ，表现出强烈的信心。 26. 答案为 B。考查文章细节理解能力。根据文章前一、二段可知。 27. 答案为 C。考查推理判断能力。根据文章的三、四、五、六段可知。 28. 答案为 B。考查单词猜测能力。根据后面的 unafraid 可知。 29. 答案为 A。考查文章细节理解能力。根据倒数第七段可知。 30. 答案为 D。考查主旨理解能力。通过文章的最后一句可知。 B 篇是一篇科普文章，讲述最新的一项科学发现，让老鼠长期呆在污染的空气中，除掉过去 人们已经发现的对身体的影响外， 首次发现了污染对神经系统的影响。 这会引起居住在 污染的城市居民的关注。 31. 答案为 C。考查细节能力。根据前两段理解可知。 32. 答案为 C。考查细节理解能力。根据文章第三段内容可知。 33. 答案为 B。考查文章细节理解能力。根据文章第三段和第七段内容可知。 34. 答案为 A.。考查推理判断能力。根据最后一段理解可知。 35. 答案为 D。考查文章主旨理解能力。理解整个故事可知。 C 篇是一篇议论文。 影响人们成功的根本因素是什么？根据政府的一项调查显示， 对于这个 问题人们持不同的观点，文章的结论是，要想获得成功，自身努力和良好的社会关系都 很重要。 36. 答案为 D。考查重点句的理解能力。理解文章第二段可知。 37. 答案为 C。考查细节判断能力。根据文章第三段可知。 38. 答案为 A。考查细节理解能力。根据第六段内容可知。 39. 答案为 B。考查对作者写作意图的能力。理解文章主旨可知。 40. 答案为 A。考查对文章主题的理解能力。全文都谈论的是如何才能成功。 D 篇是一篇说明文。Neil Kerwin 作为美国大学的校长在采访中谈到了他对领导力的理解以 及他在担任校长期间所获得的教训。 41. 答案为 D。考查细节理解的能力。根据文章第二段最后一句可知。 42. 答案为 B。考查对代词的指代意义的理解能力。根据上文，第二段可知。 43. 答案为 A。考查细节理解的能力。根据第三段内容理解可知。 44. 答案为 B。考查推理判断能力。读懂文章最后一段可知。 45. 答案为 C。考查文章主旨理解能力。理解文章主旨可知。 35. 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46. 答案为 B。答案由 “Women in Red” 和 “This lecture about women in red”对应。 47. 答案为 A。答案由 “The Million Women Study” , 与 “study of millions of women’s health”对应所决定。 48. 答案为 D。答案由 “Designing IT to make Healthcare Safer”, “focuses on computer and IT systems in hospitals” 对应所决定。 49. 答案为 E。答案由 “How the Earth Moves” , “our spaceship Earth is in constant motion.”所 决定。 50. 答案为 C。答案由 “help to prevent blindness”与“play an increasing role in eye-care” 所决
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定。 Ⅲ 写作（共两节，满分为 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） Aiming to cultivate the good habit of protecting the environment, the Students Union held a creative work competition with the theme of making good use of waste materials. From Jan. 1st to Feb, 10th, more than 900 students participated and presented through the Internet over 1,000 works mainly made of waste materials. About 200 participants got the first, second and third prizes respectively. Zhang Hua, whose work – “Protecting the forests, including you and me!” was made of old newspapers and magazines, got the first place. In this activity, the students not only have shown their enthusiasm, but also have raised their awareness of environmental protection.
第二节：读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） Health and Cause Tom, a kind and hardworking professional writer, suddenly fell ill, and was suffering from lung cancer due to the bad habit of smoking, which shocked his neighbors and made them feel sorry. All the neighbors felt it a pity for Tom because he is really a promising writer. He is so young and maybe it is just the beginning of his great career. Moreover, his great personality has gained their sincere respect. Unfortunately, the deadly cancer will stop him from his work. Tom has always been my good model, because he is so nice and outstanding in his career, but life was not easy for him on the way to being a successful writer. His strong will has helped him to have overcome so many setbacks to realize his dream, and this is what I should learn from him. From Tom’s story, we understand better that physical health and career are both important. Anyway, health should come first, without which we can achieve nothing. But if a man is just strong in body but has no ambitions for career, his life will become aimless and worthless. Therefore, we should have the right attitude towards career and health.
一、评分原则 1、本题总分为 15 分，按 3 个方面给分。 2、评分时，首先根据文章句子结构的准确性，信息内容的完整性和连贯性, 初步确定 其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。 4、评分时，应注意信息内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的准确性、上下文连贯性及语 言的得体性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以 考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点： （可以有不同的组合）
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7-8 5-6 3-4
具有很好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性高，词 汇方面使用较好，只有少许错误。 具有较好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性较好， 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 语言运用能力一般；语法和句子结构基本准确，语法结构 或词汇方面的错误不影响理解。 语言运用能力较差；语法和句子结构基本不够准确，语法 结构或词汇方面的错误较多，而且影响了对句子意义的理 解。 语言运用能力很差；语法、句子结构、词汇错误很多，句 子意义无法理解。 每多或少写一个句子，扣 1 分。 包括了所有信息内容。 包括了大部分信息内容。 包括了基本信息内容。 包括了小部分信息内容。 包括了少许信息内容。 没有包括所提供的信息内容。 内容连贯，而且结构紧凑。 内容连贯性比较好，而且结构比较紧凑。 内容连贯性较差，而且结构不够紧凑。 内容缺乏连贯性，而且结构松散。 文不对题，给 0 分。
0 备注 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1.5 1 0 备注
一、评分原则 1、本试题总分为 25 分，分两部分给分 ① 短文概括 5 分 ② 主题写作 20 分。 2、强调内容健康，观点鲜明，说服力强，表述清晰。可参照阅读材料的内容，但不得 直接引用原文中的句子。 3、评分时，选根据文章语言的规范、内容的合适及篇章的连贯性初步确定其所属档次， 然后以该档次的要求衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 4、语言规范：拼写与标点符号是语言规范的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响 程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 5、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词就“Health and Cause”为题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： 1）邻居们为汤姆感到惋惜的原因是什么？ 2）你从汤姆身上学到了什么？ 3）你对身体健康与事业的看法。 3、写作要求：
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① 归纳完整，表述清晰。 ② 观点鲜明，说服力强。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求：
项 目 分值 评分标准
按照要求概括了原文的全部主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没有照抄原 文的句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没有照抄原 文的句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，但包含一些不相关的信息，有个别句子抄 自原文。语言结构基本正确，行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括原文的主要信息，包含较多不相关的信息，有较多的抄袭。语 言结构不够准确，行文不够规范。 没有按照要求概括原文的主要信息，基本是不相关的信息，大多数句子都抄自原 文。语言结构不准确，行文不规范。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确，内容丰富。 词汇丰富，用词得当。能有效运用合适语言结构，而且没有（或极少）语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。 主题明确， 个别内容不准确或不相关。 14-17 写 11-13 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题比较明确，个别内容不准确或者 不相关。 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 7-10 作 4-6 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本明确，有些内容不准确或者不相关。 词汇有限，有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性一般。 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。多数内容不相关或者不准确。文章有些地方照 抄源文。 词汇贫乏，有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性差。 1-3 0 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确，文章基本照抄原文。 词汇极其贫乏，基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构零乱。 以下几种情况，给0分： 1）完全抄袭原文（或其它文章） 2）文不对题 3）只写一些零散的单词，完全没有表达完整的内容
5 4 概 3 2 括 0-1 18-20
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