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必修三 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note 知识点归纳


必修 3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note 知识点归纳
I.重点短语 1.(1) permit doing sth. 允许做某事 (2)permit sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事 与 permit 具有相同用法的单词还有: ?doing sth. ? allow/forbid/advise+? 允许/禁止/建议(某人)做

某事 ? ?sb. to do sth. 发现某物/某人做…… ?sth./sb.doing 2. (1)spot? ?that ... 发现…… (2)be spotted with 散布;点缀着…… (3)on the spot 当场;在现场 3 (1)account for 解释;说明 (2)on account of 由于;因为 on no account 决不(臵于句首时,句子用部分倒装) on any account 无论如何 (3)take ...into account = take ...into consideration 考虑…… (4)open an account 开设账户 4.make a bet 打赌 bet on sth. 就某事打赌 I bet that ... 我敢说…… make a bet with sb. 与……打赌 make a bet on sth. 就某事打赌 5.bring up 培养;抚养;教育;提出;呕吐 bring about 引起;产生;导致;带来 bring sth.back 带回某物;使想起 bring down 让……降下来;使倒下 bring in 引入 6.go ahead 前进;(用于祈使句)可以;往下说 7.take a chance 冒险;试图做某事;碰运气 (1)take a chance = take one's chance/take chances 冒险 (2)by chance (= by accident) 偶然;碰巧 (3)The chances are that…可能…… There is a chance that…可能…… II.重点句型 1.find+宾语+宾语补足语 Well, towards nightfall I found_myself_carried_out_to_sea (发觉自己被刮到海里去 了) by a strong wind. 2.并列连词 when 引导的从句 The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost when_I_was_spotted_by_a_ship (这时一艘船发现了我). 3.强调句型 And it_was_the_ship_that (正是那艘船) brought you to England. 4.主语从句

It_is_wellknown_that (众所周知) Americans like to eat a lot. 5.whever 引导的让步状语从句 Indeed, sir, I hope you'll_come_here_whenever_you_like (您想来的时候就来). 6. I wonder if you ...“不知道你是否……”常用来提出疑问或请求。 I wonder if you'd mind us asking a few questions.亚当斯先生,我们问几个问题不 知道你是否介意。 7.The fact is that ..., which accounts for ...“事实上是……,这说明……”。 The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which accounts for my appearance. 8.It is wellknown that ...“众所周知……”。 Well, it is wellknown that Americans like to eat a lot. III.词形变化 1. scene n.(戏剧)一场;现场;场面;景色→scenery n.风景;景色(总称) 2. permit vt.& vi.许可;允许;准许 n.通行证;许可证;执照→permission n.许 可;批准 3. account vi.& vt.认为; 说明; 总计有 n. 说明; 理由; 计算; 账目→accountant n. 会 计 4. patience n.耐性;忍耐→patient adj.有耐心的 n.病人→patiently adv 耐心地 5. unbelievable adj.难以臵信的_believable adj. 可以相信的 unbelievably adv. 难以臵
信地

→believe v.相信;信任→belief n.信念;信仰 6. novel n. 小说 adj. 新奇的;异常的 novelist n. 小说家 7. adventure n. 奇遇; 冒险 adventurous adj. 爱冒险的; 充满危险的 adventurer n. 冒险家;投机分子 8. rude adj. 粗鲁的;无礼的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地 rudeness n. 粗鲁;无礼

Quiz(必修 3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note)
一、用所给单词的适当形式填空 1.Finally he lost his patience (patient) and started to yell at his mother. 2.It would be unbelievable (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 3.My husband loves adventurous (adventure) life while I enjoy a more peaceful life. 4.He was punished for his rudeness (rude) to his teacher. 5.I think it's time we sought (seek) legal advice. 6.They entered the area without permission (permit). 7.Stop screaming (scream), we can hear you clearly. 8.“I'm just an ordinary businessman (business), trying to earn an honest penny,” said Mr. Black. 9.Children are always curious about everything they see and hear.They will ask all kinds of questions curiously.To meet their curiosity,_we'd better answer them.(curiosity) 10.David has a strong body.He has the strength to do this hard work.We had better strengthen the relationship between us.(strength) 11.This new railway benefits this area in many ways.It is beneficial to the people living in this area.For the benefit of more people, we should build more railways.(benefit) 二、完成句子 1.—Do you both agree with me about the arrangement of the meeting? —He quite agrees with you. As_for_me (至于我), I am not so satisfied with it. 2.—May I open the window to let in some fresh air? —Go_ahead,_please (请开吧). 3.The job helped him make an_amount_of (大量的) money. 4.Mark Twain was_brought_up (抚养长大) in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. 5.When he grew up, he took_a_chance (冒险) to work as a pilot on a river boat. 6.After_seeking_advice_from_his_father (在征求了父亲的建议后), he decided to become a writer. 7. Many of his novels have been translated into many languages, which accounts_for (解释) the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world. 8.It wasn't a good thing; on_the_contrary (相反), it was a huge mistake. Ⅲ.根据汉语提示,选用练习Ⅱ中的句子,加入适当过渡词后联句成篇 1.马克· 吐温在美国中部的 Missouri 长大,他是美国 19 世纪著名的作家之一。 2.成年后,他冒险在密西西比河的船上当水手,而起初父亲并不同意。 3.在征求了父亲的建议后,他决定当一名作家。这一职业使他赚了钱。 4.他的作品被译成多种语言,这就解释了全世界读者喜爱他和他的作品的原因。 Mark Twain, one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century, was brought up in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. When he grew up, he took a chance to work as a pilot on a river boat for some time,

which was not permitted by his father at first.Luckily he didn't go ahead.After seeking advice from his father, he decided to become a writer, which helped him make an amount of money. Many of Mark Twain's novels have been translated into many languages, which accounts for the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world. IV. 活学活用——用本单元句型翻译下列小片段 我想问你一个问题不知你是否介意:地球上为什么有昼夜变化?众所周知,人们 曾经以为地球是宇宙的中心,太阳围绕地球转。事实上,地球在围绕太阳转的同时也 围绕着地轴(axis)转,这就说明了地球上有昼夜变化的原因。 I wonder if you mind me asking you a question why we have days and nights on the earth. It is wellknown that people used to think that the earth was the centre of the universe with the sun moving around it. The fact is that the earth is spinning around the earth axis as it goes around the sun, which accounts for the changes of days and nights. V. 语法填空 Sailing home, Henry, a San Francisco businessman, found himself ①carried (carry) out to sea by a strong wind. When he had just about given himself up for lost, he ② was_spotted (spot) by a ship and ③ therefore/so he landed in London ④ by accident. Hungry and alone, he walked on the streets of the city when he was ⑤unexpectedly (expect) called into a mansion, ⑥where two rich brothers, Oliver and Roderick, gave him a letter and told him not to open it till two o'clock of the day. ⑦Not knowing it was a million pound banknote, Henry left the mansion and went into a cheap restaurant to stuff his stomach. Everybody was rude to him ⑧because/as he was in rags and looked depressed. Then, to the ⑨ surprise of everybody, he handed the owner a million pound bank note to pay for the meal. Seeing the note, all the people in the restaurant became polite and tried their best to please Henry. Don't you think it's ⑩the most incredible tale in the world?

Quiz(必修 3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note)
一、用所给单词的适当形式填空 1.Finally he lost his ____________(patient) and started to yell at his mother. 2.It would be____________ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 3.My husband loves ____________(adventure) life while I enjoy a more peaceful life. 4.He was punished for his ____________ (rude) to his teacher. 5.I think it's time we ____________ (seek) legal advice. 6.They entered the area without ____________ (permit). 7.Stop ____________ (scream), we can hear you clearly. 8. “I'm just an ordinary ____________ (business), trying to earn an honest penny, ” said Mr. Black. 9.Children are always____________about everything they see and hear.They will ask all kinds of questions ____________.To meet their____________,_we'd better answer them.(curiosity) 10.David has a____________ body.He has the ____________to do this hard work.We had better ____________ the relationship between us.(strength) 11.This new railway ____________ this area in many ways.It is ____________to the people living in this area.For the ____________of more people, we should build more railways.(benefit) 二、完成句子 1.—Do you both agree with me about the arrangement of the meeting? —He quite agrees with you. ____________ (至于我), I am not so satisfied with it. 2.—May I open the window to let in some fresh air? —____________,_please (请开吧). 3.The job helped him make ____________ (大量的) money. 4.Mark Twain ____________ (抚养长大) in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. 5.When he grew up, he ____________ (冒险) to work as a pilot on a river boat. 6 . __________________________( 在征求了父亲的建议后 ), he decided to become a writer. 7.Many of his novels have been translated into many languages, which ____________ (解 释) the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world. 8.It wasn't a good thing; ____________ (相反), it was a huge mistake. Ⅲ.根据汉语提示,选用练习Ⅱ中的句子,加入适当过渡词后联句成篇 1.马克· 吐温在美国中部的 Missouri 长大,他是美国 19 世纪著名的作家之一。

2.成年后,他冒险在密西西比河的船上当水手,而起初父亲并不同意。

3.在征求了父亲的建议后,他决定当一名作家。这一职业使他赚了钱。

4.他的作品被译成多种语言,这就解释了全世界读者喜爱他和他的作品的原因。

IV. 活学活用——用本单元句型翻译下列小片段 我想问你一个问题不知你是否介意:地球上为什么有昼夜变化?众所周知,人们 曾经以为地球是宇宙的中心,太阳围绕地球转。事实上,地球在围绕太阳转的同时也 围绕着地轴(axis)转,这就说明了地球上有昼夜变化的原因。 __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ V. 语法填空 Sailing home, Henry, a San Francisco businessman, found himself ①________ (carry) out to sea by a strong wind. When he had just about given himself up for lost, he ② ______________ (spot) by a ship and ③____________ he landed in London ④______ accident. Hungry and alone, he walked on the streets of the city when he was ⑤_________ (expect) called into a mansion, ⑥__________ two rich brothers, Oliver and Roderick, gave him a letter and told him not to open it till two o'clock of the day. ⑦_______ knowing it was a million pound banknote, Henry left the mansion and went into a cheap restaurant to stuff his stomach. Everybody was rude to him ⑧_____________ he was in rags and looked depressed. Then, to the ⑨ __________ of everybody, he handed the owner a million pound bank note to pay for the meal. Seeing the note, all the people in the restaurant became polite and tried their best to please Henry. Don't you think it's ⑩______ most incredible tale in the world?


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