? 四川阿坝州是一个美丽的地方， 它因为九寨沟而闻名。
? Aba in Sichuan province is a beautiful place. ? It is famous for Jiuzhaigou.
br />? Aba in Sichuan province is a beautiful place which/that is famous for Jiuzhaigou.
This is the house. A famous writer once lived in it. This is the house in which/where a famous writer once lived.
I will never forget the day. I joined the League on the day.
I will never forget the day on which/when I joined the League.
The lady lost her purse. Mr Smith is talking to her.
The lady to whom Mr Smith is talking lost her purse.
Bob found the dictionary. I had been looking for it. Bob found the dictionary (that) I had been looking for.
This is the boy. She has taken care of him. This is the boy whom she has taken care
The man who lives next to us sells vegetables. You must do everything that I do. I have found the book which I lost. I visited the school where I studied. 注意事项: 1.从句的位置: 先行词 之后 2.翻译方法: “….的” 3.连接词： 关系词 关系代词
1. 概念：在复合句中，修饰某一名词或代词的 从句叫定语从句。 The girl who is standing there is Mary. 先行词 关系词 2. 先行词：被定语从句所修饰的词。 3. 关系词： 引导定语从句的词。 4. 关系词作用:① 连接句子 ②代替先行词 ?在从句中做成分
A plane is a machine that can fly. The boy who broke the window is called Tom. the boy =who 关系代词实际上是先行词的复指 The boy whose parents are dead was brought up by his grandfather. the boy’s =whose
关系词whose实际上是先行词的所有格 The school where I study is far from my home.
the machine = that
in the school = where 关系副词实际上是介词＋先行词
关系副词和先行词的关系 I still remember the day when I came here.
on the day =when
This is the house where I lived last year.
in the house= where
There are many reasons why people like traveling.
for the reasons =why
I don’t like the way that you speak.
in the way =that
The house is mine. The window of the house is broken.
The house whose window is broken is mine.
the window of which is broken
whom you spoke to
was a scientist.
which she lives in is far away.
Are these two sentences right?
who/whom you spoke to was a scienti
that/which she lives in is far away.
Are these two sentences right?
The man to who/whom you spoke was a scientist
The city in that/which she lives 可见,who、that 不能用与介词之后
is far away.
Is this the watch that you are looking for? The old man whom I am looking after is better . 在固定短语中介词不能提前
定语从句的辨认与使用 思考步骤： （1）找出先行词 a.确定关系代词的人称、数和性 b.确定从句位置（一般在先行词之后） （2）确定关系代词在从句中所担任的成分 以确定关系代词的格 （3）确定从句时态 Do you know the boy my mother is talking to?
Correct the mistakes
1.Under the big tree are 34 students, many of them come from class two.
2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. 3. This is the very pen that you gave it to me before.
4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick.
5. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday.
∧ 6. The man whom I spoke is from Canada.
7. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget.
8. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me.
9. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate.
10. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school.
1. This is the town _______ I was born. This is the town ______ I visited last week. 2. I will never forget the day _____ I came to school. I will never forget the day ______ I spent with you.
3. This is the reason ____ he was late. This is the reason ____ he told me.
Fill in the blanks with proper preps.
1. This is the book _____ which I spent 5 yuan. 2. This is the book _____ which I paid 5 yuan. 3. This is the book _____ which we can learn a lot. 4. This is the book _______ which we often talk. 5. This is the book _____ which I wrote down many notes.
1、Jim passed the driving test, ______ surprised everybody in
the office. （05浙江卷）
A．which B．that C．this D．it 2、Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ______ we
would have lost our way. （04北京春季）
A. it B. that C. this D. which
当先行词为物时，关系代词可以用 that 也可用 which， 但在介词后面以及在非限制性定语从句中，只能用 which，
问题2： 1) Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______effects the people are still suffering. （05天津卷） A. that B. whose C. those D. what 2) George Orwell, ______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (04北京） A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name
“whose +名词中心词”这一结构在定语从句中既能作主语（如题2），又能作 宾语（如题1）。whose 的先行词常用来指人（如题2），但有时也可以用来指 具体事物或抽象概念（如题1），这时可以与of which 结构互换，词序是：“名 词+of which” 。题1可变为：from the effects of which …
1、_____ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. （04江苏） A. Which B. When C. What D. As 2、John said he’d been working in the office for an hour, _______ was true. （01北京春季） A．he B．this C．which D．who
非限制性定语从句一般采用 which 或 as 来引导。使用这 两个词时要注意三点： （1）as 引导的从句可以放在主句 之前，而which 引导的从句只能放在主句之后。（2）从 意义上讲，which 指前面主句的内容；而 as 指代的是作 为一般人都知道的常识性的东西，因此常译成“就 象……那样、正如所……的”。 （3）如果定语从句的内 容对主句的内容起消极作用，则用 which，而不用 as，
1、Do you still remember the chicken farm _____ we visited
three months ago? （05北京春季）
A. where her hands. （04全国II）
B. when C. that
2、There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped B. which C. when D. that
当先行词是表时间的 time, day 等和表地点的 place, house 等时，一定要注意分析从句的结 构。如果缺少主语或宾语，关系词应该用 which 或 that, 缺少时间状语或地点状语时，才 能用 when 或 where。题1中的 farm 作 visited 的宾语，故选C；题2中的 trousers 作 wiped 的地点状语，故选A。
1、The place ____ the bridge is supposed to be built should be
___ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. (05江苏卷)
A. which; where
C. at which; where
B. at which; which
D. which; in which
2、He was educated at a local grammar school, ____ he went
on to Cambridge. （05山东卷） A. from which B. after that C. after which D. from this
题1中 the place 在定语从句中作 to be built 的地点状语，此处的 at which 相当 于 where; 后面是表语从句，表示建在某地。题2表示读完当地的语法学校后去 剑桥深造，故选C。
1. American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. （04上海） A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom 2. The English play ______ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. （04全国I） A for which B at which C in which D on which 3. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, ______ five are mine. （04全国IV） A on which B in which C of which D from which 4. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _____ the sailing time was 226 days. （04广西） A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which
1. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% are sold abroad. （04辽宁）
B．which of C．of them D．of that
some are businessmen.
2. I have many friends,
A．of them B．from which C．who of D．of whom 题2也可以改为：some of whom are businessmen. 如果在之
前加上连词 and，就只能用 some of them，而且不能倒装。
1、关系代词 that – which; whose 的用法比较； 2、关系代词和关系副词的用法比较； 3、介词加关系代词引导的定语从句； 温馨提醒：多体会包含定语从句的句子，在平时尝试着多使用定语从句。