Book8 Unit 3 Inventors and inventions
现在的科技日新月异， 各种发明以及高科技产品成为了我们生活中不可缺少的东西， 如电脑、 笔记本电脑 （laptop） 手机(mobile phone) 、 、 MP4、 数码相机(digital camera)、 数码摄影机(DV) 等。请以“My favorit
e invention”为题，描述你最喜欢的一种发明并说明理由（理由至少有两 个方面） 。词数在 80 词左右。 How time flies! We're in the 21st century. With the development of science and technology, our life has improved a lot. Many new inventions make our daily life easier and more convenient. Computers,laptops, mobile phones, mp4 and other interesting things have become necessary parts of our life. Among all these things, I like mobile phones best. The most important advantage of mobile phones is that they can help you communication with your friends and family wherever you go. Because the mobile phone is smart, you can easily take it with you. When you are traveling, you can take some pictures. When you are tired and want to relax yourself, you can enjoy music or play games. All these are not be a dream any more if you have a mobile phone. 句型背诵 ①Many new inventions make our daily life easier and more convenient.②The most important advantage of mobile phones is that they can help you communication with your friends and family wherever you go. ③ All these are not be a dream any more if you have a mobile phone.
单词拓展 1. ________ n.专利证书；专利权；vt.获 ??专利 2. ________ vt.&vi. 显示??的差别；使??有所不同；辨别 →________ adj. 卓著的； 著名的；高贵的 3. ________ adj. 突然的；意外的 →________ adv. 突然地；唐突地 4. ________ adj. 便利的；方便的；就近的→ n.便利, 方便→________ adv. 便利地 5. ________ n. 预料；期待；期望 →________ vt.期待；预期；盼望 6. ________ n. 申请书；申请→________ v.申请→________ n.申请人 7. ________ vt. 轻打；轻拍；轻敲；n. 轻轻地敲击（声）（水）龙头 ； 8. ________ n. 金属丝；电线 →________ adj. 无线的 9. ________ n. （水或气）流；电流；adj. 现在的；当前的→________ adv. 普遍地；通 常地 10. ________ adj. 稳固的；稳定的；安定的→________ n. 稳定性 11. ________ vt.联想；联系；n.同伴；伙伴→________ n. 联系；协会 12. ________ adj. 实际的；实践的；实用的→________ adv. 实际上；事实上
短语梳理 1. call________ 给??打电话 2. now and ________ 偶尔；有时 3. set ________ 开始；着手 4. ________ case （以防）万一 5. dive ________ 迅速把手伸入；一心投入 6. set ________ (to do)开始（做） 7. ________ truth 的确；事实上 8. hang ________ 不挂断；紧紧握住；稍等 9. ________ order 次序颠倒；发生故障 10. get ________ 设法联系上（尤指打通电话）（设法）做完；通过 ； 11. ring ________ 回复电话 12. ring ________挂断电话 句型再现 1. ________ with some research findings, I decided on three possible approaches ... 经过一番研究准备之后，我决定采用三种可能的方法?? 2. ________ you do you will be certain to find something that you have never seen before. 每次当你这样做的时候，你一定会发现你从未见过的东西。 3. Follow it up, explore all around it, ________ , you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind. 跟踪下去，不断探索，不知不觉中，你就会发现某种值得思考的东西占据着你的头脑。 4. ________ this exploring around problems________ led to his most famous invention—the telephone in 1876. 正是这种对问题的充满活力的探索精神造就了他那最著名的发明——1876 年的电话。 5. ... ________ five days later________ Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. ??但是贝尔是在五天以后才跟他的助手华生通了第一次电话。 温馨提示： Revise the Past Participle as the Attribute, Predicative and Object Complement （复习过去分词用作定语、表语和宾语补足语）
核心单词 1. 1. distinguish vt. 辨别；辨认； （常与 from, between 连用）区别；区分 经典例句 ①I can distinguish them at a distance. 从远处我能认出他们。 ②She distinguished herself as a black lawyer. 她成了一位杰出的黑人律师。 ③I can distinguish my roommates by their footsteps.
我能根据室友的脚步声辨认出他们。 常用结构：distinguish A from B 辨别 A 与 B be distinguished from 不同于?? be distinguished by 以??为特征 be distinguished for 因??而著称 distinguish oneself 显扬自己；使自己扬名 短语填空 ①He can______ a genuine antique ______ a reproduction. 他能区别真正的古董与复制品。 ② It is certainly important to ______ ______ right and wrong. 明辨是非当然要紧。 ③ The man ______ ______ by his wisdom 这个人因智慧而扬名。 答案： ①distinguish from ②distinguish between ③ distinguishes himself 词义辨析 辨析 distinguish 和 detect distinguish 是通过表象一眼就能识别，有“通过颜色、外貌等表象特征区别、辨别某两种 事物、人”的意思，distinguish oneself 有“（因善于做某事）受人注目、出名”的意思 detect 是需要通过探测，观察等手段才能区别、辨别或者发现的一种行为，比如字典上例 子：“医生检查了她的牙，未见有龋齿”The denist could detect no decay in her teeth;“检查负责侦查这个案子”The police officer's job is to detect fraud. 即学即练 单项填空 It is not easy to____ cultured pearls from genuine pearls. A. distinguish B. separate C. identity D. recognize 选 A。解析：distinguish... from. 辨别，把??和??区别开；separate…from 把??隔开； identity 辨别；recognize 认出，这两个词后面都不跟 from。 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或翻译。 1)Can you distinguish _______ those two objects? 2)Children should be taught to _______ _______ _______ _______ (分辨好坏). 3)Speech distinguishes human beings _______ the animals. 4)The Chinese nation is distinguished _______ its diligence and courage. 答案：1)between 2) distinguish right from wrong 3) from 4) for 2. convenient adj.便利的，方便的 经典例句： ① Please come whenever it is convenient to you. 方便的时候,请随时来。 ② Living in the big city is convenient. 住在大城市是方便的。 ③Will it be convenient for you to come in the morning? 你上午来方便吗？ ④We must arrange a convenient time and place for the meeting. 我们必须安排一个 合适的时间和地点开会。 常用结构： be convenient to/for sb 对??方便 It is convenient to do sth 做某事方便
at your convenience 在你方便的时候 if it suits a person's convenience 如果对某人方便 for the convenience of sb 为了方便起见 短语填空 ①When is it _______ _______ you? 你什么时候方便呢？ ②Our house is very _______ _______ the shops. 我们的房子离商店很近。 ③Please call me back _______ _______ _______.请你方便的时候回个电话给我。 答案:①conveninet for/to②convenient for ③at your convenience
单项填空 Our new house is very ____for me as I can get to the office in five minutes. A. adaptable B. comfortable C. convenient D. available 【解析】选 C。由 in five minutes 可以看出此处为“便利的，方便的” 项可以利用，不符 。D 合句意；A，B 两项意思差距大。 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 （原创） 1)Come and see me _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ (无论你何时方便). 2)We must arrange a ________ (convenience) time and place for the meeting. 3)I keep my reference books near by desk for _______ (convenient). 【答案】1)whenever it’ s convenient to you 2)convenient 3)convenience 3. bear v. 忍受，具有，带有，显示 （标记或特性） 经典例句 ① Mrs. Ann Bader bears all expenses. 安妮·巴德太太承担一切费用。 ②He could not bear that his friends should laugh at him. 他受不了朋友们竟也嘲笑他。 ③I can't bear to see you like this. 我不忍见你这样。 ④Her face bore signs of tears. 她的脸上带着泪痕。 常用结构： bear in mind 记住(某事) bear with 宽容;耐心等待 bear offv. 赢得,驶离 短语填空 ①_______ _______ _______ that you'll have to practice economy. 记住要厉行节约。 ②She could not _______ _______ his violent temper 她受不了他的暴烈性子。 答案: ①Bear in mind②bear with 辨析 bear , endure , stand 与 tolerate bear 强调忍受者对痛苦、忧虑、烦恼以及责任的承受力，常用于否定句中。 endure 意为“经受长期的艰难、困苦或折磨而不屈服” ，强调持久力和意志坚强，常用于否
定句中。 stand 强调不屈不挠或经受得起，常用于否定句中。 tolerate 意为“忍受某人或某种行为而不反抗” ，语气最弱，可用于肯定句和否定句。 温馨提示： bear 表示“忍受”其后可跟 doing sth 表示习惯性动作，也可跟 to do sth 表示某一次具体 动作， 且多与 can, could 与 be able to 连用。 “生产， 作 生育” 讲时， 有两种过去分词形式 borne 指“生产，生育” ，而 born 指“出生” 。 速记名片： 识记这些单词：year (年)clear (晴朗)bear (狗熊)ear (耳朵)dear (爱人 swear (誓言) spear （矛） wear (戴上)pear (梨)fear (害怕 near (附近)hear (听见)appear (出现)tear (眼泪) 顺口溜：伤心的狗熊 有一个 year (年)天空很 clear (晴朗)下有个 bear (狗熊)被割掉 ear (耳朵)气跑了 dear (爱人)想 起了 swear (誓言) *流出了 tear (眼泪)把眼镜 wear (戴上)啃一个 pear (梨)心里很 fear (害怕)老 虎在 near (附近)可能会 hear (听见)马上就 appear (出现)赶快找 spear （矛）
即学即练 单项填空 I don’t think our relationship could ______the strain of her mother visiting for a month. A. bear B. tell C. put up D. hold 【解析】选 A。bear“承受” ，符合句意；tell 区别，告诉；put up 举起，张贴；hold 持有。 用 bear，endure，stand，tolerate 的适当形式填空。 （原创） 1)Our tent won’ t _______ another storm like the last one. 2) I can’ t _______ to wait any longer. 3)She’ s already had to _______ three painful operations on her leg. 4)I will not _______ that sort of behaviour in my class. 【答案】 1)stand 2)bear 3)endure 4)tolerate 4. seize vt. 抓住，捉住；占据； （指强烈的感情﹑ 愿望等）突然影响或控制（某人） 经典例句 ①She seized me by the wrist. 她抓住我的手腕。 ② Panic seized us. 我们惊恐万状。 ③The police seized an escaping convict. 警察抓住了一个在逃犯。 ④ The enemy seized the town after a violent attack. 敌人猛攻后占领了这个城镇。 ⑤The customs officers seized the smuggled heroin. 海关官员没收了走私的海洛因 常用结构 seize hold of sth 抓住某物 seize a chance / an opportunity 抓住时机 seize on/upon sth 意识到某事物而立即加以利用 根据句子的意思短语填空。 ①. He seized the chance of a trip to Singapore. 他抓住那次去新加坡旅行的机会。
②He was seized with a slight attack of fever. 他有一点发烧。 ③We seized on his remark and regarded it as a promise. 我们抓住他的话把它当作是一种承诺。 答案: ①. seized the chance ②seized with③seized on 词义辨析： 辨析 arrest capture trap seize catch 这些动词均有“抓住，捕捉”之意。 arrest ：指根据法律或命令进行逮捕并予以监禁或拘留。 capture ：指通过武力或计谋等，战胜抵抗而捉住敌人或动物。 catch ：普通用词，指捉住跑动或隐藏中的人或动物，一般指活捉。 seize ：侧重指以突然、有力地动作迅速抓住或捉住。 trap ：多指诱捕。 即学即练 用 arrest capture trap seize catch 的适当形式填空。 ① He was_______on a charge of murder. 他因谋杀罪被捕。 ② The police have not _______ the mugger yet. 警方还没有捕获那个行凶抢劫者。 ③ The policeman _______the thief. 警察逮住了小偷。 ④ He_______ her hand and shook it heartily. 他拉住她的手高兴地握着。 ⑤The hunter set _______ to catch foxes. 猎人设陷阱捕捉狐狸 答案：①arrested ② captured ③ caught ④ seized⑤traps 完成句子 1)His father asked him ______________________________________ (抓住时机赚一些钱). 2)We _____________ (身不由己) by a sudden impulse to run. 3)The critics _______ _______ (抓住) my mistake and said I was ignorant. 【答案】 1)to seize the chance to make some money 2) were seized 3)seized on 5. expectation n. 预料，期待，期望 经典例句 ①The dog wagged its tail in expectation of a bone. 那条狗摇着尾巴,巴望吃肉骨头。 ②. The reward fell short of our expectations. 奖励不符我们的希望。 ③a young artist with great expectations 有远大前程的青年艺术家 常用结构 according to expectation 如所预料 against expectation 出乎预料 beyond (one's) expectation 出乎意料(之外), 较预期的更大[好]
contrary to (one's) expectation 与所预料的相反 fall short of sb. 's expectations 辜负某人的期望 not come up to sb. 's expectations 辜负某人的期望 have expectations (与 of 连用)对...抱有希望 (与 from 连用)有继承遗产的希望 in expectation of 期望[待] live up to sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 live up to meet sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 live up to answer sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 come up to sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 come up to meet sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 come up to answer sb.'s expectations 不辜负某人的期望 短语填空。 ① We thought John would do well, but he has succeeded _______ _______ . 我们料到约翰会干得很出色，可是他的成就出乎意料。 ② _______ _______ _______, the play was greatly welcomed. 出乎意料的是那出戏大受欢迎。 ③ We _______ _______ _______ _______him. 我们对他抱着很大的期望。 答案: ①. beyond expectation ②Against all expectations ③ have great expectations of 词义辨析 辨析 expectation anticipation hope outlook prospect 都含有“预期”“期望”的意思。 、 expectation 指“盼望某事发生”或“认为某事会发生”, anticipation 指“基于先见、预知的 期待或希望”, 在一般情况下多指好的事情，hope 指“主观认为某事会发生或出现, 但缺少 根据或把握”, outlook 指“根据眼前的征兆和分析预料某事可能会发生”, prospect 指“有 可能实现的愿望或预料中的事情” 。 即学即练 用 expectation anticipation hope outlook prospect 的适当形式填空 ①It's our _______ that you will do well. 我们期望你干得出色。 ②We waited at the station in _______ of her arrival. 我们在车站等着, 期待她的到来。 ③They have great_______ of winning 他们获胜的希望极大。 ④The employment _______ for the next year is based in part on contracts signed this year. 明年 的就业前景部分地取决于今年签订的合同。 ⑤A rich harvest is in_______丰收在望。 答案：①expectation ② prospect hopes ③outlook ④anticipation 温馨提示 expectation 为不可数名词，当其意思为“期望的事物，前景”时常用复数。 核心短语 6. go through 经历(困难,痛苦等)；通过,成功,成交；审阅,检查；翻找,查看,搜寻；穿过,通过 联想拓展 look through 浏览 read through 通读 flow through 流过 get through 通过，接通，使??成功
search through 搜寻,查找 carry sth through to the end...把某事进行到底 put sth through 完成或达成（计划方案） 短语填空 ①I rang you several times but couldn't _______ _______. 我给你打了几次电话,可是没打通。 ②We have _______ _______ the enemy's tricks. 我们已识破了敌人的种种花招。 ③ We must _______ the experiment _______ ________ ______ _______ , not give up halfway. 这项试验一定要搞到底， 不能半途而废。 ④The operator _______ me _______ on the office line. 接线生给我接通了办公室的电话 答案：①get through②looked through ③ carry through to the end ④ put through 即学即练： 单项填空 I have never _____this kind of the thing, so I’m afraid. （2010 年 1 月浙江绍兴检测） A. look through B looked through C. got through D. gone through 【解析】选 D。按照句意此处为“经历，经手”的意思。 7. call up 征召；召集服兵役；唤起；使人回忆；带入心中；打电话给某人 联想拓展 call back 召回；回电话；收回处理 call on/at 拜访(on 后跟人；at 后跟地点名词) call for 要求，提倡，为??叫喊 call forth 使产生；引起；使起作用 call in 召集，召来，来访 call off 取消；取消或延期： call out 出动，唤起，大声叫唤 短语填空 ①I think we'd better _______ ________the statement. 我认为我们最好取消声明。 ② I have made bold to _______ ________ you at such a late hour . 我很冒昧这样晚来找你。 ③ This is a problem that _______ ________ immediate solution. 这是个迫切需要解决的问题。 ④A difficult situation can_______ ________a person's best qualities. 困境能唤起一个人最好的品格。 ⑤ Why was the football match _______ ________? 足球赛为什么取消? 答案：①call back ② call on③ called off ④call forth ⑤calls for 即学即练： 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或副词。 （原创） 1)This is the work that calls _______ patience.
2)Human Rights groups are calling _______ the release of political prisoners. 3)He had to _______ the meeting because of the bad weather. 4) I’ ll call _______ him tomorrow do you want to visit him with me? 5)The company has called _______ all such models as built in 1990. 6)The government then called _______ troops to deal with the disturbances. 7) The old photo calls _______ memories of my childhood. 【答案】 1)for 2)for 3)off 4)on 5)back 6) in 7)up 8. get through 设法联系上（尤指打电话） ；设法作完；通过考试；用光；用完；使成功使理 解明白 联想拓展 get (sth) across (to sb)（使某事）传播或为人理解 get ahead (of sb) 领先（於某人） get along with sb 与某人合得来；与某人和睦相处 get on/along with sth 取得进展 get away (from sb/...) 逃离或摆脱开（某人或某地）get off 离开某地或出发 get away with sth 偷携某物潜逃；不因某事受惩罚 get by (on sth)（靠某物）勉强维生；设法维持；对付 get down to sth/doing sth 开始做某事；重视某事物；认真处理某事 get over sth overcome 克服；战胜。 短语填空 ① she _______ ________ _______ her chassmates very well. 她与她的同学们相处的很 好。 ② They _______ ________ immediately after lunch. 他们吃过午饭马上就动身了。 ③He speeded up to _______ _______ _______ others 他加快速度，想要超越其他人 答案：①gets along with②got off③get ahead of 即学即练： 单项填空 I couldn’t ____.The line was busy. A. go by B. go around C. get in D. get through 【解析】选 D。由 The line was busy.可以看出，前面为“??接通”的意思；go by 从旁边 经过；go around 走来走去；get in 收获；get through 接通电话，符合句意。 9. set about sth/doing sth (不用於被动语态) 开始（某工作） 着手做某事 ； 联想拓展 set sth aside 将某事物放在一边； （为某目的）节省或保留（钱或时间） set sth down 将某事物记在纸上； 写下来 set out 从某地出发上路 set off 开始（旅行、赛跑等） set sth off 使（炸弹、地雷等）爆炸 set to 精力充沛地开始做某事 set sth up 摆放或竖起某物；创（体育）记录 短语填空 ① The new government must _______ ________ finding solutions to the country’s economic problems. 新政府必须立即找出解决国家经济问题的办法。 ② He _______ ________ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part. 他开始着手粉刷整幢房子,可是只完成了前面的部分。
③They _______ ________ in search of the lost child. 他们出发寻找失踪的孩子。 ④If we all _______ ________, we can finish cleaning the house in an hour. 如果我们开始认真干起来,我们一小时就能把房间打扫干净。 答案：①set about②set out③set off④set to 即学即练： 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词。 1)I don’ t know how to set _______ this job. 2)She set _______ a new world record time _______ the 100 metres. 3)They set _______ on the last stage _______ their journey. 4)How do senior managers set _______ making these decisions? 【答案】 1) about 2)up; in 3)out; of 4)about 9. set about sth/doing sth (不用於被动语态) 开始（某工作） 着手做某事 ； 联想拓展 set sth aside 将某事物放在一边； （为某目的）节省或保留（钱或时间） set sth down 将某事物记在纸上； 写下来 set out 从某地出发上路 set off 开始（旅行、赛跑等） set sth off 使（炸弹、地雷等）爆炸 set to 精力充沛地开始做某事 set sth up 摆放或竖起某物；创（体育）记录 短语填空 ① The new government must _______ ________ finding solutions to the country’s economic problems. 新政府必须立即找出解决国家经济问题的办法。 ② He _______ ________ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part. 他开始着手粉刷整幢房子,可是只完成了前面的部分。 ③They _______ ________ in search of the lost child. 他们出发寻找失踪的孩子。 ④If we all _______ ________, we can finish cleaning the house in an hour. 如果我们开始认真干起来,我们一小时就能把房间打扫干净。 答案：①set about②set out③set off④set to 即学即练： 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词。 1)I don’ t know how to set _______ this job. 2)She set _______ a new world record time _______ the 100 metres. 3)They set _______ on the last stage _______ their journey. 4)How do senior managers set _______ making these decisions? 【答案】 1) about 2)up; in 3)out; of 4)about 10.in case 因为可能发生某事；以防万一；万一 联想拓展 in case of sth 若发生某事；假如 in any case 无论如何；总之 in no case 在任何情形下决不；无论如何都不 in that case 既然那样；假若是那样的话
短语填空 ①It may rain you’d better take an umbrella (just) _______ ________ (it does). 可能下雨---你 最好带把伞，以防万一（下起来） 。 ②_______ ________ _______ shall I forget the expression on her face.我决不会忘记她脸上的 表情。 ③_______ ________ _______ ________ your debt, I’ll pay it off for you.至于你的欠款，我会 替你还清的。 ④We have to help him to pay the debt_______ ________.我们无论如何要帮他还债。 ⑤_______ _______ ________, you wouldn’t have a pan on fire. You’d have a house on fire！ 要是那样，你就不光使锅着火，你还会把房子烧起来。 答案：①in case②In no case③In the case of④in case⑤In that case 即学即练： 翻译下面的句子。 1)_______ _______ _______ _______ (遇火警时), ring the alarm bell. 2) You don’t like your job? _______ _______ _______ (既然那样), why don’t you leave? 3)Bring some money with you _______ _______ (以防万一) you want to buy something. 【答案】1)In case of fire 2) In that case 3) in case 重点句型 11. The first thing I tried to do was to see if there were products that might help me, but there only seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes. 我先看看有没有能派得上用场的 产品，好象只有一些用来杀死蛇的药粉。 在 there be 结构中，be 的人称与数应遵循就近一致原则： There was a bucket of water and two chairs in the comer of the house. There are two chairs and a bucket of water in the comer of the house. there be 常见的形式有：there seems to be...／there happens to be...／there used to be... There seems (to be)…… 好象?? 即学即练： 1)The child seems _______ (be) healthy, but the doctor is concerned. 2)It seems to me _______ there’ s something funny about the case. 3)There doesn’t seem _______ (be) much hope that he’ ll come / of him coming. 【答案】1)to be 2)that 3)to be seem 的归纳总结： ① sth.／sb. seem (to be)+adj.／名词好像 ② It seems that... 似乎，好像?? ③ It seems to sb that... 在某人看来好像?? ④ It seems as if／as though... 看起来好像(后可接虚拟语气，这可接表真实的表语从句。) It seems as if it were going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。(天气好得很，不会下雨。) It seems as if it is going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。(真的快要下雨了。) ⑤ There seems (to be)?? 好象?? 12. ...but it was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. ??但是贝尔是在五天以后才跟他的助手华生通了第一次电话。 It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分 句中用了 not ...until ...的强调句结构，此句型只用 until，不用 till。但如果不是强调句型，
till 与 until 可通用；另外主句中的否定词 not 要提出来，放在 until 之前一起强调，因此 that 后面的从句要用肯定句，不能再用否定句了。 He didn’t go to bed until/till his wife came back. →It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed. 直到他的妻子回来他才睡觉。 温馨提示 not until 置于句首时，要用部分倒装句型，这时要注意从句不倒装，只倒装主句。 ①Not until last week did they find the lost bike. 直到上个星期他才找到丢失的自行车。 ②Not until my son had entered the university did he realize the importance of time. 我的儿子直 到上了大学后才意识到时间的重要性。 即学即练： 单项填空 1）It was ________midnight _________back home after the experiment. A. until; that he went B. until; that he didn’t go C. not until; that he didn’t D. not until; that he went 【解析】选 D。从题干和选项很容易看出这是一个含有 not until 的强调句。基本句型为 It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分，故排除 A、B 两项。否定词 not 已提前，故主 句中为肯定句，故需选 D。句意为：直到半夜做完实验后他才回来。 2)Not until I began to work______ realize how much time I had wasted. （ A. didn’t I B. did I C. I didn’t D. I 【解析】选 B。not until 的倒装句型，用部分倒装，助动词提到主语之前，而且 not 已经移 到句首，因此不能再出现，故选 B。 13.Between the outside and inside walls of the bowl there is some jelly, which freezes hard when cooled. 在碗的内外壁中间有些果冻，当冷冻时就会变得非常硬。 [解释] when cooled 的构成：连词+过去分词，相当于 when 引导的状语从句 when it is cooled 如果 when／while 引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语相同，常常可用 when ／while + 现在分词短语或者过去分词短语的结构来代替。 1). When offered help, you should say “thank you” or “it’ s very kind of you”. = When you are offered help, you should say “thank you” or “it’ s very kind of you”. 2). You must be careful when crossing the street. = You must be careful when you cross the street. 3). Seen from the hill, the city is beautiful. = If／When the city is seen from the hill, the city is beautiful. 4). Seeing from the hill, you call see that the whole city is beautiful. = If／When you see from the hill, you can see that the whole city is beautiful. 即学即练： 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). Once _______ (publish), this novel will be very popular! 2). _______ (tell) many times, he still couldn’ t understand. 3). The girls are talking excitedly, _______ (follow) their teacher. Keys: 1). published 2). Having been told 3). following
真题回放 1.We’ve just moved into a bigger house and there’s a lot to do. Let’s
it. （2010 年福
建卷） A. keep up with B. do away with C. get down to D. look forward to 答案：C 解析：考察动词词组，A 项为“跟上，和 -----保持联系”B 项为“废除、去掉”C 项为“开 始认真做某事”D 项为“渴望、盼望” 。 2. The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good_____. （2010 年江苏卷） A. expectation B. reputation C. contribution D. civilization 答案： B 解析：考查单词意思的记忆，reputation 表示名声而 expectation 是期望的意思。Contribution 是贡献的意思。Civilization 是文明的意思。 3. So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is________ ideal. We have to work still harder. （2010 年湖南卷） A. next to B. far from C. out of D. due to 答案：B. 解析：考查固定词组的用法，far from 表示 not at all . next to 表示仅次于 due to 表示因为, 由于 4—Is everyone here?—Not yet……Look , there_______ the rest of our guests!（2010 年江苏卷） A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 答案：A 倒装句 谓语动词根据后面的主语 5. Smell the flowers before you go to sleep, and you may just ______ sweet dreams. （2010 年江 西卷） A keep up with B put up with C end up with D catch up with 答案：C 考点：考察动词词组。 解析： keep up with 保持, put up with 忍受, end up with 以 为结束 catch up with 赶上。 基础测评
11. I’m sorry, but I don’t know there is an_____________(突然地)change of plan. 2. As_________(预料), the sales manager gave in his notice at work today. 3. It’s our______(期望)that you will do well. 4. We should try our best to put the enemy in a_____(被动的)positio. 5. As we all know, newspapers influence the_______(潮流)of thought. 6. Your books and magazines are almost in a m______; go and put them in order. 7. The football club c________ arranges all the matches. 8. I have heard two v______ of the accident. 9. Illness is a v_______ excuse for being absent from work. 10. She t_______ me on the shoulder, but I didn’t feel it. 1.abrupt 2.expected 3. expectation 4. passive 5. current 6. mess 7. committee 8. versions 9. valid 10. tapped
call up now and then in case dive into set out to (do) get through in
out of order
1 It turned out that the newcomer was __________ a spy. 2 I won’t __________ my brother unless something unexpected happens. 3 Please __________. I will go and get her. 4 Our freezer is __________ again. We’d better buy a new one instead of repairing it. 5 Last winter that writer __________ writing a new long novel. 6 The police __________ investigate the cause of the fire. 7 Please take your credit card with you _________your money is not enough. 8 He is not here right now; will you please __________ later? 9 She _________ her bag and took out a few coins. 10 The line is engaged; I cannot _________ to his office. 11 I must _________ now because I will go to a meeting. 12 ___________, I visit my grandpa and grandma in the country. 答案; 1 in truth 2 call up 3 hang on 4 out of order 5 set about 6 set out to 7 in case 8 call back 9 dived into 10 get through 11 ring off 12 Now and then
1. 这一家人搬走了，因为这里经常交通堵塞，孩子上学不方便。 The family moved away, because there are so frequent traffic jams and it isn’t _______ _______children to go to school. 2. 打扫完房间之后，她开始做饭。 Having cleaned the room, she _______ _______ preparing the dinner. 3. 这种药的有效期是三年。 The medicine _______ _______ for three years. 4. 你最好给他打个电话以防他忘了确切的时间。 You’d better _______ him _______in case he doesn’t remember the exact time. 5. 他太被动了。事实上，他应该得到这次机会。 She is busy with _______ _______ a patent recently, and has no time to tidy her house which is in a mess now. 6. 她最近一直忙于申请专利的事，没时间打扫家，所以家里很乱。 He is too passive. In truth, he should have _______ _______ . 7. 他正在整理文件，所以决定一会给他的朋友回电话。 He was sorting out files, so he decided to _______ his friend _______ later. 8. 他现在发言是十分合适的。 It’ ll be quite _______ _______ for him to speak now. 9. 电梯出故障了。 The elevator is _______ _______ _______. 10. 他阅读了有关这个案件的全部卷宗。 He read all the _______ _______ the case. 答案： 1. convenient for2. set about 3. is valid4. call up in case5. applying for6. the chance7. ring back 8. in order 9. the files on10. out of order Ⅳ. 单项选择 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1. When I walked past the street and saw the children playing happily, their happy laughter ____ memories of my childhood. A. called in B. called for C. called on D. called up 2. He was left out when they ____ choosing a new manager, which came as a complete surprise to him. A. set out B. set about C. set off D. set up 3. We all write_________even when there is not much to say. A. now and then B. by and by C. step by step D. more or less 4. We should _______ right______wrong. A. distinguish; by B. distingguish; for C. distinguish; from D. distinguish; to 5. — She doesn’t play the piano, but she likes singing and dancing. — ____. A. So I am B. So it is with my sister C. So am I D. Neither do I 6. The train came to an______stop, making many passengers fall off their seats. A. abruptly B. suddenly C. surprised D. abrupt 7.--When could you have a meal with me? --I'd like to go whenever it is______ to you. A. fit B. nice C. convenient D. suit 8. It’s your decision — you must ____ the responsibility if things go wrong. A. bear B. take down C. put up with D. stand 9. Mrs Black isn’t in and I’ll have to ring ____. I would appreciate it if you ring ____ after 6 o’clock. A. off; back B. up; off C. out; up D. back; off 10. Unfortunately the restaurant he recommended fell short of our ____. A. expectations B. advantages C. opportunities D. contributions 11.—Have you __________? —No. I had the wrong number. A. got in B. got away C. got off D. got through 12 A great person is always putting others’ interests _________ his own. A. below B. above C. in D. on 13. News came from the school office ________Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. A. which B. what C. that D. where 14. —How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car _________ twice on the way. A. slowed down B. broke down C. got down D. put down 15. — I wonder ________ you’ll water this kind of flower. ——Every other day. A. how often B. how long C. how soon D. how much 1. D 解析： “他们欢快的笑声唤起了我儿时的记忆。 四个选项中，call in 召集；召来；来 ” 访，call for 要求；提倡；为??叫喊，call on 号召；呼吁；邀请，call up 召唤；使想起； 提出；打电话给。
2. B 解析：set out 和 set about 都有“开始；着手”的意思。set out 后跟不定式，而 set about 后跟 v-ing。 set off 动身；引爆，set up 建立。 3. A 解析： “我们都时不时地写点东西。 now and then 偶尔；有时，by and by 逐渐地；渐 ” 渐地， step by step 逐步地， more or less 多多少少。 4. C 解析： distinguish… from 意思是“把??从??中辨别出来”。 5. B 解析： so 和 nor 都可以表达“也是如此” ，但是当前面的句子有的运用肯定形式，有的 运用否定形式的时候，表达“也是如此”用 so it is with…的搭配。 6. D 解析： abrupt 在这里相当于 sudden，为形容词做定语。 7. C 解析： be convenient to sb.意思是 “某人方便” 其他选项中， 合适的， 。 fit nice 好的， suit 为动词或名词，意思是“合适” 8. A 解析：表达“承担责任” ，take down 取下，put up with 和 stand 表达“忍受” 。 9. A 解析： 第一空表达“挂断（电话），第二空表达“再打过来” ” 。 10. C 解析： fall short of 意思是“达不到” 。本句的意思是“不幸的是，他推荐的饭店达不 到我们的想象。 ” 11D 解析：考查动词短语的区别。get in”插话，收割”；get away”离开，走开”；get off”下车”； get through”接通电话，完成，到达，通过”，由此可知该题的答案为:D，意思是“你接通 电话了吗？” 12. B 解析：考查介词的用法，put other’s interests above one’s own 意思是把别人的利益放在 自己的利益至上。 13. C 解析：考查名词性从句的用法。在该题中 that 引导了一个同位语从句来解释说明 news 的内容，由于该题把同位语从句后置了，所以由于不能正确分析句子结构而错误选择了 D 项。 14. A 解析：考查相似疑问词的区别。根据答语 Every other day 可知对方问的是多久浇一次 这种花。how often 问频率，符合题意。 15. B 解析：考查动词短语的区别，答语的意思是：一切都进展顺利除了我们的汽车在途中 抛锚了两次外。break down 抛锚；slow down 慢下来；get down 记下，写下；put down 扑 灭。所以该题的答案为 B. Ⅰ. 完型填空 字数：344 完成时间： 分钟 15 难度：★★ 分
There is a Web site called the "World Database of Happiness". It combines and 1 the results of hundreds of surveys from around the world that have been conducted on life 2 . Most of the findings are predictable, but a few are 3 . The database makes it 4 that there is not a strong connection between material wealth and general contentment. It is a cliche(陈词滥调) to say that money 5 buy happiness, but the old saying seems to be 6 by research. Many people still cling to the belief that gaining riches will be the answer to all their problems, yet they are probably 7 . Studies have been 8 on people who acquired sudden wealth, such as lottery winners. In most cases, after the initial joy had 44 , people were not left with a sense of lasting happiness. In fact, they 10 to return to the way they felt before they became rich.11contented people continue to be contented, 12 those who were miserable in the past sink back into misery. If material wealth does not bring happiness, then 13 does? Perhaps happiness has something to
do with14 you live. The authorities at the World Database on Happiness have surveyed levels of happiness in different 15 . Apparently, people in America, Canada, and Singapore are very happy; people living in India and Russia, not surprisingly, are not happy. Other surveys consistently point to the importance of relationships. Family relationships, 16, seem to be the key to long-term contentment. The Web site suggests that 17 in love and having children are two of the situations that bring the greatest happiness. Nowadays people look to 18 as an alternative source of satisfaction. People increasingly spend more time alone watching TV or surfing the Internet 19 spending time with family. Can technology truly make people happy? It is too difficult to tell, but one thing is sure: If the Web site's research is 20 , time spent with your family is a better investment than time spent making money. 1.A. gamers B. analyzes C. uses D. collects 2. A. condition B. level C. style D. satisfaction 3. A. surprising B. exciting C. interesting D. annoying 4. A. actual B. true C. real D. clear 5. A. can B. may C. can’t D. mustn’t 6. A. supported B. carried C. satisfied D. served 7. A. correct B. mistaken C. foolish D. stupid 8. A. carried away B. carried on C. carried off D. carried out 9. A. worn out B. cut off C. worn off D. cut out 10. A. intend B. tend C. desire D. want 11. A. Especially B. Previously C. Actually D. Totally 12. A. then B. but C. so D. while 13. A. which B. who C. what D. when 14. A. space B. place C. where D. how 15. A. cites B. countries C. towns D. sections 16. A. in surprise B. in all C. in fact D. in particular 17. A. dropping B. feeling C. falling D. stepping 18. A. entertainment B. information C. technology D. study 19. A. other than B. more than C. or rather D. rather than 20. A. reasonable B. simple C. adequate D. accurate 本文是说明文。全文说明了对幸福认识的调查。 1. B 根据文意， “世界幸福数据库”综合并分析了调查结果。 2. D 从上下文可知，这个“世界幸福数据库”是对生活满意度进行的调查。 3. A 这个调查结果大多数在意料之中，但也有一些意外。 4. D make it clear 意思是“表明” 。 5. C 钱是买不到幸福的。 6. A 研究结果似乎证明了这句俗语。 7. B 许多人仍然坚信得到财富就可以解决他们所有的问题，但他们可能是错的。 8. D 进行调查应该用短语 carry out 表示：开展，进行，执行。carry on 继续活动，进行下去； carry off 拿走，赢得；carry away 运走，使着迷，使陶醉。 9. C wear out 穿破，损坏，使筋疲力尽；wear off 逐渐减弱，逐渐消失；cut out 切去，删掉； cut off 切去，砍掉，使中止通话，打断??通话。句意是“在大多数情况下，最初的欢 喜逐渐消失后，人们心中并没有留下持久幸福的感觉” 。
10. B 最初的欣喜退后，他们往往又回到了致富前的心理状态。 11. B 以前满足的人仍然很满足，故选择 previously。 12. D 这里是 while 表示转折、对比。 13. C 此句的意思是：如果物质生活的富裕无法带来快乐，那么到底什么才能使人快乐呢？ 14.C 从下文中知道，也许快乐与你所居住的地方有关。 15. B 联系后文的 people in America, Canada, and Singapore are very happy 我们可以得此答 案。 16. D in particular 特别，尤其。尤其家庭关系似乎是令人能长久感到满足的关键。 17. C fall in love 为固定搭配，意思是“相爱” 。 18.C 1ook to“指望” 。现在人们指望科技能成为满足感的另一个来源。 19. D rather than 而不是。人们把越来越多的时间花在看电视或上网上，而并非与家人共聚。 20. D 此句前半句的意思是如果这个网站的研究结果是精确的。 Ⅱ. 阅读理解 A 字数：446 完成时间： 分钟 15 难度：★★★ 分
Yi So-yeon, an engineer from Seoul, returned to Earth on Saturday after 11 days aboard the International Space Station (ISS), along with Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and US astronaut Peggy Whitson. A technical problem turned a routine (常规) return to Earth into a sharper than usual descent (下降) that tested the group members' stamina and courage. They landed in the Kazakh steppes ( 大草原) about 420km (260 miles) wide of their target. "During the descent there was some kind of fire outside the Soyuz capsule because we were going through the atmosphere," Yi said. "At first I was afraid, but the two other guys looked okay, so I tried to look okay too." Yi smiled and joked her way through a 10-minute news briefing at Star City, the wooded Sovietera cosmonaut training centre on the edge of Moscow. However, Malenchenko and Whitson looked tired and thin after nearly six months in space. Their answers were short and Whitson needed support to balance when she walked. The 29-year-old Yi has become famous in South Korea since the take-off but she brushed this aside and said she has had little contact with friends or family since returning. "In fact, they are the heroes right now," Yi said, referring to Malenchenko and Whitson. "I'm just a beginner and a little ashamed to say that I am a hero." She did, though, relate a more light-hearted incident on the ISS. "I sang 'Fly Me to the Moon" Yi said about the 1950s pop song. "It's my favorite song from university although at that time I didn't know I would be an astronaut." The capsule's so-called "ballistic" re-entering made the group members face twice the usual pull from the centre of the earth. The flames Yi described may have been caused by friction (摩 擦) heating the capsule as it fell through the atmosphere. Whitson told reporters that Saturday's ballistic landing, was irregular but not an emergency. "The Soyuz has been through its history very reliable and there has obviously been some issue in the last couple of descents which went ballistic, but I'm sure the engineers will determine what the problems are and get them fixed," she said.
In October, a Soyuz capsule carrying Malaysia's first space tourist touched down about 200 km (125 miles) off course in a similar ballistic landing caused by a technical problem. The Soyuz is the world's longest-serving manned space capsule. An early version of the craft, the Vostok, carried the first person into space in 1961. Whitson, 48, has become the American with the longest amount of time in space with 377 days. 1. What's the main idea of the passage? A. Flight in space is very dangerous B. Not everybody can go into space C. Fearful landing tests the Korean astronaut D. Yi didn't know she would be an astronaut when she was young 2. The reason why Yi Suo-yeon felt afraid at first was that __________. A. a fire was caused by the friction B. she had no such experience before C. she was not brave enough D. the other two didn't help her 3. From the passage, we can learn that __________. A. Yi So-yeon, a space tourist came from South Korea B. Whitson became energetic when they landed on earth C. the two other guys were not afraid during the descent D. the Soyuz, an unmanned space capsule, had a long history 4. The underlined phrase in this passage means __________. A. out of work B. out of control C. in the wrong direction D. in danger 5. We can conclude from this passage that __________. A. experience is very important for astronauts to ensure safety B. Yi Suo-yeon will never return to the space station C. people are not willing to experience the space flight D. we should draw a lesson from the accident 本文讲述 Yi Suo-yeon 与另外两名宇航员在太空站 11 天后返回的不平凡经历。 1. C 主旨大意题。令人恐惧的着陆让进入太空的韩国宇航员经受了一次考验。 2. B 细节理解题。根据第六段推理得出, Yi 开始时恐惧的原因是以前没有过这种经历。 3. C 由“At first I was afraid, but the two other guys looked okay...”判断得出答案。 4. C 词意猜测题。off course 偏离轨道。 5. A 推理判断题。有上下文推理可得:飞行员的经验在旅途中能够对安全起很大作用。 B 字数：335 完成时间： 分钟 15 难度：★★ 分
Jenny Bowen, an American living in Beijing, has been selected as the only American to carry the 2008 Beijing Olympic torch on Chinese soil．She and seven other non-Chinese winners were chosen from a pool of 262 applicants (申请者) from 47 countries in a contest organized by Chinese computer maker Lenovo Group and the official English-language newspaper, China Daily．When Bowen runs with the Olympic torch, she will not only be representing the United States, but also be representing thousands of Chinese orphans (孤儿)．
Bowen, a mother of two adopted Chinese daughters, is the executive director of Half the Sky Foundation, an organization which was founded in 1998 and aims to enrich the lives and improve the prospects for orphaned children in China． nearly 10 years, Bowen and Half the Sky In have touched the lives of over 13,000 children．Half the Sky is now present in 36 welfare (福利) institutions in 28 Chinese cities．About 4,000 children are active in the program, which provides trained staff, educational tools, medical support and nurturing love for orphans． Bowen hopes that running with the Olympic torch would help draw attention to the children in China．She will be among 19,400 runners who will carry the flame along an 85,000-mile, 130-day route across five continents．Beijing organizers say it will be the longest torch relay in Olympic history． Like Bowen, the seven other non-Chinese winners, including a German engineer and a Venezuelan graphic designer, live in China．Other countries represented will be the Philippines, Colombia, India, Japan and Russia． According to Olympic organizers, candidates (候选人) were selected based on an online vote, committee selection, their “love of Chinese culture and history” and devotion to “communicating information of a real China to their native countries” Each runner will carry the ． torch for 200 meters on Chinese soil． 6．According to the text, Jenny Bowen ____． A．is interested in Chinese sports B．founded Half the Sky, an organization which aims to help Chinese orphans C．has adopted 13,000 children during 10 years D．loves Chinese culture and history 7．Bowen hopes that being a torch runner would help ____． A．collect educational tools, medical support, etc, for orphans B．make Half the Sky Foundation well known C．communicate information of America D．draw attention to orphans in China 8．Which of the following about the 2008 torch relay is WRONG? A．The contest for its runners is organized by Lenovo Group and China Daily． B．It has eight foreign runners, including an American, a German and a Venezuelan． C．It will be the longest relay with the most runners in Olympic history． D．It will be an opportunity to communicate information of a real China to the world． 9．What’s the best title for the passage? A．A US WOMAN TO CARRY 2008 OLYMPIC TORCH IN CHINA． B．HAPPY LIFE OF A US WOMAN IN CHINA． C．DEVELOPMENT OF CHINESE WELFARE INSTITUTIONS． D．THE LONGEST TORCH RELAY IN OLYMPIC HISTORY． 10．The text is a(n) ____． A．biography B．argument C．news report D．advertisement 6．D。根据文章最后一段，火炬手选拔的标准之一为“love of Chinese culture and history”， 由此可推断 Jenny Bowen 是热爱中国文化和历史的；A 项文章并未提到；B、C 项与文章内 容不符。 7．D。根据第三段“Bowen hopes that running with the Olympic torch will help draw attention to the children in China．”可得出答案。 8．C。第三段提到“it will be the longest torch relay in Olympic history．”，但文章并未提到是
runners 最多的；根据“in a contest organized by … Lenovo Group and … China Daily．”A 的表 述是正确的；根据倒数第二段，B 表述正确；根据最后一段，D 表述正确。 9．A。主旨大意题。文章主要讲的是生活在北京的 Bowen 将成为 2008 年为北京奥运会传 递火炬的唯一一位美国人。 10．C。文章首先概述事件本身，接着分析背景，然后顺带提到其它相关信息，根据其结构， 应为新闻报道。 山东专用 阅读表达阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后面的要求答题。 （请注意问题后的字数要求） （潍坊 市寿光现代中学 2011 届高三阶段检测英 语 试 题（10.28） ） Have one of those days or weeks when everything seems to annoy you? Even if you do nothing about it, your bad mood will probably go away after some time． But with a little effort, you can forget it much faster, often within a day or two． ◆Walk it off Exercise is the most popular way to remove bad mood． A person who’s in a bad mood has low energy and high tension． Taking a fast ten-minute walk, or taking some quick exercise can do wonders towards changing that bad mood． ◆Tune it out Listening to your favorite music for a while can also make tensions go away quickly． because music starts associations with past positive experiences we’ve had． ◆Give yourself a pep talk Stop and listen to what’s on your mind．Bad moods are often started by too many negative thoughts． Write them all down on paper, including the pessimistic （悲观的） messages you’ve been giving yourself and then give optimistic answers． ◆Avoid things that won’t improve your mood TV may not help much． You need to increase your energy level and stimulate your mind． And before you reach for that piece of cake and coffee, think about how are linked,
Sugar and caffeine contribute to depressed moods．While carbohydrates, such as potatoes and pasts(意大利面食)produce a calming effect in people who have a desire for them． 1．What’s the best title of thi s passage（please answer in less than 10 words）
2．Which sentence in the passage can replace the following one?
Sometimes your bad mood may disappear of itself after a while．
3． in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words Please answer in less than 10 words． Fill （ ）
4．What do most people do to beat the bad mood according to the passage?Please suggest another way to remove the bad mood（Please answer within 30 words）
5．Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese．
1．How to Beat a Bad Mood/Ways to Get Rid of Bad Moods． 2．Even if you do nothing about it, your bad mood will probably go away after some time． 3．mood and food/how you feel and what you eat． 4．Peopie usually do some physical exercise to remove it． 5．听一会自己最喜欢的音乐也能很快消除紧张情绪，因为音乐能够让人想起以前的积极乐 观的经历。 浙江专用 短文改错 下面短文中共有 10 处错误，错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分（浙江瑞安中学 2010 学年第一学期 2008 级高三 10 月份月考英语试卷）
During the summer holidays this year, I thought I should do anything meaningful
instead of staying at home, so I have got a job at a KFC fast food restaurant, worked there as a cleaner．I worked seven hours a day for three weeks． The job was hard and bored and seemed endless, which made me so tired that I nearly gave it in half way, but I stuck to it with determinations．Every day I started off for work early in the morning and got home lately in the evening．Finally I finished the job before the new term begins． Now, I understand that labor means．I think it is really successful experience．
答案： During the summer holidays this year, I thought I should do anything meaningful something instead of staying at home, so I have got a job at a KFC fast food restaurant, worked working 或 worked 前加 and as a cleaner．I worked seven hours a day for three weeks． The job was hard and bored and seemed endless, which made me so tired that I nearly boring gave it in half way, but I stuck to it with determinations．Every day I started off for work early in up determination the morning and got to home lately in the evening．Finally I finished the job before the new term late begins． began Now, I understand that labor means ． I think it is really ∧ successful experience． what a
短文填词 福建、江西专用 短文填词（靖安中学 10 月月考英语试卷） W: Hello, Bob! Long time no see． How are you 1） （ g_________ along with your 2） （ p__________ for the entrance exam? M: Well, I can’t tell．Anyway, I’m（3）t________ my best． W: So am I．Sometimes I really feel very tired, both（4）p_________ and mentally． M: I feel the same．These days I’m（5）s_________ from headaches and general weakness．Not enough time for sleep．I don’t know what will happen if it（6）g______ on like this for long．
W: We have no time for sports, even music, not to（7）m_______films and TV programmes．All we can see is exercises, exam papers and this sort of things． M : But we’ll get more（8）k___________ after studying all these years．If we do well and go to college, we can take up many jobs and make a（9）c_________ to society in the future． W: To realize our dream, we must work hard now． What I expect is that our parents should not put more （10）p________ on us． M: L can’t agree more． 答案：1.getting 2.preparations3.trving 4.phvsicallv5.suffering 6.goes 7.mention 8.knowledge 9.contribution 10.pressure 补全对话题 （山西、全国新课标） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 （山西大学附中 2010-2011 学年第一学期高三（十月）月考题） Psy chologists tell us that there are four basic stages that human beings pass through when they enter and live in a new culture. This process, which helps us to deal with culture shock, is the way our brain and our personality react to the strange new things we encounter when we move from one culture to another. Culture begins with the “honeymoon stage”. 1 _____. We are thrilled to be in the new environment, seeing new sights, hearing new sounds and language, eating new kinds of food. 2_____. 3______. After we have settled down into our new life, we can become very tired and begin to miss our homeland and our family, friends, pets. All the little problems in life seem to be much bigger and more disturbing when you face them in a foreign culture. This period of cultural adjustment can be very difficult and lead to the new arrival rejecting or pulling away from the new culture. The third stage is called the “adjustment stage”. 4_____. Your sense of humour usually becomes stronger and you realize that you are becoming stronger by learning to take care of yourself in the new place. Things are still difficult, but y ou are now a survivor! The fourth stage can b e called “at ease at last”. Now you feel quite comfortable in your new surroundings. 5_____. You may still have problems with the language, but you know you are strong enough to deal with them. A.You can cope with most problems that occur. B.This is when you begin to realize that things are not so bad in the host culture. C. It is extremely difficult to get through the first stage of culture. D. You may feel sad, anxious, frustrated, and want to go home. E. Unfortunately, the second stage can be more difficult. F. This stage can last for quite a long time because we feel we are involved in some kind of great
adventure. G.This is the period of time when we first arrive in which everything about the new culture is strange and exciting. 答案：1 G2F3E4B5A 写作： 科学技术在日新月异地发展，它们在人们生活中的应用越来越广泛，但是也带来了一 些问题。结合下面的图画，谈谈科学技术给人们造成的影响。 注意： 1．词数：100—120 词左右。 2．开头已为你写好，不计入词数。可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 From the above pictures, we can see the following scene.
答案： Form the above pictures, we can see the following scene: in the past when father came back from work and stepped into the house, his wife would bring him a cup of hot coffee and his little son used to happily greet him with “Daddy”, and his daughter would throw away her book to welcome him, which made him glad and also “Hi” to them happily. But now when father gets home, he finds that his son is addicted to playing computer games and his daughter is busy phoning her friends and his wife is absorbed in watching TV series. Everyone is doing something and cares nothing about his return. The father doesn’t become angry because he is also dealing with his business with a cell phone. What the pictures reflect is that the wide use of technology is beginning to influence the relationship between family members, who seem to have no time communicating with each other.