【KS5U 首发】贵州省 2013-2014 学年高二寒假作业（1）英语 Word 版含答案
br />一、单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从 A. B. C. D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 硕，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.According to a UN report，one third of the world population have no drinking water and health care. A. means B. approach C. channel D. access
2.—Have you finished all your exercises? —Yes, ________ is left. As a matter of fact, they are as easy as ABC. A. nothing B. not one C. none D. neither 3.This kind of toy is_____ for children above three. A. promised B. allowed C. designed D. used
4.Education in government colleges is very cheap, but if you go to the _____colleges, it is much more expensive. A. private B. personal C. public D. personnel
5.— Jim! How did you sleep last night? — Oh. Like a log. Never slept _________almost within a month. A. well B. better C. best D. worse 6.. -- Have you each got a computer in your office? -- Of course. of our work by the computer. A. Two thirds, are done C. Three quarters, is done D. Three fourth, was done 7.Much to my surprise, she ______ tears ______ she read the letter. A．burst out; instant C．burst out; instantly B．burst into; the instant D．burst into; instant
8.I’m living in the apartment nearby. Come and see me whenever________. A．it is convenient B．you are convenient
C．you have convenience D．there is convenience 9.It didn't take long for them to ______ the cheat，who pretended to be an expert in this field. A．look through B．go through C．live through D．see through 10.One third of our school _________ covered by trees, while the majority of our students ________ girls. A. is, is B. are; are C. is; are D. are; is 11.The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if _______ regularly, can improve our health. A. being carried out B. carried out C. carrying out D. to carry out 12.__ __ he realized it was too late to return home. A. No sooner it grew dark than B. Hardly did it grow dark when C. It was not until dark that D. It was until dark that 13.The weather turned out to be fine yesterday. I ______ the trouble to carry my umbrella with me. A. should have taken B. could have taken C. needn’t have taken D. mustn’t have taken 14.It’s such a good place ______ everyone wants to go and visit _______ it is well known all over the world. A. that; that B. as; as C. as; that D. that; as 15.There is no possibility ______ all the students can pass the college entrance examination. A. what B. that C. which D. whether 评卷人 得分 二、完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
Yesterday I was having lunch at Subway. In the meantime, occasionally, I 16 a young man struggling to get his drink. He was spilling everything and making a 17 . As I got close, I noticed he was blind. I went over and 18 to help. I took him by the hand and 19 him to the table. I asked him if he 20 anything else and he said he was fine, so I left. About two hours 21 I was heading to my car and the rain started pouring down. I took 22 in a nearby building, and then I saw the young blind man again. He was
trying to cross the street and using his stick to make sure that 23 was in his way. I went up to him and said，“Hi！” He smiled and said, “Hey! You are the young lady who helped me at the 24 .” I smiled and said, “Yes.” 25 I took him by the hand and led him across the street. I asked him 26 he knew I was the same person from the restaurant. He said he my energy! He said he could feel it just like before! We 28 it to the other side of the street and he told me he was 29 now and could make the rest of the way on his own. So we said good－bye and went our separate 30 . As I got into my car I was all wet 31 I felt warm. I was glad I was able to be in both places to 32 that young man out even if it was very 33 . He helped me as well. He told me I had a positive energy and that made me feel great about myself. So 34 he is today, I hope he knows what a 35 it was for me to have those two moments with him. 16．A.imagined 17. A.mess 18．A.promised 19．A.sent 20．A.bought 21．A.long 22．A.shelter 23．A.something 24．A.hotel 25．A.Then 26．A.whether 27．A.appreciated 28．A.did 29．A.happy 30．A.directions 31．A.and 32．A.help B．noticed B．bet B．agreed B．caught B．ordered B．before B．risks B．nothing B．restaurant B．Suddenly B．why B．liked B．tried B．tired B．ways B．but B．pick C．stopped C．noise C．offered C．showed C．lost C．later C．chances C．everything C．building C．Anyhow C．when C．remembered C．made C．full C．roads C．so C．drag D．heard D．difference D．waited D．led D．needed D．ago D．rests D．anything D．shop D．Anxiously D．how D．forgot D．put D．safe D．paths D．while D．drive 27
33．A.comfortable 34．A.wherever 35．A.surprise 评卷人 得分
B．convenient B．whenever B．shock
C．simple C．whoever C．wonder
D．difficult D．whatever D．pleasure
三、阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
A Spring is coming, and it is time for those about to graduate to look for jobs. Competition is tough, so job seekers must carefully consider their personal choices. Whatever we are wearing，our family and friends may accept us, but the workplace may not. A high school newspaper editor said it is unfair for companies to discourage visible tattoos (纹身），nose rings, or certain dress styles. It is true you can’t judge a book by its cover, yet people do “cover” themselves in order to convey ( 传递)certain messages. What we wear, including tattoos and nose rings, is an expression of who we are. Just as people convey messages about themselves with their appearances， so do companies. Dress standards exist in the business world for a number of reasons, but the main concern is often about what customers accept. Others may say how to dress is a matter of personal freedom, but for businesses it is more about whether to make or lose money. Most employers do care about the personal appearances of their employees (雇员),because those people represent（代 表） the companies to their customers. As a hiring manager I am paid to choose the people who would make the best impression on our customers. There are plenty of well-qualified candidates（候选 人）, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. Even though I am open-minded, I can’t expect all our customers are. There is nobody to blame but yourself if your set of choices does not match that of your preferred employer. No company should have to change to satisfy a candidate simply because he or she is unwilling to respect its standards, as long as its standards are legal. 36. Which of the following is the newspaper editor’ opinion according to Paragraph 2? A. People’s appearances carry messages about themselves.
B. Customers’ choices influence dress standards in companies. C. Candidates with tattoos or nose rings should be fairly treated. D. Strange dress styles should not be encouraged in the workplace. 37. What can be inferred from the text? A. Candidates have to wear what companies prefer for an interview. B. What to wear is not a matter of personal choice for companies. C. Companies sometimes have to change to respect their candidates. D. Hiring managers make the best impression on their candidates. 38. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Employees Matter C. Appearances Matter described as _______________. A. enthusiastic B. negative B The research tracked the health of 101,000 US nurses over three decades. Light-to-moderate smokers were twice as likely to die of sudden heart problems as those who had never smoked. But those who quit smoking saw their risk begin to go back down within years, a journal of the American Heart Association reports. _________ During the study, there were 315 sudden cardiac deaths （心脏性猝死） —— where the heart unexpectedly stops working. In people aged 35 or younger, this usually because of a heart condition that runs in the family. But in people who are older than this—as most of the nurses in the study were — it can be the first sign of coronary heart disease, where the heart’s arteries become blocked by fatty deposits. Of the 315 sudden deaths in the study, 75 were among current smokers, 148 were among recent or past smokers and 128 occurred in people who had never smoked. Reason to quit After taking into account other heart risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and family history of heart disease, Dr Roopinder Sandhu and his colleagues found the women who smoked were twice as likely as likely to die suddenly even if they smoked “light-to-moderate” amounts —between one and 14 cigarettes a day. For every five years of continued smoking, the risk went up by 8%. But women who quit saw their risk fall to that of someone who had never smoked, after 20 years of cessation. Dr Sandhu, of the University of Alberta, Canad, said: “What this study really tells women is how important it is to stop smoking. The benefits in terms of sudden cardiac C positive D. sympathetic(同情的) B. Personal Choices Matter D. Hiring Managers Matter
39. The author’s attitude towards strange dress styles in the workplace may best be
death reduction are there for all women, not just those with established heart disease.” “It can be difficult to quit. It needs to be a long-term goal. It’s not always easily achievable and it may take more than one attempt.” Ellen Mason, senior cardiac nurse at the British Heart Foundation, said: “This study shows that smoking just a couple of cigarettes a day could still seriously affect your future health.” “As we approach the new year, many of us will be making resolutions and giving up smoking will be the top of the list for lots of people.” “If you’re thinking of quitting and need a nudge, this research adds to the wealth of evidence that stopping smoking is the single best thing you can do for your heart health.” A recent study in The Lancet of 1.2million Women found those who gave up smoking by the age of 30 would almost completely avoid the risk of dying early from tobacco-related diseases. Latest figures suggest a fifth of women in England smoke. 40. According to the research, light smokers____________. A. are not likely to suffer from heart problems B. are more likely to suffer from heart problems than moderate ones C. can go on smoking only if they don’t smoke much D. have a high possibility of dying of heart disease 41. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Nonsmokers wouldn’t die of sudden cardiac death B. Most of the nurses concerned in the research were middle aged. C. All age groups of people were involved in the research. D. If the smokers had quit smoking, they wouldn’t have died of heart disease. 42. Which of the following is best suitable for the blank in the passage? A. Raised risk B. Ways of quitting smoking C. Diseases related to smoking D. Signs of heart disease 43. The underlined word “nudge” in the passage probably means “____________” A. push B. confidence C. study D. comparison C Fitness isn’t just physical: Change your thoughts, and you change your world. Of course we can all agree that gaining and losing weight, exercise, diet, strength, and flexibility are all a part of fitness. But what about body image, self-esteem, aging, relationships, success and happiness? They are all related, all connected, and fitness in all areas is important if you want true and total fitness. But you may say, “I just want to lose 20 pounds. If I do, I will feel better about myself and I will be happy.” Maybe in the short term, but honestly, if we don’t deal with our mental and emotional fitness while working on the physical fitness, there is very little chance of keeping the weight off, feeling good about yourself, and improving every other area of your life. Let’s not waste time in changing our bodies when they will only change back if we don’t change our minds, too. Let’s work “out” and work “in” at the same time. Change your mind－and you must, because if you have been trying to lose weight, but cannot, there is something inside of you that is disallowing it. You can change this
pattern, improve your self-esteem, increase your joy, and change your body for good by focusing on changing your mind, too. This is training of life. Work-ins will recondition your mind, improve your attitude, change your perception and stimulate motivation at the same time you are conditioning your body for weight loss, shaping, strength and endurance. If you repeat a positive statement over and over to yourself-like a mantra, your mind will change, the same way your body does, even if you don’t believe it. Like lifting a weight over and over, your muscle changes－even if you don’t believe it. Try it－what have you got to lose? Say, “I am ready for my body to be healthier, leaner, and stronger. I love it already.” Say it over and over while you are walking or running or doing any exercise. Pick a statement that works for you － something positive and in the present tense. 44. The author will probably agree that _____________. A. mental health is the most important in weight loss B. working on physical fitness is sometimes harmful C. fitness is much more than gaining or losing weight D. lifting a weight over and over is the best way to keep fit 45. According to the passage, a positive “mantra” (in Paragraph 5) ___________. A. changes your muscle B. helps recondition your mind C. might cause great loss D. is something you must believe 46. What is the best title for this passage? A. Stop Wasting Time on Weight Loss B. Health and Life Attitude C. Work Your Mind, Not Just Your Body D. Real Training of Life 47. If work-ins can recondition your mind and improve your attitude, then work-outs probably can____ A. improve your looks B. cause you to gain more weight C. make you more motivated D. benefit your physical reshaping D Imagine a mass of floating waste is two times the size of the state of Texas. Texas has a land area of more than 678 000 square kilometers. So it might be difficult to imagine anything twice as big. All together, this mass of waste flowing in the North Pacific Ocean is known as the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch. It weighs about 3 500 000 tons. The waste includes bags，bottles and containers—plastic products of all kinds.www.ks5u.com The eastern part of the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch is about l 600 kilometers west of California. The western part is west of the Hawaiian Islands and east of Japan. The area has been described as a kind of oceanic desert，with light winds and slow moving water currents. The water moves so slowly that garbage from all over the world collects there.
In recent years，there have been growing concerns about the floating garbage and its effect on sea creatures and human health. Scientists say thousands of animals get trapped in the floating waste，resulting in death or injury. Even more die from a lack of food or water after swallowing pieces of plastic. The trash can also make animals feel full，lessening their desire to eat or drink. The floating garbage also can have harmful effects on people. There is an increased threat of infection of disease from polluted waste，and from eating fish that swallowed waste. Divers can also get trapped in the plastic.www.ks5u.com Its existence first gained public attention in l997. That was when racing boat captain and oceanographer Charles Moore and his crew sailed into the garbage while returning from a racing event. Five years earlier，another oceanographer learned of the trash after a shipment of rubber duckies got lost at sea. Many of those toys are now part of the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch. In August，2009，a team from the University of California，San Diego became the latest group to travel to it. They were shocked by the amount of waste they saw. They gathered hundreds of sea creatures and water samples to measure the garbage patch’s effect on ocean environment. 48.How did the writer introduce the topic of the passage? A. By giving an example. C. By telling a story. B. By listing the facts. D. By giving a comparison.
49.What do we know about the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch? A. It is made up of various kinds of plastic products. B. It is a solid mass of floating waste materials. C. It lies l60 000 kilometers east of California. D. It is described as a kind of oceanic land. 50.Why do people pay attention to the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch? A. Because it may prevent the flow of ocean water. B. Because the polluted plastic products will affect the food chain. C. Because it maybe form an island in the pacific. D. Because ships may be trapped in the floating waste. 评卷人 得分 四、七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
What problems do you have with your study? Do you want to improve the way you study? Do you feel nervous before a test? Many students say that a lack of concentration is their biggest problem. It seriously affects their ability to study, so do
their test results. __51__ Study Techniques You should always study in the same place. You shouldn’t sit in a position that you use for another purpose. __52__ Don’t watch TV while you are studying. Experts warn that your concentration may be reduced by 50 percent if you attempt to study in this way. Always try to have a white wall in front of you, so there is nothing to distract you. Before sitting down to study, gather together all the equipment you need. Apart from your textbooks, pens, pencils and knives, make sure you have a dictionary. __53__ Finish one thing before beginning another. If you need a break, get up and walk around for a few minutes, but try not to telephone a friend or have something to eat. Test-taking Skills All your hard work will be for nothing if you are too nervous to take your test. __54__ This means: do not study all night before your test! It is a better idea to have a long-term study plan. Try to make a timetable for your study which lasts for a few months. Exercise is a great way to reduce pressure. Doing some form of exercise every day will also improve your concentration. When you arrive in the examination room, find your seat and sit down. Breathe slowly and deeply. Check the time on the clock during the test, but not too often. ___55___ A. Most importantly, take no notice of everyone else and give the test paper your undivided attention. B. Your eyes will become tired if you try to read a text which is on a flat surface. C. If so, use these tips to help you. D. Be realistic and don’t try to complete too much in one study period. E. For example, when you sit on a sofa to study, your brain will think it is time to relax. F. You will have enough energy to deal with your study and exams by eating healthy diet. G. Getting plenty of rest is very important.
五、短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 I 分，满分 10 分)
文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。没处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加，删除或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧，并在其下面写 出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改：在错的词下划一横 线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一 词; 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
Tsai Qin, whose songs had a great effect on us, was on a brief tour. The next stop was Wenzhou. I looking forward to see her wonderful performance. In the morning of Mar.18th, I set off early to the stadium. When I arrived, I found lots of fans had been gathered in the front rows to get more familiar to Tsai Qin. I held my breath, waited. At last, she turned up. The fans burst into applause. The devotion we showed to a folk queen great touched her as we seemed not to be able to control herself and moved to tears. Ks5u 评卷人 得分 六、书面表达(满分 25 分) 请根据以下提示，结合你生活中的一个事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Failure is annoying, but what failure can teach us may never be taught in other ways． 注意：①无须写标题，不得照抄英语提示语； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数为 120 左右。
试卷答案 一．单项选择 1.D
4.A 试题分析：考查形容词辨析。建议：在公办大学接受教育，花费较低；但是， 如果上私立大学，就会花费很多的费用。A 私立的；B 个人的；C 公开的；D 人 事部门。故选 A。 考点：考查形容词辨析 5.B 6.C 略 7.B
9.D 考察动词短语，see through“看穿, 识破”。 10.C 11.B 12.C 13.C
15.B 二．完形填空 16-20 BACDD 21-25 CABBA 26-30 DCCDB 31-35 BACAD 三．阅读理解
CBCB DBAA CBCD DAB 四．七选五 CEDGA 五．短文改错 1. looking 前加 was 5. been 去掉 8. a---the
2. see---seeing 3. in---on 4. to---for 7. waited---waiting 10.we---she
6.to---with 9. great---greatly
六．书面表达 A possible version No one can ever achieve any success without failure as failure can usually help us learn what our strengths and weaknesses are. www.ks5u.com When I was in Junior High School, most of my teachers and students thought it better to study science, saying that it promised a better future. I tried to follow this trend despite the fact that I was not good at Physics. It was only two months later, when I failed an extremely important Physics exam, that I realized my talent lay in subjects like Chinese, English as well as History. I switched for arts immediately. The following years witnessed my excellent school performance then. So failure is not as terrible as we have expected as long as we can learn something from it.