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Unit 2

The Olympic Games 基础落实

1.I opened the door and admitted the house. ? her into

2.Companies must be able to compete in the marketplace. ? 3

.It’s important to follow the regular procedure. 4.The award ceremony will be hosted David. by Sir

5.The new design will eventually replace all existing models.
6.Schools need volunteers (志愿者) to help children to read. 7.I picked up a few good bargains (便宜货) in the sale. 8.After being questioned by the police,she was released without charge (无罪释放).

9.If you want to sell your product,you must
advertise (做广告) it. ? 10.The poster (海报) only stayed up a few hours before it was torn up.

1. take part in 参加;参与? 2. stand for 代表;象征?

3. as well 也;还?
4. in charge 主管? 5.one after another 陆续地?

6. run against 与??赛跑?
7. make a bargain with 与??讨价还价? 8. pick up 拾起,捡起? 9. compete against 与??比赛? 10. change one’s mind 改变主意

1.I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games

a long time ago.我生活在你们所说的“古希
腊”。我曾经写过很多年前奥运会的情况。? 考点提炼 what引导 宾语 从句what you call “Ancient Greece”,并在从句中作call的宾语 , “Ancient Greece”作 宾补 。what相当于 the place that,因此what不能改为that,也 不能改为where,因为where只能作状语。

2.The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games.冬奥会通常是 在夏季奥运会的前两年举行。? 考点提炼 two years before...意为“ ??之前 两年”。一段时间+before表示“??之前多少时 间”。before后可跟名词也可跟从句。

3.It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races,together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.正是在夏季 奥运会上才有赛跑、游泳、帆船和所有的团队体 育项目。?


此句为一个It is...that...强调句型。

强调句型的结构为“ It is/was+被强调部分+that/
who... ”。即使被强调的主语是复数,主句中仍用 “It is/was...that/who...”。强调句可以强调句 子 的主语、宾语或状语,被强调的可以是名词、代词,


4.Women are not only allowed,but play a very

important role in...妇女不仅可以参加比赛,
而且在??方面还起着非常重要的作用。? 考点提炼 not only...but also...意为 “ 不但??而且?? ”,是并列连词,主要用来 连接两个并列成分(如主语、谓语、表语、宾语、 状语),也可以用来连接两个分句,所强调的重 点是后面的一个, also 有时也可以省去。

5.This is important because the more you speak English,the better your English will

水平就越好。? 考点提炼 句型“the+比较级,the+比较级”意为 “ 越??就越?? ”。此结构中的比较级既可以 是形容词也可以是副词。

重点单词 1.admit?
Only athletes who have reached the agreed admitted standard for their event will be as competitors.(回归课本P10) 观察思考? She admits (to) being strict with her children.? 她承认对自己的孩子很严厉。? They freely admit (that) they still have a lot to learn.? 他们坦率承认,他们要学的东西还很多。? Each ticket admits one adult.? 每张票只准许一位成人入场。

归纳总结? admit v.承认;准许进入 。? (1)admit+n./doing (having done)/that-clause 承认某事/(已经)做了某事? admit to sth./to doing sth. 承认? admit sb./sth.to be承认某人/某物是???

admit sb.to/into... 准许某人进入(或加入)??
(2)admit of...容许? (3)It is admitted that... 人们公认???


(1)allow强调“默许”。用法:allow sb.to do/allow doing sth.。? (2)permit有时可与allow通用,不过它的语气更 强,也更正式,可用于“明文规定允许或不允许”,

其用法为:permit sb.doing/permit sb.to do
sth.。? The policeman permitted him to park here. ? 警察允许他在这儿停车。?

(3)let与上面两个可以通用,不过更口语化,而且 用法不同,其用法为:let sb.do sth.。?

入 会等)”,其用法为:admit sb.to...,这里to是

词。除此之外,admit还可以解释为“承认”。? He admitted having driven the car without insurance.? 他供认驾驶了这辆没有保险的轿车。

即学即用? (1)他被接受成为棒球队的一名队员。? He was admitted as a member of the

baseball team. ?
(2)他承认做错了事。? He admitted having done wrong.

How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games? (回归课本P9)

Several companies are competing for the contract.?

We can’t compete with them on price.? 我们在价格上无法与他们竞争。

归纳总结? compete vi.比赛;竞赛;竞争 。? (1)compete with/against sb.for sth.为争取某物 和某人对抗? compete with sb./sth.与??媲美,比得上? compete in参加??比赛/竞争?

(2)competition n.比赛?
competitive adj.有竞争力的? competitor n.比赛者;对手?

即学即用 (1)为了和别人更有效地展开竞争,越来越多的人谋 求高层次的教育来充实自己。? To compete more effectively with others , more and more people equip themselves with a higher education.

The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool.

duty to be in charge and get in trouble if things go wrong (回归课本P12)

How much do you charge for a room?? 一个房间你要价多少??

We are charged with a heavy task.?
我们被委托以一项繁重任务。? The men were charged with fighting in the street.? 这些人被指控在街上打架。?

Delievery is free of charge.免费送货。

归纳总结? charge vt. & vi.收费,控诉;n.费用。? charge sb.for sth.因??向某人收费? charge sb.with sth.指控某人犯有??? charge sth.(up)充电? free of charge免费?

in charge of掌管;负责?
in the charge of在??的掌管下? take charge of掌管;负责?

即学即用? (1)你认为博物馆应该收入馆费吗?? Do you think museums should charge for admission? ? (2)他被指控犯有谋杀罪。? He was charged with murder.

He took charge of the farm after his father’s death.

Her father said that she must marry,so Atlanta made a bargain with him.

观察思考? He said he wasn’t prepared to bargain.?

That’s a bargain.那已经决定了。? The car was a bargain at that price.? 那辆车的价格真便宜。


bargain vi.讨价还价;讲条件;n.便宜货。?
(1)bargain with sb.about/over/for sth.和某人 就某事讨价还价? bargain sth.away做亏本交易? bargain for/on预料到,料想到(常用于否定句)

(2)make a bargain with sb.和某人达成协议?
a good (bad) bargain买得(不)合算?

即学即用? (1)在市场上商人正和种植者就咖啡的价格进行商 谈。? In the market dealers were bargaining with growers over the price of coffee. (2)他和他的合伙人约定,要互通信息,毫无保留。

He and his partner had made a bargain to tell each other everything.

Do you think Hippomenes deserved to win the race? (回归课本P15) ?

He deserves his fate.他命该如此。? The child deserved to be rewarded/punished.

She deserved well of her country. 她有功于国家。

归纳总结? deserve vi.& vt.值得;应受(报答或惩罚) 。? deserve consideration/attention值得考虑/注意 deserve to do应该? deserve doing sth.应该;值得? get what you deserve? deserve all/everything you get 罪有应得?

即学即用? (1)他们不该赢。? They didn’t deserve to win. ? (2)他做了这样的事,应该终身监禁。? He deserves to be locked up for ever for what he did.?

(=He deserves locking up for ever for
what he did.)

重点短语与句型 6.take part in?
Who couldn’t take part in the ancient Olympic Games? (回归课本P9) ? 观察思考? How many countries took part in the 29th

Olympic Games in Beijing??
有多少国家参加了第29届北京奥运会?? Will you take part in the discussion?? 你参加讨论吗? 归纳总结? take part in意为: 参加 。?

易混辨异 join,join in,join sb.in (doing) sth.,take part in,attend (1) join参加,指加入党派、社会团体、军队等并 成为其中一员。 Many young girls join aerobics classes to

keep slim.?
很多年轻的姑娘为了保持苗条身材而加入有氧健身班。 (2)join in参加某种活动,in可为介词,也可为副词。 (3)join sb.in (doing) sth.参加某人所从事的活动。 ?

I’m sure you’ll all join me in wishing Ted and Lawra a veryhappy marriage.? 我确信你们一定会和我一起祝福Ted和Lawra有一个

(4)take part in指参加群众性活动、会议并在其中 起作用。?


即学即用? (1)我们全都被邀请参加这次盛典。? We are all invited to take part in the pageant. (2)他们不停地跳舞,直到我们中许多人都参加了进 去。?

They danced and danced until a lot of us
joined in . ? (3)我和全家人一道祝你有一个幸福的将来。? All the family join me in wishing you a happy future.

7.as well?
For each Olympics,a special village is
built for them to live in,a main reception building,several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well . (回归课本P10)

If you will go,I’ll go as well.? 要是你愿意去,我也去。?

Are they coming as well?他们也来吗?

归纳总结? as well意为: 也,还 。? (1)as well as用作连词,连接两个相同的成分,如 名词、形容词、动词、介词等,通常不位于句首。 此时as well as强调的重点在前面,不在后面,意 为“不但??而且??;既??又??;除了??

(2)当主语含有as well as时,谓语动词须和as well as前面的主语在数上保持一致。?

(3)as well as作介词,相当于besides,in
addition to,意为“除??之外”,后面通常接名词或动词 -ing形式。?

(4)as well as 结构还可以表示比较,引导一个 比较状语从句,意为“和??一样好”。? (5)as well 相当于 too和also,用于肯定句中, 表示“也,又,而且”,用于句尾。? (6)may/might as well 表示委婉的建议,一般是 针对当时的情况提出另外的提议。意思是“我们不


即学即用? (1)他是一名科学家,也是一位诗人。? He is a scientist,but he is a poet as well . ? (2)他不但摔断了腿,而且还伤了胳膊。? As well as breaking his leg ,he hurt his


8.No other countries could join in,nor could slaves or women! 别的国家不能参 加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加!
典例体验? I have never been abroad, neither/nor has he .? 我从未出过国,他也没出过国。? You can ride a bike.So can I .? 你会骑自行车,我也会。? —Tom studies hard and is a good student.? — So it is with Jack .? ——汤姆学习努力,是个好学生。?


归纳总结 (1)句型“nor/neither+系动词/助动词/情态动词+ 另一个主语”用于 否定陈述句 之后,表示“也不 ”, 相当于either用于否定句。当两个主语不是同一个人 或物时,nor和neither可以互换;当两个主语是同一 个人或物时,只能用 nor 。?

用于肯定陈述句之后,表示前句所说的情况也适合于 另一个人或物。

(3)句型“so it is (was) with/it is the same with+另一主语”既能表示肯定意义,又能表示否 定意义,其主要用于以下情况: ①上下文有两个分句;②上下文有两个(或两个以 上)不同谓语;③上下文既有肯定也有否定。? (4)句型“so+主语+系动词/助动词/情态动词”中

语、谓语不需要倒装。这种句型表示说话者赞同前 句所提到的情况或事实,其中的so作“不错;确实

(5)句型“主语+do+so”中so和动词do连用,替代 上文中出现过的动宾结构或动状结构,以避免重复。

即学即用? (1)—I’m not going to buy that English-? Chinese dictionary.? — A .It’s too expensive.? A.Neither am I C.So am I appointment.? — A .? A.So you did C.So did you B.So I do not D.So do I B.I don’t either D.I am not,too

(2)—I reminded you not to forget the

9.There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals.国与国之间争取奥运会举办

典例体验? I haven’t known him as long as you (have known him).? 我认识他的时间没有你长。?

He was as white as sheet.?

归纳总结? (1)as...as...意为:像……一样,正如 ,第一 个as是 副 词,修饰形容词或副词的原级;第二个as

是连词,引导让步状语从句。在否定句中也可改为 not as/so...as...,意为“不如??”。? (2)有关as...as的短语:? as soon as一??就???
as/so long as只要? as much/many as多达??;达到??之多?

so/as far as远至??;就??而言?
as well as也;又? as...as possible尽可能? as good as实际上;几乎等于?

即学即用? (1)他和班上的任何一个同学一样是个勤奋的学生。 He is as hard-working a boy as anyone else in his class. (2)A typhoon swept across this area with heavy rains and winds D strong as 113 D.as?

miles per hour.?
A.too 解析 B.very C.so 由于题干中出现了as,且为肯定句,所以


【例1】The play C next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture.(安徽高考)


B.being produced?

C.to be produced?D.having been produced 句意为:下月将要完成的那个戏剧主要反 映当地的文化。play与produce之间为被动关系, 又因next month为将来的时间,而A项指过去已完


课文原文? It’s a great responsibility but also a great Honour to be chosen. 【例2】His sister left home in 1998,and since. A.had not been heard of? (宁夏高考)

B.has not been heard of?
C.had not heard of? D.has not heard of?



杳无音讯。根据句意,指从1998年后到现在一直没 有音讯,故应用现在完成时,排除A和C项;又因他

的妹妹和hear of之间是被动关系,故排除D项。
答案 B? 课文原文? So even the olive wreath has been replaced !

【例3】Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions A.taking C.taken 解析 B.take D.to take C ? (宁夏高考)


题,人们对我们做的决定满意吗?decision和 take之间是被动关系,而A、B、D均表示主动,不 合题意。

There was a man called Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta’s rules,...

【例4】—Shall we have our picnic tomorrow?? — D it doesn’t rain. (山东高考) A.Until B.While? C.Once 解析 要不下雨(就去)。 D.If? 句意为:——明天我们去野餐吗?——只

If he can’t run as fast as me ,he will be killed.

【例5】I like this house with a beautiful garden in front,but I don’t have enough money to buy A.one 解析 B.it

B .

(四川高考) D.that?


的任何一个。此时it代替前面的this house。

...but when they heard of her rules they knew it was hopeless.


自然,我们在两个或者多个简单句之间加上and, but,or(或者,否则),for(因为),while (而,却),when(就在这个时候)等并列连词, 就成为并列复合句。如: 1.They were happy.They deserved their happiness.→They were happy and they deserved their happiness.

2.You must hurry.You’ll miss the plane.→
You must hurry or you’ll miss the plane.

3.Honey is sweet.The bee stings.→Honey is sweet,but the bee stings. 在两个或者多个简单句之间加上when,after,as, because,where,which,who等从属连词,可以使简单句 变成复合句,从而扩展成高级句子。如: 1.I forgot to post the letter.I wrote it yesterday.(改为含定语从句的复合句)→I forgot to post the letter which I wrote yesterday. 2.He missed the first bus.He came to school late.(改为含状语从句的复合句)→Because he missed the first bus,he came to school late. →He missed the first bus,so he came to school late.


1.He was tired.He went to bed. (合并成一个并
列句) He was tired;so he went to bed. 2.Our teacher must be at home.The door is open.(合并成一个并列句)

Our teacher must be at home for the door is
open. 3.They were in truth sisters.It was clear. (改为含名词性从句的复合句) It was clear that they were in truth sisters.

1.In ancient times,women were not allowed to compete in the Olympics. ? 2.Before writing the report,he decided to

interview some people first. ?
3.When asked,he admitted stealing the necklace. 4.There is a stadium being built in our city. 5.The gymnasium being built in our school will be finished next month.

6.He is such a person that nobody can r eplace him. ? 7.At the beginning of each term,we will have a physical examination. ? 8.I cannot relate what he did to what he said. 9.To improve the sale of their products,they

advertise them in the newspapers and on TV.
10.At the sports meeting,all the athletes tried their best to get the gold medals.

as well as,one after another,be replaced,get married to,a set of,as a matter of fact,find out about,relate...to...,ask for help from, take part in 1.After school,the students walked out of the

classroom one after another . ?
2.There is something wrong with the old machine,so it must be replaced at once. 3.Who do you think will take part in our discussion?

4.He appears honest,but as a matter of fact , he often tells lies. ? 5.It is hard to relate the result to its cause.? 6.Although her parents disagreed,she insisted on getting married to the poor young man. 7.When you are in trouble,please ask for help from your friends. 8.You can choose one from the three sets of sofa. 9.The police are doing research to find out about the murder case. 10.Students as well as teachers are wishing for a holiday.

1.I went to see my grandfather every few weeks (每几周). ? 2.He decided to travel by car instead of/ rather than (而不是) by train. 3.He never listens to anything,expect when it relates to/is related to (有关系) himself. 4.Since he has decided to go there,nothing will change his mind to work out (改变他的主意). 5.At last he succeeded in working out/managed

(成功解决了) this problem.

6.I would pick you up (用车接你) at the school gate. 7.It’s said that they have been married for ten years (已经结婚10年了). 8.Tom admitted having cheated in the exam,

promising not to do that next time (答应 下次不会这样了).
9.He is hoping to compete in the speech contest (参加演讲比赛). ? 10.The president gave an interview on TV (在电视上接受访谈) last night.

1.—Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor? —Of course.What is it??


B if you could tell me how to fill B.was wondering?

out this form. ? A.had wondered

C.would wonder

D.did wonder


婉,我们可用过去进行时,如I was wondering,I was hoping和I was thinking等。

2.Don’t be A.fool C.stupid 解析

B enough to believe that.? B.foolish D.silly


词,意为“傻子”,而foolish,stupid,silly均 为形容词。stupid常指先天智力低下,反应迟

反应和感觉,该词语气强烈,常用于生气或责 骂;foolish较为普通,意为“愚蠢的,笨的,无 头脑的”,强调缺乏智慧和判断力;silly傻的, 笨的,强调单纯,糊涂,语气较强。此外,


3.The students handed in their test papers to the teacher B .?

A.one after the others
B.one by one? C.one after one D.each following the other 解析 句意为:学生们一个挨一个地将试卷交给

老师。考查固定词组用法:one by one (=one
after another)一个接一个地,连接地。

4.This case doesn’t admit

B in public.?

A.of discussing
B.of being discussed? C.being discussed

解析 句意为:这个案件不容许公开讨论。admit of容许有??,固定短语搭配。

5.Only when your identity has been checked D .? A.you are allowed in B.you will be allowed in? C.will you allow in D.will you be allowed in



允许进入。副词only位于句首,若修饰从句时, 主句要部分倒装。排除A、B两项;由句意判断, 主句须用被动语态,只有D项正确。

6.About 5,000 singers competed

D each


six medals in the National
B.with;on? D.against;for

Singing Competition.? A.against;with C.with;in 解析

compete with/against sb.for sth.


7.As modern equipment is being used widely,

the factory
robots.? A.represents


most of its workers with

解析 “用??取代??”。



8.You may not like the newcomer,but you have
to A that she is good at her job. ? A.admit B.declare C.announce 解析 D.report 句意为:你也许不喜欢这个新来者,但是


9.I shall finder.? A.inform


the loss of my laptop computer

in the newspaper,with a reward for the B.advertise D.publish

C.announce 解析



10.He hasn’t been to the countryside;


he want to go there.?
A.so has C.neither has B.so does? D.neither does



在时,即he doesn’t want to go there,either 。

11.The wise little girl can ride a horse and swim,and she can shoot A.as well as

B .?

B.as well?



as well也,还;A项后需加宾语;C项用于


12.—Bob failed in the exam again. ? —He A it;he never worked hard.? B.knew? A.deserved




为:——鲍伯考试又没及格。——他理该如此, 他从未努力学习过。

13.It is no use price.? A.debating C.discussing 解析

D with that mean storekeeper,for he won’t cut down the B.talking? D.bargaining

bargain with sb.和某人讨价还价。句意为:


14.Britain, countries,


many other industrialized major changes over the last

100 years.? A.together with;have experienced? B.as well as;have experienced? C.in common with;has experienced?

D.instead of;has experienced
解析 由together with/as well as/in common with/instead of连接两名词作主语时,谓语动词 的数和前面的名词保持一致,由此可排除A、B两 项;另由句意可知选C项。

15.We invited her to join us in the
discussion,but she would not A.take action C .? B.take notice?

C.take part

D.take notes

take part in参与,参加;因后面不带宾

语,因此不加介词in;take action采取行动;提 出诉讼;take notice注意;take notes记笔记。


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