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高考状语从句归纳整理


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高考状语从句归纳整理
一、基本知识与基本概念
Ⅰ.定义:状语从句在句中相当于副词做状语,又叫副词性从句。 Ⅱ.分类:状语从句一般可以分为:时间、地点、条件、原因、结果、目的、让 步、比较、方式状语从句等。 Ⅲ.常见状语从句
1.时间状语从句 常用引导词:when, as, wh

ile, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词: the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the instant, the day, immediately , directly, instantly, no sooner … than, hardly …when,scarcely…when. 例句: I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult. While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. 难点区分: ①When , while, as 都可解释为“当```的时候”但侧重点有所不同。 1)When 从句的主语与主句主语相同,谓语动词是 be 动词时,从句主语和 be 可以省略。 Eg: When I arrived home , I had a little rest. Eg: When (she was) walking along the street, she met her class teacher. 2)While 表示“当```的时候”强调主句的动作和从句的动作同时发生,从句一般用进行时, 从句动词必须是延续性动词。 Eg: While we were working, they were having a rest. ②until, not…until 表示“直到```才”,在肯定句中主句常用延续性动词;在否定句中主句常用 短暂性动词。 肯定句:I waited until midnight. 否定句:I did not leave until midnight. 注意点: 1)not until…在句首,主句用倒装 eg: Not until you had explained how did I manage to do it. 2) It is not until…that…引导的强调句 It was not until it was dark that he came back. ③the minute, the moment, each time 都可表示“一```就```” eg: The worker recognized the type of the machine the moment he saw it. 注意点: the minute, the moment, each ( every, next, the first) time 作连词不和 when 连用。 ④Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than, as soon as 表示为“一```就```” eg: I had hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain. I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. It began to rain as soon as I got home. 注意点:Hardly/scarcely…when, no sooner…than 位于句首,主句用倒装 eg: Had I hardly/scarcely got home when it began to rain. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain. 1
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2.地点状语从句 常用引导词:where 特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere 例句: Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories. Wherever you go, you should work hard. 3.条件状语从句 常用引导词:if, unless, 特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that 例句: We’ll start our project if the president agrees. You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying. Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 4.原因状语从句 常用引导词:because, since, as. 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that, considering that. 例句: My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful. Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference. The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more. Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable. 5.结果状语从句 常用引导词:so … that, so… that, such … that, 特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that, 例句: He got up so early that he caught the first bus. It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it. To such an degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night. 6.目的状语从句 常用引导词:so that, in order that 特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that 例句: The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them. The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 7.让步状语从句 常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever 例句: Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。 The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. 2
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He won’t listen whatever you may say. 8.比较状语从句 常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词: the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B 例句: She is as bad-tempered as her mother. The house is three times as big as ours. The more you exercise, the healthier you will be. Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。 9. 方式状语从句 常用引导词:as, as if, how 特殊引导词:the way 例句: When in Rome, do as the Roman do. She behaved as if she were the boss. Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us. 10.状语从句的省略 ①主句和从句的主语一致,或从句主语为 it;②从句主要动词是 be 的某种形式。从句中的 主语和 be 动词常可省略。例如: When ( the museum is ) completed , the museum will be open to the public next year . He’ll go to the seaside for his holiday if (it is ) possible. 另外,比较状语从句经常省略。例如: I’m taller than he (is tall ). The higher the temperature (is), the greater the pressure (is ).

二、状语从句区分练习
1.When he arrived in Shanghai , his mother met him at the station . 他到上海时,他妈妈到车站接他。 (时间状语从句) 2.Where there is a will,there is a way .有志者,事竟成。 (地点状语从句) 3.She didn't come to school because she was ill .她由于有病没来上学。 (原因状语从句) 4.Once he says that , he will do it .一旦他说了,他就会做。 (条件状语从句) 5.You must do as I told you . 你必须按我告诉你的去做。 (方式状语从句) 6.Poor as he was , he was honest . 虽然他很穷,但很诚实。 (让步状语从句) 7.Unless I receive the letter from him , I won't write to him again . 如果我不收到他的信,就不给他写回信。 (条件状语从句) 8.Once he says that , he will do it . 一旦他说了,他就会做。 (条件状语从句) 9.Now that ( Since ) I've told you twice , you must know it . 既然我告诉你两次了,你必须记住。 (原因状语从句) 10.No matter who she is , she'll have to wait .无论她是谁,也得等。 (让步状语从句) 11.He was so excited that he could not say a word 他如此激动以至于说不出话来。 (结果状语从句) 12.She always sings as she walks . 她总是一边走一边唱。 (时间状语从句)

三、高考题演练
(2014 安徽卷)1.The meaning of the word "nice' changed a few times 3
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it finally came

用心教育 ——对学生负责,令家长放心 (高三英语)

to include the sense "pleasant." A.before B. after C. since D. while

(2014 北京卷)2._______ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year. A. As B. When C. Even though D. In case

(2014 湖南卷)3.Children,when A. to be accompanied B. to accompany

by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium. C. accompanying D. accompanied

(2014 湖南卷)4. You will never gain success A. when B. because C. after

you are fully devoted to your work. D. unless history cannot be changed. D. unless

(2014 江苏卷)5. Lessons can be learned to face the future, A. though B. as C. since

(2014 江西卷)6. It was the middle of the night __ my father woke me up and told me to watch the football game . A. that B. as C. which D. when

(2014 山东卷)7. I don’t really like the author,_______ I have to admit his books are very exciting. A. although B. unless C. until D. once

(2014 陕西卷)8. The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left _______ I could ask for their names. A. while B. before C. after D. since

(2014 四川卷)9. I'll be out for some time. ______ anything important happens, call me up immediately. A. In case B. As if C. Even though D. Now that

(2014 天津卷)10._______ you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier. A. unless B. Although C. Before D. Once

(2014 浙江卷 ) 11. Cathy had quit her job when her son was born _______ she could stay home and raise her family. A.now that 4 B. as if C. only if
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D. so that

用心教育 ——对学生负责,令家长放心 (高三英语)

(2014 重庆卷 ) 12.Half an hour later, Lucy still couldn’t get a taxi ____the bus had dropped her. A. until B. When C. although D. where

(2013 重庆卷) 13. ______ we have enough evidence, we can't win the case. A. Once B. As long as C. Unless D. Since

(2013 年新课标 I 卷)14. “You can’t judge a book by its cover,” ________ . A. as the saying goes old C. as the old saying goes B. goes as the old saying D. goes as old the saying

(2013 年四川卷)15. He is so busy. He cannot afford enough time with his son ______ he wants to. A. even if B. as if C. because D. before

(2013 年上海卷)16. They promised to develop a software package by the end of this year, ______ they might have. A. however difficult B. how difficult C. whatever difficulty D. what difficulty

(2013 年陕西卷)17. I have heard a lot of good things about you ______ I came back from abroad. A. since B. until C. before D. when

(2013 年辽宁卷)18. One can always manage to do more things, no matter____ full one’s schedule is in life. A. how B. what C. when D. where

(2013 年江苏卷)19. In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, ______ it is discovered, will create many economic possibilities around the world. A. whatever B. whoever C. wherever D. whichever

(2013 年湖南卷)18. You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason______ you reach any decision. A.although B.before C.because D.unless (2013 年北京卷)19. I took my driving license with me on holiday, ______ I wanted to hire a car. A. in case B. even if C. ever since D. if only

(2013 年安徽卷)20. It’s much easier to make friends ______ you have similar interests. A. unless B. when C. even though D. so that

四、模拟演练.
1. He was so deep in thought, thinking of the problem ________ he knocked into the tree without noticing it. 5
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用心教育 ——对学生负责,令家长放心 (高三英语)

A.when

B.While

C.because

D.that D.would be;before

2.We had to be patient because it ________ some time ________ we got the full results. A.has been;since B.had been;until C.was;after 3.—Someone wants you on the phone. —________ nobody knows I am here. A.Although B.And C.But D.So 4.—What do you think I should wear for such a formal press conference? —Dress ________ you like. A.how B.what C.whatever D.however B.Moment C.No matter whenever D.Every time 5.________ the fire breaks out,he is the first to arrive at the scene. A.Every time when children. A.but B.while C.because D.though 7.The engineers are so busy that they have no time for outdoor sports activities,________ they have the interest. A.wherever A.as you. A.till Romans do. A.in which B.what C.when D.where 11.________tomorrow,our ship will set sail for Macao. A.However the weather is like C.Whatever is the weather like A.so A.when A.Once B.or B.after C.until C.Unless B.However is the weather like D.Whatever the weather is like C.yet D.because D.While D.for B.or C.and D.But 10.If you are traveling ________ the customs are really foreign to your own,please do as the B.Whenever B.Since C.even if C.unless D.as if D.when 8.Don’t be afraid of asking your teachers for help ________it is needed. 9.Find ways to praise your children often,________ you’ll find they will open their hearts to 6. In some places women are expected to earn money ________ men work at home and raise their

12.John plays basketball well,________ his favorite sport is badminton. 13. I had no idea of the exact address of Xinhua High School ________I was outside its front gate. 14. ________you’ve experienced it,you can’t understand how I felt. B.Because 15.—Haven’t seen Lucy recently,what’s happened? —Oh,it’s more than two months ________ she worked here. A.which B.that C.before D.since 16.________ you may have,you should gather your courage to face the challenge. 6
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A.However a serious problem C.However serious a problem A.where;at which C.where;which A.Because A.or B.Since B.and

B.What a serious problem D.What serious a problem B.at which;at which D.at which;where C.While C.but B.As it might sound strange D.Strange as it might sound D.Unless D.for

17.I will put the book________you placed it and make a mark at the place________I put it.

18.________there is no law stating how you may dress,not all fashions are respectable. 19.Bring the flowers into a warm room ________ they’ll soon open. 20.________,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A.Strange as might it sound C.As strange it might sound 21.—What do you think of it? —Well,it’s worth doing ________ the result is satisfactory. A.the moment A.whenever broke in to prevent him. A.while A.so long as A.though B.when B.so that B.for C.as C.now that C.but D.until D.even though D.so 24.Goals have to be realistic ________ students can reach them and feel a sense of achievement. 25.He found it increasingly difficult to read,________ his eyesight was beginning to fail. B.as soon as B.however C.once C.whichever D.so long as D.wherever 22. Please arrange an interview with the manager tomorrow,or ________ it is convenient to him. 23.The agent was about to sign his name to the document ________,to our surprise,a stranger

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